|• Total||1,981 km2 (765 sq mi)|
|Elevation||159 m (522 ft)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
The eastern boundary of the city lies at the junction of two major rivers, the Ganges and the Ghaghara.The city is situated 140 km (87 mi) east of Varanasi. Bhojpuri is the primary local language. Ballia was independent on 19 August 1942; it was the first independent city of India.
Due to its significant contribution to the Indian independence movement, Ballia is also known as Bagi Ballia ("Rebel Ballia"), because Ballia got freedom twice, first on 19 August 1942 for one day, and the second time with India. It has a bird century protected area, the Jai Prakash Narayan bird sanctuary. The other name of this is Suraha Taal which is natural lake. Primarily foreign and local migratory birds flock to the Jai Prakash Narayan Bird Sanctuary during the winter months. According to estimation approximately 10,000 birds of 15 species can be sighted in ‘Surha Taal’ the year round. They are the local residents of the sanctuary. During winters, with the arrival of the foreign and local migratory birds, it is estimated that this figure swells up to 200,000.
Origin of the name Ballia
According to locals, the name Ballia was derived from the name of the sage Valmiki, the celebrated Hindu poet and the author of Ramayana. Valmiki resided here at one point, and the place was commemorated by a shrine (although it has long since been washed away). Another belief about the origin of the name is that it refers to the sandy quality of the soil, locally known as "Ballua" ('balu' meaning sand). It was initially called 'Balian', and was later transformed to Ballia. Ballia
Ballia district is the easternmost part of the Uttar Pradesh state and borders on Bihar State. It comprises an irregularly shaped tract extending westward from the confluence of the Ganga and the Ghaghra, the former separating it from Bihar in the south and the latter from Deoria and Bihar in the north and east respectively. The boundary between Ballia and Bihar is determined by the deep streams of these two rivers. It is bounded on the west by Mau, on the north by Deoria, on the north-east and south-east by Bihar and on the south-west by Ghazipur. The district lies between the parallels of 25º33' and 26º11' North latitudes and 83º38' and 84º39' East longitudes.
Ballia has a Humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification: (Cwa) with extremely hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and chilly winter nights and foggy or sunny days from November to February.
|Climate data for Ballia|
|Average high °F||—||—||—||115.7||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||118.4|
|Average high °C||—||—||—||46.5||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||48.0|
|Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low upto 2010)|
In 1901, Ballia had a population of 15,278. According to the 2001 Indian census, Ballia had a population of 102,226. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. Ballia had an average literacy rate of 65%, which was higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 58% of the males and 42% of females being literate. 11% of the population was under six years of age.
According to the data of the 2011 census, Ballia has a population of 104,424, of which 55,459 are male and 48,965 are female. The literacy rate was recorded as 83.33% and sex ratio was recorded 883 per 1000 males.
Ballia has a major railway station by the same name, catering to about 35 trains daily (including 2 Rajdhani express) Other prominent railway stations in Ballia are: Belthara Road Suraimanpur and Rasra. Belthara Road is connected to Gorakhpur by several trains like Dadar Express, Chauri Chaura Express, Gorakhnath Express, Godan Express,etc. Suraimanpur in the rout of Ballia-Chhapra.
Many road roundabouts in Ballia feature statues of leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.
Dadri Mela (fair)
Dadri Mela is the second largest cattle fair of India, which is held 5 km (3.1 mi) from Ballia town, near NH 31 and 3 km (1.9 mi) from the bus station of Ballia city. The fair starts with people taking a holy dip in the river Ganges on the full moon of Kartik Poornima (October–November). This fair is held annually in the honor of Dardar Muni, the disciple of Maharishi Bhrigu.
This one-month-long fair is organized in two phases. The first phase starts ten days before the onset of Kartik Poornima, during which traders bring some excellent breeds of cattle from across India for sale/purchase. On or after Kartik Poornima, various cultural programs are organized and one can find here a large number of makeshift shops of various items during the next fortnight.
The Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia (Hindi: जननायक चन्द्रशेखर विश्वविद्यालय, बलिया) is a state university established in 2016 by Government of Uttar Pradesh in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh.
It is an affiliating University and university began its first season in 2016-17 with 122 colleges of Ballia. These 122 colleges of Ballia were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. For academic year 2016-17 exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "District Profile".
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 270. .
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Ballia City Census 2011 data". Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "District Census Handbook-Ballia" (PDF). p. 374. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Dadri Mela, Uttar Pradesh".
- "Dadri Mela, Ballia".
- "Raj Bhavan Uttar Pradesh- List of State Universities". upgovernor.nic.in. Raj Bhavan Uttar Pradesh.
- "विद्यापीठ से अलग होंगे बलिया के 122 कॉलेज".
- "बलिया के 122 कालेज अलग होने से विद्यापीठ को करोड़ों का घाटा".
- "काशी विद्यापीठ कराएगा परीक्षा लेकिन डिग्री देगा बलिया विवि,क्यों?- Amarujala".
- "विद्यापीठ ही कराएगा बलिया के 122 कालेजों की परीक्षा".
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ballia.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Ballia.|