Summit, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Summit, Illinois
Village
Motto: Strength, Unity, Progress
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Coordinates 41°47′N 87°49′W / 41.783°N 87.817°W / 41.783; -87.817Coordinates: 41°47′N 87°49′W / 41.783°N 87.817°W / 41.783; -87.817
Area 2.26 sq mi (6 km2)
 - land 2.12 sq mi (5 km2)
 - water 0.14 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 11,054 (2010)
Density 5,214.2 / sq mi (2,013 / km2)
Founded 1890
Mayor Joseph W. Strzelczyk
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60501
Area code 708
Location of Summit within Illinois
Location of Summit within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Summit, Illinois
Website: www.thevillageofsummit.com

Summit is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 11,054 at the 2010 census.[1] The village is arguably best known as the setting to Ernest Hemingway's 1927 short story "The Killers".

Geography[edit]

Summit is located at 41°47′N 87°49′W / 41.783°N 87.817°W / 41.783; -87.817 (41.7885, -87.8139).[2]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 2.26 square miles (5.9 km2), of which 2.12 square miles (5.5 km2) (or 93.81%) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) (or 6.19%) is water.[3] Most of "Summit" is actually in the floodplain of the Des Plaines River.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 272
1900 547
1910 949 73.5%
1920 4,019 323.5%
1930 6,548 62.9%
1940 7,043 7.6%
1950 8,957 27.2%
1960 10,374 15.8%
1970 11,569 11.5%
1980 10,110 −12.6%
1990 9,971 −1.4%
2000 10,637 6.7%
2010 11,054 3.9%
Est. 2014 11,447 [5] 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 10,637 people, 3,356 households, and 2,416 families residing in the village. The population density was 5,008.7 people per square mile (1,937.2/km²). There were 3,552 housing units at an average density of 1,672.6 per square mile (646.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 63.31% White, 12.05% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 19.64% from other races, and 3.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.47% of the population, with Mexican Americans representing 44.3%.

The top three non-Hispanic, non-African American ancestries reported in Summit as of the 2000 census were Polish (11.7%), German (5.2%) and Irish (4.4%).[8]

There were 3,356 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder $32,287 versus $21,628 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,611. About 12.6% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Public education[edit]

Elementary and middle school students attend Summit District 104 schools, and then move on to Argo Community High School District 217.

Business and industry[edit]

Ingredion operates a corn milling and processing plant at 65th Street and Archer Avenue, in an area known as Argo. This facility is one of the largest of its kind in the world.[9]

ACH Food Companies, Inc. operates a manufacturing and processing plant here for Mazola corn oil, Karo corn syrup and Argo Baking Powder and Corn Starch.

The Institute for Food Safety and Health (formerly the National Center for Food Safety and Technology) is located adjacent to the Ingredion facility. It is affiliated with the Illinois Institute of Technology and the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. The institute formerly identified as being in Summit, although it now is designated as being in Bedford Park.[10]

Frito-Lay has a zone office in Summit. Summit has also been the home of the Desplaines Valley News newspaper since 1913.

Transportation[edit]

Summit's multimodal transportation network encompasses the following:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Chicago, Illinois at Wikimedia Commons