Lan Kwai Fong

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For the 2011 Hong Kong film, see Lan Kwai Fong (film).
Lan Kwai Fong
Traditional Chinese 蘭桂坊
The area is home to many bars catering to expats.

Lan Kwai Fong (often abbreviated as LKF) is a small square of streets in Central, Hong Kong. The area was dedicated to hawkers before the Second World War, but underwent a renaissance in the mid-1980s. It is now a popular expatriate haunt in Hong Kong for drinking, clubbing and dining. The street Lan Kwai Fong is L-shaped with two ends joining with D'Aguilar Street.[1]

The Lan Kwai Fong Association is a non-profit making business chamber which groups together over 100 restaurants, bars, clubs, retailers and service providers in Lan Kwai Fong to promote the unique Lan Kwai Fong culture and charms to locals and the world.

Location[edit]

Lan Kwai Fong as an area is defined by D'Aguilar Street and the smaller lane, Lan Kwai Fong, an L-shaped, cobble-stoned lane. Both streets turn 90 degrees to form a rectangle. It is near the Mid-Levels. Its eating and drinking establishments are considered upmarket in price and the area is also considered a tourist spot. From the west side of the rectangle, Wo On Lane and Wing Wah Lane extend to host several more spots for drinks and food. The area arguably extends to Wellington Street and Wyndham Street, through to the Hong Kong Fringe Club. It is also home to a small number of art galleries.

History[edit]

Before the Second World War, Lan Kwai Fong was dedicated to hawkers.

In early days, the square housed many mui yan (媒人, lit. "intermediary person"), or marriage arrangers, a role exclusively held by females. Mui yan were marriage intermediaries between two families in traditional times. It was thus known as Mui Yan Hong or Hung Leung Hong.[citation needed]

From 2011, a massive change was underway, following Zeman's decision to replace his block in Lan Kwai Fong. This led to a substantial area of Lan Kwai Fong becoming a construction site.[needs update]

Special occasions[edit]

The crowds during special occasions such as Halloween or New Year's Eve put the place at a literal standstill with the large numbers. Police control is employed at such times, to manage the crowds.[2]

Street culture[edit]

In recent years, street performing has become a new scene in Hong Kong's street culture. Some of the performers decide to set their stages at Lai Kwai Fong, usually with the medium of singing and playing guitar in an acoustic setting.

Stampede[edit]

Stampede location

On 1 January 1993, 21 people were killed and 62 injured in a large-scale human stampede whilst celebrating the New Year's Day in Lan Kwai Fong.[2]

More than 15,000 people were crammed into the area for the New Year countdown at the time.[3] The Hong Kong government appointed then-Court of First Instance judge Kemal Bokhary to conduct an inquest into the disaster.[4] The stringent crowd control measures now in force at major holiday events are a direct consequence of the inquest's recommendations.

Transport[edit]

There are several ways to access Lan Kwai Fong other than taxi, which include:

Public transport

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°16′51.5″N 114°9′19.9″E / 22.280972°N 114.155528°E / 22.280972; 114.155528