Washington County, Illinois

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For counties with a similar name, see Washington County (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Washington, Illinois.
Washington County, Illinois
Washington County Courthouse in Nashville.jpg
Washington County Courthouse in Nashville
Map of Illinois highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 2, 1818
Named for George Washington
Seat Nashville
Largest city Nashville
Area
 • Total 564 sq mi (1,461 km2)
 • Land 563 sq mi (1,458 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 14,716
 • Density 26/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.washingtonco.illinois.gov

Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 14,716.[1] Its county seat is Nashville.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Washington County was formed on January 2, 1818 out of St. Clair County. It was named for George Washington. Despite its relative proximity to the Illinois suburbs of St. Louis, Missouri, the county is not considered part of the St. Louis metropolitan area, also known as the Metro-East.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 564 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 563 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3] There are many lakes, rivers, streams, and creeks in this area, including the Kaskaskia River, which is the county's northern border.

Climate and weather[edit]

Nashville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
38
22
 
 
2.3
 
44
27
 
 
3.5
 
56
35
 
 
3.9
 
67
45
 
 
4.1
 
76
55
 
 
3.7
 
85
64
 
 
3.7
 
88
68
 
 
2.7
 
87
65
 
 
3.2
 
80
58
 
 
3
 
69
47
 
 
3.8
 
54
37
 
 
3
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Nashville have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.18 inches (55 mm) in January to 4.10 inches (104 mm) in May.[4] On November 17, 2013, an EF4 tornado swept through the area, destroying many homes and causing a few fatalities.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,517
1830 1,675 10.4%
1840 4,810 187.2%
1850 6,953 44.6%
1860 13,731 97.5%
1870 17,599 28.2%
1880 21,112 20.0%
1890 19,262 −8.8%
1900 19,526 1.4%
1910 18,759 −3.9%
1920 18,035 −3.9%
1930 16,286 −9.7%
1940 15,801 −3.0%
1950 14,460 −8.5%
1960 13,569 −6.2%
1970 13,780 1.6%
1980 15,472 12.3%
1990 14,965 −3.3%
2000 15,148 1.2%
2010 14,716 −2.9%
Est. 2013 14,448 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2000,[9] there were 15,148 people, 5,848 households, and 4,239 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 6,385 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.58% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.8% were of German, 13.6% Polish, 11.8% American and 5.6% Irish ancestry.

There were 5,848 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,932, and the median income for a family was $48,433. Males had a median income of $32,209 versus $22,151 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,108. About 3.70% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The county is served by seven school districts:[10]

  • Oakdale CCSD 1
  • West Washington County CUD 10
  • Irvington CCSD 11
  • Ashley CCSD 15
  • Hoyleton Cons SD 29
  • Nashville CCSD 49
  • Nashville CHSD 99.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Washington County is divided into these townships:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Nashville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Education, Illinois State Board of. "Illinois Public School Districts by County" (XLS). Retrieved 2009-05-28. [dead link]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°21′08″N 89°24′38″W / 38.35222°N 89.41056°W / 38.35222; -89.41056