Liberal Party of Gibraltar

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Liberal Party of Gibraltar
Leader Joseph Garcia
Founded 1991 (1991)
Preceded by National Party of Gibraltar
Headquarters 95 Irish Town, Gibraltar
Ideology Liberalism[1][2]
Social liberalism[1]
Political position Centre
National affiliation GSLP–Liberal Alliance
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
International affiliation Liberal International
Colours Red and white
UK affiliation Liberal Democrats
Parliament
3 / 17
Website
www.liberal.gi
Coat of Arms of the Government of Gibraltar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Gibraltar

The Liberal Party of Gibraltar (Libs) is a liberal[1] political party in Gibraltar. It was founded in 1991[3] as the Gibraltar National Party[3] and is led by Dr. Joseph Garcia.

Policy[edit]

In line with most liberal parties, the party describe their political philosophy as being based on notions of people deciding their own future, and are committed to Gibraltarian self-determination regarding constitutional arrangements.[4]

The party believes in "freedom, responsibility, tolerance, social justice and equality of opportunity: these are the central values of liberalism, and they remain the principles on which an open society must be built. These principles require a careful balance of strong civil societies, democratic government, free markets, and international cooperation".[5]

The party makes its stance on economic policy very clear, stating that "open societies need open markets. A liberal, open and tolerant society requires a market economy. Political freedom and economic freedom belong together".[6]

Elections[edit]

In the 1992 election to the Gibraltar House of Assembly, the party (as the GNP) won 4.7%% of the popular vote and no seats.[7]

In the 1996 election the GNP won 4.68% of the popular vote and no seats.[8]

In the 1999 by-election, following the death of GSLP Opposition MP Robert Mor, Liberal Party leader Dr. Joseph Garcia won 51.46% of the popular vote and the seat. He was the first joint GSLP/Liberal candidate to contest an election.[9]

In the 2000 election the party won (in alliance with the GSLP) 14.95% of the popular vote and 2 seats.[10]

In the 2003 election the party won (in alliance with the GSLP) 14.61% of the popular vote and 2 seats.[11]

In the 2007 election to the newly named (and re-organized) Gibraltar Parliament, the party won (in alliance with the GSLP) 13.65% of the popular vote and 3 seats.[12]

In the 2011 election, the party won (in alliance with the GSLP) 14.64% of the popular vote and 3 seats forming the new Government of Gibraltar.[13]

In the 2013 by-election, following the death of Housing Minister Charles Bruzon (GSLP), the Liberal Party backed the GSLP candidate Albert Isola, who has won 49.84% of the popular vote to fill in the vacant seat.[14]

In the 2015 election, the party won (in alliance with the GSLP) 20.61% of the popular vote and 3 seats.[15]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Gibraltar[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes^
 % of
overall vote^
# of
overall seats won^
±^
1992 (known as the 'Gibraltar National Party (GNP)') 2,158 4.7
0 / 15
New
1996 (as the 'GNP') 5,932 4.68
0 / 15
Steady
1999 (by-election; in alliance with the 'GSLP')* 4,395 51.47
1 / 1
1 / 15
Increase 1
2000 (in alliance with the 'GSLP') 17,286 14.95
2 / 15
Increase 1
2003 (in alliance with the 'GSLP') 16,538 14.61
2 / 15
Steady
2007 (in alliance with the 'GSLP') 21,120 13.65
3 / 17
Increase 1
2011 (in alliance with the 'GSLP') 25,590 14.64
3 / 17
Steady
2015 (in alliance with the 'GSLP') 30,399 20.61
3 / 17
Steady
^Each of these numbers are only based on how the Liberal Party of Gibraltar performed in each [individual] election.
*The 1999 by-election in Gibraltar was to fill in a seat vacated by then-GSLP MP, Robert Mor, who died that year. Hence, the composition bar on this row would only signify whether or not a member of a particular political party has won the seat. If that particular member had won the seat, then the entire bar would be colored in.

Affiliations[edit]

The Liberal Party of Gibraltar is a member of the Liberal International[16] and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe,[17] having joined the latter in November 2014.[18] It is also a 'Sister Party' of the United Kingdom Liberal Democrats and contests the South-West England constituency at European Parliamentary elections on a joint ticket with them taking place six on the party list.[19][20]

Current LPG MPs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ http://www.theolivepress.es/spain-news/2011/10/24/gibraltar-election-fever/
  3. ^ a b Kellermann, Anja. A New New English: language, politics, and identity in Gibraltar. p. 34. 
  4. ^ "Liberal Party of Gibraltar - Our Liberal Values". Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  5. ^ http://liberal.gi/aims.php#values
  6. ^ http://liberal.gi/aims.php#challenge
  7. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/general_election_results_16_january_1992.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/general_election_results_16_may_1996.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/by_election_results_4_february_1999.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/general_election_results_10_february_2000.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/general_election_results_27_november_2003.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/general_election_results_11_october_2007.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/general_election_results_8_december_2011%20.pdf
  14. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/by_election_results_4_july_2013.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.parliament.gi/images/parliamentary_election_results/general_election_results_26_november_2015.pdf
  16. ^ Full members of the Liberal International
  17. ^ ALDE Party members
  18. ^ http://www.aldeparty.eu/en/news/gslp-liberals-win-general-election
  19. ^ "Sister Parties". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  20. ^ "European selection results – complete". Houston Chronicle. 1 December 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 

External links[edit]