Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn
Sheepshead Bay is a bay separating the mainland of Brooklyn, New York City, from the eastern portion of Coney Island, the latter originally a barrier island but now effectively an extension of the mainland with peninsulas both east (the neighborhood of Manhattan Beach) and west (the neighborhoods of Coney Island and Sea Gate). The mouth of the bay is about 1.0 mile (1.6 km) southwest of Marine Park, Brooklyn. The area is part of Brooklyn Community Board 15.
The name "Sheepshead Bay" applies to the neighborhood north of the bay as well as the bay itself. Sheepshead Bay was named for the sheepshead, an edible fish found in the bay's waters. The fish, now rare, can still be caught in the local waters occasionally.
The bay itself was originally the easterly entrance to Coney Island Creek, but the filling-in of the central part of this waterway during the 1930s, in conjunction with construction of the Shore Parkway portion of the Belt Parkway, eliminated access to that waterway. At the same time, the bay was widened, deepened, and bulkheaded at its western end. Recreational fishing fleets are now located there, though the fishing fleets have been shrinking every year and are being replaced by dinner boats. Holocaust Memorial Park, located at the western end of the bay, is used throughout the year for commemorative events.
In the last decade of the 20th century, a real estate boom brought the reopening of the landmark Lundy Brothers seafood restaurant, which closed again in 2007; a grocery store now takes its place. Soviet-style restaurants/nightclubs, such as Paradise and Baku Palace, have opened along the waterfront, due to an influx of Soviet immigrants to the area. Sheepshead Bay has also experienced a growth of condominium developments, and on Emmons Avenue, the northern shoreline street along the bay, are piers boasting an active seafood market and tour boats.
As of 2007, there were 123,181 people living in the Sheepshead Bay neighborhood. The demographics were 75.4% White, 14.6% Asian, 6.6% Hispanic or Latino, 4.7% African American and 0.2% Native American. Brooklyn's Avenue U Chinatown, which emerged as the second Chinatown of Brooklyn during the late 1990s, is located partially in Sheepshead Bay and partially in nearby Homecrest.
Much like the adjacent Brighton Beach neighborhood, Sheepshead Bay is known for its high concentration of immigrants from the former Soviet Union. Other ethnic groups in the area include Albanians, Chinese, and Hispanics.
Transportation, shopping centers, and thoroughfares
New York City Subway service to Sheepshead Bay is provided by the BMT Brighton Line (B Q trains), with local stops at Avenue U and Neck Road, and express/local stops at the Kings Highway and Sheepshead Bay stations.
The main shopping and business thoroughfares are Emmons Avenue, Sheepshead Bay Road, Ocean Avenue, and Nostrand Avenue. Emmons Avenue is at the west end of the shore Greenway which lies between Shore Parkway and Jamaica Bay, connecting eastward and northward to Canarsie and Cross Bay Boulevard. Emmons Avenue is a waterfront road with piers from which yachts and boats offer day trips for fishing and dancing.
Several public schools serve the community: Sheepshead Bay High School; James Madison High School; JHS 14 Shell Bank Intermediate School; The Bay Academy; P.S. 254, P.S. 206, and P.S. 52 (elementary). Private schools in the area include St. Mark's School, St. Edmund's School, and the Brooklyn Amity School. Kingsborough Community College, part of the City University of New York (CUNY) is nearby. Sheepshead Bay is policed by the NYPD's 61st Precinct.
Madison is a purely residential subsection of Sheepshead Bay, located just south of Midwood. Named after its own James Madison High School, its borders are Kings Highway to the north, Avenue U to the south, Ocean Avenue to the west, and Nostrand Avenue to the east. Madison uses the ZIP code 11229. The area is served by Brooklyn Community Board 15.
Notable current and former residents of Sheepshead Bay include:
- Elayne Boosler, comedienne
- Vitaly Borker, owner of DecorMyEyes
- James Brady (1928–2009), columnist
- Larry David (born 1947), comedian
- Jerry Butler, musician
- Andrew Dice Clay, comedian
- James E. Fitzsimmons (1874–1966), thoroughbred horse trainer
- Frank Frazetta, artist
- Keith Green (1953–1982), gospel singer
- Terry Gross (born 1951), host of Fresh Air on National Public Radio
- Garland Jeffreys, singer-songwriter
- Vince Lombardi (1913–1970), NFL head coach of the Green Bay Packers
- Marty Markowitz, former Brooklyn borough president
- Lee Mazzilli, former New York Mets baseball player and coach for the Baltimore Orioles and New York Yankees
- Rico Petrocelli, Boston Red Sox shortstop and third baseman
- Thomas Pitera, mafia mobster, grew up in Sheepshead Bay
- Mark Roth, professional bowler; second in all-time professional tour earnings
- Judith Sheindlin, former Family Court judge, known on television as "Judge Judy"
- Bob Thiele (1922–1996), record producer, musician, songwriter
- Michelle Trachtenberg (born 1985), actress
- U.S. Congressional District: New York's 8th congressional district – Congressman Hakeem Jeffries
- U.S. Congressional District: New York's 9th Congressional District – Congresswoman Yvette Clarke
- U.S. Congressional District: New York's 11th congressional district – Congressman Michael G. Grimm
- NYC Council District: 48th Councilman Chaim Deutsch
- NY State Senate District: 17th District – State Senator Simcha Felder
- NY State Senate District: 19th District – State Senator John L. Sampson
- NY State Senate District: 22nd District – State Senator Martin J. Golden
- NY State Senate District: 23rd District – State Senator Diane J. Savino
- NY Assembly District: 41st District – Assemblywoman Helene Weinstein
- NY Assembly District: 45th District – Assemblyman Steven Cymbrowitz 
- Brooklyn Community Boards, New York City. Accessed December 31, 2007.
- "The Naming of Sheepshead Bay". BrooklynBased.net. May 2009.
- Chinatowns Of New York City - Wendy Wan-Yin Tan - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Han, Sallie (1997-02-07). "Avenue U Evolves Into Mein St., U.s.a. - New York Daily News". Articles.nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "61st Precinct". nyc.gov. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Brooklyn Community Boards". nyc.gov. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
- Grimes, William (January 29, 2009). "James Brady, Columnist Chronicling the Power Elite, Dies at 80". The New York Times. "James Winston Brady grew up in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, and worked his way through Manhattan College as a copyboy at The Daily News in New York."
- Brinn, David (October 10, 2009). "GROWING UP in a Jewish family in Sheepshead Bay in Brooklyn, New York, helped to form David's sense of humor". The Jerusalem Post.
- Nichols, Joe (June 16, 1963). "AQUEDUCT PAUSES TO SALUTE MR. FITZ; Bettors Forget the Mutuels to Hail Retiring Trainer --Pollingfold Triumphs AQUEDUCT PAUSES TO CHEER MR. FITZ Some Small Delays A Peerless Trainer A Day Like Others". The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2009. "Born July 23, 1874, in the Sheepshead Bay section of Brooklyn, where he still lives ..."
- "Years after Keith Green's death, recordings released". Maryville Daily Times. August 4, 2007. Retrieved November 16, 2009. Time magazine called the Sheepshead Bay, N.Y., native a 'pre-pubescent dreamboat' who 'croons in a voice trembling with conviction.'"
- Phillips, Michael (September 26, 2004). "Voicestruck in Philly by Terry Gross". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2009. "Since going national in 1987, 'Fresh Air' has brought together the Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, New York, native—electronically, at least."
- Butler, Karen (March 19, 2005). "ON 'ICE': Sheepshead Bay native talks of tough workouts for lead in 'Ice Princess'". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved November 16, 2009. "When Michelle Trachtenberg was a young girl growing up in Sheepshead Bay, she dreamed of being a championship ice skater like her childhood idols, Michelle Kwan and Oksana Baiul."
- "Congressman Jeffries's Homepage". http://jeffries.house.gov/. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Congresswoman Clarke's Homepage". clarke.house.gov/. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Congressman Grimm's Homepage". http://grimm.house.gov/. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- "Councilman Deutsch's Homepage". Council.nyc.gov. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "State Senator Felder's Homepage". Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "State Senator Sampson's Homepage". Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "State Senator Golden's Homepage". Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "State Senator Savino's Homepage". Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Assemblywoman Weinstein's Homepage". Assembly.state.ny.us. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Assemblyman Cymbrowitz's Homepage". Assembly.state.ny.us. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Media related to Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn at Wikimedia Commons