Wayne County, Illinois

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Wayne County, Illinois
Wayne County Courthouse in Fairfield.jpg
Seal of Wayne County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Wayne County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Named for Anthony Wayne
Seat Fairfield
Largest city Fairfield
Area
 • Total 715 sq mi (1,852 km2)
 • Land 714 sq mi (1,849 km2)
 • Water 1.7 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 16,760
 • Density 23/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 16,760.[1] Its county seat is Fairfield.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Wayne County was formed in 1819 out of Edwards County. It is named after Gen. "Mad Anthony" Wayne, an officer in the Revolutionary War and Northwest Indian War.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 714 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Fairfield, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.8
 
37
20
 
 
2.7
 
43
24
 
 
4.6
 
54
33
 
 
4.8
 
66
43
 
 
4.7
 
76
52
 
 
4.2
 
85
61
 
 
3.8
 
88
65
 
 
3.4
 
87
63
 
 
2.9
 
80
55
 
 
3.3
 
68
44
 
 
4.3
 
53
34
 
 
3.5
 
42
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Fairfield have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1901. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.70 inches (69 mm) in February to 4.80 inches (122 mm) in April.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,114
1830 2,553 129.2%
1840 5,133 101.1%
1850 6,825 33.0%
1860 12,223 79.1%
1870 19,758 61.6%
1880 21,291 7.8%
1890 23,806 11.8%
1900 27,626 16.0%
1910 25,697 −7.0%
1920 22,772 −11.4%
1930 19,130 −16.0%
1940 22,092 15.5%
1950 20,933 −5.2%
1960 19,008 −9.2%
1970 17,004 −10.5%
1980 18,059 6.2%
1990 17,241 −4.5%
2000 17,151 −0.5%
2010 16,760 −2.3%
Est. 2013 16,612 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2000,[9] there were 17,151 people, 7,143 households, and 4,971 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 7,950 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.71% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.8% were of American, 16.4% German, 15.9% English and 8.1% Irish ancestry.

There were 7,143 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,481, and the median income for a family was $37,729. Males had a median income of $29,148 versus $20,989 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,793. About 9.40% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Wayne County is divided into these 20 townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Fairfield, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 38°26′N 88°25′W / 38.43°N 88.42°W / 38.43; -88.42