Cefradine

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Cefradine
Cefradine.svg
Clinical data
Trade namesIntracef, Velocef
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
MedlinePlusa601206
Routes of
administration
Oral, IM, IV
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
BioavailabilityWell absorbed
Protein binding<10%
MetabolismNil
Elimination half-life0.9 hours
ExcretionRenal, unchanged
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.049.199 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC16H19N3O4S
Molar mass349.41 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
Melting point140 to 142 °C (284 to 288 °F) (dec.)
  (verify)

Cefradine (INN) or cephradine (BAN) is a first generation cephalosporin antibiotic.[1]

Indications[edit]

Formulations[edit]

Cefradine is distributed in the form of capsules containing 250 mg or 500 mg, as a syrup containing 250 mg/5 ml, or in vials for injection containing 500 mg or 1 g.

It is not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

Synthesis[edit]

Birch reduction of D-α-phenylglycine led to diene (2). This was N-protected using tert-butoxycarbonylazide and activated for amide formation via the mixed anhydride method using isobutylchloroformate to give 3. Mixed anhydride 3 reacted readily with 7-aminodesacetoxycephalosporanic acid to give, after deblocking, cephadrine (5).

Cefradin synthesis:[2][3][4]

Production names[edit]

The antibiotic is produced under many brand names across the world.[5]

  • Bangladesh: Ancef, Ancef forte, Aphrin, Avlosef, Cefadin, Cephadin, Cephran, Cephran-DS, Cusef, Cusef DS, Dicef , Dicef forte, Dolocef, Efrad, Extracef, Extracef-DS, Intracef, Kefdrin, Lebac, Lebac Forte, Medicef, Mega-Cef, Megacin, Polycef, Procef, Procef, Procef forte, Rocef, Rocef Forte DS, Sefin, Sefin DS, Sefnin, Sefrad, Sefrad DS, Sefril, Sefril-DS, Sefro, Sefro-HS, Sephar, Sephar-DS, Septa, Sinaceph, SK-Cef, Sk-Cef DS, Supracef and Supracef-F, Torped, Ultrasef, Vecef, Vecef-DS, Velogen, Sinaceph, Velox
  • China: Cefradine, Cephradine, Kebili, Saifuding, Shen You, Taididing, Velosef, Xianyi, and Xindadelei
  • Colombia: Cefagram, Cefrakov, Cefranil , Cefrex, and Kliacef
  • Egypt: Cefadrin, Cefadrine, Cephradine, Cephraforte, Farcosef, Fortecef, Mepadrin, Ultracef,and Velosef
  • France: Dexef
  • Hong Kong: Cefradine and ChinaQualisef-250
  • Indonesia: Dynacef, Velodine, and Velodrom
  • Lebanon: Eskacef, Julphacef, and Velosef
  • Lithuania: Tafril
  • Myanmar: Sinaceph
  • Oman: Ceframed, Eskasef, Omadine, and Velocef
  • Pakistan: Abidine, Ada-Cef, Ag-cef, Aksosef, Amspor, Anasef, Antimic, Atcosef, Bactocef, Biocef, Velora, Velosef
  • Peru: Abiocef, Cefradinal, Cefradur, Cefrid, Terbodina II, Velocef, Velomicin
  • The Philippines: Altozef, Racep, Senadex, Solphride, Yudinef, Zefadin, Zefradil, and Zolicef
  • Poland: Tafril
  • Portugal: Cefalmin, Cefradur
  • South Africa: Cefril A
  • South Korea: Cefradine and Tricef
  • Taiwan: Cefadin, Cefamid, Cefin, Cekodin, Cephradine, Ceponin, Lacef, Licef-A, Lisacef, Lofadine, Recef, S-60, Sefree, Sephros, Topcef, Tydine, Unifradine, and U-Save
  • UK: Cefradune (Kent)
  • Vietnam: Eurosefro and Incef

Cefradine is known as Cefradina in Portuguese and Spanish and is produced by the following companies under this name: AC Farma, Peru; Andromaco, Chile; Anglopharma, Colombia; AZ Pharma, Colombia; Biogalenic, Venezuela; Bussié, Colombia; Elter - Medicamentos Genéricos, Venezuela; Farmindustria, Peru; Genfar, Colombia, Honduras and Peru; La Sante, Peru; La Santé, Colombia; Labesfal, Portugal; Lafrancol, Colombia; LCG, Peru; Marfan, Peru; Memphis, Colombia; Mintlab, Chile; MK, Colombia; Ophalac, Colombia; Procaps, Colombia and Vitalis, Colombia and Peru.

Cefradine is known as Cefradina in Portuguese and Spanish and is produced by the following companies under this name: AC Farma, Peru; Andromaco, Chile; Anglopharma, Colombia; AZ Pharma, Colombia; Biogalenic, Venezuela; Bussié, Colombia; Elter - Medicamentos Genéricos, Venezuela; Farmindustria, Peru; Genfar, Colombia, Honduras and Peru; La Sante, Peru; La Santé, Colombia; Labesfal, Portugal; Lafrancol, Colombia; LCG, Peru; Marfan, Peru; Memphis, Colombia; Mintlab, Chile; MK, Colombia; Ophalac, Colombia; Procaps, Colombia and Vitalis, Colombia and Peru.


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Penicillin is the usual drug of choice in the treatment and prevention of streptococcal infections, including the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever. Cefuroxime is generally effective in the eradication of streptococci from the nasopharynx

References[edit]

  1. ^ British National Formulary (45 ed.). London: British Medical Association. 2003.
  2. ^ Dolfini, Joseph E.; Applegate, Harold E.; Bach, Georges; Basch, Harold; Bernstein, Jack; Schwartz, Joseph; Weisenborn, Frank L. (1971). "New class of semisynthetic penicillins and cephalosporins derived from D-2-(1,4-cyclohexadienyl)glycine". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 14 (2): 117. doi:10.1021/jm00284a008. PMID 5544394.
  3. ^ U.S. Patent 3,485,819
  4. ^ DE 1931722 
  5. ^ "Cefradine". Retrieved 5 May 2016.