Canton 10

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Canton 10
Location of Canton 10
Status Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Livno (executive)
Tomislavgrad (legislative)
Largest city Livno
Official languages Croatian and Bosnian
Ethnic groups (2013) 76.79% Croats
12.96% Serbs
9.55% Bosniaks
Government Parliamentary system
• Prime Minister
Ivan Jozić
Legislature Assembly of the Herzeg-Bosnian County
Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
• Establishment
12 June 1996
Area
• Total
4,934.1 km2 (1,905.1 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 census
84,127
• Density
17/km2 (44.0/sq mi)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
• Total
BAM 420.009 million
• Per capita
BAM 4629.37
Currency BAM
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd-mm-yyy
Drives on the right

Canton 10[1] (Croatian: Hercegbosanska županija; Bosnian: Kanton 10; Serbian Cyrillic: Кантон 10) is one of the 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The local government seat is in Livno, while the assembly is in Tomislavgrad.[2]

Names, symbols and controversy[edit]

In Croatian the term županija (county) is used, while in Bosnian and Serbian the term is kanton/кантон. The canton is officially referred by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina as Canton 10/County 10 (Kanton 10 or Županija 10).[3] The local government however refers to it as the Herzeg-Bosnian County (Hercegbosanska županija) and uses that name in the local constitution.[4][5] This name has been deemed unconstitutional by the Federation's Constitutional Court because the territory of the canton lies entirely outside of the Herzegovina region.[3] Other names used at the national level include North Herzegovina Canton/County (Sjevernohercegovački kanton, Sjevernohercegovačka županija) and Livno Canton (Livanjski kanton), after its capital.[6][7][8]

The flag and coat of arms of the canton were the same as the flag and coat of arms of the former Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia. West Herzegovina Canton was another canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina which also used this flag and coat of arms. However, these symbols were deemed unconstitutional by the Federation Constitutional Court, because "it only represented one group".[3] Defying the court's ruling, the local government continues using these symbols, and the coat of arms is used at plates at the official institutions. Due to the name and symbols dispute, the local police have no official badges.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The total area of the County is approximately 4,934 square kilometres (1,910 sq mi), a tenth of the surface of Bosnia-Herzegovina and c. 19% of the Federation.[9] The region is located between Dalmatia to the west, Una-Sana Canton to the north, Central Bosnia Canton to the east and West Herzegovina Canton and Herzegovina-Neretva Canton to the south and southeast.

Topography[edit]

Mountainous terrain of the region is a part of the Dinaric Alps, linked from a fold and thrust belt dating from the late Jurassic period, itself part of the Alpine orogeny, extending southeast from the southern Alps. The Dinarides form part of a chain of mountains that stretch across southern Europe and isolate Pannonian Basin from the Mediterranean Sea. The highest mountain of the Tropolje Dinarides is Mount Vran, located on the border of the municipalities of Tomislavgrad and Jablanica with the peak called Veliki Vran (Great Vran) at 2,074 metres (6,804 ft).

Highest mountains of Tropolje
Mountain Peak Elevation Coordinates
Vran Veliki Vran 2,074 m (6,804 ft) 43°40′4.8″N 17°30′18″E / 43.668000°N 17.50500°E / 43.668000; 17.50500
Vran Mali Vis 2,014 m (6,608 ft) 43°40′41.34″N 17°29′57.08″E / 43.6781500°N 17.4991889°E / 43.6781500; 17.4991889
Cincar Cincar 2,006 m (6,581 ft) 43°54′08″N 17°03′46″E / 43.90222°N 17.06278°E / 43.90222; 17.06278
Vran Crno Brdo 1,966 m (6,450 ft) 43°40′52.96″N 17°29′37.3″E / 43.6813778°N 17.493694°E / 43.6813778; 17.493694
Vran Mali Vran 1,961 m (6,434 ft) 43°39′8.8″N 17°17′27″E / 43.652444°N 17.29083°E / 43.652444; 17.29083
Vran Bijela Glava 1,949 m (6,394 ft) 43°39′34″N 17°29′56″E / 43.65944°N 17.49889°E / 43.65944; 17.49889
Vitorog Veliki Vitorog 1,907 m (6,257 ft) 44°7′12″N 17°2′45″E / 44.12000°N 17.04583°E / 44.12000; 17.04583
Golija Veliki Vrh 1,886 m (6,188 ft) 43°59′12″N 16°47′21″E / 43.98667°N 16.78917°E / 43.98667; 16.78917
Vran Priorac 1,881 m (6,171 ft) 43°39′37″N 17°28′27″E / 43.66028°N 17.47417°E / 43.66028; 17.47417
Šator Veliki Šator 1,872 m (6,142 ft) 44°9′26″N 13°35′23″E / 44.15722°N 13.58972°E / 44.15722; 13.58972

Political subdivisions[edit]

Municipalities of the County

Canton 10 includes 6 municipalities: Drvar, Bosansko Grahovo, Glamoč, Kupres, Livno and Tomislavgrad.

Coat of arms Municipality Population [10] Area (km2)[10]
No coats of arms.svg Bosansko Grahovo 3,091 780.0
No coats of arms.svg Drvar 7,506 1030.0
Coat of arms of Glamoč.png Glamoč 4,038 1033.6
Coat of arms of Kupres.jpg Kupres 5,573 569.8
Livno Wappen.svg Livno 37,487 994.0
Tomislavgrad-Grb.gif Tomislavgrad 33,032 967.4

Governance[edit]

The canton is governed by the Government of Canton 10 (Croatian: Vlada Hercegbosanske županije; Bosnian: Vlada Kantona 10; Serbian Cyrillic: Влада Кантона 10). The current government is a coalition of 2 parties led by Croatian Democratic Union. President of the government is Branko Ivković.[11]

Cantonal Assembly[edit]

Cantonal Assembly in Tomislavgrad

The Cantonal Assembly (Croatian: Županijska skupština, Bosnian and Serbian: Kantonalna skupština/Кантонална скупштина) is the parliament of the Canton 10. It consists of 25 representatives elected by proportional representation for four-year terms of office.

    Political party Assembly members
2002 2006 2010 2014 currently
  Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) 13 5 9 9
9 / 25
  Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) 3 5 3 3
3 / 25
  Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (HDZ 1990) - 6 4 4
2 / 25
  Croatian Independent List (HNL) - - - 2
2 / 25
  People's Party For Work And Betterment (NSRzB) 2 1 3 2
2 / 25
  Party of Democratic Action (SDA) 2 2 2 2
2 / 25
  Croatian Party of Rights (HSP) 1 4 3 1
1 / 25
  HSS of Stjepan Radić - - - 1
1 / 25
  Social Democratic Party (SDP BiH) 1 1 1 1
1 / 25
  independent - - - -
2 / 25
Sources:[12][13][14]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic composition of Livno Canton (today's borders) in 1991. Serbs in blue, Croats in orange, Muslims in green
The Serbian National Folk Dance Ensemble Kolo from Glamoč

According to the 1991 census, 115.682 people inhabited the canton. Croats comprised 51.5%, Serbs comprised 35.7% and Bosnian Muslims comprised 10.4% of the population. Croats overwhelmingly lived in the southeastern part of the canton (Livno, Kupres, Tomislavgrad), while Serbs lived in northwestern (Grahovo, Glamoč, Drvar). There was a significant population migration during the war (1992-95). In 1992, Serb forces captured Kupres and the surrounding area, pushing away most of the non-Serb population. Croats returned at the end of 1994, after their forces have retaken Kupres. After Croat forces captured Grahovo, Glamoč and Drvar in the summer and fall of 1995, most of the Serb population fled. Refugee Croats from other parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (fleeing Serb or Bosniak forces) settled in the abandoned area previously inhabited by the Serbs. After the war, under UN and peace implementation forces' pressure, Serb refugees returned to their homes.

In 2013, Canton's population included 76.79% Croats, 12.96% Serbs and 9.55% Bosniaks. Canton 10 had the largest share of ethnic Serbs in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, their number has steadily decreased since the war.

1991 Census[edit]

Municipality Nationality
Total
Croats
%
Serbs
%
Bosniaks
%
Other
%
Livno
29,324
72.22
3,913
9.63
5,793
14.26
1,570
3.86
40,600
Tomislavgrad
25,976
86.56
576
1.91
3,148
10.49
309
1.02
30,009
Glamoč
184
1.46
9,951
79.02
2,257
17.92
201
1.58
12,593
Kupres
3,812
43.19
4,081
46.23
802
9.08
131
1.47
8,826
Bosansko Grahovo
226
2.71
7,888
94.91
12
0.14
185
2.22
8,311
Drvar
31
0.20
14,846
96.76
29
0.18
437
2.86
15,343
Canton
59,553
51.48
41,255
35.66
12,041
10.41
2,833
2.45
115,682

Economy[edit]

The canton has significant natural resources, with large reserves of coal and timber, as well as hydro & wind power. Due to economic reasons (insufficient county revenues compared to expenses) unification with West Herzegovina County has been proposed.[15][16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ustav Hercegbosanske županije" (PDF) (in Croatian). Government of the Herzeg-Bosnia County. 23 December 1996. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.skupstinahbz.com/ustav.html
  3. ^ a b c "U-11/97". Archived from the original on 2008-04-19. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  4. ^ // TZ HBZ ** Turistička zajednica Hercegbosanske županije //
  5. ^ Vlada Hercegbosanske županije
  6. ^ Utopio se pijan plivajući u Buškom jezeru - Sarajevo-x.com
  7. ^ mediainfo.ba - Livanjski kanton: Do 2010. godine biće izgrađene prve vjetrenjače
  8. ^ 24sata.info - Livanjski kanton: Ministar zdravlja Darko Horvat lomio po kafani!
  9. ^ http://www.fzs.ba/Podaci/OSNOVNE%2520INFO%252010b.htm
  10. ^ a b (in Bosnian)(in Croatian) "PRELIMINARY RESULTS Of the 2013 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). http://www.bhas.ba/. Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2014.  External link in |website= (help)
  11. ^ "Government of Herzeg-Bosnia County". vladahbz.com (in Croatian). Government of Canton 10. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Verified results of the 2010 general elections: The Cantonal Assemblies in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Canton 10". izbori.ba. Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "210-Skupština kantona 10 (210-Assembly of Canton 10)". izbori.ba (in Bosnian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "Opći izbori-konačni rezultati (General elections-final results)" (PDF). izbori.ba (in Croatian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  15. ^ http://otvoreno.ba/vijesti/bosna-i-hercegovina/24166-ujedinjenje-upanija-poetak-spasa-hrvata-u-bih.html
  16. ^ Monitor - portal za svaki dan - Offline

External links[edit]