||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Ukrainian Wikipedia. (December 2013)|
Tetiana Chornovol in 2012.
|Born||Tetiana Mykolaivna Chornovol
4 June 1979
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Residence||Boryspil Raion, Kiev Oblast, Ukraine|
|Other names||Tetiana Chornovil, Tatiana Chornovil, Tetyana Chornovil, Tatiana Chernovil, Tetyana Chornovol, Tatiana Chornovol|
Tetiana Mykolayivna Chornovol (Ukrainian: Тетя́на Микола́ївна Чорново́л; born 4 June 1979, Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union) is a Ukrainian journalist and civic activist, and one of the leaders in the Euromaidan protest campaign. She is famous for investigative reports about corruption in Ukraine, as well as for her adventurous direct actions. She is currently the head of the Ukrainian government’s National Anti-Corruption Committee.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Journalist career
- 3 Activism and politics
- 4 25 December attack
- 5 Head of National Anti-Corruption Committee
- 6 Private life
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Tetiana Chornovol was born in Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union. Her parents come from Cherkasy Oblast in central Ukraine. Currently she lives in the Kiev suburb of Hora located in Boryspil Raion.
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Chornovol has been employed by or freelanced for many Ukrainian publications focusing on politics and corruption in Ukraine. She also reported from post-Soviet armed conflicts in which UNA-UNSO volunteers participated.
In 2004, she began specializing in investigative journalism, contributing to several Ukrainian online newspapers, including Ukrayinska Pravda, Levyi Bereg and Obozrevatel. Her focus topics are suspicious personal wealth of Ukrainian politicians, public servants, and businessmen, as well as their involvement in crime.
In 2008, a judgment was obtained from the High Court of Justice in London after Obozrevatel refused to retract false and libelous statements in articles by Chornovol alleging that Rinat Akhmetov was connected to criminal activity and violence. Chornovol had interviewed his former classmates and neighbors, and delved into his early years. Following court pressure, Obozrevatel issued an official apology stating, “The editorial hereby admits that there was unchecked and false information about Rinat Akhmetov present in the … articles … We hereby give our apologies to Rinat Akhmetov for the problems resulted from the above-mentioned publications.” Chornovol, who had political ambitions, refused to issue an apology or acknowledge any wrongdoing.
Other of Chornovol's many investigative publications addressed the alleged organized crime background of then President, Viktor Yanukovych and reported on his lavish countryside property. According to a story in the New York Times, in August 2012 Chornovol "scaled the walls of Mr. Yanukovych’s then residential compound, which includes 345 acres of forested hills along the Dnieper River and is called 'Mezhyhirya' after the park where it is situated, and spent nearly three hours wandering the property and taking photographs before being detained by security". Chornovol was the first investigative journalist researching Mezhyhirya; she started work on the topic in 2006.
Immediately before the attack on her, Chornovol made an on-site investigation of the suburban alleged property of Ukraine's Internal Affairs Minister (police chief) Vitaliy Zakharchenko and published a blog report with photos) as well as those allegedly belonging to the country's General Prosecutor Viktor Pshonka. The material was mentioned in her conversations with editors and colleagues.
Reacting to Chornovol's 25 December 2013 beating, Ukrayinska Pravda and Chornovol's husband announced that they "suspected each and every person whom Tetiana Chornovol wrote about" personally, including President Yanukovych, in "ordering that attack", until proven otherwise.
Activism and politics
Chornovol comes from an ultra right political background: She joined the UNA-UNSO organization at age 17, and later began her media work there as a press secretary. However, she soon became disillusioned with extremist politics, but remained committed to social activism.
Chornovol openly admits committing various petty crimes in the course of her political acts and investigations, including trespassing and defacing property (such as by spray painting and egg pelting), and encourages other activists to follow her lead in nonviolent resistance way.
Chornovol participated in all major patriotic/anti-corruption actions in Ukraine since late 1990s, including Ukraine without Kuchma (2001), the Orange Revolution (2004), the 2011 protests against Russian language use expansion, and Euromaidan protests. During "Ukraine without Kuchma" (while still with the UNA-UNSO), she handcuffed herself to the busy rails in the Kiev Passenger Railway Station with a fellow female protester.
In 2011-2013, Chornovol participated in several risky protests against illegal land development, historical architecture destruction, and local government oppression in the city of Kiev, including the seizure of a tower crane over the Gostynyi Dvir and occupying a high-rise cornice of the Kiev City Council assembly hall (both by climbing). While she was climbing the crane, construction workers threw bricks at her but missed. She was removed from the council assembly hall cornice by firemen.
In the first week of Euromaidan, Chornovol, protected by bicycle helmet, was present near the van suspected of conducting covert surveillance of protest leaders, and immediately stormed it (by smashing the roof window with a cobblestone and jumping in) in order to prevent destruction of evidence. The automobile turned out to be a communications intelligence vehicle of the Security Service of Ukraine.
On 1 December 2013, Chornovol was widely reported smashing windows at Kiev City Hall in the course of protesters' attempts to seize the building. As she later explained to journalist colleagues, storming and occupying city hall was necessary for warming activists from freezing temperatures (the building was used for this purpose from then on).
Unsuccessful election campaign
Chornovol unsuccessfully ran in the 2012 parliamentary election in a suburban Lviv Oblast constituency, representing the oppositional Batkivshchyna party. Among dirty methods applied by her opponents were rumours convincing peasant women that she was a witch. It is unclear whether Chornovol is an active member of the party or exerts any influence on its decisions.
25 December attack
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In the early morning of 25 December 2013 at 01:30 AM Chornovol was severely beaten by a group of men who dragged her from her car near Boryspil International Airport in Boryspil outside Kiev. The attack provoked massive outcry in Ukraine and around the globe.
Chornovil's car was rammed off of the road by a Porsche Cayenne, and two assailants dragged her from her car, beat her, and threw her in a roadside ditch. The attack took place hours after Chernovil published an article on a posh suburban residence which she said was being built for Minister of Internal Affairs Vitaliy Zakharchenko.
Chornovil was hospitalized with initial diagnosis of broken nose, concussion, and multiple bruises.
In her 26 December bed-ridden interview, Chornovol stated that her investigations were the only possible reason for the attack on her, and dismissed suggestions that the attack was a result of either road rage or a false flag political provocation against authorities.
The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and U.S. embassy in Ukraine condemned the attack. Opposition parties accused the authorities of being behind the attacks, while a statement from Olena Bondarenko of the Party of Regions categorized the attack as spontaneous violence caused by Euromaidan, and blamed the opposition. According to the (then) governor of Kharkiv Oblast, Mykhailo Dobkin, the attack (that he compared to the Reichstag fire) had been organised by insiders.[nb 1]
The driver of the car that rammed Chornovol off the road was arrested on 25 December 2013, who upon police questioning identified the two other attackers, one of whom was arrested. In total five suspected attackers have been detained by the Ukrainian police. According to police investigator Mykola Chynchyn one of the suspects used to be in a criminal organization led by Viktor Rybalko; and added "The Klitschko brothers allegedly were closely involved in Rybalko’s organization". Chynchyn also stated that opposition lawmaker Mykola Knyazhytsky, Volodymyr Polochaninov and David Zhvania were connected to a suspect. Serhiy Kotenko (a former co-owner of TVi) is a brother of one of the suspects. Vitali Klitschko vehemently denied links to the suspects and has stated he will sue Chynchyn for slander, libel and defamation of character.
Chornovol's husband characterized the incident as attempted murder, saying "she was beaten to kill", and accused police of downplaying the legal status of the crime by the investigation. Chornovol believes the attack was ordered by president Viktor Yanukovych for her ongoing investigation into a new luxury mansion and palace he is building.
On 7 January 2014 she was ready to be discharged from hospital, though still requiring outpatient treatment. However she refused to leave.
After Chornovol's brutal assault, Canadian physician Dr. Richard Hareychuk provided a first hand account of how he raised money for Chornovol through the Ukrainian community in Toronto, arranged for an interview for her on CBC radio from Ukraine, and personally traveled to visit and meet her on 17 January 2014.
On 21 February 2014, when Euromaidan protesters raided the Mezhyhirya presidential residence of Viktor Yanukovych, Euromaidian activists and investigators from Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project discovered "black lists" of journalists and activists involved in the oppositions, with an individual dossier on Chornovol, with photographs and the license plate of her car.
Head of National Anti-Corruption Committee
She resigned on August 18, 2014. Chornovol said that "there is no political will in Ukraine to carry out a hard-edged, large-scale war against corruption."
Chornovol is a widowed  mother of two. Her husband, Mykola Berezovyi (Nikolai Beryozovoi), a volunteer fighter in the Azov Battalion, was killed on 10 August 2014 during the fighting in eastern Ukraine.
Chornovol and her husband met at a political rally. Their younger child was born in October 2010.
- Dobkin's full response was: "Why should modern day Nazis set fire to the Reichstag, when they can sort things out by thrashing anything up to ten local activists who have figured in the media? Typically, the only Maidan activists that get beaten up are those whose work for the community is funded from abroad".
- "У побитті Тетяни винен хтось із фігурантів її розслідувань – чоловік Чорновол". RFE. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Ukrainian crisis: December 25". Levyi Bereg. December 25, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Profile: Tetyana Chornovol". BBC World News. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- HERSZENHORN, DAVID M. (25 December 22013). "Journalist Is Beaten in Latest Attack on Ukrainian Opposition". New York Times. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- JAMES MARSON and KATYA GORCHINSKAYA (25 Dec 2013). "Ukrainian Activist Reporter Hospitalized After Beating". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- Ukraine Corruption Probes a Warning to Future Leaders, Institute for War and Peace Reporting (9 April 2014)
- (Ukrainian) Chornovol appointed commissioner of anti-corruption policy, Espreso TV (6 March 2014)
- Aslamshoyeva, Zarifmo (26 December 2013). "Ukrainian civic activist and journalist beaten outside Kiev". cnn.com (CNN). Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "Евросоюз надеется на всестороннее расследование избиения Чорновол". Levyi Bereg. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "US Condemns Beating of Ukrainian Journalist Tetyana Chornovil". ABC News. 26 Dec 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Чорновол Тетяна Миколаївна — Вибори народних депутатів України 2012". cvk.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- Черемних, Віра (February 2011). "Тетяна Чорновол: справедливість — ремесло і доля" [Tetiana Chornovol: Justice is Craft and Destiny]. Журналіст України (in Ukrainian) (National Journalists' Union of Ukraine). Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- Kyiv Post, January 2012, Investigative journalist runs for parliament to fight corruption, by Oksana Grytsenko.
- Lavrov, Vlad (11 February 2011). "Libel Warriors". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- Фокус (Focus.ua), 15 January 2008, Ахметов выиграл суд у Интернет-издания. Ответчик удивлен (Akhmetov wins libel case against internet site. Defendant surprised by verdict.)
- Обозреватель (Obozrevatel), Официальное извинение Ринату Ахметову (Official apology to Rinat Akhmetov). Obozrevatel agreed to pay $100,000 to a charitable foundation of Akhmetov's choosing as compensation for the false statements Obozrevatel had published on 19 and 26 January 2007.
- "Таня Чорновіл: "Фактично з усіма я маю погані стосунки!"". Medianyanya (in Ukrainian) (Kiev). 2010-09-16. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- "Тут живе кат! Маєток міністра МВС Віталія Захарченка". Tetyana Chornovol (in Ukrainian). 24 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Люди, яких ми підозрюємо в замовленні". Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 25 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Юлі -Волю на фасаді офісу Партії Регіонів. Для гарячих голів: фарба класна психологічна зброя". Tetyana Chornovol (in Ukrainian). 12 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Трое активистов заблокировали кран на реконструкции Гостиного двора (фото)". UNIAN (in Russian). 2013-05-26. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- [dead link]
- AFP (2013-12-25). "Outrage in Ukraine after brutal attack on opposition reporter". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Из-за избиения Черновил утром начнется пикетирование МВД : Новости УНИАН". Unian.net. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Под Борисполем неизвестные избили журналистку Татьяну Чорновил (обновлено, фото) : Новости УНИАН". Unian.net. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Кого підозрюють у побитті Тетяни Чорновол?". Insider. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- Ukraine’s point of no return, openDemocracy.net (29 December 2013)
- "Three attackers on journalist Chornovol identified, one of them arrested, say sources". En.interfax.com.ua. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Two arrests reported in Chornovol beating (VIDEOS) (UPDATED)". Kyivpost.com. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- Court arrests fifth suspect in attack on journalist Chornovol, says Interior Ministry, Interfax-Ukraine (28 December 2013)
- Police implicate, link Klitschko brothers, other opposition members to Chornovol beating suspects (UPDATE), Kyiv Post (27 December 2013)
- "Чорновол перевели из реанимации в обычную палату". Levyi Bereg (in Russian). 30 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Olga Rudenko (2014-01-19). "Chornovol: Yanukovych is building 'Mezhyhirya 2'". Kyivpost.com. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Koshkina FB on Chornovol health". [news:Facebook Facebook]. 25 December 2013. Web link. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Beaten journalist Chornovol ready to be discharged from hospital, says Health Ministry". En.interfax.com.ua. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Dr. Hareychuk's mission to Tetyana Chornovol". YouTube. 2014-01-26. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- Katya Gorchinskaya (2014-02-22). "Tanyan Chornovol and her car in #Mezhyhirya docs". Twitter. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- "Governmental commissioner for combating corruption Chornovol resigns". Kyiv Post. August 18, 2014.
- Chornovol, Tetiana (12 August 2014). "The final goodbye to my Mykola — tomorrow". Euromaidan Press.
- Luhn, Alec; and agencies (11 August 2014). "Russia to send humanitarian convoy into Ukraine in spite of warnings". The Guardian.
- All publications tagged "Tatiana Chornovol" on the Levyi Bereg news site (Russian)
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