Qashqai language

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Qaşqay dili
Native to Iran
Region Fars , Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari , Isfahan
Ethnicity Qashqai
Native speakers
1.5 million  (1997)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 qxq
Glottolog qash1240[2]
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Ghashghayi, Qašqāʾī, [3] [4] Qashqa'i, and Qashqayi) is a Western Oghuz Turkic language spoken by the Qashqai people, an ethnic group living mainly in the Fars region of Iran. It is known to speakers as Turki.[5] Estimates of the number of Qashqai speakers vary. Ethnologue gives a figure of 1.5 million.[6] The Qashqai language is closely related to Azerbaijani, and some linguists consider it to be a dialect of that language.

Like the Azeri language in Iran, Qashqai uses the Persian modification of the Arabic script.


  1. ^ Qashqai at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Qashqa'i". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Qašqāʾī tribal confederacy: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Michael Knüppel
  4. ^ Azeri Turkish at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Gerhard Doerfer
  5. ^ Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy, Encyclopaedia Iranica
  6. ^ Ethnologue report