Fujimorism

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Alberto Fujimori, former president of Peru

The term Fujimorism or (the Spanish term also used in English language texts) Fujimorismo denotes the policies and the political ideology of former president of Peru Alberto Fujimori, as well as the personality cult built around him and his policies.

History[edit]

The lack of stable political-party system in Peru, as well as in other countries of Latin America has led many times to the emergence in the political arena of strong personalities without overt ideological affiliations.[1] In Peru in the 1980s, the "surprise" 1990 election of Alberto Fujimori to the office of the President led to a constitutional crisis in 1992, followed by "extraordinary measures" ostensibly directed against domestic terrorists.

In terms of the decision-making process, a logic of closed and isolated decision-making at the top became the major characteristic of Fujimori governance.[2] The principal foundations of the regime were staunch anti-communism, forceful anti-terrorist actions, pro-free market policies, and disregard for political institutions.[3]

Following Alberto Fujimori's fall from power, his self-exile to Japan, his extradition back to Peru and his subsequent trial & imprisonment, there emerged political parties that proclaim to follow his "legacy". The most prominent of these political formations is Popular Force (Fuerza Popular), led by the former president's daughter Keiko Fujimori, a presidential candidate in 2011 and again in 2016.

Self-proclaimed Fujimorist parties and electoral coalitions include Cambio 90, Sí Cumple, Peru 2000, Alliance for the Future (2006–10) and Popular Force (since 2010).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mainwaring (2006)
  2. ^ Lawson (2010) p.186
  3. ^ Lawson (2010) pp.185-190

References[edit]