Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
|Duchess of Cornwall; Duchess of Rothesay (more)|
|The Duchess of Cornwall at the 2013 Trooping the Colour|
|Spouse||Andrew Parker Bowles
(m. 1973, div. 1995)
Charles, Prince of Wales
|Tom Parker Bowles
|Camilla Rosemary[fn 1]|
|House||House of Windsor (by marriage)|
|Father||Major Bruce Shand|
|Mother||The Honourable Rosalind Cubitt|
17 July 1947 |
King's College Hospital, London, England
|Religion||Church of England|
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall GCVO CSM (Camilla Rosemary; née Shand, previously Parker Bowles; born 17 July 1947), is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II.
Instead of using the title "Princess of Wales", she is styled through her husband's secondary designations as "Duchess of Cornwall" and, in Scotland, "Duchess of Rothesay". These were adopted because of the strong association of the primary title with his first wife, Diana, Princess of Wales.
Camilla is the eldest child of Major Bruce Shand and his wife, The Honourable Rosalind Cubitt, the daughter of British aristocrat the 3rd Baron Ashcombe. She was raised in East Sussex, a county in South East England, and was educated in England, Switzerland and France. Subsequently, she worked for different firms based in central London, most notably the decorating firm Sibyl Colefax & John Fowler. In 1973, Camilla married British Army officer Andrew Parker Bowles, with whom she has two children and five grandchildren. They divorced in 1995, shortly after his retirement from the army.
For many years, Camilla and the Prince of Wales had a controversial relationship, which was highly publicised in the media and attracted worldwide scrutiny.[fn 2] In 2005, it culminated in a civil marriage at Windsor Guildhall, which was followed by a televised Anglican blessing by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. If the Prince of Wales ascends the throne, rather than be styled as his queen consort, Camilla is expected to adopt the title "Princess Consort", which is similar to the style of the Prince Consort Prince Albert.
- 1 Early life
- 2 First marriage
- 3 Relationship with the Prince of Wales
- 4 Second marriage
- 5 Duchess of Cornwall
- 6 Royal duties
- 7 Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 8 Issue
- 9 Ancestry
- 10 Footnotes
- 11 References
- 12 Works cited
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
Childhood and young adulthood
Camilla was born Camilla Rosemary Shand at King's College Hospital, London, on 17 July 1947 at 7:00 am (BST).[fn 3] She grew up in the Laines, which is located around Lewes in East Sussex; the house she lived in was near Plumpton Racecourse. Her parents were British Army officer turned wine merchant Major Bruce Shand and his wife Rosalind (née Cubitt), and she has two younger siblings: Mark Shand and Annabel Elliot. Her maternal great-grandmother, Alice Keppel (the Honourable Mrs George Keppel) was a mistress of King Edward VII from 1898 to 1910. On 1 November 1947, Camilla was baptised at Firle Church, Sussex. Her godparents were Hon. Henry Cubitt (her maternal uncle), Major Neil Speke, Heathcoat Amory, Lombard Hobson and Vivien Mosley. The Shands had two homes: one in Plumpton in the Laines, and another in London in South Kensington. During her childhood years, Camilla became an avid reader due to the influence of her father, who read to her frequently. She grew up with dogs and cats, and, at a young age, learnt how to ride a pony by joining pony camps with a pony club, and also learnt how to hunt. According to her, childhood "was perfect in every way." Biographer Gyles Brandreth describes her childhood:
Camilla is often described as having had an "Enid Blyton sort of Childhood." In fact, it was much grander than that. Camilla, as a little girl, may have had some personality traits of George, the tomboy girl among the Famous Five, but Enid Blyton’s children were essentially middle-class children and The Shands, without question, belonged to upper class. The Shands had position and they had help – help in the house, help in the garden, help with children. They were gentry. They opened their garden for the local Conservative Party Association summer fête. Enough said.
At the age of five, Camilla was sent to Dumbrells, a co-educational school in Ditchling village. She left Dumbrells aged ten to attend the fashionable Queen's Gate School in South Kensington, due to the long distance from her home to Dumbrells. Her family wanted her be at a day student, and Queen's Gate School was close to her home. Her classmates while attending Queen's Gate knew her as "Milla"; her fellow pupils included the singer Twinkle. One of the teachers at the school was writer Penelope Fitzgerald, who then taught French; she remembered Camilla as "bright and lively". Camilla left Queen's Gate with one O-level in 1964; her parents did not make her stay long enough for A-levels. At the age of sixteen, she travelled abroad to attend the Mon Fertile finishing school in Switzerland. After completing her course there, she made her own decision and travelled to France to learn French and French literature at the University of London Institute in Paris.
On 25 March 1965, Camilla was a debutante in London. According to Peter Townend, an editor of Tatler magazine, she was among 311 debutantes in 1965. Columnist Betty Kenward, who wrote in her column, Jennifer's Diary, published her coming-out party in the Queen magazine. 150 guests attended the event, which was described by Kenward as "successful". After moving from home, Camilla lived in a two-bedroom flat at Belgravia on Cundy Street around Victoria Coach Station. She and Moyra Campbell, the daughter of James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Abercorn shared the flat. At the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, Moyra was a maid of honour. Lady Moyra moved out when she married. Camilla's new flatmate became The Hon. Virginia Carrington, daughter of politician and a former Officer, Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington. Virginia married Camilla's uncle Henry Cubitt in 1973 until 1979. In 2005, she became a special aide to Camilla and Prince Charles. Camilla worked as a secretary for a variety of firms in the West End and later took a job at the decorating firm Sibyl Colefax & John Fowler in Mayfair. In her spare time, she became an avid equestrienne and participated in fox hunting with the Beaufort Hunt. Her interests included horse-riding, gardening, painting and horticulture.
In the late 1960s, Camilla met Andrew Parker Bowles—then a Guards officer and lieutenant in the Blues and Royals— through his brother, Simon Parker Bowles; Simon, at the time, worked for her father's wine merchant in South Audley Street. The couple dated on and off for some years, though broke up again in 1970, and Parker Bowles began dating Princess Anne; however, the couple later reconciled and announced their engagement in the Times in 1973, marrying on 4 July that year at the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London. Camilla was twenty-six years old, while Parker Bowles was thirty-four. Her wedding dress was designed by British fashion house Bellville Sassoon, and the bridesmaids included Parker Bowles' goddaughter Lady Emma Herbert. It was considered the "society wedding of the year" with eight hundred guests in attendance. Royal guests present at the reception were Princess Anne, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon; it is stated that Prince Charles was invited, but did not attend, due to another commitment which occurred on the same day as the wedding.
The couple made their home in Wiltshire, purchasing Bolehyde Manor in Allington and later Middlewick House in Corsham. They had two children: Tom, born in the year after their marriage, who became a godson of Prince Charles, and Laura, born in 1978; both children were raised in their father's Roman Catholic faith, although were married in the Church of England; Tom, like his father, is in remainder to the Earldom of Macclesfield.
In 1995, after twenty–two years of marriage, Camilla and her husband decided to divorce, the same year her mother, Rosalind, died from osteoporosis. Her father later defined this as a "difficult time for her". The couple released a statement on their decision in 1995, stating their divorce was "amicable" and claimed it was due to different interests, which eventually led to separate lives. The divorce was finalised on 3 March 1995.
Relationship with the Prince of Wales
Camilla and Prince Charles reportedly met in mid-1971. Biographer Gyles Brandreth states that the couple did not meet at a polo match, as it is believed. Instead, they were introduced to each other by a mutual friend, Lucia Santa Cruz. They became friends and eventually began dating, which was well known in their social circle. When they became a couple, they regularly met at polo matches at Smith's Lawn in Windsor Great Park, where Charles often played polo. They also became part of a set at Annabel's in Berkeley Square. As the relationship grew stronger, Charles met Camilla’s family in Sussex and he introduced her to some members of his family. The relationship was put on hold after Charles travelled overseas to join the Royal Navy in early 1973; However, it ended abruptly afterwards.
|The Royal Family of the
United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
There have been different statements on why the couple's relationship ended in 1973. Robert Lacey wrote in his 2008 book, Royal: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, that Charles had met Camilla too early, and that he had not asked her to wait for him when he went overseas for military duties. Sarah Bradford wrote in her 2007 book, Diana, that a member of the close circle of his great-uncle Lord Mountbatten claimed Mountbatten arranged for Charles to be taken overseas to end the relationship with Camilla to make way for an engagement between his granddaughter, Amanda Knatchbull, and Charles. Some sources also suggest the Queen Mother did not approve of the marriage because she wanted Charles to marry one of the Spencer family granddaughters of her close friend, Lady Fermoy. Other sources also suggest Camilla did not want to marry Charles but instead wanted to marry Andrew Parker Bowles since she had an on and off relationship with Parker Bowles that began in the 1960s or that Charles had decided he would not marry until he was thirty years old.
Overall, many royal biographers have agreed that even if Charles and Camilla wanted to marry or did try for approval to get married, it would have been declined, because according to Charles's cousin and godmother Patricia Mountbatten, palace courtiers at that time found Camilla unsuitable as a wife for the future king. In 2005, she stated, "With hindsight, you can say that Charles should have married Camilla when he first had the chance. They were ideally suited, we know that now. But it wasn't possible."[...] "it wouldn't have been possible, not then."[...]
When Charles heard of the engagement of Camilla and Andrew Parker Bowles in 1973, he wrote to Lord Mountbatten: "I suppose the feeling of emptiness will pass eventually." Nevertheless they remained friends. Charles began dating other women including Susan George, Lady Jane Wellesley and Davina Sheffield. Sheffield was later disqualified as a potential royal wife after the press exposed a past relationship, which made her unsuitable. Charles and Camilla rekindled their romantic relationship in 1979. They became close after the IRA assassinated Lord Mountbatten in August 1979. Charles was said to have been grief-stricken and went to Camilla for solace over his death. After becoming aware, Parker Bowles allegedly gave consent to the relationship during their marriage. It did not bother him because he also had relationships with other women. The couple ended their relationship again after Charles married Diana Spencer in 1981.
The affair became public knowledge in the press a decade later, with the publication of Diana: Her True Story in 1992, followed by the Camillagate scandal, wherein intimate telephone conversation between Camilla and Charles was secretly recorded and the transcripts were published in the tabloids. The tapes instantly damaged Charles's reputation. Newspapers began publishing articles on how the tapes could affect his succession to the throne. Camilla on the other hand was constantly attacked in the press, a friend was quoted as saying "it was hell for her." Nevertheless, she and her husband stayed together. Parker Bowles later released a statement assuring family and friends that everything was well between them. His younger brother, Simon, also confirmed by saying, "Both Andrew and Camilla said they will never divorce, and while the relationship is rather eccentric, it appears to work. They get on well."
In 1994, Charles confirmed in a televised interview with Jonathan Dimbleby that the relationship between him and Camilla rekindled after his marriage had "irretrievably broken down" in 1986. He told Dimbleby in the interview, "Mrs. Parker Bowles is a great friend of mine...a friend for a very long time. She will continue to be a friend for a long time." Following this, the Parker Bowleses announced their own divorce the following year, having been living apart for some time, a year later Andrew Parker Bowles married his long-time mistress Rosemary Pitman. The same year Diana gave an interview on the BBC programme Panorama, during which she was asked if she thought the relationship between Camilla and the Prince of Wales contributed to the breakdown of their marriage, to which she replied: "Well, there were three of us in this marriage, so it was a bit crowded." Though Camilla kept a low profile at all times, she became unpopular through this claim.
Following the two couples' divorces, Charles stated his relationship with Camilla was, and is, "non-negotiable." Charles was aware that the relationship was receiving a lot of negative publicity, and appointed Mark Bolland—whom he had employed in 1995 to refurbish his own image—to enhance Camilla's public profile. Camilla occasionally became Charles's unofficial companion at events. This temporarily ceased when Diana, Princess of Wales, died in August 1997. In 1999, the couple made their first public appearance together at the Ritz Hotel in London, where they attended a birthday party; there were about two hundred cameramen there to witness them together. In 2000, she accompanied the Prince of Wales to Scotland for a number of official engagements, and in 2001, she became president of the National Osteoporosis Society, which first introduced her to the public. She later met the Queen, for the first time since the relationship was made public, at the 60th birthday party of King Constantine II of Greece. This meeting was seen as an apparent seal of approval by the Queen on Camilla's relationship with Charles. After a series of appearances at public and private venues, the Queen invited Camilla to her Golden Jubilee in 2002. She sat in the royal box behind the Queen for one of the concerts at Buckingham Palace. Camilla commuted between Highgrove House and her own home on a regular basis, whereas in London she stayed at St James's Palace. At almost all private occasions, she accompanied the Prince of Wales. She also attended the Holyrood House garden party and Sandringham House flower show. Though she maintained her residence in Wiltshire, Camilla then moved into Clarence House (the former home of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother) which became Charles's household and official residence in 2003. In 2004, after Bolland had resigned as the Deputy Private Secretary of the Prince of Wales, he was asked in the press about what Camilla felt about her image; he replied by saying:
Camilla's a lovely woman – kind and patient. She has no desire to be famous, or popular. What she doesn't want is to be hated. The period when she was demonised and traduced by newspapers was very upsetting for her, and it upset him [Charles] enormously too, because he felt responsible for it. I don't think she'll be anxious about being more in the background than she was. I don't necessarily think there's a deliberate campaign to marginalise her.
Camilla accompanied the Prince of Wales on almost all of his official events in 2004, including a high profile visit together to the annual highland games in Scotland. Soon and throughout, the press speculated on when they would announce their engagement. On 10 February 2005, Clarence House announced their engagement which received a huge amount of coverage in the media worldwide. Many polls immediately came out. YouGov carried out one on how the public felt; 65 percent of respondents supported their marriage, in contrast to 40 percent respondents in 1998.
Engagement and wedding
On 10 February 2005, Clarence House announced that Camilla and the Prince of Wales were engaged; as an engagement ring, Charles gave Camilla a diamond ring that was believed to have been given to his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, when she gave birth to her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II. The ring comprises a square-cut diamond with three diamond baguettes on each side; Charles proposed on bended knee. As he is the future Supreme Governor of the Church of England, the prospect of Charles marrying a divorcée was seen as controversial, but with the consent of the Queen, Parliament and the Church of England, the couple were able to wed. The marriage was to have been on 8 April 2005, and was to take place in a civil ceremony at Windsor Castle, with a subsequent religious blessing at St George's Chapel. To conduct a civil marriage at Windsor Castle would oblige the venue to obtain a licence for civil marriages, which it did not have. A condition of such a licence is that the licensed venue must be available for a period of one year to anyone wishing to be married there. As the royal family did not wish to make Windsor Castle available to the public for civil marriages, even just for one year, the location was changed to the town hall at Windsor Guildhall. On 4 April, it was announced that the marriage would be delayed by one day to allow the Prince of Wales and some of the invited dignitaries to attend the funeral of Pope John Paul II.
Charles's parents did not attend the marriage ceremony (possibly because the Queen felt unable to attend the remarriage of a divorcee, due to her position as Supreme Governor of the Church of England); neither did Camilla's father; instead, her son and Prince William acted as witnesses to the union. The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh did, however, attend the service of blessing, which included acknowledgment of their transgressions and repentance. Afterwards, a reception was held by the Queen for the newlyweds at Windsor Castle. Performances at the wedding included the St George's Chapel Choir, Philharmonia Orchestra and Welsh composer Alun Hoddinott. As a wedding gift, The Marinsky Theatre Trust in St. Petersburg brought a Russian Contralto singer, Ekaterina Semenchuk to the UK to perform a special song for the couple. Following the wedding, the couple travelled to the Prince's country home in Scotland, Birkhall, and carried out their first public duties as a couple during their honeymoon.
Duchess of Cornwall
After becoming Duchess of Cornwall, Camilla automatically acquired rank as the second highest female in the United Kingdom Order of Precedence (after the Queen), and as typically fifth or sixth in the orders of precedence of her other realms, following the Queen, the relevant viceroy, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the Prince of Wales. It was revealed that the Queen altered the royal order of precedence for private occasions, placing Camilla fourth, after the Queen, the Princess Royal, and Princess Alexandra. Within two years of the marriage, the Queen extended Camilla visible tokens of membership in the royal family; she lent the Duchess a tiara previously belonging to the Queen Mother, and granted her the badge of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II.
Though no details were publicly released, it was confirmed in March 2007 that the Duchess had undergone a hysterectomy. According to an announcement by Clarence House, it was the Duchess's intent to attend the anniversary memorial service for Diana, Princess of Wales, on 31 August 2007, along with her husband and stepsons. She withdrew from attending, stating that she wished not to "divert attention from the purpose of the occasion which is to focus on the life and service of Diana".
On 8 April 2010, the Duchess broke her left leg while hillwalking in Scotland; despite the injury, she carried out all her official engagements which were scheduled for that month. In November 2010, the Duchess and her husband were indirectly involved in the 2010 British student protests when their car was attacked by protesters. She was physically attacked when a rioter managed to push a stick into the royal limousine and jab her in the ribs. Clarence House later released a statement on the incident, "A car carrying Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall was attacked by protesters but the couple were unharmed."
On 9 April 2012, the Queen appointed the Duchess of Cornwall to the Royal Victorian Order. The Duchess was a prominent participant in the celebrations for the Queen's Diamond Jubilee during the extended weekend of 2–5 June 2012, especially following the absence of the Duke of Edinburgh owing to ill health on 4–5 June. She stood next to the Queen during the speech by the Prince of Wales at the conclusion of the Diamond Jubilee Concert and was seated next to the Queen the following day in the carriage procession from Westminster to Buckingham Palace.
The Duchess made her inaugural overseas tour, to the United States, in November 2005. During their tour in the United States, they met with President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush at the White house. Afterward they visited New Orleans to see the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and met with some of the residents whose lives were changed drastically by the Hurricane. Following the 7 July 2005 London bombings, the Duchess and the Prince visited victims of the attack at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington. In March 2006, the couple undertook official visits to Egypt, Saudi Arabia and India. In November 2007, the Duchess toured with the Prince of Wales on a four-day visit to Turkey. In 2008, she joined the Prince of Wales to tour the Caribbean, Japan, Brunei and Indonesia. In 2009, they embarked on a tour of Chile, Brazil, Ecuador, Italy and Germany. Their visit to the Holy See included a meeting with Pope Benedict XVI. The Pope gave them an honorary medal and a drawing of the St Peter's Basilica. They later visited Canada. In early 2010, they undertook an official visit to Hungary, the Czech Republic and Poland. In October 2010, she accompanied the Prince of Wales to Delhi, India for the opening of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
In March 2011, the Duchess went with the Prince of Wales to undertake official visits in Portugal, Spain, and Morocco. The tour began in Lisbon, Portugal. The President of Portugal, President Aníbal Cavaco Silva met them. In Spain, the couple were received in Madrid by the Prince and Princess of Asturias. They later met King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía of Spain. The tour finished in Rabat, Morocco, where they met the King of Morocco. The Duchess attended the 10th anniversary of the 11 September 2001 attacks along with the Prince of Wales and the Prime Minister, David Cameron, on 11 September 2011. In August 2011, the Duchess accompanied the Prince of Wales to Tottenham to visit the aftermath of the London riots. The couple later went to see Tottenham residents in February 2012. They visited businesses destroyed in the August's Riots to see how they were doing on the London-riots anniversary. In November 2011, the Duchess undertook official visits with the Prince of Wales to tour Commonwealth and Arab States of the Persian Gulf. They toured in South Africa and Tanzania and met with President Jacob Zuma and President Jakaya Kikwete.
From 20 to 27 March 2012, the Duchess and the Prince of Wales undertook official visits to Norway, Sweden and Denmark to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. In May 2012, the royal couple undertook a four-day trip to Canada as part of the Jubilee celebrations. Highlights of the tour included the celebration of Victoria Day which took place on 21 May 2012. In November 2012, the Duchess and the Prince of Wales visited Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea for a two-week Diamond Jubilee tour. During the Australian tour, they attended the 2012 Melbourne Cup, where the Duchess presented the Melbourne cup to the winner of the race. In 2013, they went on a tour to Jordan and met with King Abdullah II and his wife Queen Rania. They also made a visit to Syria and visited refugee camps of the Syrian civil war. That same year, they attended the Enthronement of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima of the Netherlands, as well as the preceding celebrations in honour of Queen Beatrix.
The Duchess of Cornwall's first solo engagement was a visit to Southampton General Hospital; she attended the Trooping the Colour for the first time in June 2005, making her appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace afterwards. She conducted the naming ceremony for HMS Astute on 8 June 2007, and, on 10 December, she did the same for the new Cunard cruise ship, MS Queen Victoria, it being said that the Queen had been surprised by Cunard's invitation. In May 2011, she attended the Classic Brit Awards and paid a tribute to James Bond composer and Oscar-winner John Barry with an award for his great contribution to music. In June 2011, the Duchess alone represented the British royal family at the 125th Wimbledon Tennis Championships in Wimbledon. She attended the State Opening of Parliament for the first time on 8 May 2013.
The Duchess is the Patron of The Royal School, Hampstead, Patron of Animal Care Trust, Patron of The Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists, Patron of Unicorn Theatre for Children, Patron of British Equestrian Federation, Patron of Cornwall Community Foundation, Patron of Dundurn National Historic Site, Patron of Wiltshire Bobby van Trust, Patron of Youth Action Wiltshire, Patron of New Queen's Hall Orchestra, Patron of St John's Smith Square, Patron of London Chamber Orchestra, Elmhurst School for Dance, Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, Girl's Brigade in Scotland, St John's Hospital, Fan Museum, Patron of Georgian Theatre Royal, Patron of the Cornish Air Ambulance Service, Patron of Arthritis Research UK, Patron of The Girls' Friendly Society, Patron of the National Literacy Trust, Patron of Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Patron of Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Patron of Plumpton College Charitable Foundation, Patron of National Youth Orchestra of Great Britain, Richmond (a Joint Patron with the Prince of Wales), President of United Kingdom Vineyards Association, as well as president or patron of other charities.
She is the honorary Commodore-in-Chief of the Royal Navy Medical Service. In this role she visited the training-ship HMS Excellent in January 2012, to award medals to naval medical teams returning from service in Afghanistan. In March 2012, the Duchess became the Patron of the Big Jubilee Lunch (BJL), in which societies in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth realms planned lunches which included street parties and garden gatherings on 3 June 2012, as part of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee celebrations. In February 2013, she was appointed Chancellor of the University of Aberdeen, a role which is ceremonial and will involve conferring graduates with their degrees  and took up the office in June 2013. She is the first female chancellor of the University of Aberdeen and only member of the royal family to hold the post since it was created in 1860.
Areas of work
In 1994, she became a member of the National Osteoporosis Society after her mother and grandmother died painfully from the disease. She became Patron of the charity in 1997 and appointed President in 2001 in a highly publicized event, accompanied by the Prince of Wales. In 2002, she attended the Roundtable of International Women Leaders to Examine Barriers to Reimbursement for Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteoporosis along with 13 eminent women from around the world. The event was hosted by Queen Rania of Jordan and during it, she made her first public speech. The international conference which took place in Lisbon, Portugal, brought together worldwide public figures to focus on osteoporosis treatment and called for government assistance around the world.
In 2006, the Duchess launched the Big Bone walk campaign, which she led 90 children and osteoporosis sufferers on a climb across Balmoral Estate in Scotland to raise money for the charity. The campaign continues almost every year as one of the fundraisers for the charity. She has spoken at more than 60 functions on the disease in the UK and around the world and has also opened bone scanning units and osteoporosis centres to help sufferers of the disease. Almost every year, the Duchess attends and partakes in the World Osteoporosis Day, which was launched by the International Osteoporosis Foundation and is celebrated on 20 October. For her works on raising awareness of osteoporosis around the world, the Duchess was honoured with an Ethel LeFrak award in 2005 from the U.S and received the 2007 Kohn Award by the Royal society. In 2007, the Duchess opened The Duchess of Cornwall Centre for Osteoporosis, named after her at Royal Cornwall Hospital, in recognition to the Royal Cornwall Hospitals Trust, whose devotion to the treatment of osteoporosis and bone illness had been successful. The naming of the center took place on 5 July 2007 in Truro, Cornwall where the hospital is located. The National Osteoporosis Society also created The Duchess of Cornwall Award which is awarded to other advocates of Osteoporosis.
Rape and sexual abuse victims
After visiting nine rape crisis centres in 2009 and hearing stories by survivors, the Duchess began raising awareness and advocating ways to help sexual assault and rape victims to overcome and move past their trauma. She often speaks to victims at a rape crisis centre in Croydon and often visits other centres to meet with victims getting help. In 2010, she teamed up with Mayor of London, Boris Johnson and they opened a new centre in Ealing, West London for rape victims. The centre also opened to other areas including Hillingdon, Fulham, Hounslow, and Hammersmith. In 2013, she held a meeting at Clarence House, which brought together rape victims and rape support groups. Director of Public Prosecutions Keir Starmer and Home Secretary Theresa May were guests at the occasion. At the occasion, she introduced a plan to help the victims. About 750 wash-bags, packed with luxury toiletries were distributed to victims at the centres. Her staff at Clarence House created the wash-bags. The Duchess thought of the small gesture after visiting a centre at Derbyshire and asked victims what they would like to help them feel at ease after the trauma and forensic examinations. This has been wholly received and appreciated by victims, rape support groups and organizations. According to Clarence House, the event was the first meeting, which was attended by different envoys and high profile figures around the UK to focus exclusively on rape and sexual abuse subjects. The same year, the Duchess travelled to Northern Ireland and opened The Rowan, a sexual assault and referral centre at Antrim Area Hospital.
Being an avid reader, the Duchess is an advocate for literacy. She is the patron of the National Literacy Trust and other literacy charities. She often visits schools, libraries and children organizations to read to young children. In 2011, she attended the Hay Festival to support children literacy and while there, she donated books to the Oxfam bookshop. The Duchess has also launched campaigns and programmes to promote literacy.
The Duchess is a supporter of animal welfare and patron of many animal welfare charities including the Langford Trust for Animal Health and Welfare and president of Brooke Hospital for Animals. She often visits other animal shelters to show her support and to see how the animals are cared for. In 2011 she adopted a rescue puppy, a Jack Russel Terrier from Battersea Dogs and Cats Home in London. In 2012, she opened two veterinary facilities at the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences at Langford, Somerset, which will provide treatment to sick animals.
The Duchess supports organizations that battle around the world on poverty and homelessness. She is the patron of Emmaus UK, and in 2013, she travelled to Paris on her first solo engagement alone out of the UK to see the efforts and works done by the charity internationally. Every year around Christmas, she visits Emmaus communities across the UK. She is the president of Barnado, a charity which focuses on solving social issues including poverty, drug abuse and violence affecting children. She also supports art related organizations and programs.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 17 July 1947 – 4 July 1973: Miss Camilla Rosemary Shand
- 4 July 1973 – 3 March 1995: Mrs Andrew Parker Bowles
- 3 March 1995 – 9 April 2005: Mrs Camilla Parker Bowles
- 9 April 2005 – present : Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cornwall
- in Scotland: 9 April 2005 – present: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Rothesay
Camilla's title and style in full: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester, Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order.
Because the title Princess of Wales became strongly associated with the previous holder of that title, Diana, Princess of Wales, Camilla has adopted the feminine form of her husband's highest-ranking subsidiary title, Duke of Cornwall. Unless any specific Act of Parliament is passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom (and other Commonwealth states) to the contrary, when Prince Charles becomes king, she can assume by courtesy the style of "Queen Camilla". However, Clarence House stated that when Charles becomes king, Camilla will adopt the unprecedented style of Princess Consort, similar to the style of Prince Albert. This is not the same usage as her father-in-law, the Duke of Edinburgh, who does not hold the title of Prince Consort.
- 30 October 2007: Member of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
- 9 April 2012: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)
- 3 November 2012: Companion of the Order of the Star of Melanesia (CSM)
- 2005: Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
- 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- 2013 – : University of Aberdeen, Chancellor
Honorary military appointments
The Duchess of Cornwall holds the following military appointments:
- : Royal Colonel of the 4th Battalion of The Rifles
- 2008–: Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Halton
- : Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Leeming
- : Commodore-in-Chief of the Naval Medical Services
- : Commodore-in-Chief Naval Chaplaincy Service
- : Lady sponsor of HMS Astute
|Tom Parker Bowles||18 December 1974||10 September 2005||Sara Buys||Lola Rosalind Parker Bowles
Freddy Parker Bowles
|Laura Parker Bowles||1 January 1978||6 May 2006||Harry Lopes||Eliza Lopes
According to genealogist William Addams Reitwiesner, the Duchess of Cornwall's ancestry is predominantly French, English, Dutch, and Scottish. Camilla is descended from Arnold Joost van Keppel, who was created the Earl of Albemarle by King William III of England in 1696. His son, Willem van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, married Lady Anne Lennox, who was the daughter of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, illegitimate son of King Charles II. Through Anne Lennox, her bloodline is descended from the House of Stuart. Her great-grandfather, Viscount Bury, was an aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria and among her Treasurer household. Through her great-great-grandfather George Cubitt, who was created the first Baron Ashcombe, she is descended from Thomas Cubitt, a well-known architect during the Victorian era. Cubitt built Queen Victoria's home, Osborne House, and help change and repair Buckingham Palace. He was the father of the Baron. Through Walter Keppel, 9th Earl of Albemarle, she is related to Judith Keppel, the first winner of the top prize on the television game show Who Wants to be a Millionaire. They are second cousins once removed.
Through her French lineage, Camilla's maternal line great-great-grandmother was Sophia Mary MacNab of Hamilton, Ontario, who was the descendant of 17th century immigrants to Quebec, and the daughter of Sir Allan MacNab, who was the Prime Minister of the Province of Canada before Confederation. Sophia was also the wife of William Keppel, 7th Earl of Albemarle. Their son, George, was the husband of Alice Edmonstone, who was a mistress of King Edward VII, the great-great-grandfather of Prince Charles. Also through The Hon. George Keppel on Camilla's side and through the Queen Mother on Charles's side, Camilla and Charles are ninth cousins once removed. She is also a descendant of French colonist Zacharie Cloutier, who founded one of the principal families of Quebec City.
|Ancestors of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall|
- On the unusual occasions when a surname is used, it is Mountbatten-Windsor. Her first married name was Camilla Parker Bowles. Her full maiden name is Camilla Rosemary Shand.
- Charles and Camilla: Portrait of a Love Affair by biographer Gyles Brandreth depicts Charles and Camilla’s relationship as controversial due to its longevity and throughout the book shows the media’s interest and representation to the public.
- Some sources report that she was born in Plumpton, but it seems that this is a confusion of her childhood home with her birth place.
- "Camilla Parker Bowles Biography". Biography.com. 17 July 1947. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- Graham, p. 9
- Brandreth, p. 104
- Powell, Kimberly. "Ancestry of Camilla Parker-Bowles". About.com Guide.
- The Times, 21 October 1944.
- The Times, 5 August 1942.
- "The Duchess of Cornwall celebrates National Literacy Week". princeofwales.gov.uk. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Brandreth, p. 105
- Brandreth, p. 107
- Brandreth, p. 108
- Brandreth, p. 146
- Brandreth, p. 147
- "Camilla admits to nerves over her 'rusty' French as she embarks on first solo visit abroad". Hello magazine. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Brandreth, p. 160
- Brandreth, pp. 159–160
- Brandreth, p. 161
- Wilson, pp. 16–17
- Brandreth, p. 172
- "More help for Charles and Camilla". BBC News. 23 November 2005. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- Brandreth, p. 171
- Clover, Charles (10 June 2000). "Beaufort Hunt 'broke rules on fox breeding'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Smith, David (12 February 2005). "The rise and rise of Queen Camilla". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- "Interests of the Duchess of Cornwall". princeofwales.gov. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- Brandreth, p. 174
- Brandreth, p.175
- Graham, p. 38
- Brandreth, p.177
- Brandreth, p.186
- 'Major A.H. Parker Bowles and Miss C.R. Shand' in The Times, 5 July 1973
- Graham, p. 39
- Brandreth, p.187
- Brandreth, pp.280–281
- "A Royal Romance Interactive Timeline". CBS News. 18 March 2005. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Brandreth, p.181
- Brandreth, p.320
- Brandreth, p.178
- Alderson, Andrew (9 March 2009). "Prince Charles takes Camilla to lunch with 'first girlfriend' in Chile". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- Graham, p. 32-33
- Brandreth, pp.182–185
- Lacey, p.268
- Bradford, Sarah (2007). Diana. Footnote 10: Penguin (Non-Classics). ISBN 0-14-311246-5.
- Erickson, Carolly (2005). Lilibet: An Intimate Portrait of Elizabeth II. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 350. ISBN 978-0312339388.
- Brandreth, p.185
- Brandreth, p.196
- Brandreth, p.162
- Brandreth, p.183
- Barber, Lynn (21 October 2003). "'Quite grand, and she doesn't tip'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- Brandreth, p. 206
- Brandreth, pp.193–194
- Brandreth, p.202
- Brandreth, p.203
- Kelly, p. 465
- Junor, p. 48
- Brandreth, pp.231–233
- Brandreth, pp.257–264
- Brandreth, p.275
- Brandreth, p.276
- Brandreth, p.278
- Dimbleby, p.395
- "Q&A: Charles and Camilla". BBC News. 22 March 2005. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Brandreth, p.280
- Graham, p. 284
- BBC1. The Panorama interview with the Princess of Wales. November 1995. Retrieved 26 July 2012
- See CNN story "Love spans more than 30 years" claims bread roll pelting.
- Mclaren, Leah (11 May 2002). "An honest woman at last?". Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Mcallister, J.F.O (13 February 2005). "The 34-Year Courtship". Time magazine. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- "Mark Bolland: Marital aide". The Independent. 30 March 2005. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- Tweedie, Neil (11 February 2005). "Charles and Camilla, after Diana". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "Queen meets Camilla as relationship thaws". The free library. Sunday Mercury (Birmingham, England). 4 June 2000. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- Brandreth, p. 295
- "Prince pleased with Queen's Camilla invite". The free library. The Birmingham Post (England). 13 May 2002. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- Summerskill, Ben (13 July 2002). "The Observer Profile: Camilla Parker Bowles". The Observer. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- Brandreth, pp. 296–297
- Riddell, Mary (2004). "Blackadder bites back". British Journalism Review. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- "In Pictures: Charles and Camilla". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Brandreth, p. 5
- Brandreth, pp. 8–15
- Brandreth, p. 9
- "Crown jewels: The fabulous rings which sealed the love of Europe's royal couples". HELLO! magazine (UK).
- Sheri Stritof, Bob Stritof. "Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles". About.com. Marriage Profile. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- "Prince Charles to marry longtime lover Camilla". Msnbc World News. 2/11/2005. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "Prince Charles, Camilla change wedding plans". Chicago Tribune. 18 February 2005. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Dear, Paula (5 April 2005). "Fans 'panic buy' 8 April mementos". BBC News. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "Prince Charles Postpones Wedding to Attend Funeral". New York Times. 4 April 2005. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Q&A: Queen's wedding decision". BBC News. 23 February 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "Wedding role for William and Tom". BBC News. 23 March 2005. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Order of Service for the marriage of the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall". Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Ellen Crean (9 April 2005). "CBS News "Charles and Camilla Finally Wed"". Cbsnews.com. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- Brandreth, p. 334
- Brandreth, p. 333
- "Royal newlyweds begin honeymoon". BBC News. 9 April 2005. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Royal newlyweds break off honeymoon to meet pupils". The free library. The Birmingham Post (England). 15 April 2005. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- Davies, Caroline (24 December 2005). "First royal Sandringham Christmas for Camilla". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 14 January 2009
- Eden, Richard (24 June 2012). "The Queen tells the Duchess of Cambridge to curtsy to the 'blood princesses'". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 26 July 2012
- "Duchess of Cornwall wears Queen Mother's Tiara". Femalefirst.co.uk. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- Brandreth, p.316
- "Charles sees Camilla in hospital". BBC News. 5 March 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "Camilla swerves Diana tribute". Itv.com. Retrieved 27 June 2010.[dead link]
- "Camilla Breaks A Leg But Says 'Life Goes On'". British Sky Broadcasting. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
- "Camilla cheerful despite broken leg". msn. 9 April 2010. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Prince Charles, Camilla's Car Attacked By Student Protesters in London". huffingtonpost. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
- "Royal car attacked in protest after MPs' fee vote". BBC News. 10 December 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
- "Prince Charles and Duchess of Cornwall unhurt in attack". BBC News. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "The Queen makes Camilla a Dame Grand Cross". BBC News. 8 April 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- Diamond Jubilee: flypast brings celebrations to an end BBC News. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Charles and Camilla begin US tour". BBC News. 1 November 2005. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Prince Charles, Camilla see Katrina's aftermath". USA Today. 4 November 2005. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Royal couple set for foreign tour". BBC News. 19 March 2006. Retrieved 19 March 2006.
- "TRH to visit Turkey". The Prince of Wales-Press release. 10 October 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall to go on a tour of East Asia". 6 October 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Royals set for Chilean visit". SANTIAGO (AFP). 7 March 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "TRH to visit Italy, The Holy See and Germany". Prince of wales-press release. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Charles and Camilla meet the Pope". BBC News. 27 April 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall to undertake a tour of Central Europe". 11 February 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "TRH to attend the opening of the Commonwealth Games in India". 21 September 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall to visit Morocco". BBC News. 14 March 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall to visit Portugal, Spain and Morocco".
- "9/11 Anniversary". London: The Telegraph. 11 September 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011.
- "Prince Charles visits riot-hit London community". Time Live. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "London riots: Charles and Camilla hear Victims Tales". BBC news. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Lamdem, Tim (10 February 2012). "London Riots Anniversary: Prince Charles and Camilla return to Tottenham". Tottenham and Wood Green Journal. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall to tour Commonwealth and Gulf Countries". 12 October 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall to visit Norway, Sweden and Denmark". princeofwales.gov.uk. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall arrive in Canada to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee". princeofwales.gov.uk. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Puente, Maria (2 November 2012). "Prince Charles and Camilla head Down Under for tour". USA Today. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Camilla to present Melbourne Cup". ABC News. 6 November 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Charles and Camilla tour Jordan". news.com. 13 March 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- John, Simi (30 April 2013). "Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands Abdicates: Prince Charles and Camilla Attend Gala Dinner in Amsterdam". ibtimes. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Brandreth, p.321
- "Cunard Line: ''Her Royal Highness The Duchess Of Cornwall To Name Cunard's New Queen Victoria''; 10 September 2007". Cunard.com. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "James Bond composer John Barry honoured by Duchess of Cornwall". London: The Telegraph. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "The Duchess of Cornwall attends the 125th Wimbledon Championships". princeofwales.gov.uk. 22 June 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Queen's Speech: Prince Charles attends State Opening of Parliament". The Daily Telegraph. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- "Camilla on royal visit at Hampstead school", Hampstead and Highgate Express, 25 February 2009.
- "Charities and Patronages". princeofwales.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Camilla (Duchess of Cornwall,) Proud to be Patron of Podiatry". podiatrym.com. 8 February 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Duchess of Cornwall presents medals to navy medics". BBC News. 27 January 2012.
- "The Duchess of Cornwall becomes Patron of the Big Jubilee Lunch". Prince of Wales.gov.uk. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- "Duchess of Cornwall elected as university chancellor". The Guardian. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "The Duchess of Rothesay becomes Chancellor of Aberdeen University". princeofwales.gov.uk. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Soames, Emma (20 November 2006). "Camilla's dearest cause". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Parker Bowles joins NHS debate". BBC News. 26 April 2002. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "The Duchess launches the Big Bone Walks at Balmoral in aid of the National Osteoporosis Society". princeofwales.gov.uk. 20 September 2006. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Duchess boosts Bone Walk campaign". yorkshirepost.co.uk. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Duchess of Cornwall attends National Osteoporosis Day event". 20 October 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Camilla given osteoporosis award". BBC News. 17 May 2005. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- "The Duchess receives the Kohn Award for raising awareness of osteoporosis". princeofwales.gov.uk. 31 October 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- Campbell, Denis (27 October 2007). "Camilla wins award for osteoporosis campaign". The Observer. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- "The Duchess of Cornwall has officially named a new hospital clinic as part of a day-long tour of Cornwall.". BBC News. 5 July 2007. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Royal Patronage awarded to the osteoporosis service by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cornwall, recognised the valuable local, national and international work of experts at the Royal Cornwall Hospitals Trust.". Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Susan Hampshire receives second Duchess of Cornwall Award". 8 July 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- Low, Valentine (2 February 2013). "Camilla takes leading role in fight to help rape victims". Times. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Duchess of Cornwall hosts a reception supporting survivors of rape and sexual abuse". Marie Claire. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- Kirk, Tristan (13 July 2010). "Duchess of Cornwall opens new rape support centre in Ealing". harrowtimes.co.uk. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- Skyes, Tom (6 February 2013). "Camilla's Compassion For Rape Victims". Daily Beast. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Duchess of Cornwall officially opens The Rowan". northerntrust.hscni.net. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Day 2: The Prince and The Duchess visit India
- "Duchess Of Cornwall Donates Books To Charity". looktothestars.org. June 2, 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "HRH the Duchess of Cornwall launches our search for Literacy Heroes". literacytrust.org.uk. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "Theo Walcott joins Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cornwall to launch Premier League Reading Stars". literacytrust.org.uk. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "Our President: HRH The Duchess of Cornwall". Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- Sydney, Grace (22 August 2011). "Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Adopts Rescue Puppy". Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "Camilla opens new equine veterinary facilities". 29 February 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "Our President: HRH The Duchess of Cornwall". Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "The Duchess of Cornwall – Titles". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Camilla can legally be queen. CBC News. Retrieved 24 May 2009
- "Camilla might still become Queen". The Times (UK). Retrieved 24 May 2009
- Clarence House press release, 10 February 2005
- "The Duchess of Cornwall appointed to the Royal Victorian Order" (Press release). Queen's Printer. 9 April 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "Diamond Jubilee: Charles and Camilla on Papua New Guinea tour". BBC. 3 November 2012.
- "Honorary Fellowship for Duchess of Cornwall". kcl.ac.uk. 13 September 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- "Duchess of Cornwall becomes Colonel in Australian Military Police". The Daily Telegraph. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- The Prince of Wales > Personal Profiles > The Duchess of Cornwall > At Work > Armed Services. Clarence House. Retrieved 24 October 2008
- "Camilla's coat of arms unveiled". BBC News. 17 July 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
- "The Coat of Arms of HRH The Duchess of Cornwall". College of Arms. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams. "The ancestry of HRH The Duchess of Cornwall". Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- Brandreth, p.30
- Brandreth, p.32
- Brandreth, p.36
- Brandreth, p.68
- Brandreth, pp.67–68
- "Camilla, Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cornwall". www.perche-quebec.com.
- "Kissing cousins!". The free library. Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England). 9 April 2005. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- "Experts Discover that Prince Charles and Camilla Parker-Bowles are Related". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- Brandreth, Gyles (2007). Charles and Camilla: Portrait of a Love Affair. U.K: Random House. ISBN 0-09-949087-0.
- Wilson, Christopher (2003). The Windsor Knot. Citadel. ISBN 0-8065-2386-7.
- Lacey, Robert (2008). Monarch: The Life and Reign of Elizabeth II. Free press. ISBN 9781439108390.
- Kelley, Kitty (1997). The Royals. Hachette Digital, Inc. ISBN 978-0-446-51712-6.
- Junor, Penny (1998). Charles: Victim or Villian?. Harpercollins. ISBN 978-0002559003.
- Dimbleby, Jonathan (1994). The Prince of Wales: A Biography. New York: William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0-688-12996-X.
- Graham, Caroline (2005). Camilla and Charles: The Love Story. John Blake. ISBN 978-1844541959.
- Tyrrel, Rebecca (2003). Camilla: An Intimate Portrait. Short Books. ISBN 1-904095-53-4.
- Wilson, Christopher (1994). A Greater Love: Prince Charles Twenty- Year Affair with Camilla. William Morrow & co. ISBN 0-688-13808-X.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall|
- Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Profile at the Official website of the British Monarchy
- Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Profile at the Official website of the Prince of Wales
- Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Profile at the Duchy of Cornwall Office
- Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Profile at Monarchy Wales
- Special section on the marriage of Camilla and Prince Charles BBC News
- Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall at the Internet Movie Database
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
HRH The Duchess of Cornwall
The Countess of Wessex
David Wilson, Baron Wilson of Tillyorn
|Chancellor of the University of Aberdeen