Vandalia, Ohio

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Vandalia, Ohio
City
Aerial view of Vandalia, with the Dayton International Airport to the north
Aerial view of Vandalia, with the Dayton International Airport to the north
Nickname(s): The Crossroads of America, The Gem's Sparkle, Air City, V-Town, The North Beauty
Location of Vandalia, Ohio
Location of Vandalia, Ohio
Location within Montgomery County, Ohio
Location within Montgomery County, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°52′47″N 84°11′37″W / 39.87972°N 84.19361°W / 39.87972; -84.19361Coordinates: 39°52′47″N 84°11′37″W / 39.87972°N 84.19361°W / 39.87972; -84.19361
Country United States
State Ohio
County Montgomery
Government
 • City Council Mayor Arlene Setzer
Vice-Mayor Mike Blakesly
Bob Ahlers
H. David Brusman, Jr.
Candice Farst
David Lewis
David Gerhard
 • City Manager Jeffrey C. Hoagland
 • City Treasurer
Finance Director

James Bell, CPFA, CPFIM
Area[1]
 • Total 12.41 sq mi (32.14 km2)
 • Land 12.34 sq mi (31.96 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation[2] 994 ft (303 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 15,246
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 15,204
 • Density 1,235.5/sq mi (477.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45377
Area code(s) 937
FIPS code 39-79492[5]
GNIS feature ID 1049271[2]
Website http://www.vandaliaohio.org/

Vandalia is a city[6] in Montgomery County, Ohio, United States, and a suburb of Dayton.[7] Its population was 15,246 during the 2010 census.[8] The James M. Cox Dayton International Airport is located in the city.[7] In addition to being the home of the Dayton International Airport, Vandalia lies at the crossroads of I-75 and I-70, making it a major hub for business.

Vandalia is a sister city to Lichtenfels, Germany and Prestwick, Scotland. It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Vandalia is about 10 miles (16 km) north of Dayton on Dixie Drive (former U.S. Highway 25). It is between the Great Miami River and the Stillwater River. The city has been called the "Crossroads of America" due to its location on the National Road and the Dixie Highway. These correspond to U.S. Route 40 and the decommissioned U.S. Route 25, which in turn, have been supplanted by two major expressways: east-west Interstate 70 and north-south Interstate 75.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.41 square miles (32.14 km2), of which, 12.34 square miles (31.96 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.[1]

History[edit]

On August 17, 1838, Benjamin Wilhelm, a settler from Pennsylvania, settled near the intersection of U.S. Route 40 and US Route 25-A. He built his home and a small general store as a stop and resting place for travelers heading west. The small town began to attract travelers and entrepreneurs, and on February 7, 1848 the town was incorporated as "The Village of Vandalia" with Benjamin Wilhelm as its first mayor. The village was laid out in 38 lots including a church, hotels, blacksmiths shops, a steam sawmill, meat markets, and a carriage shop. The first church was started by the United Brethren congregation.

By 1959, Vandalia was outgrowing its "village" status, and its citizens voted to make it a council-manager form of government, effectively making the village into a municipal corporation. On January 2, 1960, Vandalia became a Charter City of the State of Ohio.

Name[edit]

Some records indicate that Benjamin Wilhelm, the town's founder, settled in Vandalia on his way to Vandalia, Illinois. Instead he stopped here and named his new town after his original destination. Others claim that the town was named Vandalia because the National Road was intended to extend to Vandalia, Illinois, but, for a time, it looked as though it would not do so. This doubt resulted in the name being used for a town along the Road in Ohio.[9]

Architecture[edit]

Vandalia has two specific types of architecture that are heavily present throughout the city: colonial and post-modern. Many of the city buildings have post-modern design and are mainly glass and brick. Butler High School has been re-constructed in this style, and New Morton Middle School, the Justice and Municipal Buildings, the Recreation Center, and a new fire station have already been constructed in this manner. Clashing with this in a unique way that many find aesthetically pleasing is Vandalia's colonial architecture. Many of the older buildings and some of the newer multi-story buildings along James E. Bohanan Memorial Drive have a very high end, colonial look. Other townhouses and condos throughout this area have used this architecture frequently, and many developments around Miller Lane have colonial styles. Some homes throughout different neighborhoods like Meeker Creek, Ashbury Farms, Park Place, and Copperfield have many colonial style homes.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 228
1870 313
1880 315 0.6%
1890 265 −15.9%
1900 284 7.2%
1910 221 −22.2%
1920 257 16.3%
1930 331 28.8%
1940 378 14.2%
1950 927 145.2%
1960 6,342 584.1%
1970 10,796 70.2%
1980 13,161 21.9%
1990 13,882 5.5%
2000 14,603 5.2%
2010 15,246 4.4%
Est. 2012 15,204 −0.3%
Sources:[10][11][12][13][14][15][5][16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 15,246 people, 6,571 households, and 4,166 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,235.5 inhabitants per square mile (477.0 /km2). There were 7,055 housing units at an average density of 571.7 per square mile (220.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 4.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 6,571 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.6% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 40.6 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.7% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 14,603 people, 6,235 households, and 4,090 families residing in the city. As of 2009 there were 27,298 citizens. The population density was 1,236.5 people per square mile (477.4/km²). There were 6,489 housing units at an average density of 549.5 per square mile (212.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.08% White, 1.28% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 6,235 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,463, and the median income for a family was $55,270. Males had a median income of $41,938 versus $26,853 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,199. About 3.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Regional cooperation[edit]

In 2009 Vandalia and Butler Township officials announced plans to jointly staff two fire stations to improve service delivery and response times.The joint agreement marks the third time in recent past that Vandalia City officials have joined with neighboring communities for a common goal. The City of Vandalia shares a wastewater treatment facility with Tipp City and Huber Heights. The Tri-Cities Wastewater Treatment Plant has been in operation since 1985, and jointly owned by the three cities since 1991. In 2007, the Northern Area Water Authority (NAWA) began supplying drinking water to Vandaila and Tipp City. The plant is jointly owned by the two communities.

Revitalization[edit]

The city of Vandalia recently passed plans to reinvent the city's urban core around National Road and Dixe Drive. The plan is to bring many of the old shopping centers to the streetfront while placing parking spaces in the back. The first business to take part in this plan is My Favorite Pet on National in which a new building will be built streetfront next to Wendy's.[17] Many improvements have gone underway already such as new vintage style lampposts, new trees, new signage, decorative stoplights, and brick pavers.

Education[edit]

  • Vandalia-Butler City School District is one of only two districts to win the excellency rating every year since 2005.[18] The schools have shown constant improvement and Butler High School is one of the top in the state of Ohio in the social studies area of study. The school district has built a new middle school designed by SHP Leading Design based in Cincinnati, and the district has also renovated and enlarged Butler High School. The school has an excellent sports program, having won the All-Sports Trophy several times in the 1990s and 2000s.

St. Christopher Catholic School is one of the top performing private schools in the area.

Creative Images Institute of Cosmetology is based in Vandalia.

News[edit]

Vandalia has its own weekly community paper, the Vandalia Drummer. Many in the community also receive city-published tabloids like Business at the Crossroads. Many residents throughout this area also regularly read the Dayton Daily News, the metropolitan area's main daily newspaper.

Notable people[edit]

Events[edit]

The City of Vandalia boasts several seasonal festivals and events, such as the annual Oktoberfest in the autumn, the Homecoming parade in the fall, and the Air Show & Parade in the summer.[24] They also host a firework show, The Star-Spangled Celebration. Other events include "Taste of Vandalia", a culinary event, and the Vandalia Corporate Challenge.[25] St. Christopher Catholic Church also hosts the Vandalia Fair every summer, one of the largest in the Miami Valley.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Vandalia is a top-rated parks and recreation community.[26] Vandalia has over thirty parks in the area. Some of the larger ones include Helke Park and the Vandalia Sports Complex. It is also home to the Taylorsvile Metropark, home to the historic village of Tadmor. Vandalia also is home of the Vandalia Recreation Center, a highly popular recreational facility.[27]

Airport conflictions[edit]

The city of Dayton had proposed an extension to the Dayton International Airport in 1998 that would annex part of Butler Township. The idea caused a mass conflict as it would disturb the natural shape of the city of Vandalia and it would heavily disturb the shape of National Road, or Rt. 40. The proposals where cancelled, however in 2008 when the city of Vandalia purchased the same land that was partially owned by University of Dayton, the city of Dayton finally began to work on their redeveloped expansion of the airport which included a new sight tower and updating of landscaping and the Airport Access Road. The same land will soon see increased development with the opening of MAC, Morton Middle School, Vandalia-Butler Fire Station #1, and is zoned for increased high end/ tech office jobs. The land is also heavily developed as an office park and a mix of retail and restaurants. The city of Vandalia is hoping that, with regional cooperation, the city of Dayton will work well to promote more office and upscale development in the region.

Sister cities[edit]

Vandalia has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Vandalia city, Ohio - fact sheet". American FactFinder. US census bureau. Retrieved 2007-09-13. "Vandalia city" 
  7. ^ a b "City of Vandalia, Ohio: information resources for Vandalia residents and visitors.". Cities Unlimited Corporation. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  9. ^ Stewart, G: U. S. 40 Riverside Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1953. p. 116
  10. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  17. ^ Vandalia vet to rebuild
  18. ^ http://www.vandaliabutlerschools.org/index.html[not in citation given][better source needed]
  19. ^ Roger Clemens
  20. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/players/profile?playerId=9866
  21. ^ http://rivals.yahoo.com/ncaa/basketball/players/38034
  22. ^ http://onslowcrime.encblogs.com/?p=492
  23. ^ Chris Rubey
  24. ^ http://www.ci.vandalia.oh.us/Air_Show_Parade.cfm
  25. ^ http://www.ci.vandalia.oh.us/New_Resident.cfm
  26. ^ http://www.ci.vandalia.oh.us/Parks.cfm
  27. ^ http://vandalia.besavvy.egovlink.com/Rec_Center.cfm

External links[edit]