Last Week Tonight with John Oliver

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Last Week Tonight with John Oliver
Last Week Tonight Logo.svg
Genre News satire
Presented by John Oliver
Narrated by David Kaye
Opening theme "Go" by Valley Lodge[1][2]
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 3
No. of episodes 82 (as of October 1, 2016) (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) John Oliver
Tim Carvell
James Taylor
Jon Thoday
Producer(s) Liz Stanton
Location(s) CBS Broadcast Center
New York, New York
Running time 30 minutes
Production company(s) Avalon Television
Partially Important Productions
Release
Original network HBO
Picture format 1080i (16:9 HDTV)
Original release April 27, 2014 (2014-04-27) – present
Chronology
Related shows The Daily Show
External links
Website

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, often abridged as Last Week Tonight, is an American late-night talk and news satire television program hosted by comedian John Oliver.[3] The half-hour-long show premiered on Sunday, April 27, 2014, on HBO.[4] Last Week Tonight shares some similarities with Comedy Central's The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, where Oliver was previously featured as a correspondent and fill-in host, as it takes a satirical look at news, politics and current events, but on a weekly basis.[3]

Oliver has said that he has full creative freedom, including free rein to criticize corporations. His initial contract with HBO was for two years with an option for extension.[5] In February 2015, it was announced that the show has been renewed for two additional seasons of 35 episodes each.[6]

Production[edit]

Oliver described his preparations for the show to an interviewer for The Wire: "... I basically have to watch everything. The only thing I kind of watch for pleasure is Fareed Zakaria's show on Sundays... That and 60 Minutes I watch for pleasure, or maybe Frontline... I have a TV on in my office all the time and I'll generally flick around on that from CNN, Fox, MSNBC, Bloomberg, CNBC, Al Jazeera... I'm watching with a certain thing in mind and that is how to see a story told badly."[7]

He admitted to another interviewer that he is concerned about dealing with old news:

"If something happens on a Monday, realistically all the meat is going to be picked off that bone by the time it gets to us — there's probably barely a point in doing it... I think we'll be attracted to some extent by stories that are off the grid... Our show may end up skewing more international in terms of stories."[8]

Tim Carvell, executive producer of Last Week Tonight, explained to an interviewer how the cast and crew deal with a half hour of Oliver speaking without any commercial breaks.[9]

"Structural considerations are leading to changes in the content in the show that will inherently make it different from The Daily Show... We realized early on, you don't necessarily want to hear anybody talk to you for a half an hour straight – even John, who is very charming – so we are constructing these little, produced comedy elements that will serve the function of commercial breaks throughout the show, which will let us get out of the studio, get us away from John's voice and break the show up a bit."

Carvell also revealed that HBO gave them freedom in choosing guests for the show, advising them not to feel obligated to feature celebrities.[9]

When asked by an interviewer about "correspondents" such as those featured on The Daily Show, Oliver replied, "we're not going to be a parody news show, so no people pretending to be journalists."[10]

Format[edit]

The format consists of John Oliver sitting at a desk in front of a backdrop of a skyline containing buildings from around the world, including the Dome of the Rock, the Washington Monument, Burj Khalifa, and the Empire State Building, as he reports news of the week, or a political issue. The backdrop also includes the castle Dragonstone from Game of Thrones. Each episode covers a small handful of shorter segments, and then one main segment. While the short segments almost always relate to recent news, the episode's main segment usually covers in length and detail a political issue, even if that issue did not have news media attention during the preceding week.[11]

Oliver injects humor into his presentation, including hyperbolic/satirical analogies, and allusions to popular culture and celebrities. The show includes a panel in the upper-left corner that frequently displays a photo or graphic for that accompanies subject at hand, which aids in the humor. A full-screen graphic will show and play a video clip (e.g. a news show or documentary's excerpt) when Oliver is citing it.[citation needed] He often coins a unique hashtag for use in social media related to his segment, some of which go viral.[12]

Oliver's speech is broken up with video compilations of recent news clips, or recurring segments, into which Oliver segues with the slogan, "And now, this". Oliver has also ended some segments with mock trailers for fictional TV shows or commercials that satirize the subject of his speech.

The typical structure of the show is to open with a recap of a few of the week's news stories, segue into a video compilation, and then move on to Oliver's main segment. Some of the episodes will follow up the main segment with another video compilation and/or another news story.

Episodes[edit]

Season Episodes Originally aired
First aired Last aired
1 24 April 27, 2014 (2014-04-27) November 9, 2014 (2014-11-09)
2 35 February 8, 2015 (2015-02-08) November 22, 2015 (2015-11-22)
3 35[6] February 14, 2016 (2016-02-14) TBA

Reception[edit]

John Oliver, host of Last Week Tonight

Oliver's debut show garnered 1.11 million viewers. The number of viewers online, through websites such as YouTube showing extended clips of different segments, have steadily climbed into multiple millions. The show's YouTube channel also features Web Exclusives which are occasionally posted when the main show is taking a week off. Across the TV airings, DVR, on-demand and HBO Go, Last Week Tonight averaged 4.1 million weekly viewers in the first season.[13]

Last Week Tonight has received widespread critical acclaim. Matthew Jacobs of The Huffington Post named Oliver's program as 2014's best television show, writing "the year's most surprising contribution to television is a show that bucked conventional formats, left us buzzing and paved the way for a burgeoning dynasty. Last Week Tonight with John Oliver is 2014's crowning achievement."[14]

Hank Stuever of The Washington Post compared Oliver's program with The Daily Show several times in his review of Oliver's debut:

"another scathing, stick-it-to-'em critique of American mass media and politics shellacked in satire and delivered by a funny if almost off-puttingly incredulous man with a British accent... Exactly like The Daily Show, the goal is to make elected and appointed officials, as well as just about any corporate enterprise, look foolish and inept while slyly culling together television news clips that make the media look equally inept at covering such evident truths."[15]

James Poniewozik of Time similarly compared Last Week with The Daily Show, but also wrote that the "full half-hour gives Oliver the room to do more", and praised Oliver's "sharper tone and his globalist, English-outsider perspective", as well as his "genuine passion over his subjects". Poniewozik wrote that Oliver's debut was "a funny, confident start".[16]

The Entertainment Weekly review began by ringing the same changes: "The fear with Last Week Tonight is that it's The Daily Show except once a week — a staggered timeline that would rob the basic news-punning format of its intrinsic topical punch... The first episode of his HBO series didn't stray far from the [Jon] Stewart mothership, stylistically..." However, the reviewer, Darren Franich, liked that Oliver has "a half-hour of television that is simultaneously tighter and more ambitious, that the extra production time leads to sharper gags but also the ability to present more context" and thought that the debut had "plenty of funny throwaway lines". Franich appreciated Oliver's coverage of the 2014 Indian election, which the American press was largely ignoring,[17] and, like Poniewozik, praised Oliver's "passion". Franich concluded that Last Week Tonight "suggested the sharpest possible version of its inspiration" and that it "should feel like an experiment" but "felt almost fully formed".[18]

The reviewer for Slate was ambivalent, writing that the show is "obviously a work in progress" and that one segment "felt like misplaced overkill", but also that it is "good use of a weekly show, and it was funny to boot".[19] Gawker's Jordan Sargent claimed Last Week Tonight was "the new Daily Show",[20] while simultaneously criticizing the Daily Show for abandoning those "who have moved on from caring about Fox [News] and Republicans".

A number of commentators from mainstream media outlets, including New York Times,[21] The Huffington Post,[22] Time,[23] and Associated Press,[24] have described Oliver's style of reporting as journalism or even investigative journalism. Oliver himself disagrees, stating that "it's not journalism, it's comedy—it's comedy first, and it's comedy second."[25]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Ceremony Category Result Ref.
2015 Writers Guild of America Awards 2014 Comedy/Variety (Including Talk) – Series Won [26]
Producers Guild of America Awards 2014 Outstanding Producer of Live Entertainment & Talk Television Nominated [27]
Dorian Awards TV Current Affairs Show of the Year Nominated [28]
Peabody Award Won [29]
26th GLAAD Media Awards Outstanding Talk Show Episode Won [30]
5th Critics' Choice Television Awards Best Talk Show Nominated [31]
31st Television Critics Association Awards Outstanding Achievement in News and Information Won [32]
67th Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Variety Talk Series Nominated [33]
Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series Nominated
Outstanding Interactive Program Won
Outstanding Picture Editing For Variety Programming Nominated
2016 6th Critics' Choice Television Awards Best Talk Show Won [34]
Dorian Awards TV Current Affairs Show of the Year Won [35]
Producers Guild of America Awards 2015 Outstanding Producer of Live Entertainment & Talk Television Won [36]
27th GLAAD Media Awards Outstanding Talk Show Episode Nominated [37]
2016 Webby Awards Best Writing in Social Won [38]
68th Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Variety Talk Series Won [33]
Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series Won
Outstanding Directing for a Variety Series Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Variety Programming Won
Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Variety Series or Special Nominated
Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video Control for a Series Nominated

Reaction and influence[edit]

A segment on the then Prime Minister of Australia Tony Abbott received widespread attention in Australia across the mainstream media and was trending on social media.[39][40][41]

According to a document obtained by Vice, the military government of Thailand listed Oliver as "undermining the royal institution" for calling Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn a "buffoon" and an "idiot".[42][43]

The show also made international headlines following Oliver's interview with Edward Snowden, which included a graphic, in-depth conversation about the amount of power the United States government has at its disposal in terms of intelligence, both domestic and foreign. Oliver also confronted Snowden about the lack of knowledge of the American people about his work and why they may be hesitant to analyze it for themselves rather than accept preconceived notions of him being a whistleblower. Notably, he tried to help Snowden in creating public awareness for the fundamentality of the surveillance problem in putting forward the question "Can they see my dick?"[44][45]

In a segment about public defenders and how some offices are extremely underfunded, the New Orleans Public Defense office's crowdfunding efforts to improve their conditions were featured. In the days following the episode's broadcast, thousands of dollars were donated to the office by the show's fans, helping them raise their goal four days after the show aired.[46]

For a segment in the October 18, 2015, broadcast, Oliver put on a comically grand demonstration with Canadian actor Mike Myers to urge Canadian voters to vote against Stephen Harper in the next day's Canadian federal election. As part of this gesture, Oliver displayed $5000 in cash in anticipation of being charged for the crime of being a foreigner attempting to induce Canadian citizens to change their vote as per section 331 of the Canada Elections Act. However, the agency responsible for overseeing federal elections in Canada, Elections Canada, explained the next day that prosecution of Oliver will not be necessary since inducement in the act is defined as offering something material to voters. Per Elections Canada, Oliver has not tried to influence Canadian electorate, since the money shown was only for the anticipated fine, but merely expressed his opinion as a bystander, which is lawful.[47]

The promotion for Season 3 highlighted four derogatory quotes either the show or Oliver himself received, “Comedian fool” (former FIFA vice-president Jack Warner, responding to a segment on the 2015 FIFA corruption case), “Makes people dumb” (an article The Wall Street Journal wrote about the show), “Very boring” (Donald Trump's assessment of the show), and “More unpleasant than a diuretic” (what President of Ecuador Rafael Correa said "gringo talk shows" were like, after being featured in a segment).[48]

Tobacco[edit]

"Tobacco" is a segment about the tobacco industry, which aired on February 15, 2015, as part of the second episode of the second season. During the eighteen-minute segment, comedian John Oliver discusses tobacco industry trends and practices. He also introduces Jeff the Diseased Lung, a mascot he created for the American global cigarette and tobacco company Philip Morris International, the makers of Marlboro brand of cigarettes. The anthropomorphic diseased lung, who smokes and coughs, has been compared to Joe Camel and the Marlboro Man. Oliver and his team promoted the cartoon character by sending shirts with Jeff's image to Togo and displaying billboards in Uruguay, and by encouraging use of the hashtag '#JeffWeCan, which trended on Twitter following the broadcast.

Philip Morris International issued a response to the segment, which received some criticism. It read in part:[49]

On February 15, 2015, the 'Last Week Tonight with John Oliver' show dedicated a significant portion of its program to our company ... 'Last Week Tonight with John Oliver' is a parody show, known for getting a laugh through exaggeration and presenting partial views in the name of humor. The segment includes many mischaracterizations of our company, including our approach to marketing and regulation, which have been embellished in the spirit of comedic license ... While we recognize the tobacco industry is an easy target for comedians, we take seriously the responsibility that comes with selling a product that is an adult choice and is harmful to health ... We support and comply with thousands of regulations worldwide — including advertising restrictions, penalties for selling tobacco products to minors, and substantial health warnings on packaging. We're investing billions into developing and scientifically assessing a portfolio of products that have the potential to be less harmful and that are satisfying so smokers will switch to them. And, like any other company with a responsibility to its business partners, shareholders and employees, we ask only that laws protecting investments, including trademarks, be equally applied to us.

The segment received widespread media coverage, with several outlets praising Oliver's ability to launch successful marketing campaigns and change perceptions about smoking through the creation of the mascot. The mascot later made an appearance at a protest organized by the "Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids" in New York City in May 2015.

Our Lady of Perpetual Exemption[edit]

In 2015, Oliver hired lawyers to set up a church, Our Lady of Perpetual Exemption, as a legal entity, partly as a way to demonstrate how "disturbingly easy" it is, in terms of paperwork, to set up a tax-exempt religious organization as viewed by the Internal Revenue Service. As Oliver explained, the requirements needed to be defined as a "church" are quite broad. Since regulatory guidelines require an established location for a church, Oliver chose his studio location in New York City as its official location,[50] although he registered the nonprofit organization in the state of Texas.[51] Oliver's "megachurch" had a toll-free phone number which allowed callers to donate to the church, and said that any money collected would be redistributed to the charitable relief organization Doctors Without Borders.[52][53] Oliver announced the formation of his church on the episode of the show that aired on August 16, 2015.[54]

Matt Wilstein, writing for Mediaite, saw Oliver's stunt as being along the same lines as comedian Stephen Colbert's setting up of a 501(c)(4) organization—Colbert Super PAC—as a way to "test the absurd limits of the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision"; Oliver's megachurch, in contrast, is a way to test whether the IRS might view his "megachurch" as a tax-exempt organization.[50] Steve Thorngate, writing in The Christian Century, suggested that the question of the religious exemption from taxation was more difficult and nuanced than Oliver portrayed, and not a simple matter of government regulation, describing Oliver's pivot to IRS policy as "unhelpful". However, Thorngate agreed that Oliver's exposure and criticism of "manipulative sleazeballs" who "fleece the faithful" is "spot-on".[55] Leonardo Blair, writing for Christian Post, described Oliver's segment as a "brutal takedown" of televangelists and churches which preach "the prosperity gospel", a message that dupes people into thinking that cash donations will solve medical or financial problems, while in fact the donations go to the personal aggrandizement of televangelists who buy expensive jets or large mansions.[56]

A week later, on the following episode, Oliver devoted a short segment to the donations the church had received, which included money from around the world. Oliver said he had received "thousands of envelopes with thousands of dollars" from donors. Displayed were several US Post Office containers full of mail. Oliver told viewers that the more money they sent in, the more "blessings" would be returned to them, adding that "that is still something I’m — amazingly — legally allowed to say".[57]

Oliver announced that the Church would be shutting down during his show on September 13, 2015. All previous monetary donations have been forwarded to Doctors Without Borders.[58]

Donald Trump[edit]

"Donald Trump" is a segment discussing American businessman Donald Trump. It aired on February 28, 2016, as part of the third episode of the third season. During the 22-minute segment, Oliver discusses Trump's 2016 presidential campaign and his long career in business. He also reveals that the Trump family name was changed at one point from the ancestral name 'Drumpf'. Although the changing of names was once a common practice among many non-English immigrants to the United States, the segment popularized the term "Donald Drumpf" and started a campaign urging viewers to "Make Donald Drumpf Again", a play on Trump's own campaign slogan, "Make America Great Again".

Debt buyers[edit]

"Debt buyers" is a segment discussing the business and questionable practice of debt buyers. It aired on June 5, 2016, as part of the fourteenth episode of the third season. Oliver announced he had purchased nearly $15 million in medical debt that belonged to 9,000 debtors. He did this through a company he had created, called "Central Asset Recovery Professionals Inc." (CARP), which he described as being “for the bottom-feeding fish." Oliver stated that it was "pretty clear by now (that) debt buying is a grimy business, and badly needs more oversight" and went to point out that starting such a business was "disturbingly easy."[59] It cost him $50 to register the business in Mississippi, while it cost less than $60,000 to purchase almost $15 million in bad debt. Oliver forgave the debt in its entirety, and claimed that it was the largest single giveaway in the American television history; presumably eclipsing that of General Motors on The Oprah Winfrey Show in 2004 where it gifted cars to Winfrey's studio audience, worth an estimated $8 million in total.[60] Writing for Slate, Jordan Weissmann disputed the $15 million figure: "[Oliver] says CARP paid around $60,000 [...] for its paper, which was “out-of-statute”—meaning the debts were so old that creditors technically couldn't even sue over them anymore. That suggests the seller thought the debts were worth no more than, well, $60,000."[61] Activist group The Debt Collective accused Oliver of copying their debt erasing tactics and presenting them as his own.[62] The episode was highlighted in the academic journal Religions.[63]

International broadcast[edit]

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver is seen internationally on YouTube,[64] and is broadcast on premium channels including HBO Canada where it is simulcast with HBO in the U.S.. It airs in Australia on The Comedy Channel hours after the U.S. airing[65] with the second season debuting on February 9, 2015.[66] It airs in New Zealand on SoHo.[67] In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it is broadcast on Mondays on the satellite-only channel Sky Atlantic.[68] In Belgium, it is broadcast on Thursdays by the Telenet cable-only channel PRIME Series.[69] It airs in South Africa on M-Net.[70] In Portugal it airs on RTP3.[71]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]