July 1941

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The following events occurred in July 1941:

July 1, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 2, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The Germans and Romanians launched Operation München on the Eastern Front.
  • The German heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen was damaged while in the dock in Brest, France during an Allied air raid.[6]
  • China broke off diplomatic relations with Germany and Italy.[7]
  • Joe DiMaggio hit a home run off Dick Newsome of the Boston Red Sox to extend his hitting streak to 45 consecutive games and take sole possession of the major league record.[4][8]
  • The biographical film Sergeant York about the life of Alvin C. York was released, starring Gary Cooper in the title role.
  • The television show CBS Television Quiz premiered on the fledgling CBS Television network. It was the first live TV game show ever to be broadcast regularly.

July 3, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

July 4, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

July 5, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

July 6, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

July 7, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

  • The 13th Panzer Division reached Berdychiv.[11]
  • The U.S. 1st Marine Brigade arrived in Iceland and relieved the British garrison there.[6] President Roosevelt sent Congress a message explaining that the United States could not allow Germany to occupy Iceland because it would constitute a threat to Greenland, to shipping in the North Atlantic and to the steady flow of munitions to Britain which Congress had already freely approved as a matter of broad policy.[15]
  • Winston Churchill sent a letter to Stalin saying that there was "genuine admiration" in Britain for the "bravery and tenacity of the soldiers and the people" of the Soviet Union. Churchill also pledged, "We shall do everything to help you that time, geography and our growing resources allow."[16] Stalin was unimpressed by the vagueness of the letter and responded by asking for a formal agreement, since he wanted to ensure that Britain would not stand aside while Germany and the Soviet Union destroyed each other.[17]
  • The Uprising in Serbia began when Žikica Jovanović Španac urged a crowd in the village of Bela Crkva to resistance, then shot two policemen and escaped.[18]
  • The uprising in eastern Herzegovina was suppressed after two weeks.
  • On the fourth anniversary of the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Chiang Kai-shek sent a message to friendly nations asking for "close co-operation with one another" to fight the Axis because "the war in the Far East is no longer to be viewed as merely a conflict between two nations, for the European and Asiatic Wars have now become closely interrelated. Scarcely a single country remains unaffected because this predatory group of powers excludes no country from the scope of its design to dominate the world by force."[19]
  • Born: Michael Howard, politician, in Gorseinon, Wales; Bill Oddie, musician, orthinologist and member of The Goodies comedy troupe, in Rochdale, England

July 8, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 9, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 10, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

July 11, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

July 12, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

July 13, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

July 14, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

July 15, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 16, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 17, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

July 18, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Twin Pimples raid ended in British victory.
  • Stalin wrote to Churchill again saying, "It seems to me that the military position of the Soviet Union, as well as that of Great Britain, would be considerably improved if there could be established a front against Hitler in the West- Northern France, and in the North- the Arctic."[32]
  • Yōsuke Matsuoka was replaced as Japanese Foreign Minister and replaced by Teijirō Toyoda.

July 19, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

July 20, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Just after midnight a message from Churchill was read over the air by a mysterious "Col. V. Britton" (actually BBC news editor Douglas Ritchie) calling upon the people of Nazi-occupied Europe to mobilize under the V for Victory campaign. Citizens of occupied Europe within the broadcast's range were urged to chalk letter V's in public places and tap out the Morse Code version of the letter – three dots and a dash – to make known their confidence in Allied victory.[34]
  • 10th Panzer Division occupied Yelnya.[11]
  • Churchill wrote back to Stalin explaining that opening a new front in the west was presently out of the question. "To attempt a landing in force would be to encounter a bloody repulse, and petty raids would only lead to fiascos doing far more harm than good to both of us", Churchill wrote. "You must remember that we have been fighting alone for more than a year, and that, though our resources are growing, and will grow fast from now on, we are at the utmost strain both at home and in the Middle East by land and air, and also that the Battle of the Atlantic, on which our life depends, and the movement of all our convoys in the teeth of the U-boat and Fokke-Wulf blockade, strains our naval resources, great though they may be, to the utmost limit." Churchill did agree to conduct air and sea operations in the north to attack enemy shipping.[32]
  • The British submarine HMS Union was sunk in the Mediterranean southwest of Pantelleria by the Italian torpedo boat Circe.
  • Died: Lew Fields, 73 or 74, American vaudeville performer, theatre manager and producer

July 21, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

July 22, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 23, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 24, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

  • On the Eastern Front, Operation München ended in Axis victory.
  • Some 700 employees of the Alcan aluminum company went on strike in Arvida, Quebec, Canada. Since the industry had been classified as essential to the war effort, the strike was illegal.[39]
  • German submarines U-454 and U-580 were commissioned.
  • Died: Rudolf Ramek, 60, 6th Chancellor of Austria

July 25, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

July 26, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Britain followed the United States in imposing economic sanctions on Japan and freezing all Japanese assets in areas under their control.[26] Japan retaliated by freezing all U.S. and British assets in return.[42]
  • Douglas MacArthur was appointed to command U.S. forces in the Far East.[42]
  • The Nazis began to set up the Białystok Ghetto.
  • Frustrated by the need for provincial approval to deploy troops to end the Arvida strike, Canadian Munitions and Supply Minister C. D. Howe submitted his resignation to Prime Minister King. At a subsequent cabinet meeting Howe agreed to withdraw his resignation on the condition that he be granted powers to deal with such emergency situations.[43]
  • German submarines U-116 and U-134 were commissioned.
  • Died: Henri Lebesgue, 66, French mathematician

July 27, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

July 28, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

July 29, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Japan and Vichy France pledged military co-operation for joint defense of French Indochina.[46]
  • The Arvida strike ended when the Canadian government amended the Defence of Canada Regulations to allow the Minister of National Defence to call out troops to deal with labour disputes without requiring permission from municipal or provincial authorities. A subsequent royal commission concluded that while the strike was illegal, it was caused by workers' frustrations over salaries and working conditions rather than subversives as Munitions and Supply Minister C. D. Howe had claimed.[39][43]
  • Photographs of the Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich as a firefighter were taken in Leningrad. The photographs were published around the world as a symbol of Soviet determination.[26]
  • Born: Jennifer Dunn, politician, in Seattle, Washington (d. 2007); David Warner, actor, in Manchester, England
  • Died: James Stephenson, 52, British actor

July 30, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 31, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]


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