Morton Grove, Illinois

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Morton Grove, Illinois
Village
Official name: Village of Morton Grove
Motto: "First in service... first in safety"
Nickname: The Grove
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Maine, Niles
Coordinates 42°2′28″N 87°47′11″W / 42.04111°N 87.78639°W / 42.04111; -87.78639Coordinates: 42°2′28″N 87°47′11″W / 42.04111°N 87.78639°W / 42.04111; -87.78639
Area 5.09 sq mi (13 km2)
 - land 5.09 sq mi (13 km2)
 - water 0.00 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 23,270 (2010)
Density 4,571.7 / sq mi (1,765 / km2)
Founded 1895
Date December, 24
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60053, 60054, 60055
Area code 847
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Wikimedia Commons: Morton Grove, Illinois
Website: www.mortongroveil.org

Morton Grove is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,270,[1] for a growth rate of 3.6% since 2000.

The Village of Morton Grove is represented by a governing board consisting of a Village President and six Village Trustee. The President and Trustee are elected to four-year terms. The Village President is the presiding officer of Village Board meetings. The President is also the chief executive officer of the Village. The Village President of Morton Grove since May 13, 2013, is Mayor Daniel P. DiMaria.

Regularly scheduled Board meetings are held on the second and fourth Mondays of each month, beginning with a closed door executive session at 6:00 PM.[2] The Village Board is the governing body of the Village and exercises all powers entrusted to it under Illinois statutes. These include police powers related to the health, safety and welfare of the community.

The village is named after former United States Vice President Levi Parsons Morton, who was the driving force behind allowing the old Miller's Mill road (now Lincoln Avenue) to pass through the upstart neighborhood, and provide goods to trade and sell. Morton Grove was incorporated in December 1895.

The village serves as the headquarters for Alpha Delta Phi fraternity.[3]

Geography[edit]

Morton Grove is located at 42°2′28″N 87°47′11″W / 42.04111°N 87.78639°W / 42.04111; -87.78639 (42.041146, -87.786456).[4] According to the 2010 census, Morton Grove has a total area of 5.09 square miles (13.18 km2), all land.[5] The North Branch of the Chicago River runs through the middle of the suburb within Cook County Forest Preserve area.

History[edit]

Potawatomi Native Americans, followed by French traders, first inhabited the area around present day Morton Grove. Farmers from England, Germany and Luxembourg started arriving in the 1830s. The community was named after banker Levi Parsons Morton. Morton was a vice president of the United States and an ambassador to France, who also served in the U.S. House of Representatives. He became the Governor of New York just eight days after the village was incorporated, December 24, 1895, as the Village of Morton Grove. The first mayor, George Harrer, was of German descent and the largest park in the village is named after him (and his brother was the Mayor of Skokie).

The earliest inhabitants witnessed open prairies resembling vast seas of tall grasses and wildflowers on the flat land left by retreating glaciers. Most of these original prairies were later utilized for agriculture, and the rich soil attracted farmers. The Chicago River provided water and power to operate that area’s first sawmill in the 1830s, giving the area the name Miller’s Mill, after the owner of the saw mill located on the river just south of Dempster Street. Local farmers traveled along Miller's Mill Road (later Lincoln Ave.) to sell their produce in Chicago. They later traveled along the railroad, when it came through in the 1870s.

Greenhouses arrived in the 1890s and quickly grew into the world’s largest floral business. The floral business received worldwide recognition for taking first place for roses at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair. With the turn of the 19th into the 20th century, the village continued to grow and prosper as it welcomed home those who fought in World War I. As the Jazz Age roared on, one of the changes that illustrated the new era was the transformation of farmland into a small airfield that existed north of Dempster St. from 1919 to 1932.

During the late 1920s and 1930s, Morton Grove had a reputation as gambling destination and was the location of many roadhouses. Originally the home of the Huscher family before it was converted into a “swanky roadhouse" the Dells roadhouse eclipsed its competition. Located at the northwest corner of Austin and Dempster, it became the best known and most patronized of the roadhouses in Morton Grove, Illinois. The Dells offered live music and entertainment, dancing, fine food, comfort and ambiance. The Dells was an incredibly popular and successful commercial enterprise. It boasted a spacious dance floor, broadcast its music performances over the radio airwaves, and, because it was not subjected to the musician union local controls within the city, freely imported nationally renowned musicians and entertainers. The Dells had tasty cuisine in a well appointed setting on a tranquil wooded lot. Many businesses began to flourish during the "Jazz Age" in the village when the Morton Grove Chamber of Commerce & Industry was founded in 1926.

The Great Depression caused the village to meet the challenges of an uncertain economy as another world conflict loomed. After World War II, a new era of growth and prosperity began as Morton Grove entered the “Baby Boom” era. People seeking a better life ventured into the suburbs from Chicago and found Morton Grove, especially after the Edens Expressway opened. The population of Morton Grove grew from 2,010 in 1940 to 3,926 by 1950. The population soared to 20,533 in 1960, reaching a population of 23,270 by the 2010 Census.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 564
1910 836 48.2%
1920 1,079 29.1%
1930 1,974 82.9%
1940 2,010 1.8%
1950 3,926 95.3%
1960 20,533 423.0%
1970 26,369 28.4%
1980 23,747 −9.9%
1990 22,408 −5.6%
2000 22,451 0.2%
2010 23,270 3.6%
Est. 2015 23,448 [6] 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census of 2010,[8] there were 23,270 people, 8,199 households, and 6,288 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,406.4 people per square mile (1,699.7/km²). There were 8,305 housing units at an average density of 1,630.0 per square mile (628.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 66.2% White, 1.2% African American, 28% Asian, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.40% of the population.

There were 8,199 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the village the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $72,697. Males had a median income of $46,489 versus $34,730 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,973. About 1.9% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

Handgun ban[edit]

In 1981, Morton Grove became the first town in America to prohibit the possession of handguns. Victor Quilici, a local lawyer, sued the city (Quilici v. Morton Grove). The federal district court as well as the Appellate Court ruled the Morton Grove ordinance to be constitutional, thus upholding the gun ban. The U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear the case, letting the lower court decision stand. The ban stood as village code 6-2-3. However, in light of the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark 2008 opinion in District of Columbia v. Heller,[9] it appeared likely that the village would drop the ban. On July 28, 2008, the city dropped its prohibition on handguns. The village board voted 5-1 in favor of removing the ban.[10]

Economy[edit]

Principal employers[edit]

According to Morton Grove's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the principal employers in the village are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 John Crane 700
2 Xylem 650
3 Schwartz Supply Source 347
4 Shore Community Services 205
5 Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals 190
6 Quantum Group 170
7 Roman & Sunstone 165
8 Integrated Merchandising Systems 150
9 Catering by Michaels 120
10 Lifeway Foods 100


Public schools[edit]

Public school districts serving Morton Grove include:[12]

Elementary school districts:

High school districts:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Morton Grove village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.mortongroveil.org
  3. ^ http://adps.org/about/governance/headquarters/
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-19. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "State & County QuickFacts: Morton Grove". US Census Bureau. US Dept of Commerce. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  9. ^ Nick Katz (2008-07-01). "Village likely to lift gun ban after Supreme Court ruling". Morton Grove Champion (Sun-Times Group). Retrieved 2008-07-02. [dead link]
  10. ^ NRA-ILA (2008-07-18). "Village of Morton Grove to Repeal Gun Ban". NRA-ILA News. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  11. ^ Village of Morton Grove CAFR
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ theharrisonfordstory.blogspot.com/2012/10/from-college-to-contract-player-to.html

External links[edit]