2018 FIFA World Cup
|Чемпиона́т ми́ра по футбо́лу 2018|
Russia 2018 interim logo
|Dates||8 June – 8 July|
|Teams||32 (expected) (from 5 or 6 confederations)|
|Venue(s)||12 (in 11 host cities)|
The finals tournament will involve 32 national teams, including that of the host nation, assuming the current format of the finals is maintained. This will be the first World Cup held in Eastern Europe.
|Wikinews has related news: FIFA announce Russia to host 2018 World Cup, Qatar to host 2022 World Cup|
The bidding procedure to host the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest. Initially, nine countries placed bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings, and Indonesia's bid was rejected by FIFA in February 2010 after the Indonesian government failed to submit a letter to support the bid. During the bidding process, the three remaining non-UEFA nations (Australia, Japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the UEFA nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup: England, Russia, Netherlands/Belgium, and Spain/Portugal.
The twenty-two-member FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments. Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The Spain/Portugal bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England's bid to host its second tournament fell at the first hurdle.
The voting patterns were as follows:
|Round 1||Round 2|
|Portugal / Spain||7||7|
|Belgium / Netherlands||4||2|
The qualification process for the 2018 World Cup has not yet been announced. All FIFA member associations, of which there are 209 as of March 2013, are eligible to enter qualification. Myanmar, having successfully appealed against a ban from the competition for crowd trouble during a 2014 World Cup qualifying tie against Oman, will be obliged to play all their 'home' matches outside the country. Russia, as hosts, qualify for the tournament automatically.
at start of event
|Russia||1st||Host||2 December 2010||11th||2014||Fourth place (1966)|
Proposal for expansion
In October 2013, UEFA President Michel Platini proposed that the World Cup finals should be expanded from 32 to 40 teams starting from 2018. The format would be the same as now, being groups of five instead of four. This was in response to FIFA President Sepp Blatter's comments that Africa and Asia deserved more spots in the World Cup finals at the expense of European and South American teams. However, FIFA general secretary Jérôme Valcke said that expansion in 2018 is "unlikely", while Russian sports minister Vitaly Mutko said that the country is "preparing on the basis that 32 teams will be taking part."
Russia has proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Saransk, Sochi, Volgograd, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg. All the cities are in or just outside European Russia to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country. The bid evaluation report stated: "The Russian bid proposes 13 host cities and 16 stadiums, thus exceeding FIFA's minimum requirement. Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed."
In October 2011 Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to 14. Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and Spartak Stadium is competing with Dynamo Stadium which will have been constructed first.
The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September 2012. The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list.
|Luzhniki Stadium||Otkrytie Arena||Zenit Arena||Arena Baltika|
|Kazan Arena||Strelka Stadium|
(rebuilt or replaced)
|Capacity: 44,918||Capacity: 45,015|
|Fisht Olympic Stadium
|Capacity: 45,015||Capacity: 43,702||Capacity: 47,659||Capacity: 44,130|
Discrimination in Russia
After it was announced that Russia will host 2018 FIFA World Cup, Dr Rafał Pankowski, a head of UEFA FARE Monitoring Centre, accused the Russian Football Union of downplaying racist chants in stadiums. In October 2013, Ivorian footballer Yaya Touré stated that black players might boycott the 2018 World Cup unless Russia tackles racism in football.
In response to the perceived heavy amounts of discrimination against LGBT people in the country, a number of petitions have been circulated calling for FIFA to strip Russia of hosting rights. Thousands have signed these petitions, including United States senators Mark Kirk and Dan Coats and gay rights activists Greg Louganis, Stephen Fry and George Takei.
The annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in 2014 led to several British and American politicians calling on FIFA to overturn its decision of hosting the 2018 World Cup in Russia — British Shadow Secretary of State for Health Andy Burnham said that football's governing body should reconsider while two American Republican senators, Dan Coats and Mark Kirk, wrote a joint letter to FIFA president Sepp Blatter saying Russia should not only be prevented from hosting a World Cup but also be banned from participating in it, bringing up the precedent of Yugoslavia being banned from Euro 92 and the 1994 World Cup as course of action to be followed in this case and proclaiming equivalence between Russia hosting the Cup with the appeasement of the Nazis and Adolf Hitler in the 1930s before World War II. In March 2014 Blatter responded by saying: "The World Cup has been given and voted to Russia and we are going forward with our work".
Russian visa policy
General visa policy of Russia will not apply to the World Cup participants and fans who will be able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship.
- Australia – SBS
- Brazil – Rede Globo
- Canada – CTV, TSN, RDS
- Caribbean – International Media Content, SportsMax
- Chile – TVN, Canal 13
- Europe – European Broadcasting Union (37 countries)
- Germany – ARD, ZDF
- India – Sony SIX
- Malaysia - ASTRO & RTM [FTA]
- Middle East – beIN Sports Arabia
- Portugal – RTP
- Sweden – SVT, TV4
- Switzerland – SRG SSR
- United Kingdom – BBC, ITV
- United States – Fox, Telemundo
- Standard Russian pronunciation is [t͡ɕɪmpʲɪɐˈnat ˈmʲirə pɐ fʊdˈbolʊ dvʲɪ ˈtɨsʲɪt͡ɕɪ vəsʲɪm'nat͡sətʲ]
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