Khalmg Tanghchin chastr

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Хальмг Таңһчин частр
English: Anthem of the Republic of Kalmykia
Xaľmg Tañhçin çastr
Coat of Arms of Kalmykia.svg
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Kalmykia

Regional anthem of  Kalmykia
Also known as Гимн Республики Калмыкия
Lyrics Вера Шургаева (Wera Şurgayewa)
Music Аркадий Манджиев (Arkadiy Manjiyew)
Adopted 30 October 1992
Audio sample
Anthem of Kalmykia instrumental.ogg

The Anthem of the Republic of Kalmykia (Kalmyk: Хальмг Таңһчин частр, Xaľmg Tañhçin çastr; Russian: Гимн Республики Калмыкия, Gimn Respubliki Kalmykija) is the title of the anthem of the Republic of Kalmykia, a federal subject of the Russian Federation.

The song's music is a typical Kalmyk music with lyrics penned by Arkadiy Mandzhiyev (Kalmyk: Аркадий Манджиев) and lyrics by Vera Shurgayeva (Kalmyk: Вера Шургаева).

History[edit]

The Supreme Council of the Republic of Kalmykia announced the proclamation of the sovereignty of the republic in October of 1990. On the 18th, the Supreme Council of the Kalmyk Autonomous SSR adopted the Declaration on State Sovereignty, according to which the Kalmyk ASSR became the Kalmyk SSR. Reflections on the coat of arms and the flag did not find this change. By resolution of the Supreme Council of 20 February 1992, № 336-IX, the Kalmyk SSR was renamed the Republic of Kalmykia (Хальмг Таңһчин). In accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Kalmyk SSR from 7 June 1991, № 243-P -1X, a competition was announced in the republic to create new state symbols of the Kalmyk SSR.[1]

As a result, the Supreme Council of Kalmykia approved the anthem on 30 October 1992, along with its music and lyrics. The hymn was also approved by the separate Law of the Republic of Kalmykia of 4 November 1992 "On the Supplement of the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Kalmyk SSR Article 158-1".[1]

Lyrics[edit]

In Kalmyk[edit]

Sheet music
Cyrillic[2] Latin IPA transcription
First verse

Сарул сәәхн Хальмг Таңһч
Сансн тоотан күцәнә,
Авта җирһлин бат җолаг
Алдр һартан атхна.

Sarul sääxn Xaľmg Tañhç
Sansn tootan kücänä,
Awta jirhlin bat jolag
Aldr hartan atxna.

sɑrʊɮ sæːxən xɑɮʲməg tʰɑŋɣət͡ʃʰə
sɑnsən tʰɔːtʰɑn kʉt͡sʰænæ
ɑwtʰɑ d͡ʒirɣəɮinə patʰ d͡ʒɔɮag
ɑɮtər hɑrtʰɑn ɑtʰxənɑ

Chorus

Улан залата хальмг улс,
Улата теегән кеерүлий!
Төрскн нутгтан күчән нерәдәд,
Толһа менд җирһий!
Төрскн нутгтан күчән нерәдәд,
Толһа менд җирһий!

Ulan zalata xaľmg uls,
Ulata teegän keerüliy!
Törskn nutgtan küçän nerädäd,
Tolha mend jirhiy!
Törskn nutgtan küçän nerädäd,
Tolha mend jirhiy!

ʊɮɑn t͡sɑɮɑtʰa xɑɮʲməg ʊɮsə
ʊɮɑtʰɑ tʰeːgæn keːruɮijə
tʰɵrskən nʊtʰgətʰɑn kʉt͡ʃʰæn nerætæt
tʰɔɮhɑ mentə d͡ʒirhijə
tʰɵrskən nʊtʰgətʰɑn kʉt͡ʃʰæn nerætæt
tʰɔɮhɑ mentə d͡ʒirhijə

Second verse

Олн келн-әмтнлә хамдан
Уралан Таңһчин зүткнә
Иньгллтин залин өндр герлд
Иргч мана батрна.

Oln keln-ämtnlä xamdan
Uralan Tañhçin zütknä
Iňglltin zalin öndr gerld
Irgç mana batrna.

ɔɮnə kɛɮən-æmtʰnəɮæ xɑmtɑn
ʊrɑɮɑn tʰɑŋɣət͡ʃʰin t͡sʉtʰkənæ
iɲgɮəɮtʰin t͡sɑɮin ɵntər gerɮət
irgt͡ʃʰə mɑnɑ bɑtʰərnɑ

Chorus

Улан залата хальмг улс,
Улата теегән кеерүлий!
Төрскн нутгтан күчән нерәдәд,
Толһа менд җирһий!
Төрскн нутгтан күчән нерәдәд,
Толһа менд җирһий!

Ulan zalata xaľmg uls,
Ulata teegän keerüliy!
Törskn nutgtan küçän nerädäd,
Tolha mend jirhiy!
Törskn nutgtan küçän nerädäd,
Tolha mend jirhiy!

ʊɮɑn t͡sɑɮɑtʰa xɑɮʲməg ʊɮsə
ʊɮɑtʰɑ tʰeːgæn keːruɮijə
tʰɵrskən nʊtʰgətʰɑn kʉt͡ʃʰæn nerætæt
tʰɔɮhɑ mentə d͡ʒirhijə
tʰɵrskən nʊtʰgətʰɑn kʉt͡ʃʰæn nerætæt
tʰɔɮhɑ mentə d͡ʒirhijə

Third verse

Баатр-чиирг үрдәр туурад,
Буурл теемг өснә.
Сурһуль-номдан килмҗән өдәг,
Сул нерән дуудулна.

Baatr-çiirg ürdär tuurad,
Buurl teemg ösnä.
Surhuľ-nomdan kilmjän ödäg,
Sul nerän duudulna.

pɑːtʰər-t͡ʃʰiːrəg ʉrtær tʰʊːrat
pʊːrəɮ tʰeːmgə ɵsnæ
sʊrhʊɮʲ-nɔmtɑn kiɮmd͡ʒæn ɵtæg
sʊɮə neræn tʊːtʊɮnɑ

Chorus

Улан залата хальмг улс,
Улата теегән кеерүлий!
Төрскн нутгтан күчән нерәдәд,
Толһа менд җирһий!
Төрскн нутгтан күчән нерәдәд,
Толһа менд җирһий!

Ulan zalata xaľmg uls,
Ulata teegän keerüliy!
Törskn nutgtan küçän nerädäd,
Tolha mend jirhiy!
Törskn nutgtan küçän nerädäd,
Tolha mend jirhiy!

ʊɮɑn t͡sɑɮɑtʰa xɑɮʲməg ʊɮsə
ʊɮɑtʰɑ tʰeːgæn keːruɮijə
tʰɵrskən nʊtʰgətʰɑn kʉt͡ʃʰæn nerætæt
tʰɔɮhɑ mentə d͡ʒirhijə
tʰɵrskən nʊtʰgətʰɑn kʉt͡ʃʰæn nerætæt
tʰɔɮhɑ mentə d͡ʒirhijə


Translations[edit]

Russian English
Светлая красивая Республика Калмыкия
Всё, что задумала, исполняет,
Складной жизни крепкие поводья
В славной руке сжимает.
Припев:
С красной кисточкой калмыцкий народ,
Красную стерь украсим!
Родной державе мощь посвятим,
Да будем здравствовать мы!
Родной державе мощь посвятим,
Да будем здравствовать мы!
Со всеми людьми разных языков вместе
Вперёд стремится моя Республика.
Дружбы пламя в высоком свете
Будущее наше крепнет.
Припев
Крепкими выносливыми детьми прославляясь,
Седая степь моя растёт.
Отдавая учёбе старание,
Свободное имя возносят.
Припев
Bright and beautiful Kalmyk Republic
Fulfills everything it wishes for.
It holds in its glorious hands
Strong reins of harmonious life.
Chorus:
Kalmyks with Ulan-Zala,
Let's adorn our natal steppes!
Let's devote our power to the homeland,
and live long happily!
Let's devote our power to the homeland,
and live long happily!
With all the peoples of different languages,
The Republic is pushing forward.
In the high light of the friendship flame,
Our future is getting stronger.
Chorus
Heroic children have succeeded,
The steppe has emerged.
Putting effort into learning,
They're putting up the free name.
Chorus

Regulations[edit]

The order, place and time of execution of the anthem are defined by the Law of the Republic of Kalmykia of 11 June 1996 № 44-I-3 "On State Symbols of the Republic of Kalmykia". According to Art. 16 of said Law, the anthem is performed during solemn ceremonies and other events held by state bodies when raising the national flag. After a newly appointed Head takes oath, the anthem if played right after. The anthem can also be played during openings of ceremonial meetings of the Parliament (e.g. People's Khural of Kalmykia) and during openings of memorials and monuments. It can be played during visits by highest officials of Russia (or its federal subjects), the CIS, and other countries (after their anthems have been played). Khalmg Tanghchin chastr is also played while state awards are being presented, and played during the openings and closings of solemn rallies, meetings, in honour of sports teams, and official celebrations. Additionally, the anthem can be played while laying wreaths to the graves of victims of political repression and those killed in the defense of their ethnic homeland.[3]

External links[edit]

References[edit]