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This article is about the city in Uttar Pradesh. For other uses, see Gorakhpur (disambiguation).
Metropolitan City
Gorakhnath Math, Taramandal, Geeta Press
Nickname(s): Nath Nagar Raptinagar Gorakhdham
Gorakhpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates: 26°45′32″N 83°22′11″E / 26.7588°N 83.3697°E / 26.7588; 83.3697Coordinates: 26°45′32″N 83°22′11″E / 26.7588°N 83.3697°E / 26.7588; 83.3697
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gorakhpur
 • Gorakhpur (Lok Sabha Constituency) Yogi Adityanath (BJP)
 • Metropolitan 5,484 km2 (2,117 sq mi)
Elevation 84 m (276 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,440,895
 • Rank 16th
 • Density 1,337/km2 (3,460/sq mi)
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 2730xx
Telephone code +91-551
Vehicle registration UP 53
Sex ratio 1000/944 /
Avg. annual temperature 26 °C (79 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 40 °C (104 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 18 °C (64 °F)
Website gorakhpur.nic.in

Gorakhpur, also known as Gorakhshpur, is a city along the banks of Rapti river in the eastern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located near the Nepal border, 273 kilometers east of the state capital Lucknow. It is the administrative headquarter of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division.

Gorakhpur is also the headquarters of the North Eastern Railways Zone of the Indian Railways and has the worlds longest railway platform and also serves as a center for education and trade. The road route to Nepal from India passes through the city.

The city is home to the Gorakshanath Temple (Gorakhnath Math), many historic Buddhist sites and the Gita Press, the world's largest publisher of Hindu religious texts. Gorakhpur is a religious center home to many historic temples and sites for both Hinduism and Buddhism. Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana and was cremated in Kushinagar, located near Gorakhpur. Kabir, the 15th century mystic poet, is buried in Maghar, which is also near Gorakhpur.

The Gorakhshapitheshwara (Head Priest of Gorakhnath Math) is the chief cultural patron of the city. The current M.P from Gorakhpur Shri Yogi Adityanath is the head priest Gorakhnath Math and successor of Late Shri Avaiydyanath. Many prominent poets and politicians are from Gorakhpur.


The district of Gorakhpur lies between Lat. 26°13′N and 27°29′N and Long. 83°05′E and 83°56′E. The district occupies the north-eastern corner of the state along with the district of Deoria, and comprises a large stretch of land lying to the north of the river Rapti, which forms the southern boundary with the Azamgarh.Ambedkar Nagar district On the west Basti and east adjoins Deoria and the Chhoti Gandak Nadi and further south the Jharna Nala forms the dividing line. To the north it meets with Maharajganj, Kushinagar and Nepal. The city is 270 km distant from state capital Lucknow. Gorakhpur is surrounded by dams on three sides.


The district is located in the Terai region, in the foothills of the Shivalik Himalayas. It is located on the bank of river Rapti and Rohin rivers originating in Nepal that often causes severe floods.[citation needed] The Rapti is interconnected through many other small rivers following meandering courses across the Gangetic Plain.

Gorakhpur is one of the most flood-prone districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, with extreme events occurring every three to four years. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, which are an annual occurrence in some areas, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, as well as damage to public and private property.[1]

Research from the Climate and Development Knowledge shows that measures are in place to mitigate disaster risk in the form of the Gorakhpur District Disaster Management Plan. However, this plan focuses on how agencies can coordinate following floods and lacks a systematic approach to identifying weather-related hazards and vulnerability.[2]


The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[3]

Climate data for Gorakhpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.2
Average low °C (°F) 9.5
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.7
Source: IMD[dead link]

Below the outer hills is a dry boulder-strewn tract, corresponding to the Indo-Gangetic Plain|Bhabar of Kumaun and Garhwal and here the bulk of the moisture contributed by the rainfall and the small streams is absorbed by the soil, to reappear through seepage in the damp and unhealthy tract, known as the terai. The latter comprises a belt some 16 km. in width, running along the northern borders of Maharajganj, Uttar Pradesh|Maharajganj district.


In 2011, Gorakhpur had population of 4,440,895 of which male and female were 2,277,777 and 2,163,118 respectively. In 2001 census, Gorakhpur had a population of 2,769,456 of which males were 1,923,197 and remaining 1,846,259 were females. Gorakhpur District population constituted 2.22 percent of total Uttar Pradesh population. In 2001 census, this figure for Gorakhpur District was at 2.27 percent of Uttar Pradesh population. There was change of 17.81 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Gorakhpur District recorded increase of 22.94 percent to its population compared to 1991.

Religions in Gorakhpur
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Military facilities[edit]

Air Force Station[edit]

Currently Jaguar Fighter Planes are grounded in Gorakhpur and have two squadrons.

An air force station in Gorakhpur was established in 1963 as Gorakhpur Airport, with a variety of planes and services, most notably Jaguar fighter planes and the second oldest helicopter unit of Indian Air Force (No. 105 Helicopter Unit). It is one of the biggest air force stations in Asia.[4] where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo in the country of India. Its center lies at a latitude of 26.7397100 and longitude of 83.4497100and it has an elevation of 88 meters above sea level. Gorakhpur Airport also goes by the names, GOP, Gorakhpur, Gorakhpur Airport, VEGK. The air force station, Gorakhpur which is extremely vital for the Defence of the eastern part of the country is equipped with the latest and most sophisticated fighter and bomber planes and equipments and it comes under the Central Air Command (CAC) headquartered at Bamrauli, Allahabad. It has Jaguar fighter planes. It also has a SEPECAT Jaguar training center. The second oldest helicopter unit of Indian Air Force (NO. 105 Helicopter Unit) moved to Air Force Station Gorakhpur in August 1987. Immediately after moving to Gorakhpur the unit carried out extensive flood relief operation in Bihar. Again in 1991 unit carried out flood relief operations in Orissa Ex-Bhubaneswar. Recently this unit carried out Ex-Frog i.e. Flood Relief a rescue Operations in Gorakhpur and Bihar and during the April 2015 Nepal earthquake.

Memorial to Gurkha soldiers outside the Ministry of Defence, City of Westminster, London.

Lakes In Gorakhpur[edit]

Bakhira lake

Ramgarh Taal is a lake located in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. It covers an area of 723 hectares and its embankment is 18 km long. On the south-east of Gorakhpur city and the south side of the metalled road to the kasia in Deoria district is the Ramgarh Tal. It was formerly covered, save during the rains, with a dense growth of reeds, which was cleared off for health reasons. An unsuccessful attempt was also made to drain off the water of this lake through a channel from the southern end into the Rapti. Ramgarh Tal has many fish and affords living to people in several villages on its banks.

Notable residents[edit]

Anurag Kashyap
Jimmy Shergill

Administrative structure[edit]

Gorakhpur is the headquarters of Gorakhpur Division and District. Gorakhpur division comprises four districts, Gorakhpur, Deoria, Mahrajganj and Kushinagar. As a basic administration unit the district, has assumed a greater development and regulatory role consequent to emphasis on decentralised planning. It is divided into seven Tehsils ( Revenue Sub- Divisions) presided over by a Sub Divisional Magistrate. Tehsils are further subdivided into nineteen Development Blocks, Blocks into 191 Nyay Panchayat and these Nyay Panchayats into 1233 Gram Sabhas which consists of 3319 Revenue villages. The District Administrative unit is shown as:

Yogi Adityanath is the current MP from Gorakhpur division.
Unit No.
Number of Tehsil 7
Number of Blocks 19
Number of Nyay Panchayat 191
Number of Gram sabha 1234
Number of Villages 3319

Division of District into Tehsils and Blocks is shown below:

Name of Tehsil Name of Block
Sadar Jungle Kaudia, Chargawa, Bhathat, Khorabar, Pipraich
Chauri Chaura Sardarnagar, Brahmpur
Sahjanawa Pali, Piprauli, Sahjanwa
Khajni Khajni, Belghat
Campierganj Campierganj
Bansgaon Bansgaon, Kauriram, Gagaha
Gola Gola, Barhalganj, Uruwa

Political representation[edit]

There are two Loksabha constituencies and nine assembly seats in the district of Gorakhpur. The sitting MPs are as follows

Loksabha seats (2)[edit]

S No. Constituency Member Party
1 64-Gorakhpur Adityanath Yogi BJP
2 67-Bansgaon Kamlesh Paswan BJP

Assembly Seats (9)[edit]

S No. Constituency Member Party
1 327-Bansgaon Dr. Vijay Kumar BSP
2 325-Khajani Sant Prashad BJP
3 328-Chillupar Rajesh Tripathi BSP
4 320-Campiarganj Fatehbahadur Singh NCP
5 327-Chauri chaura Jai Prakash Nishad BSP
6 321-Pipraich Rajmati Devi SP
7 322-Gorakhpur Radha Mohan Das Agarwal BJP
8 323-Gorakhpur Rural Vijay Bahadur Yadav BJP
9 324-Sahjanwan Rajendra Singh BSP

Members of Vidhan Parishad (2)[edit]

Member Party
1 Ganesh Shankar Pandey BSP
2 Devendra Pratap Singh SP

Local bodies[edit]

Body Member Designation Party
1 Nagar Nigam Dr. Satya Pandey Mayor BJP
2 Zila Panchayat Sadhana Singh Chairman



Gorakhpur Junction Has the worlds longest railway platform.
Lucknow Junction railway station serves as divisional headquarter of North Eastern Railway zone.

This station serves as the sole headquarters of India's North Eastern Railway zone and it also has the world's longest railway platform. It connects to almost every major city in India. Direct trains connect to Hyderabad, Chennai, Agra, Aligarh, Moradabad, Bareilly, Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Trivandrum, Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi, Kanpur, Unnao, Kolkata, Lucknow, Pune, Siwan, Jammu, Amritsar, Bilaspur, Raipur, and other distant parts of the nation. The station offers Class A railway station facilities. On 6 October 2013, Gorakhpur became the world's Longest Railway platform, after inauguration of the remodelled Gorakhpur Yard, with a stretch of around 1.35 kilometres (0.84 mi).[5][6][7][8]

Gorakhpur is the headquarters of North Eastern Railways.[9] The mechanical workshop, NER, Gorakhpur was established in 1903.

Gorahkpur Cantonment is a railway station in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was originally constructed in 1914.[citation needed] It is likely to be electrified by May 2015 when Chhapra - Gorakhpur section's electrification will be commissioned.[citation needed]

See also[edit]