1954 Tour de France
|Dates||8 July–1 August 1954|
|Distance||4,656 km (2,893 mi)|
|Winning time||140h 06' 05"|
|Winner||Louison Bobet (France)||(France)|
|Second||Ferdi Kübler (Switzerland)||(Switzerland)|
|Third||Fritz Schär (Switzerland)||(Switzerland)|
|Points||Ferdi Kübler (Switzerland)||(Switzerland)|
|Mountains||Federico Bahamontes (Spain)||(Spain)|
The 1954 Tour de France was the 41st Tour de France, taking place from July 8 to August 1, 1954. It consisted of 23 stages over 4656 km, ridden at an average speed of 33.229 km/h.
The race was won by Louison Bobet, the second of his three consecutive wins.
Changes from the 1953 Tour de France
Also new was the team time trial. Although around 1930 the Tour had seen stages in which the teams started separately, in 1954 the team time trial format was reintroduced in a way that only the team time counted.
Also the split stages were reintroduced. Stage 4 was divided into two parts: the team time trial of 10.4 km (part A), and a regular stage of 131 km (part B), both run on the same day. Similarly, stage 21 was divided into a regular stage of 134 km (part A) and an individual time trial of 72 km (part B), also both run on the same day.
As was the custom since the 1930 Tour de France, the 1954 Tour de France was contested by national and regional teams. Seven national teams were sent, with 10 cyclists each from France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Switzerland and Luxembourg/Austria (the latter a combined team). France additionally sent five regional teams from 10 cyclists each, divided into Center-North East France, West France, South East France, Ile de France and South West France. The combined team Luxembourg/Austria consisted of six Luxembourgian cyclists, three Austrian cyclists and one from Liechtenstein. In total, 110 cyclists started the race.
Notable absents were the Italian cyclists. In Italy, new sponsors had entered the market, named "extra-sportives" because they did not sell a product directly related to the sport. During the 1954 Giro d'Italia, this caused a strike, the Bernina strike. After this, the Italian federation decided not to send a team to the 1954 Tour de France.
In the first stage, Wout Wagtmans won the sprint, and took the yellow jersey. He would remain the leader until the team time trial in stage 4, when the French team won back enough time on the Dutch team for Bobet to take over the lead. In that time trial, over 10.4 km, the winning team was decided by adding the times of the three best cyclists per team. For the general classification, every cyclist got added his individual time. In the second part of the fourth stage, former winner Jean Robic hit a photographer during the sprint, fell down and had to give up.
In the eighth stage, Wagtmans had joined a breakaway, which won enough time on Bobet for Wagtmans to take back the yellow jersey.
Wagtmans fell down in the eleventh stage, and although he managed to keep his lead until the start of the twelfth stage, he continued without morale. In the twelfth stage in the Pyrénées, three important riders attacked: Bauvin, Bahamontes and Malléjac. They stayed ahead, and Bauvin jumped to the first position in the general classification. Bobet was not far behind these three, and moved into the second place. In that twelfth stage, Hugo Koblet had fallen down, and lost 27 minutes, and his chances to win the Tour de France a second time. In the next stage, Koblet gave up.
In the fourteenth stage, the Swiss cyclists were fighting back. They were riding as fast as they could, and the leading group was getting smaller. Bauvin also could not keep up with that group, and finished 8 minutes behind, losing the leading position. Bobet however could keep up with the Swiss pace, partly because he had a flat tire, and took over the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.
In the sixteenth stage, Bauvin lost another 20 minutes, and dropped to sixth place. The Swiss cyclists had attacked Bobet where they could, but were unable to gain time on him. They had moved into second and third place of the general classification. In the eighteenth stage, Bobet dominated, and dropped all of the other contenders. He won by a margin of one minute and 49 seconds, and his margin in the general classification was 12 minutes 49 seconds, which would normally be large enough for the victory. Bobet also won the individual time trial, and thereby increased his margin even more.
The Swiss cyclists could not attack Bobet anymore in the last stages, so Bobet won his second Tour de France. The Swiss team had performed well though, capturing the second and third place in the general classification, winning the team classification and having Kübler win the points classification.
|1||8 July||Amsterdam – Brasschaat||Plain stage||216 km (134 mi)||Wout Wagtmans (NED)|
|2||9 July||Beveren – Lille||Plain stage||255 km (158 mi)||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|3||10 July||Lille – Rouen||Plain stage||219 km (136 mi)||Marcel Dussault (FRA)|
|4a||11 July||Rouen – Circuit des Essarts||Team time trial||10.4 km (6 mi)||Switzerland|
|4b||Rouen – Caen||Plain stage||131 km (81 mi)||Wim van Est (NED)|
|5||12 July||Caen – Saint-Brieuc||Plain stage||224 km (139 mi)||Ferdi Kübler (SUI)|
|6||13 July||Saint-Brieuc – Brest||Plain stage||179 km (111 mi)||Dominique Forlini (FRA)|
|7||14 July||Brest – Vannes||Plain stage||211 km (131 mi)||Jacques Vivier (FRA)|
|8||15 July||Vannes – Angers||Plain stage||190 km (118 mi)||Fred De Bruyne (BEL)|
|9||16 July||Angers – Bordeaux||Plain stage||343 km (213 mi)||Henk Faanhof (NED)|
|10||18 July||Bordeaux – Bayonne||Plain stage||202 km (126 mi)||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)|
|11||19 July||Bayonne – Pau||Stage with mountain(s)||241 km (150 mi)||Stan Ockers (BEL)|
|12||20 July||Pau – Luchon||Stage with mountain(s)||161 km (100 mi)||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)|
|13||21 July||Luchon – Toulouse||Plain stage||203 km (126 mi)||Fred De Bruyne (BEL)|
|14||22 July||Toulouse – Millau||Stage with mountain(s)||225 km (140 mi)||Ferdi Kübler (SUI)|
|15||23 July||Millau – Le Puy||Stage with mountain(s)||197 km (122 mi)||Dominique Forlini (FRA)|
|16||24 July||Le Puy – Lyon||Stage with mountain(s)||194 km (121 mi)||Jean Forestier (FRA)|
|17||26 July||Lyon – Grenoble||Stage with mountain(s)||182 km (113 mi)||Lucien Lazaridès (FRA)|
|18||27 July||Grenoble – Briançon||Stage with mountain(s)||216 km (134 mi)||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|19||28 July||Briançon – Aix-les-Bains||Stage with mountain(s)||221 km (137 mi)||Jean Dotto (FRA)|
|20||29 July||Aix les Bains – Besançon||Stage with mountain(s)||243 km (151 mi)||Lucien Teisseire (FRA)|
|21a||30 July||Besançon – Épinal||Plain stage||134 km (83 mi)||François Mahé (FRA)|
|21b||Epinal – Nancy||Individual time trial||72 km (45 mi)||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|22||31 July||Nancy – Troyes||Plain stage||216 km (134 mi)||Fred De Bruyne (BEL)|
|23||1 August||Troyes – Paris||Plain stage||180 km (112 mi)||Robert Varnajo (FRA)|
||Mountains classification||Team classification|
|1||Wout Wagtmans (NED)||Wout Wagtmans (NED)||no award||Netherlands|
|3||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)|
|4A||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|6||Ferdi Kübler (SUI)||Switzerland|
|8||Wout Wagtmans (NED)|
|11||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)|
|12||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)|
|14||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|Final||Louison Bobet (FRA)||Ferdi Kübler (SUI)||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)||Switzerland|
The time that each cyclist required to finish each stage was recorded, and these times were added together for the general classification. If a cyclist had received a time bonus, it was subtracted from this total; all time penalties were added to this total. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey. Of the 110 cyclists that started the 1954 Tour de France, 69 finished the race.
|1||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||140h 06' 05"|
|2||Ferdi Kübler (SUI)||Switzerland||+15' 49"|
|3||Fritz Schär (SUI)||Switzerland||+21' 46"|
|4||Jean Dotto (FRA)||South East||+28' 21"|
|5||Jean Malléjac (FRA)||West||+31' 38"|
|6||Stan Ockers (BEL)||Belgium||+36' 02"|
|7||Louis Bergaud (FRA)||South West||+37' 55"|
|8||Vincent Vitetta (FRA)||South East||+41' 14"|
|9||Jean Brankart (BEL)||Belgium||+42' 08"|
|10||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||Center-North East||+42' 21"|
|Final general classification (11–69)|
|11||Nello Lauredi (FRA)||France||+42' 42"|
|12||Carlo Clerici (SUI)||Switzerland||+56' 36"|
|13||Apo Lazaridès (FRA)||South East||+1h 04' 03"|
|14||Jan Nolten (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 04' 15"|
|15||François Mahé (FRA)||West||+1h 09' 03"|
|16||Wim van Est (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 09' 13"|
|17||Gerrit Voorting (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 10' 20"|
|18||Bernardo Ruiz (ESP)||Spain||+1h 11' 28"|
|19||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||France||+1h 12' 20"|
|20||Hein van Breenen (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 19' 10"|
|21||Marcel De Mulder (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 21' 08"|
|22||Richard Van Genechten (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 24' 58"|
|23||Lucien Teisseire (FRA)||France||+1h 28' 52"|
|24||Lucien Lazaridès (FRA)||South East||+1h 31' 53"|
|25||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)||Spain||+1h 37' 42"|
|26||Adolphe Deledda (FRA)||France||+1h 39' 46"|
|27||Jean Forestier (FRA)||France||+1h 43' 48"|
|28||Maurice Quentin (FRA)||Île-de-France||+1h 45' 24"|
|29||Alex Close (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 56' 00"|
|30||Willy Kemp (LUX)||Luxembourg-Austria||+2h 03' 21"|
|31||Francesco Alomar (ESP)||Spain||+2h 15' 02"|
|32||Dominique Forlini (FRA)||Île-de-France||+2h 18' 36"|
|33||Jean Le Guilly (FRA)||Île-de-France||+2h 19' 48"|
|34||René De Smet (BEL)||Belgium||+2h 28' 39"|
|35||Raymond Hoorelbeke (FRA)||Île-de-France||+2h 29' 44"|
|36||Alfred De Bruyne (BEL)||Belgium||+2h 32' 01"|
|37||Andrés Trobat (ESP)||Spain||+2h 45' 10"|
|38||Raoul Rémy (FRA)||France||+2h 47' 04"|
|39||Georges Meunier (FRA)||Center-North East||+2h 49' 53"|
|40||Jacques Vivier (FRA)||South West||+2h 50' 21"|
|41||Robert Varnajo (FRA)||West||+2h 55' 51"|
|42||Joseph Mirando (FRA)||South East||+2h 56' 18"|
|43||Emilio Rodríguez (ESP)||Spain||+2h 57' 18"|
|44||José Pérez (ESP)||Spain||+2h 59' 45"|
|45||Manuel Rodríguez (ESP)||Spain||+3h 03' 25"|
|46||Jean-Marie Cieleska (FRA)||Center-North East||+3h 06' 27"|
|47||Henk Faanhof (NED)||Netherlands||+3h 09' 48"|
|48||Jean Carle (FRA)||Île-de-France||+3h 17' 18"|
|49||André Darrigade (FRA)||France||+3h 17' 56"|
|50||Remo Pianezzi (SUI)||Switzerland||+3h 19' 56"|
|51||Stanislas Bober (FRA)||Île-de-France||+3h 21' 02"|
|52||René Privat (FRA)||South West||+3h 22' 31"|
|53||Marcel Guitard (FRA)||South West||+3h 23' 58"|
|54||Salvador Botella (ESP)||Spain||+3h 27' 00"|
|55||Francesco Masip (ESP)||Spain||+3h 28' 59"|
|56||Emilio Croci-Torti (SUI)||Switzerland||+3h 33' 20"|
|57||Eugène Telotte (FRA)||Center-North East||+3h 37' 41"|
|58||Alfred Tonello (FRA)||Île-de-France||+3h 38' 18"|
|59||Pierre Molinéris (FRA)||France||+4h 09' 27"|
|60||Georges Gilles (FRA)||West||+4h 15' 05"|
|61||Francis Siguenza (FRA)||South East||+4h 15' 09"|
|62||Marcel Dussault (FRA)||South West||+4h 17' 45"|
|63||Albert Bouvet (FRA)||West||+4h 20' 06"|
|64||Marcel Hendrickx (BEL)||Belgium||+4h 36' 29"|
|65||Émile Guérinel (FRA)||West||+4h 40' 50"|
|66||Jean Bellay (FRA)||Center-North East||+4h 44' 56"|
|67||Philippe Agut (FRA)||South West||+4h 47' 21"|
|68||Kurt Schneider (AUT)||Luxembourg-Austria||+5h 50' 12"|
|69||Marcel Dierkens (LUX)||Luxembourg-Austria||+6h 07' 29"|
The points classification was calculated in the same way as in 1953, following the calculation method from the Tours de France from 1905 to 1912. Points were given according to the ranking of the stage: the winner received one points, the next cyclist two points, and so on. These points were added, and the cyclist with the least points was the leader of the points classification. In 1954, this was won by Ferdi Kübler.
|1||Ferdi Kübler (SUI)||Switzerland||215.5|
|2||Stan Ockers (BEL)||Belgium||284.5|
|3||Fritz Schär (SUI)||Switzerland||286.5|
|4||Wim van Est (NED)||Netherlands||502.5|
|5||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||513|
|6||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||Center-North East||615|
|7||Dominique Forlini (FRA)||Île-de-France||618|
|8||Vincent Vitetta (FRA)||South East||653|
|9||Richard Van Genechten (BEL)||Belgium||660.5|
|10||Jean Malléjac (FRA)||West||675|
Points for the mountains classification were earned by reaching the mountain tops first. The system was almost the same as in 1953: there were two types of mountain tops: the hardest ones, in category 1, gave 10 points to the first cyclist, the easier ones, in category 2, gave 6 points to the first cyclist, and the easiest ones, in category 3, gave 3 points. Federico Bahamontes won this classification.
|1||Federico Bahamontes (ESP)||Spain||95|
|2||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||53|
|3||Richard Van Genechten (BEL)||Belgium||45|
|4||Jean Le Guilly (FRA)||Île-de-France||38|
|5||Jean Dotto (FRA)||South East||33|
|6||Ferdi Kübler (SUI)||Switzerland||31|
|7||Jean Malléjac (FRA)||West||23|
|8||Stan Ockers (BEL)||Belgium||20|
|8||Robert Varnajo (FRA)||West||20|
|10||Bernardo Ruiz (ESP)||Spain||16|
The team classification was calculated as the sum of the daily team classifications, and the daily team classification was calculated by adding the times in the stage result of the best three cyclists per team. It was won by the Swiss team.
|1||Switzerland||420h 29' 57"|
|4||Netherlands||+1h 09' 00"|
|5||South East||+1h 13' 37"|
|6||Spain||+2h 26' 08"|
|7||West||+2h 42' 58"|
|8||Center-North East||+3h 50' 16"|
|9||South West||+4h 08' 31"|
|10||Île-de-France||+4h 27' 52"|
|11||Luxembourg-Austria||+10h 20' 27"|
In every stage, a jury gave points for the most combative cyclist. These votes were added in the combativity classification. At the end of the Tour de France, Lucien Lazaridès and François Mahé were leading this classification with 20 votes each.
|1||Lucien Lazaridès (FRA)||South East||20|
|1||François Mahé (FRA)||West||20|
|3||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||18|
|3||Fred De Bruyne (BEL)||Belgium||18|
|5||Robert Varnajo (FRA)||West||11|
Lucien Lazaridès is regarded as the winner of this classification.
After he won the Tour de France, Bobet would later win the 1954 UCI Road World Championships. The next year he would win the 1955 Tour de France, thereby becoming the first cyclist to win three Tours in a row.
- Thompson, Christopher S. (2006). The Tour de France: a cultural history. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-24760-4.
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "41ème Tour de France 1954" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "Tour-Giro-Vuelta". www.tour-giro-vuelta.net. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2006). The Story of the Tour de France Volume 1: 1903-1964. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 198–206. ISBN 1-59858-180-5.
- Amels, Wim (1984). De geschiedenis van de Tour de France 1903–1984 (in Dutch). Sport-Express. pp. 71–72. ISBN 90-70763-05-2.
- "41ème Tour de France 1954 - 4ème étape (a)" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "Nolten stijgt weer in het klassement" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 20 July 1954. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- Barry Boyce (2004). "Bobet Excels Again". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "Nolten rukt op, thans zevende" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 21 July 1954. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "De Bruyne wint voor de tweede keer een etappe" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 21 July 1954. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- Arian Zwegers. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "1954: 41e editie". Tourdefrance.nl. 30 December 2003. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "Bobet toont in de tijdrit zijn grote klasse" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 31 July 1954. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "Bobet onbetwist winnaar van de Tour de France" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 2 August 1954. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
Media related to 1954 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons