Meerut district

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Meerut district
मेरठ जनपद
میرٹھ ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Meerut division
Headquarters Meerut
Tehsils 3
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Meerut
 • Assembly seats 7
Area
 • Total 2,522 km2 (974 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,447,405 [1]
 • Urban 51.07 %
Demographics
 • Literacy 74.80 % [1]
 • Sex ratio 885 [1]
Vehicle registration UP-15
Major highways NH-58,
Coordinates 28°59′02″N 77°42′14″E / 28.984°N 77.704°E / 28.984; 77.704
Website Official website

Meerut district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Meerut is the district headquarters. Meerut district is also a part of the Meerut division.[2] The administrative head of district of Meerut is a District Magisrtate[3] while the administrative head of Meerut Division is Divisional Commissioner, an IAS officer.[4]

History[edit]

The district was established under British rule in 1818 and, on establishment, constituted the then tehsils of Meerut, Ghaziabad, Mawana, Baghpat, Sardhana and Hapur.[5][6] These now constitute the districts of Meerut, Ghaziabad, Hapur, Bagpat, Muzaffarnagar, Bulandshahr and a part of Gautam Buddh Nagar district.[5]

Geography[edit]

Meerut district lies between 28°57’ to 29°02’ North latitude and 77°40’ to 77°45’ East longitude in the Indo-Gangetic plains of India.[7] It is bound on the north by Muzaffarnagar district, in the south by Bulandshahar district while Ghaziabad and Baghpat districts form the southern and western limits.[8] The river Ganges forms the eastern boundary and separates the district from Moradabad district and Bijnor district.[8] The Hindon forms the western boundary and separates the district from Baghpat.[8] The ground is not rocky and there are no mountains. The soil is composed of pleistocene and sub-recent alluvial sediments transported and deposited by river action from the Himalayan region.[7] These alluvial deposits are unconsolidated.[7] Lithologically, sediments consist of clay, silt and fine to coarse sand.[7] Land is very fertile for growing crops, especially wheat, sugarcane and vegetables.[7]

Administration[edit]

The administrative head of district of Meerut is a District Magisrtate[3] while the administrative head of Meerut Division is Divisional Commissioner, an IAS officer.[4]

List of District Magistrates of Meerut District[9]
S No Name of District Magistrate Period
From To
1 Jai Kirat Singh 15-08-1947 30-08-1949
2 V.C.Sharma 04-07-1949 15-07-1951
3 V.V.Singh 16-07-1951 01-01-1953
4 V.B.L.Dubey 02-01-1953 15-05-1955
5 S.R.D.Saxena 16-05-1955 06-07-1956
6 Gyan Prakash 12-07-1956 13-01-1959
7 P.N.Kapoor 14-01-1959 04-05-1960
8 S.K.Sarkar 05-05-1960 09-06-1961
9 B.B.Sahi 20-06-1961 16-06-1962
10 B.N.Tondon 11-07-1962 07-04-1965
11 D.M.Sinha 11-05-1965 26-05-1967
12 S. P. Batal 09-08-1967 26-03-1969
13 R.K.Kaul 23-03-1969 03-07-1973
14 Rajendra Nath 04-07-1971 16-06-1973
15 J. C. Pant 16-07-1973 27-12-1973
16 T. N. Dhar 28-12-1973 01-06-1974
17 B. N. Tiwari 02-06-1974 01-04-1977
18 R. S. Mathur 07-04-1977 15-04-1979
19 A. P. Singh 15-04-1979 01-04-1980
20 V.Anand 01-04-1980 18-04-1981
21 Shambhu Nath 18-04-1981 18-12-1982
22 T. George Joseph 18-12-1982 09-06-1984
23 L.R.Singh 09-06-1984 11-07-1986
24 R.S. Kaushik 11-07-1986 04-07-1987
25 T.George Joseph 04-07-1987 27-11-1987
26 Vijay Sharma 27-11-1987 24-05-1990
27 G.C.Chaturvedi 26-05-1990 12-11-1991
28 Tulsi Gaur 12-07-1991 02-07-1992
29 Jai Shanker Mishra 02-07-1992 07-07-1993
30 Mohinder Singh 07-07-1993 09-06-1994
31 S.N. Seth 09-06-1994 08-06-1995
32 Deepak Singhal 09-06-1995 18-07-1997
33 Sanjay Agarwal 18-07-1997 26-10-1999
34 Avneesh Kumar Avasthi 26-10-1999 11-05-2002
35 P. V. Jagan Mohan 11-05-2002 22-08-2002
36 Rama Raman 22-08-2002 03-04-2003
37 Amit Mohan Prasad 03-04-2003 19-06-2004
38 Rajesh Kumar Singh 19-06-2004 03-10-2004
39 Chandra Bhanu 04-10-2004 20-09-2005
40 Ram Krishan 20-09-2005 12-04-2006
41 Mukesh Kumar Meshram 13-04-2006 16-05-2007
42 Niteshwar Kumar 16-05-2007 16-08-2007
43 Anil Kumar Sagar 18-08-2007 03-03-2008
44 Ms Kamini Chauhan Ratan 04-03-2008 11-07-2009
45 Amit Kumar Ghosh 11-07-2009 23-09-2009
46 Bhuvnesh Kumar 26-09-2009 05-03-2011
47 Subhash Chand Sharma 07-03-2011 27-04-2011
48 Anil Garg 27-04-2011 19-09-2011
49 Anil Kumar 19-09-2011 23-03-2012
50 Vikas Gothalwal 23-03-2012 11-02-2013
51 Navdeep Rinwa 11-02-2013 07-02-2014
52 Pankaj Yadav 07-02-2014 27-03-2014
53 Navdeep Rinwa 27-03-2014 09-06-2014
54 Pankaj Yadav 09-06-2014 22-07-2016
55 Jagat Raj 22-07-2016 14-09-2016
56 Ms. B. Chandrakala 14-09-2016 31-03-2017
57 Sameer Verma 31-03-2017 Till Date

Lok Sabha Constituency[edit]

The district of Meerut represents one Lok Sabha constituency, which is also known as Meerut-Hapur constituency. Presently, Meerut Lok Sabha constituency comprises 5 Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) segments. These are:[10][11]

Constituency number Name Reserved for (SC/ST/None) District Number of electorates (2009)
46 Kithore None Meerut 290,768
47 Meerut Cantonment None Meerut 324,906
48 Meerut None Meerut 281,518
49 Meerut South None Meerut 337,192
59 Hapur SC Hapur 258,907
Total: 1,493,291


Vidhan Sabha Constituency[edit]

As of 25 January 2017, the district contributes seven Vidhan Sabha(Legislative Assembly) constituencies.[12][13][14]

Constituency number Name Reserved for (SC/ST/None)
43 Siwalkhas None
44 Sardhana None
45 Hastinapur SC
46 Kithore None
47 Meerut Cantonment None
48 Meerut None
49 Meerut South None

Tehsil[edit]

District administration comprises 3 tehsils, namely:[14]

  • Meerut
  • Mawana
  • Sardhana

Block[edit]

District is divided into 12 blocks, namely:[14]

  • Meerut
  • Rajpura
  • Kharkhauda
  • Jani
  • Rohata
  • Mawana
  • Parikshitgarh
  • Machhara
  • Hastinapur
  • Sardhana
  • Daurala
  • Saroorpur

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Meerut district has a population of 3,443,689, [15][16][1] roughly equal to the nation of Panama[17] or the US state of Connecticut.[18] This gives it a ranking of 94th in India (out of a total of 640).[15] The district has a population density of 1,346 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,490/sq mi).[15] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.89%.[15] Meerut has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males, lower than the state average of 908; while the child sex ratio is 852, lower than the state average of 899.[15] The district has a literacy rate of 72.84%, higher than the state average of 69.72%.[19][20]

According to the 2001 census, the district ranked 6th in terms of population density[21] in Uttar Pradesh. The district had an average literacy rate of 65.96%, higher than the national average of 64.8% and the state average of 57.36%.[22][23][24] 16.66% of the population was under 6 years of age.[25] The percentage of Muslim population over 36% (one of the largest among the cities of India).[26]

Area-Based[edit]

Demographics of Meerut District (2011 Census)[16][14]
Tehsil Town/Village [i]

Population[edit]

Sex Ratio[edit]

Literacy Rate[edit]

[ii]

Male Female Total Male Female Total
Meerut Kharkhoda (NP) 7584 6780 14,364 894 85.68% 67.51% 76.99%
Sewalkhas (NP) 13073 11809 24,882 903 66.52% 45.94% 56.74%
Meerut (CB) 53024 40288 93,312 760 87.99% 79.48% 84.33%
Meerut (M Corp.) 688118 617311 1,305,429 897 80.97% 69.79% 75.66%
Mohiuddinpur (CT) 2811 2389 5,200 850 89.17% 69.63% 80.13%
Aminagar Urf Bhurbaral (CT) 3314 2827 6,141 853 91.01% 69.68% 81.02%
Amehra Adipur (CT) 2844 2641 5,485 929 85.68% 68.05% 77.14%
Sindhawali (CT) 2782 2553 5,335 918 79.92% 64.44% 72.53%
Tehsil Meerut Total 1114701 987456 2,102,157 886 81.54% 67.26% 74.81%
Mawana Kithaur (NP) 14488 13445 27,933 928 69.85% 51.71% 61.11%
Parikshitgarh (NP) 10385 9445 19,830 909 87.83% 70.92% 79.73%
Mawana (NPP) 43029 38414 81,443 893 77.81% 62.49% 70.55%
Hastinapur (NP) 14010 12442 26,452 888 82.50% 63.47% 73.48%
Bahsuma (NP) 6307 5446 11,753 863 84.14% 66.12% 75.70%
Phalauda (NP) 10423 9485 19,908 910 71.54% 51.01% 61.79%
Tehsil Mawana Total 409829 362612 772,441 885 80.30% 59.27% 70.40%
Sardhana Lawar (NP) 11599 10425 22,024 899 69.82% 47.92% 59.37%
Daurala (NP) 10565 9211 19,776 872 87.64% 69.71% 79.23%
Sardhana (NPP) 30171 28081 58,252 931 70.96% 54.88% 63.18%
Karnawal (NP) 6296 5367 11,663 852 86.81% 66.50% 77.36%
Tehsil Sardhana Total 301213 267878 569,091 889 78.34% 58.05% 68.74%
District - Meerut Total 1,825,743 1,617,946 3,443,689 886 80.74% 63.98% 72.84%
  1. ^ M Corp. = Municipal Corporation, NP = Nagar panchayat, NPP = Nagar Palika Parishad, CB = Cantonment Board, CT = Census Town
  2. ^ For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India.
Population Statistics
Year Urban Rural Total Growth rate Sex ratio[a] Density[b]
Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
1971[27][28][c][d] NA NA 817,445 NA NA 2,546,204 NA NA 3,363,649 24.04% 830 563
1981[28][29][30][d] NA NA 863,280 NA NA 1,903,280 NA NA 2,767,246 28.43%[e] 841 (+11) 708 (+145)
1991[f][22][31][32] NA NA 849,799 NA NA 1,567,714 1,301,137 (53.82%)[citation needed] 1,116,376 (46.18%)[citation needed] 2,417,513 24.91% 858 (+17) 959 (+251)
2001[22][25][26][33] 774,670 677,313 1,451,983 826,908 718,470 1,545,378 1,601,578 (53.43%) 1,395,783 (46.56%) 2,997,361 24.16%[e] 871 (+13) 1190 (+231)
2011[1][19][20][34] 932,736 829,837 1,762,573 896,456 788,376 1,684,832 1,829,192 (53.06%) 1,618,213 (46.94%) 3,443,689 15.92% 885 (+14) 1347 (+157)
  1. ^ In females per 1000 males
  2. ^ In persons per square kilometer
  3. ^ Includes Ghaziabad and Gautam Buddh Nagar districts
  4. ^ a b Includes Bagpat district
  5. ^ a b Ghaziabad district (including parts of Gautam Buddh Nagar district) was separated from Meerut district in 1976. Baghpat district was separated in 1998. Growth rates in the 1971-1981 and 1991-2001 periods exclude the populations of these districts.
  6. ^ Does not include Bagpat district
bar graph showing population change in Meerut, 2001–2011
Change in the population of Meerut, 2001–2011
Pie chart showing proportion of Meerut in the population of Uttar Pradesh
Proportion of Meerut in the population of Uttar Pradesh
Literacy Rate (Percentage)
Year Male Female Total
1991[a][22] 64.88 37.67 52.41
2001[22][25] 76.31 (+11.43) 54.12 (+16.45) 65.96 (+13.55)
2011[20][34] 82.91 (+6.6) 65.69 (+11.57) 74.80 (+8.84)
  1. ^ Does not include Bagpat district
Historical Population Statistics[5]
Year Population
1872 1,267,167
1881 1,313,137
1891 1,391,458
1901 1,540,175

Religion based[edit]

Religions in Meerut[35]
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
60.40%
Muslims
  
37.43%
Christians
  
0.31%
Jains
  
0.54%
Others†
  
0.73%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.72%), Buddhists (<0.05%).
Religion-wise demographics of Meerut District(2011 Census; updated)[15][16]
Religion

Population[edit]

Sex Ratio[edit]

Literacy Rate[i][edit]

Male Female Total Male Female Total
Hindu 1,169,512 1,013,743 2,183,255 867 88.02% 71.28% 80.20%
Muslim 617,178 568,465 1,185,643 921 65.58% 49.07% 57.66%
Christian 5,500 5,082 10,582 924 85.12% 75.65% 80.57%
Sikh 13,694 11,218 24,912 819 85.47% 73.11% 79.90%
Buddhist 999 856 1,855 857 88.39% 73.73% 81.63%
Jain 9,554 8,990 18,544 941 97.51% 95.02% 96.31%
Others 118 118 236 1,000 94.50% 86.00% 90.43%
Not stated 9,188 9,474 18,662 1,031 82.02% 68.16% 74.81%
Meerut District 1,825,743 1,617,946 3,443,689 886 80.74% 63.98% 72.84%
  1. ^ For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India.

Communities[edit]

  • Brahmins
  • Gurjars
  • Jaat
  • Rajput
  • Tyagi
  • Vaish
  • Muslims

others

Areas[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Census of India 2011 - Provisional Population Totals - Uttar Pradesh - Data Sheet" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations, Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  2. ^ For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India.
  3. ^ a b "District Magistrates of Meerut". meerut.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-06-15. 
  4. ^ a b "Commissioners of Meerut Division". meerut.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-06-15. 
  5. ^ a b c Meerut District – History The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 17, p. 256-257, 261.
  6. ^ Sylvia Vatuk (1972). Kinship and Urbanization: White Collar Migrants in North India. University of California Press. p. 2. ISBN 9780520020641. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Chapter 3 – Findings: Metro Cities of India" (pdf). Central Pollution Control Board. p. 63. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c "Consultancy Services for preparation of the City Development Plan(CDP) for Meerut in the state of Uttar Pradesh under JNNURM" (PDF). Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. August 2006. p. 209. Archived from the original (pdf) on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "District Magistrates". meerut.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-06-15. 
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference ceo was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ "Information and Statistics-Parliamentary Constituencies-10-Meerut". Chief Electoral Officer, Uttar Pradesh website. 
  12. ^ "VOTER LIST 2017 ELECTION". meerut.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-06-13. 
  13. ^ "DELIMITATION OF PARLIAMENTARY AND ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES ORDER, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India: 463, 464. 2008. 
  14. ^ a b c d "DISTRICT MEERUT DETAILS". meerut.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-06-13. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Meerut District Population Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh literacy sex ratio and density". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2017-06-15. 
  16. ^ a b c "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-06-15. 
  17. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est. 
  18. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Connecticut 3,574,097 
  19. ^ a b "Census of India 2011 – Provisional Population Totals – Uttar Pradesh – Data Sheet" (pdf). Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Directorate of Census Operations, Uttar Pradesh, India. 
  21. ^ "Ranking of districts by population density". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "Census-2001: Literacy Rates by sex for State and Districts". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  23. ^ "CENSUS-2001". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  24. ^ Census of India 2001
  25. ^ a b c "Population in the age group 0-6, number of literates and literacy rate for state and districts". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. 
  26. ^ a b "Basic data sheet, District Meerut, Uttar Pradesh. Census of India 2001" (pdf). 
  27. ^ Basant Lal Bhatia (1992). Existence of Cooperation & Consumers-cooperatives. Sarup & Sons. pp. 21–22. ISBN 9788185431178. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  28. ^ a b "Sex Ratio since 1901 for state and districts". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 24 December 2001. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  29. ^ Jagdish Kumar Pundir (1998). Banking, Bureaucracy, and Social Networks: Scheduled Castes in the Process of Development. Sarup & Sons. p. 50. ISBN 9788176250245. 
  30. ^ "Percentage decadal variation in population since 1901 for state and districts". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  31. ^ "Census-2001: Ranking of Districts by population size in 1991 and 2001". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  32. ^ "Population distribution, percentage decadal growth, sex ratio and Population Density". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  33. ^ [1]. Census of India.
  34. ^ a b "Meerut District Population Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh literacy sex ratio and density". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2017-06-15. 
  35. ^ "Meerut Religion Census 2011". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2015-11-16.