|• Total||13.13 km2 (5.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||58 m (190 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bolpur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bolpur, Nanoor|
Bolpur-Santiniketan is a municipality and headquarters of Bolpur subdivision in Birbhum District in the state of West Bengal, India. It is 145 km north of Kolkata and is best known for its proximity to Visva Bharati, the university set up by the Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore. Given its proximity to Santiniketan and Sriniketan, it is one of the seats of culture and education in West Bengal.
The name "bolpur" comes form the word "boli-pur". In Bengali "boli" means "slaughter" and "pur means "city".
About 150 years ago, Bolpur was a small village under supur porgana. Kalikapur a known place of Bolpur was the origin of the typical village in past. There were no rail lines, no developed roads. Paddy land were seen around the village. "Lalmati" (red soil) was found everywhere. Many villages named Sian, Dihipara, Khosakdampur, Paruldanga, Goalpara, Ballavpur, Bandhgara, Surul, Supur, Raipur were the boundary line around Bolpur.
East India company established the first railway line in 1859, when the Sahebganj loopline was extended beyond the river Ajay. Bolpur railway station was established in 1860. Along with this, court, police station, sub registry office, etc., were established in old Bolpur. Then people started residing here. Christian missionaries came; they founded a church that was known as Mission compound. Paddy storage house, stationary shops, grocery shops, garment shops etc. were on the east side near Bolpur railway station. About 19 husking machines were here at that time.
Maharshi Debendranath Tagore established a centre of religious mediation in Bolpur. Rabindranath Tagore established Visva Bharati Viswavidyalaya. These were the main reasons for the huge extension, development and popularity of Bolpur.
Provincial names proved the upcoming gradual development of Bolpur. Kachharipatti is just beside court house, Trishulapatti is the commercial paddy trading centre. Kalibaroarytala was the service place for Bolpur set up by some initiative people. Netaji made a conference. Here Harisava stood against "Bramhopasana". Every week these two conferences were held in Bolpur. Bijaykrishna Ghoswami, Shivnath Shastri, Shasibhusan Basu like many wisemen gave religious advice. Beside this, prayer committee was set up.
Geographical coordinates of Bolpur are 23° 40' 0" North, 87° 43' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Bolpur.
Bolpur can become very hot in the summer months (above 40 degrees Celsius in April to July).
Bolpur Municipality has a total population of 80,210 (as of the 2011 census), out of which 40,468 are male and 39,742 are female. Female sex ratio of Bolpur is 982. Literacy rate of Bolpur is 86.77%.
Civic administration and political information
Bolpur municipality is divided into 19 wards. Until 2010, the Indian National Congress was in power in it. In the 2010 municipal elections, the municipality faced a hung verdict. Later, the Trinamool Congress with nine councillors, formed the board by taking the support of eight Congress councillors. Sushanta Bhakat is the Chairman of the municipal board.
Bolpur town is part of Vidhan Sabha constituency which is represented by Chandranath Sinha of Trinamool Congress. The town falls under Bolpur (Lok Sabha constituency) represented by Anupam Hazra of TMC.
Bolpur College was established at Bolpur in 1950. Affiliated to the University of Burdwan, it offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, history, geography, philosophy, economics, political science, commerce, physics, chemistry, mathematics, botany and zoology.
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