Lucas County, Ohio

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Not to be confused with Lucas, Ohio.
Lucas County, Ohio
Lucas County, Ohio Courthouse at night.jpg
The Lucas County Courthouse in Toledo
Flag of Lucas County, Ohio
Seal of Lucas County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Lucas County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded June 20, 1835[1]
Named for Robert Lucas
Seat Toledo
Largest city Toledo
 • Total 596 sq mi (1,544 km2)
 • Land 341 sq mi (883 km2)
 • Water 255 sq mi (660 km2), 43%
Population (est.)
 • (2013) 436,393
 • Density 1,296/sq mi (500/km²)
Congressional districts 5th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Lucas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 441,815.[2] Its county seat is Toledo.[3] The county was named for Robert Lucas, 12th governor of Ohio, in 1835 during his second term.[4] Its establishment provoked the Toledo War conflict with the Michigan Territory.

Lucas County is part of the Toledo, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.


On August 20, 1794, near the present-day town of Maumee, American forces led by General Anthony Wayne won a decisive victory over Indian forces at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The battle opened the entire Northwest Territory for white settlement.

The disputed portion of Michigan Territory claimed by the state of Ohio known as the Toledo Strip.

Lucas County was established in 1835. At that time, both Ohio and Michigan Territory claimed sovereignty over a 468-square-mile (1,210 km2) region along the border (see Toledo War). When Michigan petitioned Congress for statehood in 1835, it sought to include the disputed territory within its bounds. In response, the Ohio General Assembly formally organized part of the area as Lucas County, naming it after the incumbent governor of Ohio, Robert Lucas.


Devonian shell of Sylvania

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 596 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 341 square miles (880 km2) is land and 255 square miles (660 km2) (43%) is water.[5] It is the fourth-smallest county in Ohio by land area. Much of the county lies within what was at the time of its establishment, a vast network of forests, wetlands, and grasslands known as the Great Black Swamp.


Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 9,382
1850 12,363 31.8%
1860 25,831 108.9%
1870 46,722 80.9%
1880 67,377 44.2%
1890 102,296 51.8%
1900 153,559 50.1%
1910 192,728 25.5%
1920 275,721 43.1%
1930 347,709 26.1%
1940 344,333 −1.0%
1950 395,551 14.9%
1960 456,931 15.5%
1970 484,370 6.0%
1980 471,741 −2.6%
1990 462,361 −2.0%
2000 455,054 −1.6%
2010 441,815 −2.9%
Est. 2014 435,286 [6] −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 455,054 people, 182,847 households, and 116,290 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,337 people per square mile (516/km²). There were 196,259 housing units at an average density of 576 per square mile (223/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.50% White, 16.98% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.86% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 4.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 182,847 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.70% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.40% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,004, and the median income for a family was $48,190. Males had a median income of $39,415 versus $26,447 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,518. About 10.70% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

Unlike most counties in northwest Ohio, Lucas County is strongly Democratic. Although Ronald Reagan carried the county twice, no other Republican has won the county in the last 50 years.[11] In 1972, for instance, it was one of only two counties in the entire state that supported George McGovern.

In the last five Presidential elections the Democratic candidate's margin of victory has ranged from 18% to 30.5% in the case of Barack Obama.[12] The eastern portion of Lucas County lies in Ohio's 9th congressional district, and it is represented by Marcy Kaptur, who is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus. The western portion, however, lies in Ohio's 5th congressional district, and is represented by Bob Latta.

County officials[edit]

Office Name Party
Commissioner Carol A. Contrada Democrat
Commissioner Peter L. Gerken Democrat
Commissioner Tina Skeldon Wozniak Democrat
Prosecutor Julia R. Bates Democrat
Sheriff John R. Tharp Democrat
Clerk of Courts J. Bernie Quilter Democrat
Recorder Phillip D. Copeland Democrat
Treasurer Wade P. Kapszukiewicz Democrat
Engineer Keith G. Earley Democrat
Coroner James R. Patrick Democrat
Auditor Anita L. Lopez Democrat



Map of Lucas County, Ohio with Municipal and Township labels




Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Lucas County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Lucas County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on May 18, 2011. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for Ohio by election)
  12. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Ohio)
  13. ^ Lucas County elected officials

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°41′N 83°30′W / 41.68°N 83.50°W / 41.68; -83.50