Muzaffarnagar district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Muzaffarnagar.
Muzaffarnagar district
मुज़फ़्फ़रनगर जिला مظفر نگر ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Muzaffarnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Muzaffarnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Saharanpur
Headquarters Muzaffarnagar
Tehsils Sadar, Budhana, Jansath, Khatauli
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Muzaffarnagar
 • Assembly seats Muzaffarnagar,
Budhana,
Charthawal,
Khatauli,
Meerapur,
Purqazi
Area
 • Total 2,986 km2 (1,153 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,827,154
 • Density 950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 68.68 per cent[1]
Major highways NH 58
Website Official website

Muzaffarnagar District (Hindi: मुज़फ़्फ़र नगर ज़िला, Urdu: مُظفٌر نگر ضلع‎) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is well known for its agricultural prosperity (Highest agricultural GDP in UP) and is one of the most prosperous districts of Uttar Pradesh. This district, being one of the highest producer of sugarcane in the country, is also known as "Sugar Bowl of India". It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is also the part of National Capital Region.

History[edit]

Medieval period[edit]

Muzaffarnagar's early medieval history is obscure till the Indo-Mughal period. Timur's army had marched to Delhi through this region in 1399; its people fought it unsuccessfully. In Mughal Emperor Akbar's time, most of the Muzaffarnagar district region, called Sarwat then under the Mahal control of Taga / Tyagi brahmans of Sarvat village, belonged to the sarkar (circle) of Saharanpur. Akbar bestowed pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Mahmud Khan Barha which remained with his descendants up to the 17th century. After killing Peer Khan Lodi styled as Khan Jahan lodi, Shahjahan bestowed title of deceased Peer Khan Lodhi and Pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Muzaffar Khan Barha, whose son Munawwar Lashkar Khan Barha established the city and named it Muzaffarnagar in honour of his father, and Sarwat also became Muzaffarnagar.[2] The history of this district remained closely associated with these Sayyid rulers. It was the birthplace of the Sayyid Brothers, Abdullah Khan Barha & Hussain Ali Khan Barha famous as king makers in Mughal history. Marathas rose as power who control most of doab region in the 18th century.

Blocks[edit]

The district is divided into 9[3] blocks, these are:

Sr. No. Block Name
1 Muzaffarnagar
2 Budhana
3 Baghra
4 Shahpur
5 Purquazi
6 Charthawal
7 Morna
8 Jansath
9 Khatauli

Tehsils[edit]

Muzaffarnagar district is divided into 4 tehsils (sub-districts) these are:

Sr. No. Tehsil Name Population (2001)
1 Sadar 11,69,979
2 Budhana 4,30,700
3 Jansath 7,67,827
4 Khatauli 69,234

Demographics[edit]






Circle frame.svg

Religion in Muzaffarnagar (2011)[4]

  Hinduism (66%)
  Islam (30%)
  Jainism (2%)
  Other (2%)

According to the 2011 census Muzaffarnagar district has a population of 2,827,154,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Lebanon[6] or the US state of Oregon.[7] This gives it a ranking of 125th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 960 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.8%.[5] Muzaffarnagar has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 70.11%.[5] Minority population is about 40% of the total population of the district[8] Muzaffarnagar is a category "B1" district i.e. having socio-economic parameters below the national average.[9]

Education[edit]

There are two medical colleges and five engineering colleges in this district. There are four management colleges and eight degree colleges in the city. The city is rapidly developing its educational system.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2011". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ "Brief District History". Muzaffarnagar district website. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  3. ^ "Administration". Muzaffarnagar.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  4. ^ "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Albania 2,827,800 July 2011 est. 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074 
  8. ^ [1].
  9. ^ MINUTES OF THE 34th MEETING OF EMPOWERED COMMITTEE TO CONSIDER AND APPROVE REVISED PLAN FOR BALANCE FUND FOR THE DISTRICTS OF GHAZIABAD, BAREILLY, BARABANKI, SIDDHARTH NAGAR, SHAHJANPUR, MORADABAD, MUZAFFARNAGAR, BAHRAICH AND LUCKNOW (UTTAR PRADESH) UNDER MULTI-SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MINORITY CONCENTRATION DISTRICTS HELD ON 22nd JULY, 2010 AT 11.00 A.M. UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS. F. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°27′N 77°35′E / 29.450°N 77.583°E / 29.450; 77.583