Chinese Democracy

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This article is about the album. For the song, see Chinese Democracy (song). For the Chinese political movement, see Democracy in China.
Chinese Democracy
GNRchinesedemocracy.jpg
Studio album by Guns N' Roses
Released November 23, 2008
Recorded 1997–2007
Genre
Length 71:18
Label
Producer
Guns N' Roses chronology
"The Spaghetti Incident?"
(1993)
Chinese Democracy
(2008)
Singles from Chinese Democracy
  1. "Chinese Democracy"
    Released: October 22, 2008

Chinese Democracy is the sixth studio album by American hard rock band Guns N' Roses, released on November 23, 2008 by Geffen Records. It is the band's first studio album since "The Spaghetti Incident?" (1993), and their first album of original studio material since the simultaneous releases of Use Your Illusion I and II in September 1991. Despite debuting at number three on the Billboard 200 and being certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), Chinese Democracy domestically undersold expectations. It received generally favorable reviews from music critics. The album achieved international chart success and has sold over one million copies in Europe.

In 1994, Guns N' Roses' progress on a follow up to The Spaghetti Incident was halted due to creative differences between members. Slash, Duff McKagan, Matt Sorum, and Gilby Clarke all resigned or were fired from the band in the mid '90s. Vocalist Axl Rose and keyboardist Dizzy Reed were the only members from the previous lineup remaining by the time production had started. A new lineup, consisting of Rose, Reed, guitarists Robin Finck and Paul Tobias, bassist Tommy Stinson, drummer Josh Freese, and keyboardist Chris Pitman began working on the album in 1997. Initially intended to be released in 1999 or 2000, the album was re-recorded completely in 2000. The album was worked on by multiple lineups of the band, including later members Bryan Mantia, Buckethead, Richard Fortus, Ron "Bumblefoot" Thal, and Frank Ferrer. Personnel and legal reasons, as well as Rose's alleged perfectionism caused the album to be delayed multiple times, including missing an announced March 2007 release date, before being released in November 2008. With production costs reportedly eclipsing $13 million, the album is the most expensive album ever produced.

Background[edit]

Guns N' Roses began to sporadically write and record new music in 1994.[1] Bassist Duff McKagan said the band "was so stoned at that point that nothing got finished".[2] Guitarist Slash criticized Axl Rose for making the band seem "like a dictatorship".[3] Rose later stated about the dysfunction of the group at the time: "We still needed the collaboration of the band as a whole to write the best songs. Since none of that happened, that's the reason why that material got scrapped."[4]

Rose's childhood friend and Hollywood Rose collaborator Paul Tobias was brought in to replace Gilby Clarke, whose contract with the band was not renewed.[5] Due to creative differences with Rose and personal problems with Tobias, Slash quit the band in 1996.[6][7] McKagan left soon after and Sorum was fired in 1997.[8] Slash was replaced by Nine Inch Nails touring guitarist Robin Finck, ex-Replacements bassist Tommy Stinson replaced McKagan, and Josh Freese joined as the drummer. In early 1998, the band—which comprised Rose, Finck, Stinson, rhythm guitarist Paul Tobias, keyboardists Dizzy Reed and Chris Pitman—began recording at Rumbo Recorders, a state-of-the-art studio in the San Fernando Valley where Guns N' Roses had partially recorded parts for their debut album, Appetite for Destruction. During this time, Geffen paid Rose $1 million to try to finish the album, with a further $1 million if he handed it in to them by March 1, 1999.[3]

By August 1999, the band had recorded over 30 songs for the album, tentatively titled 2000 Intentions.[9] During a 1999 interview with MTV's Kurt Loder, Rose announced the title of the upcoming album to be Chinese Democracy, stating "there's a lot of Chinese democracy movements, and it's something that there's a lot of talk about, and it's something that will be nice to see. It could also just be like an ironic statement. I don't know, I just like the sound of it."[10] Rose also mentioned the album would feature "lot of different sounds. There's some heavy songs, there's a lot of aggressive songs, but they're all in different styles and different sounds. It is truly a melting pot."[10]

In 1999, the industrial metal song "Oh My God" was released on the soundtrack of the movie End of Days and played over the movie's end credits. It featured Axl Rose, Tommy Stinson, Dizzy Reed, and Chris Pitman, along with former members Robin Finck, Paul Tobias, and Josh Freese. Dave Navarro and Gary Sunshine also recorded guitar parts for the song. "Oh My God" received mixed critical reception upon release and was described by Allmusic as "a less than satisfying comeback".[3][11] The song was the band's first release of new material with the new lineup.

In 2000, Rose hired guitarist Buckethead, and drummer Bryan Mantia replaced Freese, who left to join A Perfect Circle.[12][13] Later on in 2000, Finck (having briefly left the band in 1999) rejoined the band as the third guitarist.[14] On January 1, 2001, Guns N' Roses played their first concert in over seven years at the House of Blues in Las Vegas, Nevada.[15] This was followed by their headlining performance at Rock in Rio III on January 14, 2001 in front of 190,000 people.[16] On August 29, 2002, the band made a surprise visit to the MTV Video Music Awards, playing old songs along with a new "Madagascar" to a New York crowd.[17] The band canceled their tour in 2004 after Buckethead left the band.[18]

Guns N' Roses at 2006's Download Festival, attending as a part of the Chinese Democracy tour.

Ron "Bumblefoot" Thal replaced Buckethead and touring resumed in May 2006, with Bumblefoot adding guitar tracks to the album between legs of touring throughout the year.[19] Drummer Frank Ferrer replaced Mantia in July 2006 and added his drum tracks to the album.[20] On December 14, 2006, Rose published an open letter to the band's fans on their website, claiming that remaining tour's shows were taking up time the band needed to finish recording Chinese Democracy. Rose also revealed that the band had parted company with their manager Merck Mercuriadis, implying that the reason the album was not released in 2006 was Mercuriadis's fault (many times throughout 2006, Rose had said the album would be released that year). In the letter, Rose announced a tentative release date of March 6, 2007 for the album; however, the album was once again delayed.[21][22]

On February 22, 2007, the band's road manager, Del James, announced that all recording for the album had been completed and it was in the mixing process. James stated that there was no release date for the album but that things appeared to be moving on after a number of delays.[23]

On September 14, 2008, "Shackler's Revenge" was released on the music video game Rock Band 2, making it the band's first official release of new material since 1999's "Oh My God".[24] "Shackler's Revenge" was shortly followed by another release, "If the World", which plays during the closing credits of Body of Lies. A firm release date was announced by Billboard in October 2008, set for November 23.[25] In the US, the retail release is sold exclusively through Best Buy. The first single from the album, "Chinese Democracy", was released on October 22, 2008,[26] It was first played by the Opie and Anthony show on KRock. Krock's morning show at the time. followed by the second single "Better" on November 17, 2008. The album was released as downloadable content for the Rock Band series on April 14, 2009.[27]

Shortly before the album's release, mastering engineer Bob Ludwig offered three versions of the album for approval to co-producers Axl Rose and Caram Costanzo, and they selected the one with no dynamic-range compression,[28] to avoid being involved in the ongoing loudness war. Ludwig wrote, "I was floored when I heard they decided to go with my full dynamics version and the loudness-for-loudness-sake versions be damned."[29] Ludwig feels that the "fan and press backlash against the recent heavily compressed recordings finally set the context for someone to take a stand and return to putting music and dynamics above sheer level."[29]

Recording[edit]

Long time Guns N' Roses producer Mike Clink was reported to have worked on the album during its conception.[30] Moby, Youth and Tim Palmer all briefly worked on the album.[31][32][33][34] According to Rolling Stone, engineer Andy Wallace, who had worked with bands such as Nirvana, Sepultura, Slayer and Bad Religion, was working on the album in 2006. Other producers who have worked on the album include Bob Ezrin, Eric Caudieux and Sean Beavan.[35] Caram Costanzo and Axl Rose are the final credited producers on the final album.[36]

The band has worked with numerous other artists during the recording process, including guitarists Brian May and Dave Navarro.[37][38] May recorded the lead guitar parts for the leaked song "Catcher In the Rye" in 1999;[37] however, May is not credited in the finished album,[39] and his performances were removed from the final release. Composers Marco Beltrami and Paul Buckmaster worked on orchestral arrangements for the album in the early 2000s.[38] In January 2007, former Skid Row frontman Sebastian Bach recorded backing vocals for a song called "Sorry" at Electric Lady Studios.[40] Harpist Patti Hood (who had previously worked with Chris Pitman on the album Free Mars) also recorded parts for the album as did conductor Suzy Katayama.[41] The band used 15 studios during the recording of the album, including Capitol Studios, Cherokee Studios, Electric Lady Studios, Sunset Sound Recorders and The Village, among others.[36]

Bassist Tommy Stinson described the nature of the recording:

We did most of the music as a total collaborative effort a while back, most of the music was recorded (in 2001). In the last seven years, in the last four years (98-01), [the album]'s been pretty much done. It's been through a couple of producers' hands."

Drummer Bryan Mantia stated he recorded his drum parts in eight months.[42] A chicken coop was installed in the studio at Buckethead's behest, with the guitarist claiming it helped him get into 'his own world to live in' and play better.[43]

Rose mentioned in a 1999 interview that the band recorded enough material for a double album.[10] He also mentioned recording sessions for Chinese Democracy resulted in 'several albums' worth of material, including an album that is "more industrial and electronica-influenced than Chinese Democracy".[34] Sebastian Bach backed up this claim, stating that Chinese Democracy was to be the first in a trilogy of albums.[44] Early in the recording process, the band was said to have 60 songs in development.[3] Sources claimed the band's initial plans in 2001 were to record two albums, release Chinese Democracy, tour for a year or two, then release the second album without having to return to the studio.[45] Rose said in 2006 that the band had 32 songs in development at the time[46] as well as confirming the working titles of 10 songs in 2008.[47] Guitarist Ron "Bumblefoot" Thal stated in 2013 that an unreleased song "Atlas Shrugged" was a last second cut from the album due to time constraints with compact discs.[48] In a June 2014 interview, Rose stated a 'second part' of Chinese Democracy and a remix album of songs from the album were done and pending release.[49]

Delays[edit]

In a Rolling Stone interview in 2000, Rose mentioned that part of the delay of the album was him 'educating himself about the technology that's come to define rock', stating "It's like from scratch, learning how to work with something, and not wanting it just to be something you did on a computer."[34] The album was reportedly near completion in mid-2000 when producer Roy Thomas Baker convinced Rose to re-record the entire album, causing further delays.[50][51] In 2004, bassist Tommy Stinson stated that the album was 'almost done' and that it was held back by 'legal issues'.[35] Stinson also said delays were caused by Rose making sure every band member had a say in each song, mentioning that "it's a lengthy process because you have to get eight people to basically write a song together that everyone likes."[35] Stinson also stated Rose was a perfectionist and an engineer involved on the album claimed that "Axl wanted to make the best record that had ever been made. It’s an impossible task. You could go on infinitely, which is what they’ve done."[3][35] Geffen A&R Tom Zutaut stated the record 'could have been out by September 2002'.[52]

Rose released a statement in an August 2002 post on the Guns N' Roses website saying "We feel that we have clarity as to the album we're trying to make, we're wrapping it up. We've sorted it down to what songs are on the record, what the sequence of the songs is. The album art is ready."[53] However, shortly afterwards, Rose told MTV News "You’ll see [the album], but I don’t know if ’soon’ is the word".[54] Dizzy Reed mentioned in November 2002 that the album 'should be in stores by June (2003)' and stating there were only "a few odds and ends left to do, a couple of finishing touches, a couple of vocals — and we need to mix it."[55] Rose also confirmed the plans for multiple albums and stated that a part of the delay is due to lack of support from the label to older bands, saying "I've had to do way more jobs in it than I'm supposed to. I've had to be manager, A&R man, producer, sole lyric writer, and a lot of other things."[55] An editor from antiMUSIC claimed Rose told him in an informal chat in June 2003 that "he wants to make sure it is a perfect as possible before it is released".[56] In mid-2003 the band reportedly started the process of re-recording the album again.[57] Shortly after Buckethead left the band in March 2004, Rose released a statement saying "Guns will be moving forward, we hope to announce a release date within the next few months.[58] Stinson claimed the album would be in the mastering stages by November 2004.[59]

By 2005, Geffen had taken Chinese Democracy off of its release schedule, and pulled funding, stating "Having exceeded all budgeted and approved recording costs by millions of dollars, it is Mr. Rose’s obligation to fund and complete the album, not Geffen’s."[3] Around then, manager Merck Mercuriadis stated that "The ‘Chinese Democracy’ album is very close to being completed,".[3] According to a March 2005 New York Times article, production costs for the album had reached $13 million, making it probably the most expensive recording "never made."[3] Mercuriadis, however, rejected the claims made by the article in a letter and claimed that the newspaper's sources had not been involved with the project for "six to nine years".[60] At one point, the band was using a budget of almost $250,000 a month.[50] Geffen A&R Tom Zutuat mentioned the band spent thousands of dollars a month on rented gear that went unused.[61] Rose has mentioned that the expense of the record would be negated by the recording sessions yielding multiple albums.[34]

a patch with "GN'R" on it, a keychain, a shirt, a bandana, a sticker all with the same logo and a cd - items from the collector's edition of Chinese Democracy.
Items from the collector's edition of Chinese Democracy.

In October 2006, Rolling Stone claimed the album had a 'firm' release date of November 21, 2006.[62] Rose issued a press release on Guns N' Roses' official website on December 14, 2006. Entitled "An open letter to the fans from Axl", Rose announced the cancellation of four concerts that were scheduled for January 2007. He stated that if the band fulfilled the concerts, "valuable time needed by the band and record company for the proper setup and release of the album Chinese Democracy would have been lost". Also in the letter, he confirmed that Guns N' Roses had parted company with Mercuriadis. Rose blamed much of the album's delay on Mercuriadis. Rose also announced a tentative release date for Chinese Democracy of March 6, 2007, and remarked that it was the first time the band had publicly named a release date for the album.[21]

Despite Rose's announcement, the album was once again delayed. Rose recorded the final vocal tracks in January 2007.[63] On February 22, 2007, the band's road manager, Del James, issued a press release definitively stating that all recording for the album had been completed. James elaborated, "There is no official release date, as the band is currently mixing, but after some delays and scheduling difficulties, things appear to be moving along."[23] In a 2007 interview, Sebastian Bach claimed Rose had planned to have the album released by Christmas 2007: "I know Axl was very serious about putting something out before Christmas. He was talking to me about it. He was talking about finishing liner notes." Bach also said that Chinese Democracy's delay might be because of business problems: "I think there's a lot of business shit that goes on with him. It's just not as easy. It's a little more complicated than people think."[64] Little was said about the record after this, and 2007 saw no official release of the new material.

In January 2008, rumors arose that Chinese Democracy had been handed over to Geffen Records, but had been delayed because the label and Rose could not agree on the marketing of the album.[65] Eddie Trunk also claimed Geffen might have the album: "I hear the new GNR CD is actually done, but the delay in release is not the bands [sic] issues but the label. There is so much money tied up in this record that in todays [sic] business it will be virtually impossible to be profitable, meaning the label might want to sell it off but can not [sic] find a buyer since nobody buys CDs anymore. Problem might not be Axl this time around and might keep this CD in limbo for more years to come. Hopefully it gets resolved."[66] However, in a February 2008 interview with Classic Rock Magazine, Rose's personal manager, Beta Lebeis, debunked Trunk's suggestion and was quoted as saying, "We're currently in negotiations with the record label".[32] In late 2012, Rose told USA Today he didn't write any music "for years" in the mid-1990s because of criticism from bandmates Slash and Duff McKagan, as well as ex-fiancee Stephanie Seymour.[67]

Style and composition[edit]

In 1997, sources described the upcoming album as "sounding different from the sound you know ... definitely electronic influenced."[68][69] In July 1998, journalist Neil Strauss indicated that the album would be 'electronica influenced'.[70] The sound of Chinese Democracy was often reported to be industrial rock music similar to Nine Inch Nails and Ministry, a style of which Rose had long been a fan. However, in a 2001 interview with an Argentine radio station, Rose stated the album was not industrial, and would vary in styles, stating "It is not industrial, the closest thing to that was perhaps "Oh My God", but there are some songs that won't be on the album that were this way. There will be all kinds of styles, many influences as blues, mixed in the songs."[71]

In 2003, DJ Eddie Trunk spoke about the demo of "I.R.S.", which was leaked on his radio show by New York Mets catcher Mike Piazza, stating "It reminded me of Use Your Illusion-era stuff, with some modern flairs to it. The song had a loop track in the beginning, but then, when it kicked in, it was that same dramatic Guns N' Roses hard rock."[72] During the launch party for Korn's 2006 tour, Rose conducted an interview with Rolling Stone and told the magazine:

It's a very complex record, I'm trying to do something different. Some of the arrangements are kind of like Queen. Some people are going to say, 'It doesn't sound like Axl Rose, it doesn't sound like Guns N' Roses.' But you'll like at least a few songs on there.[46]

In a Rolling Stone article in 2006, former Skid Row frontman Sebastian Bach described the album as "epic" and "mind-blowing" and added "It's a very cool album—it's badass with killer screams, killer guitar riffs, but it's got a totally modern sound. The word for it is ‘grand.' It's fucking epic. He's reinvented himself yet again."[73] Bach has also described the album as having "the rawness and the power of Appetite for Destruction, but it also has the grandiosity of 'November Rain'."[74] He went on to describe the song "Sorry", which he sings backing vocals on, stating "There's this one song called ‘Sorry' that's almost like doom metal with Axl singing really clean over this grinding, slow beat that is fucking mean, I cannot get it out of my head."[73]

Sample of "Chinese Democracy" from Chinese Democracy. It is the first single released by Guns N' Roses since 1994. The song represented a shift in style for the band towards industrial rock.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

The album marked the band's expansion into industrial rock,[75][76][77][78] electronic rock[79] and nu metal,[75][80] while retaining the hard rock style of previous albums.[81] Critics noted stylistic similarities on the album to Queen, Wings and Andrew Lloyd Webber.[79][82][83][84] Rose cited influence of Dave Grohl's drumming on Nirvana's "Smells Like Teen Spirit" in recording the title track of the album.[85] The song was inspired by the movie Kundun about the Dalai Lama.[86] The lyrics "Blame it on the Falun Gong, They've seen the end and you can't hold on now" from the song caused the album to be banned in China.[87] The industrial-flavored "Shackler's Revenge" was written in reaction to "the insanity of senseless school shootings and also the media trying desperately to make more out of one shooter's preference for the Guns song Brownstone to no avail", according to Rose.[88][89] Virginia Tech shooter Seung-Hui Cho had written a play based on lyrics of the Guns N' Roses song "Mr. Brownstone".[90] "Better" is an electronic rock influenced song that features Rose singing in falsetto in the beginning of the track.[81][91] "Street of Dreams", previously known as "The Blues" is a piano ballad that has been described as a pop oriented song similar to November Rain and The Garden with influences from Elton John.[81][92][93] "If The World" has guitarist Buckethead using a Flamenco guitar on the track and is described as having 'an electronic funk slither' and neo-soul characteristics.[94] "There Was a Time" is a heavily layered melody driven orchestral song with a mellotron, violins, choirs and multiple synthesizers.[93][95]

"Catcher in the Rye" was written after Rose watched a documentary on Mark David Chapman and wanted to write a song in dedication to John Lennon; the song is meant to criticize the book The Catcher in the Rye.[96] "Scraped" takes the album back to an industrial rock style with Rose singing "Don’t you try to stop us now" and "All things are possible, I am unstoppable."[81][93] Discussing the origins of "Riad N' The Bedouins", Rose stated "Riad is the name my one time momentary brother-in-law of Erin Everly went by when I knew him. Of part Lebanese descent and a former student of Pepperdine University, he claims to be an international arms dealer".[97] Rose stated the song "Sorry" was about "anyone talking nonsense at mine and the public's expense."[96] "I.R.S." has Rose singing "Gonna call the President, Gonna call myself a Private Eye, Gonna need the IRS, Gonna get the FBI" over a guitar heavy track.[81][93] "Madagascar" has been described as having a 'trip hop pulse' and its bridge features interwoven samples of quotes taken from the movies Mississippi Burning, Casualties of War, Cool Hand Luke, Braveheart, and Seven, and also contains several excerpts from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speeches "I Have a Dream" and "Why Jesus Called A Man A Fool".[98][99] "This I Love" is a song dating back to 1992 that Rose called "the heaviest thing I've written".[100] The song is a piano ballad with Rose singing to a former lover.[93] "Prostitute" is another orchestral lined power ballad that features the lyrics "Ask yourself, Why I would choose, To prostitute myself, To live with fortune and shame".[81][93] According to early producer Youth, Rose 'labored' over the song due to past successes weighing heavily on him.[101]

Controversy and lawsuits[edit]

Leak by Kevin Cogill[edit]

Music blogger Kevin Cogill posted several tracks of Chinese Democracy on his website in June 2008. The website server crashed shortly after the leak because of the high user traffic, and the tracks were removed later. In August, the FBI arrested Cogill for pre-releasing copyrighted material.[102] In October he agreed to plead guilty for misdemeanor, and spent two months under house arrest. In 2014, Cogill revealed that he could not be charged for pre-releasing copyrighted material, because the court could not prove that the album was being prepared for commercial distribution.[103]

Dr Pepper promotion[edit]

On March 26, 2008, various media outlets reported that Dr Pepper would offer a free can of Dr Pepper to everyone in America —excluding former Guns N' Roses guitarists Buckethead and Slash— if the band released Chinese Democracy in 2008.[104][105] Later on March 26, Rose replied to Dr Pepper on Guns N' Roses' official website and spoke of his surprise at Dr Pepper's support. Rose also said he would share his Dr Pepper with Buckethead as "some of Buckethead's performances are on Chinese Democracy".[106] After it was announced that the album would be released in 2008, Dr Pepper confirmed that it would uphold its pledge.[107] However, Dr Pepper's online distribution of free coupons upon the album's release November 23, 2008 proved less than adequate. Lawyers for the band threatened Dr Pepper's parent company with a lawsuit just two days after the album's release. In a letter to Dr Pepper, Rose's lawyer Alan Gutman said "The redemption scheme your company clumsily implemented for this offer was an unmitigated disaster which defrauded consumers and, in the eyes of vocal fans, ruined Chinese Democracy's release."[108] Rose's lawyer also demanded that the company make a full-page apology that would appear in The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, The New York Times and The Los Angeles Times.[109][110] Later, in an online interview with a fan message forum, Rose stated he specifically told his lawyers it was a non-issue and was taken off-guard by their actions. He believed they should be focused on the record release.[111]

Censorship in the People's Republic of China[edit]

The album is banned in the People's Republic of China, due to perceived criticism in its title track of the Government of the People's Republic of China and reference to the Falun Gong.[112] The Chinese government said through media that it "turns its spear point on China".[113][114]

Schnauss lawsuit[edit]

In October 2009, electronic musician Ulrich Schnauss's record labels, Independiente and Domino, sued Guns N' Roses, alleging that the band had committed copyright infringement by using portions of his compositions in the song "Riad 'n the Bedouins".[115] The suit alleges that the portions used were from Schnauss' 2001 Wherever You Are and 2003 A Strangely Isolated Place. Brian Caplan, attorney for Domino, stated that they first contacted the Geffen label on February 26. The label "attempted to explain [the samples] away", Caplan told the New York Daily News "They tried to justify it."[116] Guns N' Roses vigorously denied the allegations. Guns N' Roses manager Irving Azoff stated that "The snippets of 'ambient noise' in question were provided by a member of the album's production team who has assured us that these few seconds of sound were obtained legitimately." Going further, he added "While the band resents the implication that they would ever use another artist's work improperly and are assessing possible counterclaims, they are confident this situation will be satisfactorily resolved." The two labels are seeking $1 million in damages against Geffen for the unauthorized use of the composition samples.[117]

Azoff lawsuit and countersuit[edit]

In May 2010, former manager Irving Azoff's company Front Line Management sued Rose over unpaid concert fees.[118][119][120] Shortly afterwards, Rose filed a $5 million counter-lawsuit against Azoff, claiming among others that Azoff 'sabotaged' the release of Chinese Democracy.[121][122] The suit claimed Azoff had "purposefully spoiled the Chinese Democracy album art, botched a sales deal with Best Buy, and even leaked songs online."[123] The lawsuit was settled "to the mutual satisfaction of the parties" in 2011.[124][125]

Commercial performance[edit]

The album was initially released November 22, 2008, in Germany,[126] Switzerland,[127] and Austria.[128] It was released on November 23, 2008, worldwide, except in the United Kingdom, where it was released on November 24, 2008.[129] Chinese Democracy debuted at number three on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 261,000 copies in its first week, well below expectations.[130][131][132][133] The album also debuted at #2 on the UK Albums Chart.[134] Second Week sales dropped significantly in the United States, dropping from no. 3 to no. 18 on the Billboard chart, a 78 percent drop.[135] After selling 21,000 copies it's sixth week charting at no. 30, the album was certified Gold by the RIAA, passing the 500,000 shipped mark on January 7, 2009.[136] Chinese Democracy was certified Platinum by the RIAA on February 3, 2009, having shipped one million copies in the United States.[137][138] The album placed 55th on the 2009 Billboard 200 Year End charts.[139]

The album secured an IFPI European Platinum Award, having sold more than one million copies in Europe,[140][141] and had sold 2.6 million units worldwide as of February 2009, according to Universal Music.[138] The album also reached triple platinum certification in Canada, as well as platinum certifications in many other countries, including Finland, the Czech Republic, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.[142] It was certified gold in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Sweden, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Brazil, and Colombia.[142] After Best Buy clearanced the album for $2 in April 2011, it re-entered the US Billboard 200 again in the week ending April 3, 2011, selling 3,200 copies, enough for the 198th position. At that date, the album had sold 614,000 copies in the US according to Nielsen Soundscan.[143] In the UK, it has sold 365,899 copies as of July 2014.[144]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4/5 stars[98]
The A.V. Club A–[145]
Robert Christgau B+[146]
The Guardian 3/5 stars[147]
Mojo 3/5 stars[148]
Pitchfork Media 5.8/10[149]
Q 2/5 stars[150]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[81]
Slant Magazine 2.5/5 stars[151]
Spin 7/10[77]

Chinese Democracy received generally positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 64, based on 28 reviews.[152] Los Angeles Times writer Ann Powers called it "a test for contemporary ears", but ultimately viewed it as "a cyborgian blend of pop expressiveness, traditional rock bravado and Brian Wilson-style beautiful weirdness".[84] Chuck Klosterman, writing for The A.V. Club, reacted positively to the vocals and guitar parts, but critized some production elements.[145] Rolling Stone writer David Fricke commended Rose's unrestrained approach and called it "a great, audacious, unhinged and uncompromising hard-rock record."[81] Rolling Stone later ranked the album number 12 on its year-end list of 2008's best albums.[153] MSN Music's Robert Christgau said that Rose succeeds on "his own totally irrelevant terms" and asserted, "Since he's no longer capable of leading young white males astray, this effort isn't just pleasurable artistically. It's touching on a human level."[146] Sputnikmusic praised the album as more consistent than previous albums.[78] In a 2015 look back, Artistdirect called the album a "timeless work of art" and a "rock ‘n' roll epic of the highest order".[154] In a mixed review, Chicago Tribune writer Greg Kot found Axl Rose's production over-embellished.[155] Kitty Empire, writing for The Observer, accused Rose of "cribbing" from the industrial rock of Nine Inch Nails.[76] The New York Times writer Jon Pareles described the album as 'a transitional album'.[156] Rock biographer Stephen Davis was more vitriolic and named Chinese Democracy "the worst album ever".[157]

Duff McKagan praised the album, saying that "Axl sounds amazing" and "I think Axl's finally made the record he always wanted to".[158] Slash reacted positively to the title track, stating "That sounds cool. It's good to hear Axl's voice again, y'know?"[159] When the album was released, Slash responded by saying "It's a really good record. It's very different from what the original Guns N' Roses sounded like, but it's a great statement by Axl... It's a record that the original Guns N' Roses could never possibly make. And at the same time it just shows you how brilliant Axl is."[160] In a later interview, Slash stated the album was "exactly what I thought it would sound like," with many synthesizers and digital augmentations.[161] Izzy Stradlin, soon after the album was released, said "I have listened to some tracks off the record and I enjoyed them" and "I like what I've heard."[162][163] Steven Adler said he "didn't like the album, not one bit."[164] Gilby Clarke stated "I think it's a really good record — I honestly do. I think it's a great record... Knowing what I know what direction he wanted to take the band, I think he hit the nail on the head; I think he did a great job"[165] Matt Sorum called the album a 'toe-tapper'.[166] Early Guns N' Roses guitarist Tracii Guns said he thought the album was "over-indulgent, sterile and not that exciting."[167]

The album was nominated for the Juno Award for International Album of the Year in 2009, losing to Coldplay's Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends [168][169] The song "If The World" was nominated for "Best Original Song" at the 13th Satellite Awards, losing to Another Way to Die.[170]

Track listing[edit]

Songwriting credits via ASCAP.

All lyrics written by Axl Rose

No. Title Music Length
1. "Chinese Democracy"   Rose, Josh Freese, Paul Tobias, Tommy Stinson, Dizzy Reed, Robin Finck, Caram Costanzo, Eric Caudieux 4:43
2. "Shackler's Revenge"   Rose, Finck, Buckethead, Caram Costanzo, Bryan Mantia, Pete Scaturro 3:37
3. "Better"   Rose, Robin Finck 4:58
4. "Street of Dreams"   Rose, Finck, Reed, Stinson, Tobias 4:46
5. "If the World"   Rose, Chris Pitman 4:54
6. "There Was a Time"   Rose, Tobias, Reed, Stinson 6:41
7. "Catcher in the Rye"   Rose, Stinson, Reed, Finck, Tobias 5:53
8. "Scraped"   Rose, Buckethead, Costanzo 3:30
9. "Riad N' the Bedouins"   Rose, Finck, Reed, Stinson, Tobias 4:10
10. "Sorry"   Rose, Buckethead, Mantia, Scaturro 6:14
11. "I.R.S."   Rose, Tobias, Reed 4:28
12. "Madagascar"   Rose, Pitman, Martin Luther King, Jr. 5:38
13. "This I Love"   Rose 5:34
14. "Prostitute"   Rose, Finck, Tobias 6:15
Total length:
71:18

Personnel[edit]

Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes.[171]

Chart positions[edit]

Chart (2008) Peak position
European Top 100[172] 1
Argentina Albums Chart[173] 1
Canadian Albums Chart[174] 1
Finnish Albums Chart[175] 1
New Zealand Albums Chart[176] 1
Polish Albums Chart[177] 1
Slovene Albums Chart[178] 1
Swiss Albums Chart[172] 1
Taiwanese G-music Western Chart[179] 1
UK Albums Chart[134] 2
German Albums Chart[172] 2
Norwegian Albums Chart[172] 2
U.S. Billboard 200[132] 3
Australian Albums Chart[180] 3
Austrian Albums Chart[172] 3
Irish Albums Chart[181] 3
Israeli Albums Chart[182] 3
Italian Albums Chart[183] 3
Japanese Oricon Albums Chart[184] 3
Belgian Albums Chart[185] 2
Dutch Albums Chart[186] 4
Hungarian Albums Chart[172] 4
Mexican Albums Chart[187] 3
Russian Albums Chart[188] 4
Swedish Albums Chart[172] 4
Danish Albums Chart[189] 7
Portuguese Albums Chart[172] 9
French Albums Chart[172] 5
Greek Albums Chart[190] 10

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (2009) Position
Swiss Albums Chart[191] 89
U.S. Billboard 200[139] 55
Canadian Albums Chart[192] 15

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