Gorakhpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city in Uttar Pradesh. For other uses, see Gorakhpur (disambiguation).
Gorakhpur
गोरखपुर
Gorakhnath Math, Taramandal, Geeta Press
Nickname(s): Nath Nagar Raptinagar Gorakhdham
Gorakhpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Gorakhpur
Coordinates: 26°45′32″N 83°22′11″E / 26.7588°N 83.3697°E / 26.7588; 83.3697Coordinates: 26°45′32″N 83°22′11″E / 26.7588°N 83.3697°E / 26.7588; 83.3697
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gorakhpur
Government
 • Gorakhpur (Lok Sabha Constituency) Yogi Adityanath (BJP)
Area
 • Metropolitan 5,484 km2 (2,117 sq mi)
Elevation 84 m (276 ft)
 • Density 1,337/km2 (3,460/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 2730xx
Telephone code +91-551
Vehicle registration UP 53
Sex ratio 1000/944 /
Avg. annual temperature 26 °C (79 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 40 °C (104 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 18 °C (64 °F)
Website gorakhpur.nic.in

Gorakhpur is a city located along the banks of Rapti river in the eastern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located near the Nepal border, 273 kilometers east of the state capital Lucknow. It is the administrative headquarter of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division.

Gorakhpur is a religious center home to many historic temples and sites for both Hinduism and Buddhism. The city is home to the Gorakshanath Temple (Gorakhnath Math). Kabir, the 15th-century mystic poet is buried in Maghar, which is also near Gorakhpur.

Geography[edit]

Gorakhpur is one of the most flood-prone districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, with extreme events occurring every three to four years. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, which are an annual occurrence in some areas, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, as well as damage to public and private property.[1]

Research from the Climate and Development Knowledge shows that measures are in place to mitigate disaster risk in the form of the Gorakhpur District Disaster Management Plan. However, this plan focuses on how agencies can coordinate following floods and lacks a systematic approach to identifying weather-related hazards and vulnerability.[2]

Railways[edit]

Lucknow Junction railway station serves as divisional headquarter of North Eastern Railway zone.

This station serves as the sole headquarters of India's North Eastern Railway zone and it also has the world's longest railway platform. It connects to almost every major city in India. Direct trains connect to Hyderabad, Chennai, Agra, Aligarh, Moradabad, Bareilly, Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Trivandrum, Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Pune, Siwan, Jammu, Amritsar, Bilaspur, Raipur, and other distant parts of the nation. The station offers Class A railway station facilities. On 6 October 2013, Gorakhpur became the world's Longest Railway platform, after inauguration of the remodelled Gorakhpur Yard, with a stretch of around 1.35 kilometres (0.84 mi).[3][4][5][6]

Gorakhpur is the headquarters of North Eastern Railways.[7]

Air Force Station[edit]

An air force station in Gorakhpur was established in 1963 as Gorakhpur Airport.[8]

Climate[edit]

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[9]

Climate data for Gorakhpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
26.5
(79.7)
32.7
(90.9)
37.9
(100.2)
39.5
(103.1)
37.2
(99)
33.2
(91.8)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
29.3
(84.7)
24.6
(76.3)
31.9
(89.4)
Average low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
16.9
(62.4)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.5
(77.9)
24.7
(76.5)
21.2
(70.2)
15.0
(59)
10.6
(51.1)
19.6
(67.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.7
(0.854)
11.4
(0.449)
10.2
(0.402)
13.7
(0.539)
27.4
(1.079)
163.6
(6.441)
322.3
(12.689)
349.5
(13.76)
213.9
(8.421)
83.8
(3.299)
4.5
(0.177)
6.1
(0.24)
1,228.1
(48.35)
Source: IMD

Geographic location[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]