All India Trinamool Congress

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All India Trinamool Congress
সর্বভারতীয় তৃণমূল কংগ্রেস
Abbreviation AITC
Leader Mamata Banerjee
Chairperson Mamata Banerjee
Secretary-General Subrata Bakshi
Lok Sabha leader Sudip Banerjee
Rajya Sabha leader Derek O'Brien
Founder Mamata Banerjee
Founded 1 January 1998 (18 years ago) (1998-01-01)
Split from Indian National Congress
Headquarters 30B Harish Chatterjee Street, Kolkata,West Bengal, India - 700026
Newspaper Jago Bangla (Bengali)
Student wing Trinamool Chhatra Parishad
Youth wing All India Trinamool Youth Congress
Women's wing All India Trinamool Mahila Congress
Labour wing Indian National Trinamool Trade Union Congress[1]
Peasant's wing All India Trinamool Kisan Congress
Ideology Populism
Democratic socialism
Social liberalism
Political position Centre-left
Colours Bright Green
ECI Status National Party[2]
National convener Mamata Banerjee
Seats in Lok Sabha
32 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
12 / 245
Website
aitcofficial.org

The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC, TMC or Trinamool Congress) (Bengali: সর্বভারতীয় তৃণমূল কংগ্রেস) is an Indian national political party based in West Bengal, Tripura, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. Founded on 1 January 1998 as a breakaway faction of the Indian National Congress, the party is led by its founder and current Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee. Prior to the 2009 general election it was the sixth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 19 seats; following the 2014 general election, it is currently the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 32 seats.

History[edit]

After remaining with the INC for over 2 decades, Mamata Banerjee formed her own party, the "Trinamool Congress", which was registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1997. The Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul. On 2 September 2016 election commission recognized Aitc is a national political party.[3]

Nandigram and singur movement[edit]

In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes.[4] People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) was formed against land grabbing and eviction. On 14 March 2007 the police opened firing and killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed which was supported by CBI in its report, that armed CPM cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram.[5] A large number of intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI(C) leader Nanda Patra (A school Teacher of Tamluk) led the movement.

Post-Nandigram/Singur elections[edit]

In the 2009 Lok Sabha election, Trinamool Congress won 19 seats in West Bengal.

In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats. It also won a majority of other municipalities.[6]

Electoral performance[edit]

2011 legislative assembly election[edit]

In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, the Trinamool Congress-led alliance that included the INC and SUCI(C) won 227 seats in the 294-seat legislature. Trinamool Congress alone won 184 seats, enabling it to govern without an alliance. Subsequently it won a by-election in Basirhat and two Congress MLAs switched to TMC, giving it a total of 187 seats.

Now the party is trying to get a National Party Status, expanding its base in Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Orissa, TN, Kerala[7] , Sikkim, Hariyana, Arunachal Pradesh. The party is now main opposition party in Manipur. In Kerala, the party contested from five seats in 2014 general elections.

Government of West Bengal Cabinet Ministers[8]

On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands to undo government-instituted changes including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met.[9][10]

In the 1998 Lok Sabha polls, TMC won 8 seats.[11] In the next Lok Sabha election that was held in 1999, Trinamool Congress won 8 seats with BJP, thus increasing its tally by one.[12] In 2000, TMC won the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections. In the 2001 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 60 seats with Congress(I).[13] In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, TMC won 1 seat with BJP.[14] In the 2006 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 30 seats with BJP.

In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC won a majority of 184 seats (out of 294). Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister. In the following 2016 West Bengal state assembly election, TMC retains its majority and won 211 seats (out of 294).[15]

Political slogan[edit]

Main article: Ma Mati Manush

Ma Mati Manush (Bengali: মা মাটি মানুষ) was primarily a slogan, coined by All India Trinamool Congress chief and current chief minister Mamata Banerjee. The term is literally translated as "Mother, Motherland and People". The slogan became very popular in West Bengal at the time of the 2011 assembly election. Later, Mamata Banerjee wrote a Bengali book with the same title.[16] A song was also recorded with the same title to glorify the theme. According to a report published in June 2011, it was one of the six most popular political slogans in India at that time.[17]

List of political members[edit]

Leadership[edit]

Mamata Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal and leader of the All India Trinamool Congress.

2016 cabinate ministers[edit]

  • Mamata BanerjeeChief Minister, Home, Personnel and Administrative Reforms, Information and Cultural Affairs, Power, Land and Land Reforms, Health & Family Affairs, Hill Affairs, Minority Affairs and Madarsa, Micro and Small Scale Enterprises and Textiles
  • Subrata Bakshi – Public Works Department and Transport
  • Partha Chatterjee - Education, Parliamentary Affairs, Public Enterprise and Industrial Reconstruction, Information Technology
  • Amit Mitra - Finance and Excise, Industrial Reconstruction
  • Sovandeb Chatterjee - Power and NonConventional Energy Sources
  • Subrata Mukherjee - Panchayat and Rural Development
  • Sovan Chatterjee - Fire and Emergency Services, Environment
  • Aroop Biswas - Public Works, Youth Development, Sports (MiC)
  • Abdul Karim Chowdhury - Mass Education Extension and Library Services
  • Upen Biswas - Backward Classes Welfare
  • Javed Ahmed Khan - Disaster Management
  • Firhad Hakim - West Bengal Municipal Affairs
  • Rabindranath Ghosh - North Bengal Development
  • Sabitri Mitra - Woman and Child Development and Social Welfare
  • Abani Mohan Joardar - Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation
  • Jyotipriyo Mullick - Food and Supply
  • Suvendu Adhikari - West Bengal Transport
  • Goutam Deb - West Bengal Tourism
  • Sashi Panja - Women and Social Welfare
  • Haider Aziz Safwi - Cooperation and Inland Water Transport
  • Siddiquallah Chowdhury - West Bengal Mass Education Extension and Library Services Dept.
  • Soumen Kumar Mahapatra - Water Investigation and Development
  • Ashima Patra - West Bengal Technical Education and Training
  • Sandhan Pande - Self Help Group and Self Employment
  • Manturam Pakhira - Sunderbans Development
  • Ashish Banerjee - West Bengal Science and Technology
  • Moloy Ghatak - Law and Judicial, Labour
  • Binay Krishna Barman - Forest
  • Jyoti Priya Mallick - Food & Supplies
  • Abdur Rezzak Mollah - Food Processing Industries and Horticulture
  • Chandra Nath Sinha - Fisheries
  • Goutam Deb - North Bengal Development
  • Noore Alam Chowdhury - Animal Resources Development
  • Shankar Chakraborty - Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Correctional Administration
  • Bratya Basu - Information Technologies and Electronics
  • Rajib Banerjee – Irrigation and Waterways
  • Shantiram Mahato - Pashimanchal Unnayan Affairs
  • Shyamal Santra - Rural and Panchayet Development, Public Health Engineering (MoS)
  • Indranil Sen - Information and Cultural Affairs (MoS)
  • Swapan Debnath - Micro and Small Scale Enterprises and Textiles (MoS)
  • Gulam Rabbani - West Bengal Tourism (MoS)
  • Laxmi Ratan Shukla - Youth, Sports (MoS)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]