Norfolk International Airport

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Norfolk International Airport
Norfolk International Airport Logo.jpg
ORF Departures.jpg
The Main Departures Building at ORF.
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Norfolk
OperatorNorfolk Airport Authority
ServesHampton Roads, Northeast North Carolina
LocationNorfolk, Virginia, U.S.
Elevation AMSL27 ft / 8 m
Coordinates36°53′41″N 076°12′04″W / 36.89472°N 76.20111°W / 36.89472; -76.20111Coordinates: 36°53′41″N 076°12′04″W / 36.89472°N 76.20111°W / 36.89472; -76.20111
Airport Diagram
Airport Diagram
ORF is located in Virginia
Location of airport in Virginia
ORF is located in the US
ORF (the US)
Direction Length Surface
ft m
5/23 9,001 2,744 Asphalt/Concrete
14/32 4,875 1,486 Asphalt
Aircraft operations (2017)67,679
Based aircraft (2018)95
Passengers (2017)3,380,902 [1] Increase 5.4%

Norfolk International Airport (IATA: ORF[3], ICAO: KORF, FAA LID: ORF) is a public use airport located three nautical miles (6 km) northeast of the central business district of Norfolk, an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia.[2] It is owned by the city of Norfolk and operated by the Norfolk Airport Authority: a bureau under the municipal government. The airport serves the entire Hampton Roads metropolitan area of southeast Virginia (along with Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport in Newport News) as well as northeast North Carolina.

It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2019–2023, in which it is categorized as a small-hub primary commercial service facility.[4] As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 1,606,695 enplanements in calendar year 2011, a decrease of 3.4 percent from 1,663,294 in 2010.[5]

As of 2017, Norfolk International was ranked as the 70th-busiest airport in the United States and the fourth-busiest in Virginia in terms of passengers served annually following Richmond International, Dulles International Airport and Reagan National Airport.[6] Southwest Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and American Airlines are the predominant users of the airport.

Facilities and aircraft[edit]

Norfolk International Airport covers an area of 1,300 acres (526 ha) at an elevation of 27 feet (8 m) above mean sea level. Airfield facilities consist of a main runway designated 5–23 which is 9,001 by 150 feet (2,744 x 46 m) and a crosswind runway designated 14–32 which is 4,875 by 150 feet (1,486 x 46 m).[2] These facilities allow operations to nearly all commercial aircraft types.

An Arriving flights sign outside ORF.
Frontier Airlines Checkin Counter at ORF.
Southwest Airlines Checkin Counter at ORF.

The crosswind runway's (14–32) was closed for renovations on December 19, 2009, and reopened in Spring 2011. Eventually, however, the airport's long-term plan calls for this runway to be destroyed to make way for a new parallel runway (5R-23L) east of existing runway 5–23. But the FAA grounded the plan in summer 2016 due to diminishing demand, limited space, and environmental impacts.

In 2017, the airport had 67,679 aircraft operations, an average of 185 per day: 39% scheduled commercial, 27% air taxi, 27% general aviation, and 2% military. In November 2018, there were 95 aircraft based at this airport: 52 single-engine, 20 multi-engine, 20 jet, and 3 helicopter.[2]

General aviation services, or fixed based operations, are provided by Landmark Aviation with full-service facilities for maintaining and housing private and corporate aircraft. The modern 54,000-square-foot (5,000 m2) terminal facility offers everything from aircraft rental to sightseeing flights and aircraft repair.

Daily scheduled aircraft include ERJ140/145 (United, American), CRJ200/700/900 (Delta, United, American), ERJ170 (United), ERJ175 (American, United), MD80/90 (Delta, Allegiant), A300 (FedEx), A319 (United, American), A320 (United, Allegiant, Frontier), B737 (Southwest, American, Delta), and B757 (UPS and Delta)

FAA control tower[edit]

Built in 1995, the FAA Norfolk Air Traffic Control Tower stands 134 feet (41 m) high. Operated and managed by the Federal Aviation Administration, the Norfolk Tower handles approximately 1,100 aircraft per day, 24 hours per day and 365 days per year. Radar coverage is provided by ASR-9 terminal system with a six-level weather detection capability. Also available for use is an Enhanced Target Generator (ETG) lab with two radar scopes to accomplish training objectives, as well as the IDS4 system, a specialized microcomputer network system designed to distribute and display both static and real-time data regarding weather and other rapidly changing critical information to air traffic controllers.


Norfolk International Airport consists of two passenger concourses: Concourse A (gates A1-A16), and Concourse B (gates B16-B30). American Airlines and Southwest Airlines occupy Concourse A while Allegiant Air, Delta Airlines, Frontier Airlines, and United Airlines occupy Concourse B. International flights are handled at gate A1, however there are currently no international flights. Specific gate locations are the following: Allegiant B20, American A2, A4, A6-A8, Delta B21-B25, Frontier B16, B20, Southwest A3 and A5, United B20, B27-B30. Due to lack of use many gates are currently unused. Concourse A gates A9-A11 are no longer in use. Concourse B gates B22 and B26 are no longer in use, and Gate B17 is now a Starbucks.

The Bridge that connects the Arrivals and Departures building.


Approximately 70 million pounds of air cargo are presently shipped in and out of Norfolk International Airport (NIA) each year.[7] NIA houses one of the most modern and efficient air cargo facilities in the state of Virginia. Its two modern air cargo terminals provide users with 88,000 square feet (8,200 m2) of space. An adjacent aircraft ramp provides direct access from plane to warehouse.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A Southwest Airlines Boeing 737-700 parked at the Gate.


Allegiant Air Fort Lauderdale, Orlando/Sanford, St. Petersburg/Clearwater
Seasonal: Jacksonville (resumes May 16, 2019)
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth [9]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [9]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta [10]
Delta Connection Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia [10]
Frontier Airlines Denver, Las Vegas, Orlando
Seasonal: Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Tampa
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Orlando
Seasonal: Denver, Nashville (resumes June 9, 2019), San Diego (begins June 9, 2019)
United Airlines Denver
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [13]


FedEx Express Atlanta, Charleston (SC), Knoxville, Manteo, Memphis, Newark, Raleigh/Durham
UPS Airlines Louisville, Orlando, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond


Airline market share[edit]

Carrier shares for (Sep 2017 – Aug 2018)[14]
Carrier   Passengers (arriving and departing)

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from ORF
(Sep 2017 – Aug 2018)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, GA 365,950 Delta
2 Charlotte, NC 234,770 American
3 Baltimore, MD 180,260 Southwest
4 Chicago–O'Hare, IL 146,560 American, United
5 Dallas/Fort Worth, TX 95,630 American
6 Washington D.C. Dulles 90,690 United
7 Philadelphia, PA 90,330 American
8 New York City-LaGuardia, NY 81,690 American, Delta
9 Chicago–Midway, IL 81,490 Southwest
10 Newark, NJ 66,250 United

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic
(enplaned/deplaned) at ORF
2002 through 2017[6][15]
2000's 2010's
Year Passengers Year Passengers
2010 3,332,466
2011 3,193,388
2002 3,464,246 2012 3,299,712
2003 3,436,391 2013 3,112,355
2004 3,778,216 2014 2,965,306
2005 3,884,422 2015 3,034,407
2006 3,703,664 2016 3,209,185
2007 3,714,323 2017 3,380,902
2008 3,549,204
2009 3,409,456

Passenger development[edit]

Norfolk Airport Passenger Totals 2002–2017 (millions)[16]

Ground transportation[edit]

There are no bus or shuttle services to and from Norfolk International Airport. The nearest bus (HRT Route 15) connection is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away at the intersection of Military Highway (Route 165) and Norview Avenue (Route 247).[17] All ground transportation services are located in the arrivals terminal. There are several on-site rental car companies, an authorized shuttle service providing door-to-door service to the entire Hampton Roads area, and taxis available through several companies. Additionally, both Uber and Lyft service the airport through an agreement with the airport authority.


The main entrance to the parking garage at ORF.

A nine-level parking garage adjacent to the new arrivals terminal opened in July 2002. It provides 2,800 covered spaces for short term, long term and rental parking. Overall, NIA parking facilities can accommodate 7,000 vehicles.[18]

Accidents and Incidents[edit]

  • On January 19, 1967 a United Airlines Vickers 754D Viscount collided with a snow plow which had entered the runway in the path of the United plane upon landing. All 50 passengers and crew on board the aircraft survived, the aircraft suffered major damage to its airframe and was written off.[19]
  • On September 1, 1974 a Martin 4-0-4 which was sitting empty on the ramp caught fire damaging the airframe deyond repair. The cause of the fire was never determined.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Press Room - Norfolk International Airport".
  2. ^ a b c d FAA Airport Master Record for ORF (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. effective November 8, 2018.
  3. ^ "IATA Airport Code Search (ORF: Norfolk / International)". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  4. ^ "NPIAS Report 2019-2023 Appendix A" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. October 3, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  5. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2011" (PDF, 1.7 MB). Federal Aviation Administration. October 9, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Passenger Boarding (Enplanement) and All-Cargo Data for U.S. Airports – Airports 2015". Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Press Room". Norfolk International Airport. Archived from the original on January 17, 2012.
  8. ^ "Low cost airline brings new service".
  9. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  10. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Frontier announces nonstop to Las Vegas". Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  12. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Timetable". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Norfolk, VA: Norfolk International (ORF)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), U.S. Department of Transportation. April 27, 2017.
  15. ^ "Passenger Boarding (Enplanement) and All-Cargo Data for U.S. Airports - Previous Years – Airports Previous Years". Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Statistics" (PDF).
  17. ^ "Distance from airport to intersection of Route 165 & Route 247". Google Maps.
  18. ^ "Norfolk Airport, ACS and MasterCard Worldwide Introduce Contactless Payments to Airport Parking". June 8, 2009.
  19. ^ Accident description for N7431 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on November 19, 2018.
  20. ^ Accident description for N40427 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on November 19, 2018.

External links[edit]