List of modern Russian small arms and light weapons

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The following is a list of modern Russian small arms and light weapons which are currently in service.

Handguns[edit]

Revolvers[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Nagant M1895
7 shot revolver
7.62×38mmR
(7.62 mm Nagant)
1895 to present[1]
still used by some police
and security forces
A Nagant M1895 produced in 1941 by the Tula Arsenal with its 7.62×38mmR ammunition
MP-412 REX
Break-action revolver
.357 Magnum
(44.magnum)
Never, probably 1993 to the present IZHMECH .357 Magnum Model 412 MP 412.jpg

Pistols[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Tokarev pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1930 to present TT-30
TT-33 1933
TT33.JPG
Makarov pistol 9×18mm Makarov 1951 to present
still widely used by police,
military and security forces
IZh-70, IZh-71, MP-71
commercial variants,
9×18mm Makarov, .380 ACP

PB (pistol) (9×18mm Makarov)
silent pistol with
integral suppressor

PMM (9×18mm Makarov)
modernized version

OTs-35 (9×18mm Makarov)
attaching compensator
(upgrade for regular PMs)

TKB-023 (9×18mm Makarov)
experimental variant with
polymer frame, early 1960s

Baikal-442 (9×18mm Makarov)
export sporting version

Пистолет Макарова.png
PSM pistol 5.45×18mm 1973 to present
still issued to high
ranking government
officials, police, military
& security forces
IZh-75 (commercial)
Baikal-441 (.25 ACP)
PSM Pistol.JPG
P-96 pistol 9×19mm Parabellum 2000s to present P-96S (9×17mm)

P-96M (9×18mm Makarov)

P-96M Interpolitex-2009.jpg
GSh-18 9×19mm Parabellum 2000 to present
standard sidearm
for all branches of
Russian Armed Forces
GSh-18 06.jpg
MP-443 Grach
Yarygin Pistol
9×19mm Parabellum 2003 to present
standard sidearm
for all branches of
Russian police forces
6P35 Yarygin (prototype)
9×19mm Parabellum

MP-446 Viking (commercial)
9×19mm Parabellum

MP-446C (sporting variant)
9×19mm Parabellum

9-мм Пистолет Ярыгина ПЯ 6П35 06.jpg
SR-1 Vektor 9×21mm Gyurza 2003 to present
standard sidearm
SR-1M
SR-1MP
Lebedev PL-14/15 9×19mm Parabellum Currently in prototype use

Special purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Stechkin APS
Stechkin automatic pistol
select-fire machine-pistol
9×18mm Makarov 1951 to present AO-44 / APB (variant
with attaching silencer
and steel wire stock)
Stechkin APS.jpg
SPP-1 underwater pistol 4.5×39mm 1971 to present SPP-1M (updated model)
Подводный пистолет СПП-1М - ЦНИИТОЧМАШ 01.jpg
OTs-38 Stechkin silent revolver 7.62×42mm SP-4 2002 to present
7,62-мм револьвер ОЦ-38 - Интерполитех-2011 01.jpg
PSS silent pistol
also called MSS "Vul"
("wool" in English)
7.62×42mm SP-4 1983 to present
replaced all previous
noiseless pistols[2]
PSS-2 (modernized;
7.62×45mm SP-16)
Бесшумный пистолет ПСС - ЦНИИТОЧМАШ 01.jpg
NRS-2
knife / single-shot
noiseless pistol
designed to complement
the PSS[3]
7.62×42mm SP-4
1986–present NRS (initial variant;
7.62×35mm SP-3)

NR-2 (survival kit
instead of pistol)

Нож разведчика стреляющий НРС-2 - 27-й отдельной гвардейской Краснознаменной Севастопольской мотострелковой бригады 06.jpg

Submachine guns[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Bizon[4]

helical magazine;

9×18mm Makarov 1996 to present
succeeded by
Vityaz-SN
Bizon-2 (improved variant):
2 (9×18mm Makarov)
2B (configuration with
attaching suppressor)
2-01 (9×19mm Parabellum)
2-02 (.380 ACP)
2-03 (integral suppressor)
2-07 (7.62×25mm Tokarev,
box magazine)
Bizon-3 (improved variant)
PP-19 Bizon right view.jpg
Vityaz-SN[5]

closed bolt
blowback operated
Kalashnikov variant

9×19mm Parabellum 1990s to present
standard SMG
for all branches of
Russian military
and police forces[6]
OSN Saturn special purpose unit (506-20).jpg
PP-2000 9×19mm Parabellum 2008 to present
standard SMG
for all branches of
police forces[6]
PP-2000 with detached magazine.jpg
PP-91 KEDR 9x18mm Makarov 1994 to present

used by parts of

the Ministry of

Internal Affairs

PP-71 (prototype)

PP-90-01 (variant with

integrated silencer)

PP-9 "Klin" (1996-2002 for

the Interior Ministry, using

9x18mm PMM)

ПП-91 Кедр - ОСН Сатурн 03.jpg

Special purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
PP-90

Folding Submachine gun

9x18mm Makarov 1990s Used by MVD
ПП-90М - Интерполитех-2009 01.jpg
PP-90M1

Submachine gun Helical 64-round magazine

9x19mm Parabellum 1990s Used by Spec Ops

Shotguns[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Saiga-12

Automatic shotgun

12-gauge shotgun Late 1990s Used by Russian armed forces
MTs255

Revolver like shotgun Some prototypes are in deployment

12, 20, 28, .410 and 32-gauge shotgun 1993 Used by Police of Russia and other security forces
KS-23

Special Carbine

23mm bore shotgun 1970-present,used by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Border Guard Service

Rifles[edit]

Bolt-action[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Mosin–Nagant
"3-line rifle"
"Mosin rifle"
7.62×54mmR 1891 to present
still used by some
militia forces
sniper rifle commonly
used by police and
military snipers
1891 infantry
1891 dragoon
1891 cossack
1891/1910
1891/1930
1891/1952 KGB
sniper
1907 carbine
1938 carbine
1944 carbine
Mosin–Nagant series of rifles
SV-98 7.62×51mm NATO
7.62×54mmR
.338 Lapua Magnum
2003 to present Modernized (1)
SV-98
VKS sniper rifle 12.7×55mm STs-130 2004 to present Some variants are in deployment

Semi-automatic[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
SKS / Simonov
self-loading carbine
7.62×39mm 1945 to present
still used by some police &
militia forces, also used as
ceremonial rifle
SKS
Dragunov sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR 1963 to present SVU (bullpup)
SVDK (9.3×64mm)
SVDS (folding stock):
590mm barrel (SVDS-D)
SVD

Selective-fire[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
AK-47 / AK 7.62×39mm 1949 to present
replaced by AKM
can still be found
in armories
AKS
folding stock

AK(S)N
night scope rail

Issue 1949
stamped receiver

Issue 1951
milled receiver

Issue 1954
lightened milled
receiver variant

AK-47
AKM

modernized AK-47

7.62×39mm 1959 to present
replaced by AK-74
still in use by
police and militia
forces
S-04-M, A-55
prototypes

AKMS
folding stock

AKM(S)N
night scope rail

AKM(S)L
flash suppressor
& night scope rail

RPK (machine gun)

AKM
AK-74 5.45×39mm 1974 to present
replaced by AK-74M
can still be found
in large numbers
40-P/720-P/A-017, A-3
prototypes

AKS-74 (folding stock)

AK(S)-74N
night scope rail

RPK-74 (machine gun)

AKS-74U(carbine)

AK-74
AK-74M

modernized AK-74

5.45×39mm 1991 to present
current issue
A-60/61 (prototypes)
AK-105 (carbine)
RPK-74M (machine gun)

AK-101 (5.56×45mm)
* AK-102 (carbine)
* RPK-201 (machine gun)

AK-103 (7.62×39mm)
* AK-104 (carbine)
* RPKM (machine gun)

AK-74M
AN-94 / Nikonov
Assault Rifle
5.45×39mm 1997 to present
used in limited numbers
too expensive for
general issue[7]
AN-94
AK-12 / AK-15 5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
Currently competing against A545 in the Ratnik trials.
AK-12

Special purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
APS

underwater automatic rifle

5.66×39mm MPS 1975 to present
APS
AS Val

silent assault rifle

9×39mm 1980s to present VSS Vintorez (sniper rifle)
AS Val (541-03).jpg
9A-91 9×39mm 1993 to present VSK-94 (sniper rifle)
A-9 (9×19mm Parabellum)
A-7.62 (7.62×25mm Tokarev)
9A-91
AK-9

carbine, sub-
sonic ammunition

9×39mm 2000s to present
AK-9 Assault rifle.jpg
ASh-12.7

urban assault rifle

12.7×55mm ASh-12.7 2010 to present
ASh-12 Bullpup assault rifle.jpg
ADS

amphibious
assault rifle

5.45×39mm /
5.45×39mm PSP
2013 to present Carbine

A-91 (non-amphibious):
7.62×39mm, 5.56×45mm

ADS

Anti-material rifles[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
KSVK / ASVK /
6S8 / ASV Kord
12.7×108mm 1990s to present
ASVK
OSV-96

folding barrel

12.7×108mm 1990s to present V-94 (early variant)
OSV-96

Machine guns[edit]

Squad automatic weapons (SAW's)[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
RPD / Light Machine Gun 7.62×39mm 1945 to present
still used by special forces
and militia forces
RPD Light Machine Gun
RPK / Kalashnikov
Light Machine Gun
7.62×39mm 1959 to present
still used by police
and militia forces
AKM (assault rifle)

S-108(-M), P-55
prototypes

RPKS (folding stock)

RPK(S)N
night scope rail

RPK(S)L
flash suppressor
& night scope rail

RPKM (modernized)

RPK-203 (export variant)

RPK-204 (7.62×51mm NATO)

RPK
RPK-74 5.45×39mm 1974 to present
current issue
AK-74 (assault rifle)

RPKS-74 (folding stock)

RPK(S)-74N:
night scope rail

RPK-74M (modernized)

RPK-201 (5.56×45mm NATO)

RPK-74
RPK-16 5.45×39mm Currently undergoing trials.
RPK-16

General-purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
PK machine gun
Kalashnikov Machine Gun
7.62×54mmR 1961 to present PKM (modernized)

PK(M)S (configuration
with mount)

PK(M)B (APC
configuration)

PKT(M) (tank variant)

Pecheneg (rifle-
caliber SAW)

PK
Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Pecheneg machine gun
Kalashnikov Machine Gun
7.62×54mmR 2001 to present PKM (modernized)

PK(M)S (configuration
with mount)

PK(M)B (APC
configuration)

PKT(M) (tank variant)

Pecheneg (rifle-
caliber SAW)

Heavy[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
KPV / Vladimirov
Machine Gun
14.5×114mm 1949 to present PKP (infantry variant; not
to be confused with
Pecheneg machine gun)

KPVT (vehicle-mounted)

ZPU-1 / 2 / 4 (AA mounts)

KPV
NSV Utyos / Nikitin–
Sokolov–Volkov
12.7×108mm 1971 to present
succeeded by Kord
can still be found
in large numbers
NSVT (vehicle-mounted)
Utyos-M (naval twin-mount)
NSV
Kord

can be fired
from bipod

12.7×108mm 1998 to present
Kord

Hand grenades[edit]

Fragmentation[edit]

Weapon Weight In service Variants Photo
RGD-5
offensive fragmentation grenade
310g 1954 to present
replaced by RGN
can still be found
in large numbers
RGD-5
RGO
defensive fragmentation grenade
530g 1990s to present
RGO
RGN
offensive fragmentation grenade
290g 1990s to present
RGN

Anti-tank[edit]

Weapon Weight In service Variants Photo
RKG-3

shaped charge

1,070 g 1950 to present
still stockpiled
succeeded by RPG-18
rocket launcher
RKG-3Ye (170 mm RHA)
RKG-3YeM (220 mm RHA)
RKG-3

Grenade launchers[edit]

Stand-alone[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
RGS-50 50mm grenade 1989 to present RGS-50M
50-мм ручной гранатомет РГС-50М - Технологии в машиностроении-2010 01.jpg
RG-6 / 6G30 40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
1994 to present
RG-6
RGM-40 Kastet
stand alone version
of GP-30 with
telescoping stock
40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
late 1990s to present External:
[1][2]
GM-94 43mm grenade
(VGM-93)
2007 to present
GM-94

Attached[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Kalashnikov grenade launcher
(cup type launcher)[8]
uses special blank
cartridge to launch
standard RGD-5
hand-grenades also
launches various
riot control ammunition
mid 1950s to present
AK47Figure54.jpg
GP-25 Kostyor 40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
1978 to present BG-15 Mukha
initial variant
GP-30 Obuvka:
1989 issue
2000 issue
GP-30M
GP-30U Granat
(can be mounted
on foreign rifles)
GP-34 ([3])
AK-74M with GP-25

Automatic Grenade Launchers[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
AGS-17 Plamya

succeeded by
AGS-30 & AGS-40

30 mm VOG-17M /
VOG-30 / GPD-30
1970s to present AGS-17M
modernized

AG-17M
naval version

AG-17A (AP-30
Plamya-A)
aircraft version

AGS-17
AGS-30 Atlant

light automatic
grenade launcher

30 mm VOG-17M /
VOG-30 / GPD-30
1995 to present TKB-722(K)
prototype
AGS-30

Rocket launchers[edit]

General purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber Penetration In service Variants Photo
RPG-7 Anti-tank
PG-7VL “Luch”
93mm, 2.6 kg, 1977

Tandem AT
PG-7VR “Rezyume”
105mm, 4.5 kg, 1988

Thermobaric
TBG-7V “Tanin”
105mm, 4.5 kg, 1988

Fragmentation
OG-7V “Oskolok”
40mm, 2.0 kg, 1998

Outdated (AT)
PG-7V (85/2.2/61)
PG-7VM (70/2.0/69)
PG-7VS (72/2.0/72)

260 mm (V)
300 mm (VM)
400 mm (VS)
500 mm (VL)
600 mm (VR)
1961 to present
still used in large numbers
succeeded by
RPG-30 & RPG-32
RPG-7D
paratrooper

RPG-7N/DN
night vision scope

RPG-7V
improved optics

RPG-7V1/D1
updated optics
for PG-7VR and
TBG-7V

RPG-7V2/D2
universal optics

RPG-7D3

RPG-7
RPG-16 58x3mm HEAT 300mm (RHA) 1970s to 1990s
RPG-26 Aglen

(one-shot disposable launcher)

72.5mm 440 mm 1985 to present RShG-2 (combined
warhead (light))
RPG-26
RPG-27 Tavolga

(one-shot disposable launcher)

medium AT
rocket launcher

105mm 600 mm 1989 to present RShG-1 External:
[4], [5]
RPG-29 Vampir

for ranges of 500-800
metres is installed on
tripod

105mm (AT,
thermobaric)
600 mm 1989 to present
RPG-29
RPG-32 Hashim

developed
in cooperation
with Jordan

72.5 and 105mm 650 mm 2008 to present
RPG-28 Klyukva

(one-shot disposable launcher)

heavy AT
rocket launcher

125mm 900 mm 2011 to present RMG multipurpose variant External:
[6], [7], [8]
RPG-30 Kryuk

(one-shot disposable launcher)

105mm 600 mm 2012 to present External:
[9], [10]

Incendiary and thermobaric[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
RPO Rys
Incendiary
rocket launcher
replaced the
flamethrower in
Soviet service
122mm late 1970s to present

succeeded by
RPO-A Shmel

RPO
RPO-A Shmel

(one-shot disposable launcher)

93mm late 1980s to present

succeeded by
RPO-M

RPO-A:
thermobaric
RPO-Z:
incendiary
RPO-D:
smoke warhead
RPO-M:
90mm reuseable launcher
Bur:
62mm reusable launcher
RPO-A
MRO-A

(one-shot disposable launcher)

72.5mm 2002 to present MRO-A:
thermobaric
MRO-Z:
incendiary
MRO-D:
smoke warhead
MRO
Varna

(Incendiary rocket launcher)

2005 to present[9]

Special purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Grad-P Light portable
rocket system

man-portable variant
of BM-21 Grad MLRS

122mm 9M22M

10,800 / 15,000m
aiming / max. range

1960s to present
Grad-P
DP-61 Duel 55mm depth charges late 1970s to present

supplemented by
DP-64

MRG-1 Ogonyok:
stationary variant
with 7 launch tubes
External:
[11]
DP-64 45mm depth charges 1990 to present
DP-64.png

Recoilless rifles[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
SPG-9 Kopyo 73mm 1962 to present SPG-9D
paratrooper variant

SPG-9(D)M
modernized

SPG-9(M)N/D(M)N
night vision scope

SPG-9

Mortars[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
82-BM-37
M37
M1937
PM37
82mm 1936 to present
replaced by the Podnos
can still be found
in large numbers
M37M
M41
M43
Zagan 82 mm moździerz wz 37.jpg
2B14 Podnos 82mm 1980s to present
2B14 Podnos at "Engineering Technologies 2010" forum.jpg
2B25 Gall
suppressed mortar
82mm 2011 to present External:
[12]

Anti-tank guided missiles[edit]

Weapon Missile Range In service Variants Photo
9K111 Fagot /
AT-4 Spigot
9M111 2,000m 1970 to present 9M111M
9K113 Konkurs missile system (launcher and missile) and a 9M111M Faktoriya missile in launch tube (standing)
9M113 Konkurs /
AT-5 Spandrel
9M113 4,000m 1974 to present 9M113M
Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg
9K115-2 Metis-M /
AT-13 Saxhorn-2
9M131 1,000m/ 2000m[10] 1992–present Metis-M / Metis-M1 HEAT tandem warhead, Armor penetration behind ERA 900–950 mm[11]
Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg
9K135 Kornet /
AT-14 Spriggan

replaced 9M113 Konkurs

9M133-1
9M133F-1

9M133M-2
9M133FM-2
9M133FMX
5,500m

8,000–10,000m
1998 to present[12] Kornet-E (export)
Kornet-D / EM
Kornet
9K11-2 Malyutka-2 /
AT-3D Sagger D

modernized
Malyutka (1999)

9M14-2
9M14-2M
9M14-2P
9M14-2F
3,000m

min. 400m
1999 to present Malyutka-2M External:
[13] (Malyutka-2M)

Man-portable air defense systems[edit]

Weapon Range Altitude In service Variants Photo
Igla / SA-18 Grouse

succeeded by Igla-S

5,200m 3,500m 1981 to present

Igla-1 (early variant;
NATO reporting name:
SA-16 Gimlet)

Igla-D (paratrooper
variant)

Dzhigit (two-barrel
stationary variant)

Igla
Igla-S / SA-24 Grinch

succeeded by 9K333 Verba

6,000m 3,500m 2004 to present
Igla-S
9K333 Verba 8000m 4,500m 2014 to present
9K333 Verba

Landmines[edit]

Weapon Type In service Variants Photo
POMZ Anti-personnel
tripwire type
fragmentation mine
1945 to late 1960s POMZ-2
POMZ-2M
Yugoslav PMR-2A variant of POMZ anti-personnel mine, Balkans 1996
PMN mine Anti-personnel late 1950s to present PMN-1
PMN-2
PMN-4
PMN anti-personnel mine.jpg
OZM anti-personnel
bounding (Bouncing Betty) type
OZM-3
OZM-4
OZM-72
OZM.jpg
MON-50 anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
Non armed mon50 anti-personnel clustermine.jpg
MON-90
larger version
of MON-50
anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
MON-100 anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
MON-100 2 (ORDATA).jpg
MON-200
larger version
of MON-100
anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type,
can also be used against
light-skinned vehicles
and helicopters
TM-57 mine anti-tank
TM-57 held with tilt fuze.jpg
TM-62 series of mines anti-tank TM-62M
TM-62B
TM-62D
TM-62P
TM-62T
Winz7.jpg
TM-72 mine anti-tank
stand-off
magnetic fuze
TM-89

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Modern Firearms – Handguns – Nagant 1895". World.guns.ru. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  2. ^ "Пистолеты НИИ Точмаш". Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "-2". Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Официальный сайт группы предприятий "ИЖМАШ"". 9 November 2011. Archived from the original on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "Официальный сайт группы предприятий "ИЖМАШ"". 9 November 2011. Archived from the original on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "New guns for Russia’s cops – so what? – In Moscow's Shadows". In Moscow's Shadows. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Modern Firearms". Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  8. ^ Operator's Manual for AK-47 Assault Rifle Archived 2005-03-02 at the National and University Library of Iceland. Department of the Army
  9. ^ admin. "ОАО «Конструкторское бюро приборостроения» - Пехотный огнемет «Рысь»". Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  10. ^ admin. "KBP Instrument Design Bureau - Metis-M1". Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  11. ^ TulaKirill (21 August 2010). "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)". Retrieved 28 December 2016 – via YouTube. 
  12. ^ "Kornet". Retrieved 28 December 2016. 

External links[edit]