|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
|Slogan||Dare To Defy
(promotion of CW network programs)
|Channels||Digital: 33 (UHF)
Virtual: 34 (PSIP)
K34JK-D Elk City
K22IC-D Strong City
|Affiliations||.1: The CW
|Owner||Sinclair Broadcast Group
(possible resale to another owner to be determined if Sinclair's acquisition of Tribune Media is approved)
(KOCB Licensee, LLC)
|First air date||November 28, 1979|
|Call letters' meaning||Oklahoma City Broadcasting (former licensee)
Oklahoma City's Best
(reference to former slogan)
|Former callsigns||KGMC (1979–1990)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
34 (UHF, 1979–2009)
The WB (1998–2006)
The Tube (2006–2007)
|Transmitter power||900 kW|
|Height||457.6 m (1,501 ft)|
|Public license information:||Profile
KOCB, virtual channel 34 (UHF digital channel 33), is a CW-affiliated television station located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States. The station is owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group, as part of a duopoly with Fox affiliate KOKH-TV (channel 25). The two stations share studio and transmitter facilities located on East Wilshire Boulevard on the city's northeast side (situated to the adjacent east of the respective studio facilities of CBS affiliate KWTV-DT (channel 9) and the Oklahoma Educational Television Authority PBS member network).
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 Newscasts
- 5 References
- 6 External links
As an independent station
The station first signed on the air on November 28, 1979 as KGMC-TV. Originally operating as an independent station, it was founded by General Media Corporation. Channel 34 was the first television station to sign on in the Oklahoma City market in 25 years – but missed being the first commercial station to sign on since that timeframe as Blair Broadcasting had converted KOKH-TV (channel 25, now a Fox affiliate) from an educational to a commercial independent seven weeks before – and the second independent station in both Oklahoma City and the state of Oklahoma. Its programming format featured a mix of cartoons, classic sitcoms, westerns, dramas, religious programs and some older movies. The station's original studio facilities were located at 1501 Northeast 85th Street, south of Oklahoma City's Britton section.
KGMC was purchased by Seraphim Media in 1983. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, KGMC adopted a very sophisticated on-air look for an independent station in a mid-sized market, using CGI graphics of near network-quality. Ted Baze, the station's general manager and owner of station licensee Oklahoma City Broadcasting, Inc., frequently appeared in on-air promotions on the station.
Financial troubles and stability
With basically three independent stations in operation, Oklahoma City – despite just barely ranking as a top-40 Nielsen market at the time – did not have enough households that owned at least one television set in the 34-county designated market area to support that many; the supply of first-run and acquired programming on the syndication market was also insufficient to completely fill the schedules of KGMC, KOKH and KAUT (channel 43, now an independent station). Channel 34, in particular, was suffering financially, rarely turning a profit and incurring debt on programming and operational expenses. This led KGMC management to become involved in a complicated deal in the summer of 1988, when Visalia, California-based Pappas Telecasting announced that it would purchase KOKH from Busse Broadcast Holdings (a trust company created for the children of broadcasting executive George N. Gillett Jr., that operated independently of his company, Gillett Holdings) for $3.6 million. Pappas proposed a complex $30-million asset transfer that would make KOKH the dominant independent in the market. Under the plan, Heritage Media would donate KAUT's license and transmitter facilities to the Oklahoma Educational Television Authority (OETA) for $1 million, and convert channel 43 into a PBS member station; Pappas Telecasting would enter into a 25-year lease that would grant OETA permission to operate the KAUT transmitter facility for $1 per year, and contribute an additional $1 million to the purchase price on the pretense that the acquisition was successfully completed.
Pappas would also purchase the programming inventories of KGMC and KAUT and integrate their respective syndicated programs, as well as channel 43's Fox affiliation, onto channel 25's schedule. Seraphim, meanwhile, would sell KGMC to a religious broadcaster, which would transition channel 34's daily schedule to include fifteen to eighteen hours of programming from the Home Shopping Network (KGMC carried HSN's broadcast service, the Home Shopping Spree, during the time of the proposal as overnight filler programming) and six hours of religious programs, along with some children's programming and barter-syndicated entertainment programs. In August 1988, OETA restructured its involvement in the plan, filing an application with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to purchase KGMC from Seraphim Media as a contingency measure, a move that would have resulted in Heritage selling KAUT to a religious entity.
However, Governor Henry Bellmon disapproved of OETA's involvement in the transaction, as he perceived that purchasing a second station would result in the authority constantly requesting additional state funding, as it had previously stated that it did not have enough funding to adequately operate the state network. The Oklahoma Legislature incorporated stipulations into OETA's funding appropriation bill for FY1990 that prohibited the authority from using state funds "for any operational or capital expense of the proposed second educational television channel in Oklahoma City" – thereby, hamstringing its attempt to acquire KAUT or KGMC – and from proposing that additional state funding be appropriated to finance the acquisition of its secondary station (which it planned to brand as "The Literacy Channel") if it did not obtain sufficient private funding to complete the transaction. Bellmon also planned to initiate a state audit of the Oklahoma Educational Television Authority to address allegations from an unnamed former employee that OETA management had misused public donations, and that station employees were required to attend foundation-related meetings and worked for the foundation's pledge drive on state and additional uncompensated time. In the winter of late 1988, General Media sold KGMC to Cleveland, Ohio-based Maddox Broadcasting.
Although the deal would receive FCC approval, Busse management denied a request by Pappas Telecasting to extend the deadline to complete the purchase past its January 31, 1989 deadline. The deal fully collapsed on February 3, 1989, when – in a major blow in Seraphim's attempt to seek financial relief for KGMC – Busse Broadcast Holdings formally terminated its purchase agreement with Pappas. KOKH, KAUT and KGMC continued to compete against each other as general entertainment independents for two more years until August 1991, when Heritage – implementing a heavily reworked version of the aborted Pappas proposal – took over the operations of KOKH, which acquired most of KAUT's programming lineup and the Fox affiliation; KAUT was donated to OETA, which converted it into a secondary PBS outlet.
While KOKH remained relatively profitable and KAUT had been experiencing a modest uptick in its ratings in the years since it became a Fox affiliate, KGMC struggled mightily. KGMC's financial problems would lead Seraphim Media-owned licensee Oklahoma City Broadcasting, Inc., controlled by the family of stock speculator Ivan Boesky (who was sentenced to a three-year prison term in December 1987 for his involvement in an insider trading scandal) to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection for the station on February 9, 1989, reporting a total debt amount of $9,168,916. That May, Ted Baze attempted to gain full ownership of Oklahoma City Broadcasting.
In September 1990, the station changed its call letters to KOCB, named after the licensee (the KGMC call letters are now used by an Estrella TV-affiliated television station in Clovis, California). In 1991, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of Oklahoma approved a reorganization plan in which Oklahoma City Broadcasting, Inc. would pay most of its creditors in full with interest within 21 months. On September 18, 1993, Oklahoma City Broadcasting, Inc. sold KOCB to Pittsburgh-based Superior Communications Group. That fall, the station also began airing programming from the Prime Time Entertainment Network syndication service.
As a UPN affiliate
On January 16, 1995, KOCB became a charter affiliate of the United Paramount Network (UPN), which was created as a partnership between Paramount Television and Chris-Craft/United Television. Outside of UPN prime time programming, the station otherwise continued to maintain a general entertainment programming format. Alongside UPN prime time programming and a blend of cartoons and a few live-action children's shows acquired via the syndication market and supplied by The Disney Afternoon syndication block, KOCB initially carried some recent off-network sitcoms and drama series, movies in late-night and on weekends, and some first-run syndicated shows. At that time, KOCB dropped most of the programming it carried from PTEN, which was founded by Chris-Craft/United in conjunction with Time Warner.
As it did for most of its tenure as an independent station, KOCB – which also retained the "TV-34" branding that the station used as an independent, but adopted a logo at that time based on the design used from 1993 to 1995 by KTVT in Dallas-Fort Worth – continued to fill the 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. time slot with feature films and some first-run syndicated programs as, at the time of its launch on that date, UPN had only maintained a lineup of prime time programs on Monday and Tuesday nights; this would become less of an issue as UPN launched a supplemental weekend film package in September 1995 – the UPN Movie Trailer, which was eventually replaced by a block of same-week repeats of UPN's drama and reality series – and programming on Wednesday nights in September 1996 (UPN would later expand its prime time programming to five nights a week, with the addition of Thursday and Friday night lineups in September 1998). The station's inventory of children's programming expanded when UPN launched a competitor to Fox Kids, UPN Kids, in September 1995; the station carried UPN Kids' Sunday morning block, and eventually its weekday morning edition when that block launched in September 1997. On March 6, 1996, Hunt Valley, Maryland-based Sinclair Broadcast Group acquired KOCB and Fox affiliate WDKY-TV in Lexington, Kentucky from Superior Communications for $63 million.
As a WB affiliate
On July 21, 1997, Sinclair and Time Warner announced the signing of a contractual agreement to switch the affiliations of KOCB, four other UPN-affiliated stations – WPTT-TV (now MyNetworkTV affiliate WPNT) in Pittsburgh, WNUV (now a CW affiliate) in Baltimore, WSTR-TV (now a MyNetworkTV affiliate) in Cincinnati, and KRRT (now CW affiliate KMYS) in San Antonio – that the company either owned directly or operated through local marketing agreements with Glencairn, Ltd., to The WB; the $84-million contract – which also extended contracts with existing WB affiliates in Milwaukee and Birmingham, and added independent station WBSC-TV (now MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYA-TV) in Greenville, South Carolina as an affiliate – would run for ten years until the fall of 2007. UPN filed lawsuits in district courts in Baltimore (near Sinclair's headquarters in the nearby suburb of Hunt Valley) and Los Angeles to attempt to block Sinclair's affiliation pact with The WB on grounds that Sinclair had struck the deal without giving UPN the required written notice that it would terminate the affiliations on the affected stations; a summary judgment issued by the Baltimore City Circuit Court on December 8, 1997, ruled in favor of Sinclair, allowing the stations to begin switching to The WB starting on January 15, 1998.
KOCB's planned switch to The WB caused complaints from vocal Star Trek fans who would lose the ability to watch Star Trek: Voyager as UPN did not have a replacement affiliate lined up. Many area residents had to resort to attempting to receive UPN affiliates from Tulsa or Sulphur on an outdoor antenna, subscribe to satellite providers Dish Network or PrimeStar (which carried New York City owned-and-operated station WWOR-TV as a default UPN feed), or acquire episodes of Voyager and other UPN shows through tape trading during the second half of the 1997–98 season. The switch, though, would have the reverse effect of allowing viewers who did not have a cable or satellite subscription to watch WB network programs: from the network's January 1995 launch until the switch, The WB had been available in the market exclusively through the superstation feed of Chicago affiliate WGN-TV, which was carried on Cox Communications, Multimedia Cablevision, and other cable and satellite providers in the area. Two weeks prior to the WB affiliation switch, on January 8, 1998, UPN co-parent Viacom – through its Paramount Stations Group subsidiary – reached an agreement to purchase KTLC from OETA for $23.5 million; OETA used the proceeds from the sale to fund the construction of KETA-TV's digital broadcast transmitter. The sale to Paramount was possible because OETA maintained the commercial classification of channel 43's broadcast license after the Heritage Media donation.
Channel 34 took over as the market's WB affiliate on January 25, at which time the station changed its branding to "WB34". The switch left the Oklahoma City market without a UPN affiliate for nearly six months, until Paramount converted channel 43 into UPN owned-and-operated station KPSG on June 15, 1998. Channel 43 had intended to join UPN on June 1; however, technical difficulties caused the switch to be postponed until June 13, and then pushed back again to June 15 (the issues leading to the second postponement – both caused by technical issues and delays in the finalization of its sale to Paramount Stations Group – were unrelated to a tornado outbreak that hit central Oklahoma on the evening of the 13th). (the station reverted to its original KAUT call letters that November).
On February 4, 1998, only three days after Sullivan Broadcast Holdings completed its purchase of the station, Sinclair exercised an option to buy KOKH-TV from Sullivan for $60 million; the deal preceded Sinclair's $100-million cash and debt acquisition of the entire 13-station Sullivan group on February 24, which was finalized on July 1. Ironically, it was Sinclair's existing ownership of KOCB that prevented the company from acquiring channel 25 in 1997, and precipitated KOKH's sale to Sullivan. Under the terms of the deal, Sinclair began operating KOKH under a time brokerage agreement with Sullivan (which the company retained as a separate entity to operate KOKH and three other Sullivan-owned Fox affiliates, WTAT-TV in Charleston, South Carolina, WVAH-TV in Charleston, West Virginia and WRGT-TV in Dayton, Ohio). This arrangement placed KOCB in the unusual position of being the senior partner in a virtual duopoly with an affiliate of one of Big Three television networks (in most virtual or legal duopolies, minor network affiliates like KOCB normally serve as the junior partner).
In the spring of 1998, Glencairn, Ltd. announced that it would acquire KOKH, and transfer the local marketing agreement to that group. The family of Sinclair Broadcast Group founder Julian Sinclair Smith owned 97% of Glencairn's stock (Glencairn was to be paid with Sinclair stock for the purchases), which would have effectively made the KOKH/KOCB combination a duopoly in violation of FCC rules of the time; Glencairn owned eleven television stations nationwide that Sinclair operated under local marketing agreements, and subsequently announced plans to sell five of its stations to Sinclair outright. This prompted the Rainbow/PUSH coalition (headed by Jesse Jackson) to file petitions to the FCC to deny approval of the transaction, citing concerns over a single company holding two broadcast licenses in one market and arguing that Glencairn passed itself off as a minority-owned company (its president, former Sinclair executive Edwin Edwards, is African American) when it was really an arm of Sinclair, and used the LMA to gain control of the station. The FCC levied a $40,000 fine against Sinclair in December 2001 for illegally controlling Glencairn, although it chose to approve the acquisitions. However, as noted in a 2003 ruling on the matter by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, the issue involving KOKH was rendered somewhat moot, as on August 5, 1999, the FCC began allowing broadcasters the ability to form duopolies between television stations, provided that eight independent owners remain once a duopoly is formed and one of the stations does not rank among the four highest-rated in the market.
On November 17, 1999, Sinclair, Sullivan and Glencairn restructured the deal, allowing Sinclair to acquire KOKH from Sullivan Broadcasting directly as part of a $53.2 million cash and debt forgiveness acquisition involving four other stations – Mission Broadcasting-owned UPN affiliates WUXP-TV in Nashville and WUPN-TV (now MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYV) in Greensboro, North Carolina, and Montecito Broadcast Group-owned independent station KFBT (now CW affiliate KVCW) in Las Vegas – along with acquiring five stations from Glencairn (whose control would be fully transferred from Edwards to Carolyn Smith, widow of Julian Smith) in an $8-million all-stock purchase; the deal created the market's first legal television duopoly between KOKH and KOCB. Channel 34 subsequently vacated its Northeast 85th Street studios and relocated its operations 1 mile (1.6 km) south-southwest to KOKH's studio facility at 1228 East Wilshire Boulevard. In September 2002, KOCB changed its on-air branding to "The WB Oklahoma City," choosing to de-emphasize its Channel 34 broadcast allocation in part because many central Oklahoma residents viewed the station on cable television (most area cable providers, including Cox Communications, carry KOCB on channel 11).
As a CW affiliate
On January 24, 2006, the respective parent companies of UPN and The WB, CBS Corporation and the Warner Bros. Entertainment division of Time Warner, announced that they would dissolve the two networks to create The CW Television Network, a joint venture between Time Warner and CBS that initially featured programs from its two predecessor networks as well as new series specifically produced for The CW. Subsequently on February 22, 2006, News Corporation announced the launch of MyNetworkTV, a network operated by Fox Television Stations and its syndication division Twentieth Television that was created to primarily to provide network programming to UPN and WB stations with which The CW decided against affiliating based on their local viewership standing in comparison to the outlet that the network ultimately chose, allowing these stations another option besides converting to independent stations. With the switch, KOCB rebranded as "The CW Oklahoma City", before rebranding again as "CW34" in August 2007.
On May 2, 2006, in a joint announcement by the network and Sinclair Broadcast Group, KOCB was confirmed as the Oklahoma City charter affiliate of The CW. Since the network chose its charter stations based on which of them among The WB and UPN's respective affiliate bodies was the highest-rated in each market, KOCB was chosen to join The CW over KAUT-TV as – at the time of the agreement – it had been the higher-rated of the two stations as well as one of The WB's highest-rated affiliates (having ranked as the network's most-watched WB station overall during the 2004-05 season). Incidentally, KAUT was erroneously mentioned as one of several former soon-to-be-former UPN affiliates owned by CBS Television Stations that would join The CW at its launch, a statement that was later retracted on account of Viacom having sold channel 43 to The New York Times Company on September 14, 2005, four months prior to the CW launch announcement. KAUT's status was left undetermined until August 22, when an email sent by station management confirmed that KAUT would become the market's affiliate of MyNetworkTV, a network co-founded by the Fox Television Stations and Twentieth Television subsidiaries of News Corporation that was created primarily to provide network programming to UPN and WB stations with which The CW decided against affiliating. Channel 34 officially remained a WB affiliate until the network ceased operations on September 17, 2006; it officially joined The CW upon that network's launch the following day on September 18, at which time the station changed its on-air branding to "The CW Oklahoma City". KAUT, meanwhile, had earlier converted into a MyNetworkTV affiliate upon that network's launch on September 5.
On August 28, 2007, a transmission line at KOCB's transmitter facility failed while the station was airing a Dallas Cowboys preseason game, leaving the station off the air for the better part of two weeks. KOCB's analog and digital signals remained dark until 3:00 p.m. on August 29, only for the transmitter to fail again that night around 12:00 a.m. The station's direct fiber optic studio feed that was fed to headends operated by Cox Communications was only interrupted for a short time. KOCB's over-the-air signal returned to the air about two weeks later in time for the start of The CW's Fall 2007 primetime schedule. On March 5, 2012, KOCB and KOKH became the last stations in the Oklahoma City market to carry syndicated programs, station promos and commercials in high definition (rebroadcasts of KOKH's newscasts continued to be broadcast in 4:3 standard definition until August 2013, when that station upgraded its newscast production to HD).
On May 8, 2017, Sinclair Broadcast Group entered into an agreement to acquire Tribune Media – which has owned NBC affiliate KFOR-TV and independent station KAUT-TV since December 2013 – for $3.9 billion, plus the assumption of $2.7 billion in debt held by Tribune, pending regulatory approval by the FCC and the U.S. Department of Justice's Antitrust Division. As broadcasters are not currently allowed to legally own more than two full-power television stations in a single market, and KOKH and KFOR rank among the four highest-rated stations in the Oklahoma City market in total day viewership, the companies may be required to sell either the KOKH/KOCB duopoly or the KFOR/KAUT duopoly to another station group in order to comply with FCC ownership rules preceding approval of the acquisition; however, a sale of either duopoly to an independent buyer is dependent on later decisions by the FCC regarding local ownership of broadcast television stations and future acts by Congress.
The station's digital channel is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|34.1||720p||16:9||KOCB-HD||Main KOCB-TV programming / The CW|
KOCB originally launched a digital subchannel on virtual channel 34.2 on April 1, 2006, to serve as an affiliate of The Tube Music Network, through a groupwide agreement encompassing many of Sinclair's network-affiliated and independent stations; however, Sinclair dropped the network from KOCB and its sister stations elsewhere in the U.S. – and decommissioned the 34.2 subchannel – in December 2006, due to disagreements between Sinclair and network parent The Tube Media Corp. over compliance of newly enacted FCC requirements for digital subchannels (the network ceased operations eleven months later, on October 1, 2007).
KOCB relaunched its DT2 subchannel on October 4, 2010 as an affiliate of TheCoolTV; it would later be pulled from the station on August 31, 2012, after Sinclair decided to drop the music video network from 32 of its then-approximately 70 stations nationwide. Following a two-year sabbatical, KOCB-DT2 was brought back on-air on July 1, 2014, now as an affiliate of the classic movie network GetTV, through a channel lease agreement that involved 33 of Sinclair's stations. On February 28, 2017, KOCB-DT2 disaffiliated from GetTV to become a charter affiliate of the Sinclair-owned digital content network TBD.
On October 31, 2015, KOCB launched a digital subchannel on virtual channel 34.3, to serve as an affiliate of Comet, a science fiction-focused network owned by Sinclair in conjunction with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer; the subchannel was subsequently added by Cox Communications on digital channel 217.
KOCB discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over UHF channel 34, on February 17, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television (which Congress had moved the previous month to June 12). The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 33, using PSIP to display KOCB's virtual channel as 34 on digital television receivers.
In addition to carrying the entire CW network schedule, syndicated programs featured on KOCB (as of September 2016[update]) include The Jerry Springer Show, The Steve Wilkos Show, Celebrity Name Game, Family Feud, The Simpsons and Who Wants to Be a Millionaire. In November 2005, KOCB began simulcasting the Oklahoma Lottery's nightly Pick 3 and Cash 5 drawings, which were carried by KOKH through an agreement with the Oklahoma Lottery Commission; these were discontinued when the lottery ceased the live broadcasts and switched to drawing the numbers via a random number generator in July 2009 (Powerball drawings continued to air on both station until 2013, although neither carried Mega Millions after Oklahoma became a participant in that multi-state lottery in 2011; both drawings were carried in the market on cable and satellite through Chicago-based superstation WGN America until February 2014).
KOCB holds the local broadcast rights to NFL preseason games from the Dallas Cowboys, with three to five prime time game telecasts airing annually. From 1998 to 2014, the station also ran college basketball games from the Big 12 Conference through ESPN Plus, airing between ten and twelve regular season games each year as well as games from the first three rounds of the Big 12 Men's Basketball Tournament. Most college basketball telecasts on the station aired on Saturday afternoons, with occasional prime time games on weeknights (the station rescheduled CW prime time shows to air on weekend evenings if a prime time game was scheduled, which it continues to do for some Dallas Cowboys preseason games, pre-empting movies usually aired on Saturday and Sunday evenings between 7:00 and 9:00 p.m., as The CW itself does not run network programming on those nights, and occasionally those usually aired in weekend afternoon timeslots).
In August 2014, KOCB became a charter outlet of the American Sports Network (ASN), a Sinclair-owned ad hoc syndication service that mainly carries college sports events (this effectively relegated local broadcasts of Big 12 basketball games, including those involving the Oklahoma Sooners and Oklahoma State Cowboys, to Fox Sports Oklahoma and select national cable sports networks such as ESPN). KOCB mainly carries college football and basketball games as well as auto races carried by the service on its main channel; prior to KOCB-DT2's conversion into a TBD affiliate, that subchannel served as an alternate feed of the service, carrying college basketball games not carried on the main channel 34.1 and college baseball games (most of these ancillary events are now carried by Enid-based KBZC-LD (channel 42), which carries ASN's 24-hour network feed on its main channel).
KOCB did not broadcast its any local news programming for much of its history, and was the only general entertainment commercial station in the Oklahoma City market to have never regularly run local newscasts exclusive to the station. In 2005, Fox-affiliated sister station KOKH began to broadcast live half-hour editions of that station's 9:00 p.m. newscast on KOCB on certain weeknights in which a Fox Sports telecast (usually Major League Baseball All-Star, playoff and World Series games) is scheduled to air past 9:00 p.m. on channel 25. On August 9, 2010, KOCB began to air rebroadcasts of KOKH-TV's 9:00 p.m. newscast at 12:00 a.m. weeknights.
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- "News Corp. Unveils MyNetworkTV". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. February 22, 2006.
- "Network shuffle: WB stations take CW, UPN affiliates join MyNetworkTV". The Journal Record. August 23, 2006 – via HighBeam Research.
- Allison Romano (March 7, 2006). "The CW Adds Five Affils". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Allison Romano (March 10, 2006). "The Distribution Derby". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "The New York Times Company Agrees to Acquire KAUT-TV in Oklahoma City from Viacom's TV Station Group; Duopoly to Further Broadcast Media Group's Growth Strategy" (Press release). The New York Times Company. September 14, 2005. Retrieved June 30, 2017 – via Business Wire.
- "Times Co. Buys TV Station". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. September 15, 2005. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
- Allison Romano (September 15, 2005). "New York Times Buying KAUT". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
- "Network shuffle: WB stations take CW, UPN affiliates join MyNetworkTV". The Journal Record. August 23, 2006 – via Questia Online Library.
- Stephen Battaglio (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast Group to buy Tribune Media for $3.9 billion plus debt". Los Angeles Times. Tronc. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
- Cynthia Littleton (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast Group Sets $3.9 Billion Deal to Acquire Tribune Media". Variety. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
- Todd Frankel (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast to buy Tribune Media for $3.9 billion, giving it control over 215 local TV stations". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings, LLC. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
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- Harry A. Jessell; Mark K. Miller (May 8, 2017). "The New Sinclair: 72% Coverage + WGNA". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
- RabbitEars TV Query for KOCB
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- List of Full-Power Stations Archived 2013-08-29 at the Wayback Machine.
- "KOCB-DT - TV Listings Grid, TV Guide and TV Schedule, Where to Watch - Zap2It". Zap2It. Tribune Digital Ventures. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
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- Harry Minium (August 27, 2014). "ODU's opener with Hampton to be televised in 66 markets". The Virginian-Pilot. Landmark Media Enterprises. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- cwokc.com - KOCB official website
- okcfox.com - KOKH-TV official website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KOCB
- Query the FCC's TV station database for K36IY
- Query the FCC's TV station database for K34JK
- Query the FCC's TV station database for K30JP
- Query the FCC's TV station database for K22IC
- Query the FCC's TV station database for K49DO
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KOCB-TV