1856 in Ireland
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|See also:||1856 in the United Kingdom
Other events of 1856
List of years in Ireland
- 29 September - The neoclassical Roman Catholic St Mel's cathedral, Longford, opens for worship.
- M. H. Gill, printer to Dublin University, purchases the publishing and bookselling business of James McGlashan, renaming it McGlashan & Gill, the predecessor of Gill & Macmillan.
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- 14 February - Frank Harris, author, editor, journalist and publisher (died 1931).
- 20 March - John Lavery, artist (died 1941).
- 2 May - Matt Talbot, manual labourer and ascetic (died 1925).
- 26 July - George Bernard Shaw, playwright and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature (1925) (died 1950).
- 18 August - Walter Richard Pollock Hamilton, soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1879 at Futtehabad, Afghanistan (died 1879).
- 17 November - Thomas Taggart, politician in the United States (died 1929).
- 28 November - Patrick O'Donnell, Cardinal, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland (died 1927).
- Full date unknown - Tomás Ó Criomhthain, writer (died 1937).
- 27 January - John Lalor, journalist and author (born 1814).
- 4 February - William Hare, 2nd Earl of Listowel, peer and MP (born 1801).
- 18 March - Henry Pottinger, soldier and colonial administrator, first Governor of Hong Kong (born 1789).
- 31 May - Yankee Sullivan, bare knuckle fighter and boxer (born 1811).
- 2 June - Robert Carew, 1st Baron Carew, politician (born 1787).
- 8 December - Father Theobald Mathew, temperance reformer (born 1790).
- "St. Mel's Cathedral destroyed by fire". Longford Leader. 25 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- Ó Ciosáin, Niall; Hutton, Clare (2013). "The history of the book in Ireland". In Suarez, Michael F.; Woudhuysen, H. R., ed. The Book: A Global History. Oxford University Press. pp. 323–4. ISBN 978-0-19-967941-6.