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1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.
Below, events of
World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
February 2 – WWII: In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end with the surrender of the German 6th Army.
February 3 – WWII: The Four Chaplains of the U.S. Army are among those drowned when their ship, , is struck by a German Dorchester torpedo in the North Atlantic.
February 5 – Lt. General Frank M. Andrews is selected to command the U.S. armies in Europe, while General Dwight D. Eisenhower is assigned command in North Africa. Andrews will serve only three months before dying in an airplane crash.
February 7 – WWII:
convoy SC 118 is attacked by U-boats, sinking eight ships.  In the United States, it is announced that shoe
rationing will go into effect in two days.
February 9 – WWII:
February 10 – March 3 – Mohandas Gandhi (under arrest by forces of the British Raj in Pune as a member of the Quit India Movement) keeps a hunger strike to protest at his imprisonment.
February 14 – WWII: Rostov-on-Don in Russia is liberated.
February 14– 17 – WWII: Battle of Sidi Bou Zid: In the Tunisia Campaign, German Panzer divisions commanded by Hans-Jürgen von Arnim are victorious over the United States Army.
February 16 – WWII: The Soviet Union reconquers Kharkov, but is later driven out in the Third Battle of Kharkov.
February 19– 24 – WWII: Battle of Kasserine Pass: German General Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps and other Axis forces launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia; it is the United States' first major battle defeat of the war. On February 22 an Anglo-American force halts the German advance near Thala, forcing the Germans to retreat, US bombers harass the retreating Panzers.
February 21 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy ON 166 is attacked by U-boats sinking eleven ships. 
February 22 – Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
February 23– 24 – Cavan Orphanage Fire: 35 girls and a cook from St Joseph's Orphanage, an industrial school at Cavan, Ireland, are killed in a fire in their dormitories. A subsequent inquiry absolves the Poor Clares of blame.
February 27 – Smith Mine disaster: an explosion at Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, United States kills 74 coal miners.
February 28 – Operation Gunnerside: 6 Norwegians led by Joachim Rønneberg successfully attack the heavy water plant at Vemork.
March – Publication in New York of exiled French aviator
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's self-illustrated children's novella , the all-time The Little Prince best-selling book originated in French. March–December –
History of computing hardware: Construction of British prototype Mark I Colossus computer, the world's first totally electronic programmable computing device, to assist in cryptanalysis of German signals at Bletchley Park. 
March 1 – Heinz Guderian becomes the Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.
March 1 – 2 – WWII: Koriukivka massacre – Mass murder of 6,700 inhabitants of Koriukivka in the Ukraine by a German SS unit.
March 2 – WWII: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
March 3 – 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green, London.
March 4 – The 15th Academy Awards ceremony is held in Los Angeles. wins the Mrs. Miniver Best Picture award.
March 4– 6 – WWII: Battle of Fardykambos – Greek partisans and armed civilians force the surrender of an Italian army battalion.
March 5 – The Gloster Meteor, the first operational military jet aircraft for the Allies, has its first test flight, in England.
March 9 – 10 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy SC 121 is attacked by U-boats sinking seven ships. 
March 9 – Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new government of Turkey (14th government; Şükrü Saracoğlu had served twice as a prime minister).
March 10 – Banco Bradesco is founded in Marília, São Paulo, Brazil.
March 12 – WWII: Italian occupation of Greece: The Italian occupying forces abandon the town of Karditsa to the partisans. On the same day, an Italian motorized column razes the village of Tsaritsani, burning 360 of its 600 houses and shooting 40 civilians.
March 13 – The Holocaust: Nazi German forces liquidate the Jews of the Kraków Ghetto in Occupied Poland.
March 14 – WWII: British submarine HMS is sunk off Thunderbolt Sicily by an Italian corvette, the second time this vessel has been lost with all hands.  
March 15 – WWII:
March 16 – 19 – WWII: 22 ships from Convoys HX 229/SC 122 and one U-boat are sunk in the largest North Atlantic U-boat " wolfpack" attack of the war.
March 17 ( Saint Patrick's Day) – Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, makes the speech " The Ireland That We Dreamed Of", commonly called the "comely maidens" speech, in Dublin Castle.
March 22 – WWII: Khatyn massacre – The entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by the German occupation forces.
March 23 – The drugs Vicodin and Lortab are first produced in Germany.
March 26 – WWII: Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands, the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese troops attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
March 27 – WWII: British Royal Navy escort carrier HMS is destroyed by an accidental explosion in the Dasher (D37) Firth of Clyde, killing 379 of the crew of 528.
March 28 – In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunition explodes in the port of Naples, killing 600.
March 31 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's opens on Oklahoma! Broadway, heralds a new era in "integrated" stage musicals, becomes an instantaneous stage classic, and goes on to be Broadway's longest-running musical up to that time (1948).
June (late) –
The Holocaust: The last trainload of Jewish prisoners is moved from Bełżec extermination camp in Occupied Poland (for gassing at Sobibór) and for the remainder of the year the Nazis make efforts to obliterate the site.  
June 1 – BOAC Flight 777, a DC-3 with registration G-AGBB (formerly KLM PH-ALI, Ibis), on a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by eight German Junkers Ju 88s; all 17 persons aboard perish, including the actor Leslie Howard. There is speculation that the downing is an attempt to kill the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, as the Germans may have had wrong information he was aboard.
June 3 – The Zoot Suit Riots erupt between military personnel and Mexican American youths in East Los Angeles. 
June 4 – A military coup d'état in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
June 8 – WWII: Japanese battleship is destroyed by an accidental magazine explosion in Mutsu Hashirajima anchorage
June 20 – 23 – The Detroit race riot of 1943 in the United States kills 34 people – 25 African Americans, nine whites – wounds hundreds more and damages and destroys property worth millions. 
June 21 – WWII: British saboteurs blow up the strategically significant railway viaduct at Asopos in Greece.
June 22 – WWII: The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division lands in North Africa, prior to training at Arzew, French Morocco.
June 30 – United States Civilian Conservation Corps abolished.
Wladyslaw Sikorski, Polish military and political leader of the Polish government in exile during World War 2
August 1 – Operation Tidal Wave: 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from the U.S. Army Air Force bomb oil refineries at Ploiești, Romania.
August 2 – WWII: John F. Kennedy's Motor Torpedo Boat is rammed by a destroyer. PT-109
August 4 – WWII: The aircraft carrier USS is launched at Intrepid (CV-11) Newport News, Virginia.
August 5 – WWII:
August 6 – WWII: Battle of Vella Gulf: Americans defeat a Japanese convoy off Kolombangara, as the U.S. Army drives the Japanese out of Munda airfield on New Georgia.
August 14 – WWII: Rome is declared an open city by the Italian government, with Italy offering to demilitarize the capital in return for an Allied agreement not to bomb the city further. 
August 14 – The Quadrant Conference begins in Quebec City; Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King meets with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
August 17 – WWII:
August 21 – Australian federal election, 1943: John Curtin's Labor Government defeats the Country/ UAP Coalition led by former Prime Minister Arthur Fadden. Labor achieves its greatest ever electoral result - including winning every seat except one outside of the eastern states. Notably, this election marked the first time that a woman has been elected to both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Fadden would step down from the Opposition leadership, handing over to Robert Menzies, who would go on to dissolve the UAP and form the Liberal Party shortly after.
August 23 – WWII: The Battle of Kursk ends with a serious strategic defeat for the German forces.
August 24 – WWII: – Heinrich Himmler is named Reichminister of the Interior in Germany .
August 26 – WWII: Lord Mountbatten named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia.
August 28 – WWII: King Boris III of Bulgaria dies under suspicious circumstances; his 6-year-old son, Simeon II (who would be elected in 2001 as Prime Minister under the name Simeon Sakskoburggotski), ascends to the throne.
August 29 – WWII: Occupation of Denmark – Germany dissolves the Danish government after it refuses to deal with a wave of strikes and disturbances to the satisfaction of the German authorities.
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
hand drawn and signed by the deputies of the Lebanese parliament, November 11, 1943. The
gains independence in November 1943.
November 1 – WWII: Operation Goodtime: United States Marines land on Bougainville Island in the Solomon Islands.
November 2 – WWII:
November 3 – Holocaust: As part of Operation Harvest Festival, the largest single day massacre of Jews in the entire war took place when over 43,000 Jews were shot-gunned to death by the SS.
November 5 WWII: First Bombing of the Vatican: Four bombs are dropped on the neutral Vatican City; the aircraft responsible is never certainly identified.
November 9 – Agreement for foundation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration signed by 44 countries in the White House, Washington, D.C.
November 10 – Execution of the Lübeck martyrs, four men of religion, for supposedly treasonable views.
November 14 – Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert over CBS Radio. The event receives front-page coverage in the following day. The New York Times
November 15 – Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies and "part-Gypsies" be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in Nazi concentration camps."
November 18 – WWII: Battle of Berlin – The British Royal Air Force opens its bombing campaign against Berlin with 440 planes causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators.
November 19 – The Holocaust: Inmates of Janowska concentration camp near Lwów (at this time in German-occupied Poland), stage a failed uprising, after which the SS liquidates the camp, resulting in at least 6,000 deaths.
November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands ( Kiribati from 1979) and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns.
November 22 – 26 – WWII: Cairo Conference ("Sextant") – President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill and Chairman of the National Government of China Chiang Kai-shek meet at Cairo in Egypt to discuss ways to defeat Japan in the Pacific War.
November 22 – Lebanon gains independence on ending of the French Mandate.
November 23 – The Deutsches Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin district of Charlottenburg is destroyed in an air raid (It is reopened in 1961 as the Deutsche Oper Berlin).
November 25 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George between Buka and New Ireland.
November 26 – WWII: British troopship HMT is sunk off the north African coast by a Rohna Luftwaffe Henschel Hs 293 radio controlled glide bomb killing 1015.  
November 28 – WWII: Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss war strategy. On November 30, they establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord.
November 29 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, to determine the post-war ordering of the country.
December [ edit ]
Date unknown [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
January 2 – Barış Manço, Turkish singer and television personality (d. 1999)
January 4 – Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
January 6 – Terry Venables, English football manager
January 7 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese atomic bomb sickness victim (d. 1955)
January 9 –
January 10 – Jim Croce, American surburbia musician (d. 1973)
January 11 – Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
January 13 – Richard Moll, American television actor
January 15 – Dame Margaret Beckett, British politician
January 16 - Peter T. Snowe, American politician and businessman (d. 1973)
January 17 – René Préval, 2nd Prime Minister of Haiti and 38th and 40th President of Haiti (d. 2017)
January 18 – Kay Granger, American politician
January 20 – Mel Hague, English singer and author
January 26 – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 2005)
January 28 – John Beck, American actor
February [ edit ]
February 2 – Erkan Geniş, Turkish artist
February 3 – Blythe Danner, American actress
February 4 – Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese politician
February 7 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
February 8 – Creed Bratton, American actor and musician
February 11 – Mohammad Rafiquzzaman, Bangladeshi lyricist
February 12 – Wacław Kisielewski, Polish pianist (d. 1986)
February 14 – Maceo Parker, American musician ( James Brown, P-Funk)
February 15 – Elke Heidenreich, German author, TV presenter and journalist
February 18 – Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian, and actor
February 21 – David Geffen, American record executive and film producer
February 22 – Horst Köhler, President of the Federal Republic of Germany
February 23 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach
February 24 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
February 25 – George Harrison, English singer and guitarist ( The Beatles) (d. 2001)
February 27 – Morten Lauridsen, American composer
February 28 – Donnie Iris, American rock singer and guitarist ( The Jaggerz, Wild Cherry, Donnie Iris and the Cruisers)
March 3 – Trond Mohn, Norwegian billionaire
March 5 – Lucio Battisti, Italian singer and songwriter (d. 1998)
March 8 – Lynn Redgrave, English actress (d. 2010)
March 12 – Ratko Mladic, Serbia military leader
March 13 – André Téchiné, French film director
March 14 – Anita Morris, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1994)
March 18 – Kevin Dobson, American actor
March 25 – Paul Michael Glaser, American actor
March 26 – Bob Woodward, American journalist
March 28 – Dharmasena Pathiraja, Sri Lankan film director and screenwriter (d. 2018)
April 2 – Caterina Bueno, Italian singer (d. 2007)
April 3 – Hikaru Saeki, Japanese admiral, the first female star officer of the Japan Self-Defense Forces
April 5 – Max Gail, American actor
April 8 – Miller Farr, American football player
April 11 – Harley Race, American professional wrestler
April 16 – Petro Tyschtschenko, German businessman
April 19 – Claus Theo Gärtner, German actor
April 20 – John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
April 21 – Napsiah Omar, Malaysian educator and politician (d. 2018)
April 22 – Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
April 24 – Richard Sterban, American singer ( The Oak Ridge Boys)
April 28 – John O. Creighton, American astronaut
April 29 – Sir Ian Kershaw, English historian
April 30 – Frederick Chiluba, Zambian politician, 2nd President of Zambia (d. 2011)
May 1 – Vassal Gadoengin, Nauruan politician (d. 2004)
May 5 – Michael Palin, English comedian and television presenter
May 6 – Grange Calveley, British writer and artist
May 8 – Danny Whitten, American musician (d. 1972)
May 10 – Richard (Dick) Darman, American federal government official and businessman
May 13 – Kurt Trampedach, Danish artist
May 17 – Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, King of Malaysia
May 22 – Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
May 25 – Jessi Colter, American singer and composer
May 26 – Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, politician and president of the Dutch Olympic Committee
May 29 – Ion Ciubuc, Moldovan politician (d. 2018)
May 30 – James Chaney, American civil rights worker (d. 1964)
June 2 – Ilayaraaja, Indian composer
June 3 – John Burgess, Australian game show host and actor
June 4 – Joyce Meyer, Christian author and speaker
June 6 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
June 8 – Colin Baker, British actor
June 13 – Malcolm McDowell, British actor
June 14 – Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician
June 16 – Joan Van Ark, American actress
June 18 – Barry Evans, English actor (d. 1997)
June 21 – Marika Green, French-Swedish actress
June 27 – Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player
August 2 – Max Wright, American actor
August 3 – Clarence Wijewardena, Sri Lankan musician (d. 1996)
August 4 – Barbara Saß-Viehweger, German politician, lawyer and civil law notary
August 4 – Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper
August 5 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005)
August 6 – Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (d. 1991)
August 9 – Ken Norton, American boxer and actor (d. 2013)
August 13 – Roberto Micheletti, President of Honduras
August 18 – Gianni Rivera, Italian footballer
August 20 – Sylvester McCoy, British actor
August 22 – Nahas Angula, Prime Minister of Namibia
August 27 – Tuesday Weld, American actress
August 29 – Arthur B. McDonald, Canadian astrophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate
August 31 – Leonid Ivashov, Russian general
September [ edit ]
September 5 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary (d. 2007)
September 7 – Lena Valaitis, Lithuanian-German Schlager singer
September 9 – Art LaFleur, American actor
September 13 – Mildred D. Taylor, American writer
September 14 – Irwin Goodman, Finnish singer (d. 1991)
September 16 – Oskar Lafontaine, German politician
September 19 – Joe Morgan, American Hall of Fame baseball player
September 22 – Toni Basil, American musician and video artist
September 28 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
September 29 – Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
October [ edit ]
October 1 – Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director
October 6 – Michael Durrell, American actor
October 7 – Oliver North, American military officer, military historian, political commentator, author and television host
October 11 – John Nettles, English actor and writer
October 15 – Penny Marshall, American actress, director and producer
October 16 – Paul Rose, Canadian terrorist
October 20 – Noreen Corcoran, American child actress and director (d. 2016)
October 22 – Catherine Deneuve, French actress
October 24 – Theodor Stolojan, 54th Prime Minister of Romania
October 27 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor
October 28 – Cornelia Froboess, German actress
October 29 – Don Simpson, American film producer, screenwriter, and actor (d. 1996)
October 31 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
November [ edit ]
November 1 – Jacques Attali, French economist
November 3 – Bert Jansch, Scottish folk musician (d. 2011)
November 8 – Martin Peters, British footballer
November 11 – Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
November 12 – Wallace Shawn, American actor
November 17 – Lauren Hutton, American actress and model
November 19 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
November 21 – Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
November 23 – Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo
November 26 – Marilynne Robinson, American writer
November 28 – Randy Newman, American musician
November 30 – Terrence Malick, American film director
December [ edit ]
December 11 – John Kerry, American politician, longtime Massachusetts Senator (1985–2013), 2004 Democratic nominee for president, and U.S. Secretary of State
December 13 – Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball player
December 13 – David W. Huff, Singer and guitarist of David and the Giants
December 15 – Lucien den Arend, Dutch sculptor
December 17 – Ron Geesin, British musician and songwriter ( Pink Floyd)
December 18 – Keith Richards, English rock guitarist and songwriter
December 20 – Jacqueline Pearce, English actress
December 21 – Jack Nance, American actor (d. 1996)
December 22 – Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist
December 25 – Hanna Schygulla, German actress
December 27 – Sam Hinds, 3-Time Prime Minister of Guyana
Date unknown [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
January 3 – Bid McPhee, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1859)
January 5 – George Washington Carver, American botanist (b. 1864)
January 7 – Nikola Tesla, Serbian-born American electrical engineer and inventor (b. 1856)
January 8 – Richard Hillary, Battle of Britain Spitfire, British pilot, author (b. 1919)
January 10 – Lewis Hall, American soldier (b. 1895)
January 11 – Agustín Pedro Justo, Argentinian military officer, diplomat and politician, 23rd President of Argentina (b. 1876)
January 12 – Jan Campert, Dutch journalist and writer ( Neuengamme concentration camp; b. 1902)
January 15 – Eric Knight, American author (b. 1897)
January 17 – Taj al-Din al-Hasani, Syrian politician, 6th Prime Minister of Syria and 6th President of Syria (b. 1885)
January 19 – William Pettigrew, British Christian missionary (b. 1869)
January 22 – Gyula Peidl, 23rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1873)
January 23 – Alexander Woollcott, American critic (b. 1887)
January 26 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian and Soviet botanist and geneticist (b. 1887)
February [ edit ]
February 1 – Foy Draper, American Olympic athlete (killed in action) (b. 1911)
February 2 – Alfred Cavendish, British general (b. 1859)
February 11 – Bess Houdini, American wife of Harry Houdini (b. 1876)
February 14 – David Hilbert, German mathematician (b. 1862)
February 15 – Charles Bennett, American actor (b. 1889)
February 16 – Paul Ranous Greever, American politician (b. 1891)
February 19 – Jan Piekałkiewicz, Polish economist, statistician and politician (b. 1892)
February 23 – Edward Heaton-Ellis, British army officer (b. 1868)
February 26 – Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official (killed in action) (b. 1892)
February 27 – Maria Josefa Karolina Brader, Swiss Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1860)
March 2 – Gisela Januszewska, Austrian physician (b. 1867)
March 3 – Rafael López Nussa, Puerto Rican physician (b. 1885)
March 6 – Jimmy Collins, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1870)
March 9 – Otto Freundlich, German painter and sculptor (b. 1878)
March 10 – Tully Marshall, American actor (b. 1864)
March 13 – Jaap Nunes Vaz, Dutch journalist, writer and editor (b. 1906)
March 14 – Mervyn Herbert, Viscount Clive, British peer and army officer (b. 1904)
March 19 – Frank Nitti, Italian-born American gangster (suicide) (b. 1886)
March 22 -- Hans Woellke, German Olympic athlete (b. 1911)
March 27 – George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway, British politician, 5th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1882)
March 30 – Maria Restituta Kafka, German Roman Catholic religious sister and blessed (b. 1894)
March 31 – Pavel Milyukov, Russian politician, founder and leader of the Constitutional Democratic Party (b. 1859)
April 1 – Vahida Maglajlić, Yugoslav partisan and national hero (killed in combat) (b. 1907)
April 3 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
April 5 – William George Howard Gritten, British barrister, writer and conservative politician (b. 1870)
April 9 – Philip Slier, Dutch Jewish typesetter (in Sobibór extermination camp) (b. 1923)
April 11 – Kim Myeong-sik, Korean independence activist (b. 1890)
April 13 – Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer (b. 1888)
April 16 – Carlos Arniches, Spanish playwright (b. 1866)
April 18 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884)
April 21 – Rihard Jakopič, Yugoslav painter (b. 1869)
April 30 – Beatrice Webb, British sociologist, economist, historian and social reformer (b. 1858)
May 1 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader, founder of Brunstad Christian Church (b. 1871)
May 3 – Frank Maxwell Andrews, American general (plane crash) (b. 1884)
May 7 – Fethi Okyar, Turkish diplomat and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1880)
May 8 – Miroslav Šalom Freiberger, Yugoslav rabbi, writer and spiritual leader (b. 1903)
May 15 – Horst Hannig, German Luftwaffe fighter ace army officer (b. 1921)
May 19 – Kristjan Raud, Soviet painter and drawer (b. 1865)
May 20 – John Stone Stone, American physicist and inventor (b. 1869)
May 22 – Helen Taft, First Lady of the United States (b. 1861)
May 24 – Johannes Orasmaa, Soviet army general (b. 1890)
May 25 – Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, 1st Prime Minister of Syria and 2-time Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1864)
May 26 – Edsel Ford, American businessman, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1893)
May 27 – Gordon Coates, 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1878)
May 29 – Yasuyo Yamasaki, Imperial Japanese Army officer (killed in action) (b. 1891)
August 1 – Martyrs of Nowogródek, Polish nuns, martyrs and blessed (b. Polish nationality)
August 12 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
August 14 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1871)
August 18 – Hans Jeschonnek, German general (suicide) (b. 1899)
August 21 – Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
August 22 – Virgilio Dávila, Puerto Rican poet, educator, businessman and politician (b. 1869)
August 26 – Ted Ray, British golfer (b. 1877)
August 27 – William de Burgh, British philosopher (b. 1866)
August 28 – King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
August 29 – Baba Nand Singh ji, Sikhism religious leader (b. 1870)
August 31 – Gustav Bachmann, German naval officer and admiral (b. 1860)
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
October 4 – Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish general (b. 1906)
October 5 – Leon Roppolo, American musician (b. 1902)
October 6 – Ignaz Trebitsch-Lincoln, Hungarian adventurer (b. 1879)
October 7 – Prince Christopher of Hesse (b. 1901)
October 8 – Wilhelm Hegeler, German novelist (b. 1870)
October 9 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
October 12 – Max Wertheimer, Austro-Hungarian psychologist (b. 1880)
October 15 – William Penhallow Henderson, American painter, architect and furniture designer (b. 1877)
October 18 – Margaret Bartholomew, American army officer (b. 1903)
October 19 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
October 21 – Dudley Pound, British admiral (b. 1877)
October 22 – William Reginald Hall, British admiral (b. 1870)
October 24 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, Canadian poet and lawyer (b. 1912)
October 30 – Max Reinhardt, Austrian director (b. 1873)
November [ edit ]
November 7 – Dwight Frye, American actor (b. 1899)
November 9 – Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia (b. 1877)
November 10 – Blessed Lubeck martyrs, German Roman Catholic priests:
November 13 – Maurice Denis, French painter (b. 1870)
November 14 – Gurie Grosu, Romanian Orthodox priest and metropolitan (b. 1877)
November 19 – Baruch Lopes Leão de Laguna, Dutch painter (b. 1864)
November 25 – Renato Cialente, Italian actor (b. 1897)
November 28 – Aleksander Hellat, Soviet politician (b. 1881)
November 29 – Zsolt Harsányi, Hungarian author, dramatist, translator and writer (b. 1887)
December [ edit ]
December 2 – Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, novelist, journalist and activist (b. 1902)
December 8 – Donald Mackintosh, British clergyman and Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1876)
December 10 – Charles Belcher, American actor (b. 1872)
December 13 – Erich Garske, German political activist (b. 1907)
December 14 – John Harvey Kellogg, American doctor (b. 1852)
December 15 – Fats Waller, American jazz pianist (b. 1904)
December 18 – Hector Gray, British Royal army officer (b. 1911)
December 20 – Edward L. Beach Sr., American naval officer and author (b. 1867)
December 22 – Beatrix Potter, British children's author and illustrator (b. 1866)
December 25 – William Irving, German-born American film actor (b. 1893)
December 26 – Erich Bey, German admiral (b. 1898)
December 30 – Hobart Bosworth, American film actor, director, writer, and producer (b. 1867)
Nobel Prizes [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Waters, John M. Jr., CAPT USCG (December 1966). "Stay Tough". United States Naval Institute Proceedings.
^ "The Eruption of Parícutin (1943–1952)". How Volcanoes Work . Retrieved . 2012-10-23
^ "Parícutin, Mexico". Volcano World . Retrieved . 2012-10-23
^ "Parícutin: The Birth of a Volcano". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History . Retrieved . 2012-10-23
^ Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 194. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
^ Copeland, B. Jack, ed. (2006). Colossus: the Secrets of Bletchley Park's Codebreaking Computers. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284055-4.
^ Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 196. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
^ "HMS Thunderbolt (N 25)". uboat.net . Retrieved . 2010-10-21
^ Warren, C. E. T.; Benson, James (1958). "The Admiralty regrets ...": the story of His Majesty's submarine Thetis and Thunderbolt. London: Harrap.
^ How LSD Originated, Albert Hofmann.
^ Bombing of Aberdeen, news.stv.tv; accessed 6 December 2014.
^ Arad, Yitzhak (1999). Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. p. 371. ISBN 0-253-21305-3.
^ "Belzec". Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 2012-01-07 . Retrieved . 2013-01-15
^ "Los Angeles Zoot Suit Riots". Los Angeles Almanac.
^ Cosgrove, Ben (2014-06-18). "Hatred on the Home Front: The Detroit Race Riots During WWII". Time Life . Retrieved . 2016-11-29
^ "Badolgio Declares Rome An 'Open City', Pittsburgh Press, August 15, 1943, p. 1
^ Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 276. ISBN 0-13-354027-8.
^ "HMS . Eclipse, destroyer" naval-history.net . Retrieved . 2013-01-15
^ Tomblin, Barbara (2004). With Utmost Spirit: Allied Naval Operations in the Mediterranean, 1942–1945. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 308–310.
^ Jackson, Carlton (1997). Forgotten Tragedy: The Sinking of HMT Rohna. Naval Institute Press.
^ Infield, Glenn B. (1967). Disaster at Bari.
^ "December 3rd, 1943" . Retrieved . 2013-01-15
^ "Year by Year 1943" – History Channel International.
^ [Schriften der Königsberger Gelehrten-Gesellschaft: Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse; 18,2 (trans: "Writings of the Königsberg Scholarly Society: Spiritual Scientific Class No. 18.2")]: ( Halle ["Halle an der Saale"]: M. Niemeyer, 1943.)
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