Qashqai language

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Qaşqay dili
Native to Iran
Region Fars , Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari , Isfahan
Ethnicity Qashqai
Native speakers
1.5 million  (1997)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 qxq
Glottolog qash1240[2]
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Ghashghayi, Qašqāʾī, [3] [4] Qashqa'i, and Qashqayi) is a Western Oghuz Turkic language spoken by the Qashqai people, an ethnic group living mainly in the Fars region of Iran. It is known to speakers as Turki.[5] Estimates of the number of Qashqai speakers vary. Ethnologue gives a figure of 1.5 million.[6] The Qashqai language is closely related to Azerbaijani, and some linguists consider it to be a dialect of that language.

Like the Azeri language in Iran, Qashqai uses the Persian modification of the Arabic script. The Qashqai also speak Persian, and use it as their literary language.


  1. ^ Qashqai at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Qashqa'i". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Qašqāʾī tribal confederacy: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Michael Knüppel
  4. ^ Azeri Turkish at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Gerhard Doerfer
  5. ^ Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy, Encyclopaedia Iranica
  6. ^ Ethnologue report