September 1910

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1910
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25 26 27 28 29 30
September 20, 1910: SS France launched
September 23, 1910: The last hurrah for King Manuel II of Portugal
September 23, 1910: Jorge Chavez of Peru becomes first to fly over the Alps, suffers fatal injury on landing
September 5, 1910: Marie Curie increases the production of radium

The following events occurred in September 1910:

September 1, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Pope Pius X promulgated the Sacrorum antistitum (Oath against Modernism) and directed that all Roman Catholic bishops, priests and teachers take an oath against the Modernist movement, which called for a departure from following traditional teachings of the Church. The requirement was mandatory until 1967.[1]
  • The Mormon Tabernacle Choir's music was recorded commercially for the first time. The choir's records and CDs have sold millions of copies since then.[2]

September 2, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The strike of 70,000 of New York's garment workers ended after nine weeks and an estimated $100,000,000 worth of losses secondary to the strike. The major concession won was that each manufacturer was required to have a union shop, and a guarantee of a 50-hour work week—9 hours a day for five days, followed by a 5-hour day.[3]
  • Blanche Stuart Scott (1889–1970) became the first American woman to make a solo flight in an airplane, taking off from Hammondsport, New York, after two days of instruction by Glenn Curtiss.[4]
  • Died: Henri Rousseau, 66, French post-Impressionist painter

September 3, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The boll weevil, an insect which had destroyed cotton crops since first entering the United States from Mexico, in 1892, was first detected in Alabama, where cotton production was, at the time, the main industry. The destruction of cotton farming forced farmers to diversify to other crops that, ultimately, were much more profitable—so much so that the citizens of Enterprise, Alabama, erected a monument to the pest in 1919.[5]
  • Born: Maurice Papon, French government minister until 1981, later convicted of crimes against humanity, in Gretz-Armainvilliers (d. February 17, 2007); Kitty Carlisle, American actress and game show panelist, as Catherine Conn, in New Orleans (d. April 17, 2007); Fránz Jachym, Austrian Roman Catholic bishop (d. November 29, 1984)

September 4, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Two time-bombs, fashioned from an alarm clock, a detonator and nitroglycerine, exploded in a railroad yard and at a bridge in Peoria, Illinois. A third bomb, which had failed to explode, was discovered later. The explosions proved to be a test run for a deadly attack in Los Angeles at the headquarters of the Los Angeles Times.[6]

September 5, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • Marie Curie announced to the French Academy of Sciences at the Sorbonne that she had found a process to isolate pure radium from its naturally occurring salt, radium chloride, making large scale production of the rare element feasible.[7]

September 6, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

September 7, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

September 8, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

September 9, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The car ferry Pere Marquette No. 18 was midway across Lake Michigan when it suddenly began taking on water. Because the ferries had been equipped with wireless radio, operator Stephen F. Sczepanek was able to call Pere Marquette No. 17 for assistance. While the ship was being evacuated, it suddenly sank, taking with it 29 people, including Sczepanek and two passengers, but another 33 were saved.[12]
  • U.S. Treasury Secretary Franklin MacVeagh outlined a plan to first proposal cut the size of United States currency, from 3 in. by 7 14 to 2 12 by 6 inches. The size of American banknotes would not be changed until 1929, to the present size of 2.61 by 6.14 inches)[13]

September 10, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • With his two-year-old corporation facing bankruptcy, General Motors Chairman William C. Durant met with financiers at the Chase Manhattan Bank in New York, seeking a $15 million loan (comparable to $300,000,000 in 2010) to keep the company afloat. The bankers were at first unwilling to lend. At 4:00 pm, they listened to Wilfred Leland's account of the success of Cadillac, one of the GM component companies, and agreed to talk further. Ultimately, GM received the loan and avoided bankruptcy until June 1, 2009.[14]

September 11, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

September 12, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • Physicist William David Coolidge discovered a method of creating ductile tungsten after four years of research at General Electric, making the fragile substance useful for light bulb filaments.[17]
  • Alice Stebbins Wells (1873–1957), first American policewoman in Los Angeles, and perhaps the United States, was sworn in as an LAPD officer. She was initially assigned to the Juvenile Probation unit and retired in 1945.[18] Other sources point to Lola Greene Baldwin, who had been sworn in by the city of Portland, Oregon, "to perform police service", though not as an officer.[19]
  • Symphony No. 8 (Mahler), often called Symphony of a Thousand because of the large number of performers required, was first presented. Composer Gustav Mahler himself conducted the first performance, in Munich.[20]
  • Fresno City College, the second oldest community college in the United States and the first in California, began its first classes.[21]
  • Our Lady of Victory College, located in Fort Worth, Texas, began its first classes, with 72 students, and continued operation for 47 years. In 1958, the junior college became part of the University of Dallas.[22]
  • Born: Shep Fields, American big band leader (d. 1981)

September 13, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

September 14, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

September 15, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The first elections for the new parliament of the Union of South Africa were held, with the Nationalist Party obtaining 67 of the 121 seats.[8]
  • Woodrow Wilson, the President of Princeton University, was nominated for his first political office, as the convention of the Democratic Party of New Jersey selected him as its candidate for Governor of New Jersey. In 1912, Governor Wilson would be elected President of the United States.[27]

September 16, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The patent application for the first outboard motor was filed. Ole Evinrude, a native of Norway who settled in the United States at Cambridge, Wisconsin, had created a "marine propulsion mechanism", a portable motor that could transform a rowboat into a power boat. U.S. Patent No. 1,001,260 would be granted on August 22, 1911.[28]
  • Bessica Medlar Raiche made the first accredited solo airplane flight by a woman in the United States, flying from Hempstead Plains in New York, two weeks after Blanche Stuart Scott's "accidental" solo flight.[29]
  • Mexico celebrated the centennial of its independence.
  • Born: Karl Kling, German automobile driver and Formula One racer in the 1950s, in Gießen (d. 2003); and Lt. Col. Erich Kempka, German automobile driver who was Adolf Hitler's chauffeur from 1934 to 1945, in Oberhausen (d. 1975)
  • Died: Hormuzd Rassam, 84, Iraqi archaeologist

September 17, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

September 18, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Brig. Gen. George Owen Squier demonstrated the first system to allow multiplexing of telephone transmissions, allowing multiple telephone conversations to be transmitted on the same wires, where only one at a time could be made previously.[32]
  • Chile celebrated the centennial of its independence from Spain.

September 19, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • In Chicago, recently paroled burglar Thomas Jennings broke into a house, killed owner Clarence Hiller, then fled the scene—but not before leaving his fingerprints in the home. Jennings would become the first American to be executed based primarily on fingerprint evidence. Fingerprint evidence had first been used in a murder conviction in 1905 in the United Kingdom, with Alfred and Albert Stratton being hanged for a double murder.[33]

September 20, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The SS France, the largest French ocean liner to that time (713 feet long, 24,000 tons and capacity for 2,026 people) was launched. It was the third fastest liner in the world, second only to the Lusitania and the Mauretania.[34]
  • West Texas A&M University, at the time called West Texas State Normal College, began its first classes, with 152 students beginning instruction at the campus in Canyon, Texas.[35]
  • Thomas Edison applied for a U.S. patent (granted as No. 970,616) on a helicopter of his own invention. The machine was never manufactured.[36]

September 21, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

September 22, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Canadian Public Health Association was created, and began as its first order of business nationwide campaign to vaccinate every child in the nation against smallpox.[39]
  • Hannah Shapiro, an 18-year-old seamstress at the Hart Schaffner & Marx factory in Chicago, led a walkout after the company announced a cut in the piecework rate. At first, only 16 women went on strike, but by October, 40,000 garment workers joined in a work stoppage that would last for five months.[40]
  • Died: Azud el-Mulk, 72, Regent for the Ahmad Shah Qajar, 12-year-old Shah of Persia.

September 23, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Jorge Chávez Dartnell of Peru became the first person to fly an airplane over the Alps, crossing from Switzerland to Italy in 41 minutes, and winning the Milan Committee prize. Sadly, Chavez was fatally injured when his plane crashed while he was gliding in for a landing at Domodossola, and he died four days later.[41]
  • Portugal's Cortes was opened by King Manuel II, but quickly adjourned when the eligibility of almost half of the elected membership was challenged. Within two weeks, the monarchy was overthrown and a republic was declared.[42]
  • In California, the Loma Linda Medical College began the instruction for its first class of students, graduating its first physicians in 1914.[43]
  • Born: Elliott Roosevelt, son of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, who later wrote biographies of both, as well as mystery novels, in Hyde Park, New York (d. 1990).

September 24, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

September 25, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

September 26, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • K. Ramakrishna Pillai, editor of the newspaper Swadeshabhimani and a journalist who exposed corruption and injustices in the Indian princely state of Travancore, was put out of business with his arrest, and permanent banishment, from Thiruvananthapuram. He spent the rest of his life in exile to Malabar, dying in 1916.[46]

September 27, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

September 28, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

September 29, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes was founded in New York City by Mrs. Ruth Standish Baldwin and Dr. George Edmund Haynes. In 1909, the group merged with two other organizations to form the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, and in 1920 shortened its name to the National Urban League.[48]
  • Died: Winslow Homer, 74, American artist; and Rebecca Harding Davis, American author

September 30, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Los Angeles Times bombing: American terrorist J.B. McNamara planted a time bomb in a passage beneath the headquarters of the Los Angeles Times newspaper, with 16 sticks of dynamite set to explode after working hours. Two other bombs were placed outside the homes of the Times owner and the secretary of the Merchants and Manufacturers Association. The bomb outside the Times building detonated shortly after 1:00 a.m. on Saturday, triggering an explosion of natural gas lines and setting a fire that killed 20 newspaper employees.[49]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Oath Against Modernism", Franciscan-Archive.org
  2. ^ All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide to Popular Music (Backbeat Books, 2001) p610
  3. ^ "Cloak Strike Ends", Washington Post, September 3, 1910, p1
  4. ^ EarlyAviators.com
  5. ^ "History of the Boll Weevil in Alabama, 1910–2007", Auburn University (December 2007) p4
  6. ^ Howard Blum, American Lightning: Terror, Mystery, and the Birth of Hollywood (Three Rivers Press, 2008) p17
  7. ^ "Obtains Pure Radium", Washington Post, September 6, 1910, p1; "The Discovery of Pure Radium by Mme. Curie", by George E. Light, Popular Mechanics (November 1910) p637
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (October 1910), pp420–422
  9. ^ David Dubal, The Essential Canon of Classical Music (North Point Press, 2001) p519
  10. ^ Iestyn Adams, Brothers Across the Ocean: British Foreign Policy and the Origins of the Anglo-American 'Special Relationship', 1900–1905 (St. Martin's Press, 2005) p228
  11. ^ "East River Tunnel Open", Washington Post, September 8, 1910, p1;
  12. ^ "29 Drown In Lake", Washington Post, September 10, 1910, p1; "Remembering the Steamer Pere Marquette 18", CarFerries.com
  13. ^ "Would Cut Notes", Washington Post, September 10, 1910, p4
  14. ^ Vincent Curcio, Chrysler: The Life and Times of an Automotive Genius (Oxford University Press, 2000) pp168–169
  15. ^ John M. Hart, Empire and Revolution: The Americans in Mexico Since the Civil War (University of California Press, 2002) p156
  16. ^ "10 Killed in Tunnel", Washington Post, September 12, 1910, p1
  17. ^ Frederick Betz, Managing Technological Innovation: Competitive Advantage from Change (John Wiley, 2003) p226
  18. ^ p "The First Women Police Officer in the U.S" Women Police Officers Association of California
  19. ^ Marilyn Corsianos, Policing and Gendered Justice: Examining the Possibilities By (University of Toronto Press, 2009) p5
  20. ^ Symphony No. 8 in E-flat major, "Symphony of a Thousand", The Kennedy Center
  21. ^ "Centennial Celebration" Fresno City College website
  22. ^ "Our Lady of Victory College", Handbook of Texas Online, tshaonline.org
  23. ^ "The History of the Sufi Movement", International Sufi Movement website
  24. ^ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
  25. ^ "Thorp Spring Christian College", Handbook of Texas Online
  26. ^ "Panama", The New International Year Book 1911 (Dodd, Mead & Co. 1912) p533
  27. ^ John Milton Cooper, Jr., Woodrow Wilson: A Biography (Alfred A. Knopf, 2009) p121
  28. ^ patent application Frank Sargeant, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Boating and Sailing (Alpha Books, 2002) p22
  29. ^ "Bessica Raiche"
  30. ^ "Full Ball Game in 32 Minutes", New York Times, September 18, 1910, pC-5
  31. ^ "Emma, Texas", in Handbook of Texas Online
  32. ^ Joseph Lanza, Elevator Music: A Surreal History of Muzak, Easy-Listening, and Other Moodsong (University of Michigan Press, 2004) p25
  33. ^ David Owen, Hidden Evidence: 40 True Crimes and How Forensic Science Helped Solve Them (Firefly Books, 2000) p168; Michael Mears and Terese M. Day, "The Challenge of Fingerprint Comparison Opinions in the Defense of a Criminally Charged Client", Georgia State University Law Review (Spring 2003)
  34. ^ "The Great Ocean Liners" by Daniel Othfors and Henrik Ljungström
  35. ^ "About WTAMU", West Texas A & M website.
  36. ^ "Invention Hobby of Great Men" by Aubrey D. McFadyen, in Popular Science (January 1928) p136
  37. ^ "Railroads of Madison County, Indiana", by Roger Hensley; George W. Hilton and John F. Due, The Electric Interurban Railways in America (Stanford University Press, 2000) p88
  38. ^ a b c "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (November 1910), pp544–547
  39. ^ "Let the celebrations begin!"/"Que la fete commence!"; Canadian Public Health Association centenary
  40. ^ Steve Bason, The Unfinished Struggle: Turning Points in American Labor, 1877–present (Rowman & Littlefield, 1999) p20
  41. ^ "Adventurers of the Air", by John Warth, at SmithsonianEducation.org
  42. ^ "Uprising in Lisbon; King Held Prisoner", Washington Post, October 5, 1910, p1
  43. ^ "Our History", City of Loma Linda website
  44. ^ Janet Afary, The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, 1906–1911: Grassroots Democracy, Social Democracy and the Origins of Feminism (Columbia University Press, 1996) p309
  45. ^ University of British Columbia Library website
  46. ^ "Kerala observes centenary of press freedom fighter", The Times of India, 26 September 2009
  47. ^ Karl B. Koth, Waking the Dictator: Veracruz, the Struggle for Federalism and the Mexican Revolution, 1870–1927 (University of Calgary Press, 2002) p92
  48. ^ National Urban League website
  49. ^ Michael S. Lief, et al., Ladies and Gentlemen of the Jury: Greatest Closing Arguments in Modern Law (Simon & Schuster, 2000) p60