Massac County, Illinois

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Massac County, Illinois
Massac County Courthouse front and southern end.jpg
Massac County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Massac County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded February 8, 1843
Seat Metropolis
Largest city Metropolis
Area
 • Total 242 sq mi (627 km2)
 • Land 237 sq mi (614 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (12 km2), 1.9%
Population
 • (2010) 15,429
 • Density 65/sq mi (25/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Massac County is a county located in the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 15,429.[1] Its county seat is Metropolis.[2]

Massac County is included in the Paducah, KY-IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is located along the Ohio River, in the portion of the state known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

This area was occupied by various cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact. The most complex and last was that of the Mississippian culture, which built the complex mounds and plaza at the Kincaid Site (now a National Historic Landmark). They abandoned the site in about 1500, centuries before European contact.

Part of the Illinois Country was claimed by French explorers; this area was barely settled, with most French colonial villages close to the Mississippi River. During the French and Indian War against the British, the French built a fort here in 1757. It was named Fort Massac after Claude Louis d'Espinchal, Marquis de Massiac, the French Naval Minister. Massiac is a commune in Cantal, France. Fort Massac is also a National Historic Landmark. Although beginning to be settled by European Americans after the American Revolution, Massac County was formally organized on February 8, 1843, out of territory from both Johnson and Pope counties. In the mid-19th century, after the revolutions of 1848, the Midwest received many German immigrants. Their self-identified descendants today comprise nearly one-third of the population of the county. The Elijah P. Curtis House is the third National Historic Landmark in Massac County. Built in 1870, it is located at 405 Market Street in Metropolis, Illinois.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 242 square miles (630 km2), of which 237 square miles (610 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (1.9%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Metropolis, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
42
25
 
 
3.9
 
48
29
 
 
4.4
 
58
38
 
 
4.7
 
69
47
 
 
4.8
 
77
56
 
 
4
 
86
64
 
 
4.3
 
90
68
 
 
3
 
88
66
 
 
3.3
 
82
59
 
 
3.2
 
71
47
 
 
4.5
 
58
38
 
 
4.4
 
47
29
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Metropolis have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1999. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.00 inches (76 mm) in August to 4.76 inches (121 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 4,092
1860 6,213 51.8%
1870 9,581 54.2%
1880 10,443 9.0%
1890 11,313 8.3%
1900 13,110 15.9%
1910 14,200 8.3%
1920 13,559 −4.5%
1930 14,081 3.8%
1940 14,937 6.1%
1950 13,594 −9.0%
1960 14,341 5.5%
1970 13,889 −3.2%
1980 14,990 7.9%
1990 14,752 −1.6%
2000 15,161 2.8%
2010 15,429 1.8%
Est. 2013 15,073 −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 15,161 people, 6,261 households, and 4,320 families residing in the county. The population density was 63 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 6,951 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.57% White, 5.48% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.9% were of German, 19.3% American, 12.2% English and 10.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 6,261 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,498, and the median income for a family was $39,068. Males had a median income of $32,793 versus $20,399 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,334. About 10.40% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Metropolis, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 37°13′N 88°43′W / 37.22°N 88.71°W / 37.22; -88.71