Shorland armoured car

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shorland)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Shorland Internal Security Vehicle
Shorland armoured car mk1.jpg
A Mk1 Shorland Shorland Internal Security Vehicle
TypeArmoured car
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In serviceRoyal Ulster Constabulary
Ulster Defence Regiment
WarsThe Troubles
Lebanese Civil War
Rhodesian Bush War
Second Malayan Emergency
Internal conflict in Burma
Sri Lankan Civil War
Libyan Civil War
Production history
ManufacturerShort Brothers and Harland
Specifications
Length4.60 m (15 ft 1 in)
Width1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Height2.29 m (7 ft 6 in)
Crew3

Main
armament
7.62×51mm NATO machine gun
EngineRover petrol
91 hp (68 kW)
Suspension4 X 4
Operational
range
260–510 km (160–320 mi)
Speed88 km/h (55 mph)

The Shorland is an armoured patrol car that was designed specifically for the Royal Ulster Constabulary by Frederick Butler. The first design meeting took place in November 1961. The third and final prototype was completed in 1964 and the first RUC Shorlands were delivered in 1966. They were reallocated to the Ulster Defence Regiment in 1970. The Royal Ulster Constabulary soon replaced the Shorland with an armoured Land Rover with more conventional profile and no machine gun turret.

The vehicles were built by Short Brothers and Harland of Belfast using the chassis from the Series IIA Land Rover.

By the nineties, the Land Rover Tangi, designed and built by the Royal Ulster Constabulary's own vehicle engineering team, was by far the most common model of armoured Land Rover.

Shorts and Harland continued to develop the original Shorland from an armoured patrol car with a crew of three to an armoured personnel vehicle, capable of carrying two up front and six in the rear; a small number of these were used on the streets in Northern Ireland as late as 1998.

In 1996, the Short Brothers sold the complete Shorland design to British Aerospace Australia.

They were also used by the RAF Police in Germany in the 1990’s for Special Weapons (Nuclear) escort duties.

Design[edit]

The Shorland is a long wheelbase Land Rover with the turret similar in appearance to that of a Mk 2 Ferret scout car. The vehicle has upgraded suspension to deal with the extra weight of the armour.

Variants[edit]

Mk 1[edit]

  • 67 bhp (50 kW) engine

Mk 2[edit]

  • 77 bhp (57 kW) engine

Mk 3[edit]

  • Introduced in 1972
  • 91 bhp (68 kW) engine
  • Thicker armour than Mk 1, Mk 2

Mk 4[edit]

  • Production started in 1980
  • 3.5 litre Rover V8 petrol engine
  • Improved armour over Mk 3

Series 5[edit]

  • Based on the Defender 110 chassis
  • 3.5 litre Rover V8 petrol engine or 2.5 litre Rover Tdi Turbo diesel engine
  • Welded armour fully enclosed body.
  • Versions
    • S5 - Prototype Armoured Patrol Car
    • S51 - Armoured Patrol Car
    • S52 - Armoured Patrol Car
    • S53 - Air Defence Vehicle
    • S54 - Anti-hijack Vehicle
    • S55 - Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC)

Current and former operators[edit]

Former Netherlands Police vehicle

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2015-01-01.
  2. ^ Monteiro, Berliet, Chaimite e UMM – Os Grandes Veículos Militares Nacionais (2018), p. 36.
  3. ^ Locke & Cooke, Fighting Vehicles and Weapons of Rhodesia 1965-80 (1995), p. 94.

References[edit]

  • Christopher F. Foss, Jane’s Tank & Combat Vehicle recognition guide, HarperCollins Publishers, London 2002. ISBN 0-00-712759-6
  • Pedro Manuel Monteiro, Berliet, Chaimite e UMM – Os Grandes Veículos Militares Nacionais, Contra a Corrente, Lisboa 2018. ISBN 9789899901261 (Portuguese/English text)
  • Peter Gerard Locke & Peter David Farquharson Cooke, Fighting Vehicles and Weapons of Rhodesia 1965-80, P&P Publishing, Wellington 1995. ISBN 0-473-02413-6

External links[edit]