Garda National Economic Crime Bureau

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Garda National Economic Crime Bureau
Agency overview
Formed April 1, 1996; 22 years ago (1996-04-01)
Preceding agency
  • Fraud Squad, Central Detective Unit
Jurisdiction Ireland
Headquarters Harcourt Square, Dublin, Ireland
Agency executive
Parent agency Garda Síochána

The Garda National Economic Crime Bureau (GNECB) (formerly Garda Bureau of Fraud Investigation/GBFI) – informally known as the Fraud Squad – is a specialised division of Ireland's national police force, the Garda Síochána, that investigates economic crimes. The Bureau operates as part of the Garda Special Crime Operations branch, and works alongside other sections of the force, as well as the external Office of the Director of Corporate Enforcement (ODCE), an agency tasked with investigating white-collar crime. The Economic Crime Bureau is responsible for the investigation of serious financial fraud and corruption. It was established in April 1996 and is based at Harcourt Square, Dublin 2. The GNECB is headed by an officer of Detective Chief Superintendent rank, who reports to the Assistant Commissioner of Special Crime Operations.[1]

The Economic Crime Bureau investigates serious and complex cases of commercial fraud, money laundering, terrorist financing, cheque and payment card fraud, counterfeit currency, advance fee fraud, bribery and corruption and breaches of the Companies Acts and competition law.[2][3] As an investigative unit, all members are experienced investigators, and include trained financial, legal and specialists, such as forensic accountants.[4]

The GNECB is divided into a number of operational units with a Detective Superintendent or Detective Inspector in charge of each specialist area;

  • Assessment Unit
  • Serious Economic Crime Investigation Unit
  • Anti-Corruption Unit
  • Money Laundering Investigation Unit (MLIU)
  • Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU)
  • Payment Crime and Counterfeit Currency Investigation Unit
  • Corporate Enforcement Unit (GNECB detectives are seconded to the Director of Corporate Enforcement)[1]

Until 1 September 2016, the Garda Cyber Crime Bureau (GCCB) was housed within the National Economic Crime Bureau, including its time as the Computer Crime Investigation Unit. However it was subsequently constituted as a separate Bureau within the Special Crime Operations section of An Garda Síochána, with oversight by the Detective Chief Superintendent of the GNECB. The Bureau is headed by a Detective Superintendent and is responsible for the investigation of cybercrime and cyber related crime, and for the provision of a computer forensic service to An Garda Síochána and other State agencies.

The Economic Crime Bureau focuses on major and complex economic crime based on the following criteria; monetary loss, investigations involving a significant international dimension, investigations concerning widespread public concern, investigations requiring specialised knowledge and investigations involving complex issues of law or procedure.[1] The Bureau's responsibility includes the gathering of information and financial intelligence (FININT) for the force and Irish government, extending to terrorism financing,[5][6] and proactively detecting and preventing fraud through sting operations.[7]

As part of European Union (EU) counter-terrorism initiatives on tackling Islamic extremism and jihadism, the Garda Computer Crime Investigation Unit monitors suspects in Ireland and outside the jurisdiction using the internet to distribute propaganda such as videos linked to terror groups, especially the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Online chat rooms and forums used by extremists to target and recruit vulnerable young people, particularly teenagers and young men, are also kept under observation by the Garda Computer Crime Unit.[8]

The GNECB works particularly closely with the Office of the Director of Corporate Enforcement, Revenue Commissioners, Criminal Assets Bureau (CAB) and internally with the Garda National Bureau of Criminal Investigation (NBCI) relating to investigations concerning issues such as monetary fraud, suspicious transaction reports (STR), racketeering, embezzlement, corruption and bribery.[9][10][11][12] The GNECB is a member of the Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Garda Bureau of Fraud Investigation". An Garda Síochána. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Garda Crime Prevention Advice" (PDF). Garda Bureau of Fraud Investigation (GBFI). Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  3. ^ O’Keeffe, Cormac (3 March 2006). "Few prosecuted for money laundering". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "CAB to lead anti-terrorism efforts here". The Irish Times. 28 September 2001. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Terrorist Financing Explained". Central Bank of Ireland. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Criminal Justice (Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) Act 2010 Training" (PDF). Professional Insurance Brokers Association (PIBA). Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Guide to Fraud Prevention" (PDF). GBFI. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Breen, Stephen (15 July 2015). "Gardai arrest Islamic State suspect before trip to Syria". The Sun. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Ryan, Philip (9 November 2014). "Fine Gael politician at centre of Garda planning fraud probe". Irish Independent. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Unit (AMLCU)". The Department of Justice and Equality. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Reporting Obligations - Republic of Ireland". Chartered Accountants Regulatory Board (CARB). Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Lally, Conor (29 January 2015). "Firearms and cash seized in major gardaí operation". The Irish Times. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "List of Members of The Egmont Group". The Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units. Archived from the original on 28 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 

External links[edit]