4-(1-Oxononyl)morpholine, N-Nonanoylmorpholine, 1-(4-Morpholino)-1-nonanone, 4-Morpholinenonylic acid, Pelargonic acid morpholide, Pelargonic morpholide, N-Morpholino nonanamide, 1-Morpholin-4-ylnonan-1-one, MPA, MPK
|3D model (Jmol)||Interactive image
|Molar mass||227.34 g/mol|
|Boiling point||310 to 315 °C (590 to 599 °F; 583 to 588 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
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It is a used as a solvent in lachrymatory formulations containing CR gas or CS gas. It is reported to be effective against dogs and starts being effective in concentrations of over 20–40 mg.min/m3. It is considered very safe, with high differences between effective and toxic concentrations. At one time it was reportedly used as food seasoning with no reported adverse effects. However, its effectiveness when used alone is rather low even in the highest permitted concentration, so it is almost always used in combination with CR gas or CS gas, commonly referred to as tear gas. In that combination, this blend is effective even against dogs and people under influence of alcohol or other drugs. Its effect usually lasts for 15–30 minutes.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Collum D.B.; Chen S.-C.; Ganem B. (1978). "A new synthesis of amides and macrocyclic lactams" (PDF). Journal of Organic Chemistry. 43 (22): 4393–4394(2). doi:10.1021/jo00416a040. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-06.