Freeway 3 (Taiwan)

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TWHW3.svg

Freeway 3
Formosa Freeway
Route information
Maintained by Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau
Length: 430.5 km (267.5 mi)
Existed: January 19th, 1993 – present
Major junctions
North end: PH 2 in Keelung
 
South end: Dapengwan National Scenic Area in Linbian
Location
Counties: Keelung, New Taipei, Taipei,
Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Miaoli, Taichung, Changhua, Nantou, Yunlin, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung
Highway system

Highway system in Taiwan

Fwy. 2 Fwy. 4
Freeway 3

Freeway No. 3 (Chinese: 國道三號), also known as Formosa Freeway, is the second North-South freeway in Taiwan. It begins in Keelung City at Jijin Interchange on the Provincial Highway No. 2 (Jijin Road) and ends in Linbian, Pingtung on the Provincial Highway No. 17.

The total length of the highway is 430.5 km (267.5 mi), with 55 interchanges, 13 junctions, 11 toll stations, and 7 service areas en route. Aside from the 55 public interchanges, there are also some interchanges reserved for governmental usage.

Naming[edit]

Freeways in Taiwan are officially coded "Freeways" with their respective numbers. By this principle, Freeway No. 3 is coded Freeway No. 3 (國道三號) in official documents or on road signs. Besides the numeric name, on 1 November 2004 it was named the Formosa Freeway (福爾摩沙高速公路) in a naming competition; however, its old alias Second Freeway (第二高速公路 or 北二高) is more popular among the road users.

Form[edit]

This freeway is actually a bypass form. It was mostly routed through suburban and rural areas of Western Taiwan. Various expressways and east-west freeways link Freeway 3 with urban areas typically served by Freeway 1. The purpose of this freeway is to inspire the economic activities in the rural area.

History[edit]

The original plan was only intended to build a second freeway between Taipei and Hsinchu. The construction began in 1987. Tucheng IC - Sanying IC was opened in January 1993, followed by Zhonghe IC to Hsinchu SIC in August 1993. Extension from Hsinchu SIC to Xiangshan IC was finished in February 1996. In March 1996, Xizhi SIC - Muzha IC was opened. The final phrase of the north section was Muzha IC. - Zhonghe IC, which was completed in August 1997. The extension between Xizhi SIC and Jijin IC completed in August 2000.

The construction of the freeway south of Hsinchu City began in 1993. In February 2000, Xinhua JCT. - Jiuru IC. was open for the traffic. It was followed by Douliu IC - Xinhua JCT. In November 2001, Xiangshan IC. - Zhunan IC in December 2001, Zhunan IC - Houlong IC in May 2002, Caotun IC - Douliu IC in June 2002, Zhonggang SIC - Longjing IC in October 2002, and Houlong IC - Zhonggang JCT., Kuaiguan IC - Caotun IC in January 2003. The entire project was completed in January 2004 when Longjing IC - Kuaiguan IC was opened.

2010 landslide[edit]

On April 25, 2010, a landslide occurred on a segment of Highway 3 near Xizhi. A large amount of dirt buried both directions of the freeway. Four cars were buried under the debris, killing four people.[1] Bad hillside anchoring was blamed as a possible cause, as it had not been raining at the time of the collapse, and an earthquake was not registered.

Repairs to the freeway were completed on June 19, 2010 and normal traffic flow restored.[2]

Exit list[edit]




County Location km[3] mi Exit Name Destinations Notes
Keelung City Anle District 0.0 0.0 0 Jijin PH 2 – Keelung, Wanli
Qidu District 2.4 1.5 2 Madong System PH 62 – Ruifang, Dapu
New Taipei City Xizhi 10.9 6.8 10 Xizhi System Fwy. 1 – Xizhi, Wudu, Neihu
12.2 7.6 12 Xintai 5th Road PH 5 – Xizhi, Nangang
14.9 9.3 14 Nangang Huandong Blvd., Nangang
Taipei City Nangang 16.4 10.2 16 Nangang System Fwy. 5 – Shiding, Yilan
16.7 10.4 16 Nanshen Rd. Nanshen Rd. Northbound entrance only
Wenshan 20.7 12.9 20 Muzha Fwy. 3a – Muzha, Taipei, Shenkeng
25 16 Muzha Rest Stop (Northbound access only)
New Taipei City Xindian 26.8 16.7 26 Xindian Zhongxing Rd.- Xindian
31.1 19.3 31 Ankeng CR 110 – Ankeng, Xindian, Taipei
Zhonghe 35.8 22.2 35 Zhonghe PH 64 – Zhonghe, Banqiao
Tucheng 42.8 26.6 42 Tucheng PH 65 / PH 3 – Tucheng, Banqiao
Sanxia 50 31 50 Sanying CR 110 – Sanxia, Yingge
Yingge 54.6 33.9 54 Yingge System Fwy. 2 – Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Bade
Taoyuan City Daxi 62.7 39.0 62 Daxi PH 66 / PH 3 – Cihu Mausoleum, Daxi, Zhongli, Pingzhen
Longtan 68.4 42.5 68 Longtan CR 113B – Longtan
Hsinchu County Guanxi 76.8 47.7 Guanxi Service Area
79.4 49.3 79 Guanxi CR 118 – Guanxi, Xinpu
Qionglin 90.6 56.3 90 Zhulin CR 120 – Zhudong, Qionglin
Baoshan 96.2 59.8 Baoshan Rest Area (Southbound access only)
98.7 61.3 98 Baoshan Sanfeng Rd., Daya Rd.- Baoshan, Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park
100.5 62.4 100 Hsinchu System Fwy. 1 – Hsinchu, Toufen
Hsinchu City Xiangshan District 103.0 64.0 103 Jiadong CR 117 – Hsinchu
109.6 68.1 109 Xiangshan PH 1 / PH 13 – Xiangshan, Toufen, Zhunan
Miaoli County Zhunan 115.2 71.6 115 Xibin PH 61
119.3 74.1 119 Zhunan PH 1F / PH 61 – Zhunan
Houlong 124.9 77.6 124 Dashan Zaoqiao, Dashan
130.9 81.3 130 Houlong PH 6 – Houlong, Miaoli
Xihu 134.3 83.5 Xihu Service Area
Tongxiao 144.5 89.8 144 Tongxiao CR 128 – Tongluo, Tongxiao
Yuanli 156.8 97.4 156 Yuanli CR 140 – Sanyi, Yuanli
Taichung City Waipu 164.2 102.0 164 Waipu CR 132 – Waipu, Dajia
Qingshui 169.4 105.3 169 Zhonggang System Fwy. 4 – Shengang, Qingshui
172.5 107.2 Qingshui Service Area
Shalu 176.1 109.4 176 Shalu PH 10 – Daya, Shalu
Longjing 182.7 113.5 182 Longjing CR 136 – Longjing, Taichung
Changhua County Hemei 191.5 119.0 191 Hemei PH 61B / CR 134a – Hemei, Shengang
Changhua 196.8 122.3 196 Changhua System Fwy. 1 – Taichung, Changhua
202.5 125.8 202 Kuaiguan PH 74 / PH 74a – Taichung, Changhua
Taichung City Wuri 207.6 129.0 207 Wuri CR 127 – Wuri
Wufeng 209.3 130.1 209 Zhongtou PH 63 – Dali, Taichung
211.5 131.4 211 Wufeng PH 74 / PH 3 – Wufeng
214.2 133.1 214 Wufeng System Fwy. 6 – Guoxing, Puli
Nantou County Caotun 217.5 135.1 217 Caotun PH 14 – Caotun, Fenyuan
222.7 138.4 222 Zhongxing System PH 76 – Yuanlin
224.9 139.7 224 Zhongxing PH 3 / PH 14B – Nantou, Zhongxing New Village
Nantou 228 142 228 Nantou PH 3a – Nantou, Zhongliao
231.3 143.7 Nantou Service Area
Mingjian 237 147 237 Mingjian PH 3 – Mingjian, Jiji
Zhushan 243.6 151.4 243 Zhushan PH 3 – Zhushan, Lugu
Yunlin County Douliu 260 160 260 Douliu PH 3 – Douliu, Linnei
Gukeng 269.3 167.3 269 Gukeng System PH 78 – Gukeng, Douliu
276.8 172.0 Nantou Service Area
Chiayi County Dalin 279.6 173.7 279 Meishan CR 162 – Meishan, Dalin
Zhuqi 290 180 290 Zhuqi CR 159 / CR 166 – Zhuqi, Minxiong, Chiayi
Zhongpu 297.6 184.9 297 Zhongpu PH 18 – Zhongpu, Chiayi
Shuishang 300.9 187.0 300 Shuishang System PH 82 – Shuishang
Tainan City Baihe 311.6 193.6 311 Baihe CR 172 – Dongshan, Baihe
Dongshan 319 198 Dongshan Service Area
Liuying 322 200 322 Liuying CR 165 – City Road 110, Dongshan, Liuying
Liujia 329.7 204.9 329 Wushantou City Road 116, CR 165, Guantian, Liujia
Guantian 334.9 208.1 334 Guantian System PH 84 – Guantian, Yujing, Danei
Shanhua 340.2 211.4 340 Shanhua CR 178 – Shanhua, Shanshang
Xinhua 346.9 215.6 346 Xinhua System Fwy. 8 – Xinhua, Tainan
350 220 Xinhua Rest Area
Guanmiao 357 222 357 Guanmiao PH 86 / PH 19a – Guanmiao, Guiren
363 226 Guanmiao Service Area
Kaohsiung City Tianliao 369.5 229.6 369 Tianliao PH 28 – Tianliao, Alian
Yanchao 383 238 383 Yanchao System Fwy. 10 – Qishan, Kaohsiung
Pingtung County Jiuru 391.6 243.3 391 Jiuru PH 3 – Jiuru, Ligang, Pingtung
Changzhi 400.2 248.7 400 Changzhi PH 24 – Changzhi, Sandimen
Linluo 407.3 253.1 407 Linluo PH 1 – Linluo, Neipu, Pingtung
Zhutian 415.2 258.0 415 Zhutian System PH 88 – Zhutian, Kaohsiung
Kanding 421.2 261.7 415 Kanding Kanding Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Nanzhou 424.5 263.8 424 Nanzhou CR 187B – Nanzhou, Xinpi
Linbian 430.5 267.5 430 Linbian PH 17 – Linbian, Donggang
431.5 268.1 431 Dapengwan End Dapengwan National Scenic Area
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Major cities that have exit along the route[edit]

Muzha IC and Maokong Gondola in Taipei.

Intersections with other freeways and expressways[edit]

Lanes[edit]

The lanes in each direction are listed below.

  • 4 lanes:
    • Zhonghe IC. - Yingge JCT.
    • Wufeng IC. - Nantou IC.
  • 3 lanes:
    • Jijin IC. - Zhonghe IC.
    • Yingge JCT. - Wufeng IC.
    • Nantou IC. - Jiuru IC.
  • 2 lanes:
    • Jiuru IC. - Linbian End

Spur routes[edit]

Taipei City - Freeway No. 3A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 北二高走山 4人罹難 (in Chinese). Central News Agency. 2010-04-28. 
  2. ^ 國道3號3.1公里崩塌路段6月19日12時恢復主線雙向3車道通行 (in Chinese). Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. 2010-06-18. 
  3. ^ "Freeway No. 3 – Distances of facilities (interchanges, service areas)". Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 

Coordinates: 24°5′50″N 120°36′0″E / 24.09722°N 120.60000°E / 24.09722; 120.60000