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|District of Uttar Pradesh|
Location of Gonda district in Uttar Pradesh
|Headquarters||Gonda, Uttar Pradesh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Gonda, Kaiser ganj(partial)|
|• Assembly seats||8|
|• Sex ratio||921|
With an area of 3,404 square kilometres (1,314 sq mi), Gonda has borders with Shrawasti district to the north, Balrampur and Siddharthnagar districts to the northeast, Basti district to the east, Faizabad district to the south, Bara Banki district to the southwest, and Bahraich district to the northwest. The district lies between 26° 47' and 27° 20' north latitude and 81° 30' and 82° 46' east longitude.
The territory covered by the present district of Gonda formed part of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. After the going of lord Rama, the celebrated sovereign of the Solar line who ruled Kosala, the kingdom was divided into two portions defined by the Ghaghara river. The northern portion was then ruled by his son, Lava with the city of Sravasti as his capital.
More recently, ancient Buddhist remains dating to the early days of Buddhism have been found throughout the region, including at Sravasti.
Gonda played a significant part in the Indian struggle for independence, with many people from the region actively involved: including Maharaja Aksh Valmikan, who escaped to Nepal, freedom fighters like Sh. Chandra Shekhar Azad took shelter in the district, and Rajendra Lahiri was incarcerated and hanged in the Gonda Jail. India's 5th president Hon'ble Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was also educated at the Government High School in Gonda district.
There are several sugar mills, rice mills and many other small industries and handicraft industry. One of the India's six Indian Telephone Industries is situated at Mankapur, and the largest sugar mill in India is situated at Kundarkhi.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gonda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Gonda district has a population of 3,433,919, roughly equal to the nation of Panama or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 95th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 857 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,220/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.17%, higher than the average of Uttar Pradesh (20.09%). Gonda has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males, and a sex ratio among children 0–6 years old of 926, both higher than the state average (908 and 899 respectively).
The human development index of the Gonda district is very low.
Gonda is categorised as one of the socially and educationally backward districts of Uttar Pradesh. The literacy rate is 58.71%, much behind the state average (69.72%). The backwardness of the region and slow developmental rate is clearly reflected by literacy gap (male to female) of 23.10% in the district as compared to 19.98% gap for the state.
The government of India has created a special scheme for such district through the backward region grant fund. Gonda is one of the recipients of this fund. The primary schools of Gonda District are functioning well, which provides a path to raising the education standard of the district.
All colleges of Gonda are affiliated with Faizabad University.
- Meena Shah Degree College - First Regular Profession Degree College of Gonda City.
- Generation Next Place For Computer Education Gonda City.
- Baba Gayadeen Vaidya Babu Ram Mahavidyalaya
- Baikunth Nath Mahavidyalaya
- Bhagirathi Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya, Sahibapur, Gonda
- Chandra Shekhar Shyamraji Mahavidyalaya
- Dashrath Singh Memorial Mahavidyalay
- Dr. Bheem Rao Ambedkar Mahavidyalaya
- Hakikullah Chaudhary Mahavidyalaya
- Jagdamba Sharan Singh Educational Institute
- Kamta Prasad Mathura Prasad Janta Mahavidyalaya
- Kisan Degree College
- L.B.S. Mahavidyalaya (in Gonda town)
- Lakhan Lal Sharan Singh Mahavidyalaya
- Maa Gayatri Ram Sukh Pandey Mahavidyalaya
- Mahakavi Tulsidas Mahavidyalaya
- Nandini Nagar Mahavidyalaya Nawabgang
- Nandini Nagar Vidhi Mahavidyalaya Nawabgang
- Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramoday Mahavidyalaya
- Pt. Jag Narain Shukla Gramoday Mahavidyalaya
- Pt. Ram Dutt Shukla Mahavidyalaya
- Raghoram Diwakar Dutt Gyanoday Mahavidyalaya
- Raja Raghuraj Singh Mahavidyalaya Mankapur
- Ram Nath Memorial Mahavidyalaya
- Ravindra Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya
- Saraswati Devi Nari Gyansthali Mahavidyalaya (in Gonda town)
- Sardar Mohar Singh Memorial Mahila Mahavidyalaya Mankapur
- Saryu Degree College situated in tehshil Colonelganj of Gonda district.
- Smt. J. Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya
- Sri Raghukul Mahila Vidyapeeth (in gonda town)
- Subhash Chandra Bose Memorial Mahavidyalaya
Vipin Bihari Sharan Singh Mahavidyalaya Tarabganj Gonda India Contact No. 9984840909
- Guru Vashishth Mahavidyalaya Mankapur GONDA [www.gvmv.edu.in]
Gonda is one of the most backward districts of the India in public health parameters. Gonda is one of the districts in the list of top 100 districts in order of Infant Mortality Rate in 2011 census data. It also comes in the top 57 districts with the highest maternal mortality rate
Gonda has also been listed as the dirtiest city in India according to the Swachh Sarvekshan 2017.
- Gonda District at The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 12, p. 312.
- "Excavations at Sravasti". IndiaDivine.org.
- 1857:The Oral Tradition, Pankaj Rag, Rupa Publication,2010
- Official Site Archived 9 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- Planning commission release
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- Provisional Population Totals Paper 2 of 2011 - Uttar Pradesh
- "Press information release". pib.nic.in.
- "Baikunth Nath Mahavidyalaya, Hujoorpur Road, Colonelganj, Gonda (U.P.)". www.baikunthnathcollege.org.in.
- "Haqiqullah Chaudhary Mahavidyalaya, Gharighat,Gonda (U.P.), India". www.hccollege.org.in.
- "Jssi.org.in". www.jssi.org.in.
- "Welcome kpmpjdc.org - Hostmonster.com". www.kpmpjdc.org.
- "Lal Bahadur Shastri Post Graduate College, Gonda (Awadh), (U.P.) India." www.lbspgcollege.org.in.
- "NANDINI NAGAR MAHAVIDYALAY". www.nnmv.org.in.
- "S R S College". www.srscollege.com.
- "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
- "India's 'dirtiest city' Gonda ranks bottom in Swachh Bharat survey". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-05-04. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
- Official website
- Alternative Web Site Of the Gonda District
- Gonda District at The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 12, p. 311-319.