Ballia

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Ballia
बलिया
city
Ballia is located in Uttar Pradesh
Ballia
Ballia
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°45′37″N 84°08′49″E / 25.760392°N 84.147055°E / 25.760392; 84.147055Coordinates: 25°45′37″N 84°08′49″E / 25.760392°N 84.147055°E / 25.760392; 84.147055
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Ballia
Elevation 159 m (522 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 104,424 [1]
Languages
 • Official Hindi, bhojpuri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 277001
Telephone code (+91-5498)
Vehicle registration UP 60
Website ballia.nic.in

Ballia is a city with a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh bordering Bihar. The eastern boundary of the city lies at the junction of two major rivers, the Ganges and the Ghaghara. The city is situated 140 km (87 mi) from Varanasi. Bhojpuri, a dialect of Hindi, is the primary local language.

The headquarters of the Ballia district are located here. Due to its significant contribution to the Indian independence movement, Ballia is also known as Bagi Ballia ("Rebel Ballia").

History[edit]

Ballia had distinguished freedom fighters who fought against British and managed to finish the British Raj from Ballia for few days from 19 August 1942 Under leadership of Chittu Pandy and others.due to this region Ballia also known as BAAGI ballia. Ballia is considered to be an ancient city.[citation needed] Legend has it that many saints and sages of India had their ashrams in Ballia, including Valmiki, Bhrigu, Durvasa, Parashara Muni, and Jamadagni. Ballia was a part of the Kosala Kingdom in ancient times and came under Buddhist influence later. The district was earlier part of the Ghazipur district, but later it was established as an independent district. Ballia. It is also known that Raja Bali was the king of that area and Ballia is renamed after this King, who is famous for his charity.

Sahatwar, Rohua (Village) Sheikhpur, Maniar, and Sikanderpur are also very old towns of Ballia, populated during the reign of Feroze Shah Tughlaq. At that time, many Muslim saints came and inhabited the area and served Muslims and non-Muslim alike.

Origin of the name Ballia[edit]

According to locals, the name Ballia was derived from the name of the sage Valmiki, the celebrated Hindu poet and the author of Ramayana. Valmiki resided here at one point, and the place was commemorated by a shrine (although it has long since been washed away). Another belief about the origin of the name is that it refers to the sandy quality of the soil, locally known as "Ballua" ('balu' meaning sand). It was initially called 'Balian', and was later transformed to Ballia.[2] Ballia

Geography[edit]

Ballia is located at 25°27′N 84°06′E / 25.45°N 84.10°E / 25.45; 84.10.[3] The eastern boundary of the city lies at the confluence of the Ganges, and the Ghaghara and the fairgrounds are at this point. Surha tal is a lake in Ballia, which has an area of 34.32 km2.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

In 1901, Ballia had a population of 15,278.[4] According to the 2001 Indian census,[5] Ballia had a population of 102,226. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. Ballia had an average literacy rate of 65%, which was higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 58% of the males and 42% of females being literate. 11% of the population was under six years of age.

According to the data of the 2011 census, Ballia has a population of 104,424, of which 55,459 are male and 48,965 are female.[1][6] The literacy rate was recorded as 83.33% and sex ratio was recorded 883 per 1000 males.[1]

Religions in Ballia
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
92.5%
Muslims
  
7%
Jains
  
0.01%
Others†
  
0.02%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Transportation[edit]

Ballia has a major railway station by the same name,[7] catering to about 35 trains daily (including 2 Rajdhani express)[8] Other prominent railway stations in Ballia are: Belthara Road Suraimanpur and Rasra. Belthara Road is connected to Gorakhpur by several trains like Dadar Express, Chauri Chaura Express, Gorakhnath Express etc. Suraimanpur in the rout of Ballia-Chhapra.

Ballia is well connected to Varanasi and Gorakhpur by both road and rail, and to Patna by road.

Many road roundabouts in Ballia feature statues of leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.

Dadri Mela (fair)[edit]

Dadri Mela is the second largest cattle fair of India, which is held 5 km (3.1 mi) from Ballia town, near NH 31 and 3 km (1.9 mi) from the bus station of Ballia city.[citation needed] The fair starts with people taking a holy dip in the river Ganges on the full moon of Kartik Poornima (October–November). This fair is held annually in the honor of Dadar Muni, the disciple of Maharishi Bhrigu.[9][10]

This one-month-long fair is organized in two phases. The first phase starts ten days before the onset of Kartik Poornima, during which traders bring some excellent breeds of cattle from across India for sale/purchase. On or after Kartik Poornima, various cultural programs are organized and one can find here a large number of makeshift shops of various items during the next fortnight.[9][10]

Notable personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Ballia City Census 2011 data". Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "District Profile". 
  3. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Ballia". 
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ballia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 270. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ "DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK-BALLIA" (PDF). http://www.censusindia.gov.in/. p. 374. Retrieved 25 August 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  7. ^ "Indian Railways Ballia/BUI map". India Rail Info. 
  8. ^ "List of Trains for Ballia". 
  9. ^ a b "Dadri Mela, Uttar Pradesh". 
  10. ^ a b "Dadri Mela, Ballia". 

External links[edit]