1983 in spaceflight

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1983 in spaceflight
Rockets
Maiden flights Atlas H
Space Shuttle Challenger
Retirements Atlas-Centaur SLV-3D
Manned flights
Orbital 6
Total travellers 25


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

February[edit]

9 February
13:47
United StatesAtlas H United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E United States
United StatesOPS-0252 (NOSS 5) US Navy Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Atlas H

March[edit]

2 March
09:37
Soviet UnionProton-K Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 200/39 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1443 (TKS-3) FGB Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics 19 September
00:28
Successful
Soviet UnionKosmos-1443 (TKS-3) VA Low Earth (Salyut 7) Sample return 23 August Successful
28 March
15:52
United StatesAtlas E/Star-37S-ISS United StatesVandenberg SLC-3W United States
United StatesNOAA-8 (NOAA-E) NOAA Sun-synchronous Meteorology In orbit Spacecraft failure
Spacecraft failed in June 1984[1]

April[edit]

4 April
18:30
United StatesSpace Shuttle Challenger United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-6 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 9 April
18:53
Successful
United StatesTDRS-1 (TDRS-A) NASA Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
Manned orbital flight with four astronauts; Maiden flight of Space Shuttle Challenger
15 April
18:45
United StatesTitan 24B United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United States
United StatesOPS-2925 (KH-8-53) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance 21 August Successful
20 April
13:10
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz T-8 Low Earth
Planned: Docked to Salyut 7
Salyut 7 EO-2 22 April
13:28
Docking failure
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts; Failed to dock with Salyut 7

May[edit]

19 May
22:26
United StatesAtlas-Centaur SLV-3D United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36A United States
United NationsIntelsat 506 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
Final flight of Atlas-Centaur SLV-3D

June[edit]

9 June
23:23
United StatesAtlas H United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E United States
United StatesOPS-6432 (NOSS 6) US Navy Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Successful
16 June
11:59
European UnionAriane 1 FranceKourou ELA FranceCNES
FranceEutelsat 1F1 Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
West GermanyOscar 10 AMSAT Geosynchronous transfer Communications In orbit Successful
Eutelsat 1F1 retired in 1996
18 June
11:33
United StatesSpace Shuttle Challenger United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-7 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 24 June
14:56
Successful
CanadaAnik C2 Telesat Canada Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
Communications In orbit Successful
IndonesiaPalapa B1 Telkom Indonesia Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
West GermanySPAS-I NASA Low Earth (Challenger) Microgravity research 24 June
14:56
Successful
West GermanyUnited StatesOSTA-2 NASA Low Earth (Challenger) Scientific experiments 24 June
14:56
Successful
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts; including the first female American astronaut
Anik C2 retired 7 January 1998
20 June
18:45
United StatesTitan 34D United StatesVandenberg SLC-4E United States
United StatesOPS-0721 (KH-9-18) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance 21 March 1984 Successful
United StatesOPS-3899 (SSF-C-7) NRO Sun-synchronous ELINT In orbit Successful
27 June
09:12
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz T-9 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EO-2 23 November
19:58
Successful
Manned orbital flight with two cosmonauts

July[edit]

14 July
10:21
United StatesAtlas E/SGS-2 United StatesVandenberg SLC-3W United States
United StatesGPS-8 US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
31 July
15:41
United StatesTitan 34B United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United States
United StatesOPS-7304 (Jumpseat 7) NRO Molniya SIGINT In orbit Successful

August[edit]

17 August
12:08
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 1/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 17 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics 17 September
23:43
Successful
30 August
06:32
United StatesSpace Shuttle Challenger United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-8 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 5 September
07:40
Successful
IndiaINSAT 1B ISRO Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesPayload Flight Test Article NASA Low Earth (Challenger) Payload compatibility testing 5 September
07:40
Successful
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts

October[edit]

19 October
00:45
European UnionAriane 1 FranceKourou ELA FranceCNES
United NationsIntelsat 507 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
20 October
09:59
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 18 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics 16 November
04:18
Successful

November[edit]

18 November
06:32
United StatesAtlas E/Star-37S-ISS United StatesVandenberg SLC-3W United States
United StatesDMSP 5D-2 F7 US Air Force Sun-synchronous Meteorology In orbit Successful
28 November
16:00
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-9 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research 8 December
23:47
Successful
European UnionUnited StatesSpacelab Long Module 1 NASA/ESRO Low Earth (Columbia) Microgravity research
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts; Maiden flight of Spacelab Long Module

Deep-space rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
10 October Venera 15 Entered Cytherean orbit Radar mapper mission
14 October Venera 16 Entered Cytherean orbit Radar mapper mission
21 October ISEE-3/ICE 4th flyby of the Moon Closest approach: 17,440 kilometres (10,840 mi)
22 December ISEE-3/ICE 5th flyby of the Moon Closest approach: 120 kilometres (75 mi)

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
7 April
21:05
4 hours
10 minutes
8 April
01:15
STS-6 (Challenger) United StatesStory Musgrave
United StatesDonald H. Peterson
Test spacesuits and tools for future space construction.[2] First spacewalk from a Space Shuttle.[3]
1 November
04:47
2 hours
50 minutes
07:36 Salyut 7 EO-2 Soviet UnionVladimir Lyakhov
Soviet UnionAleksandr Aleksandrov
Installed a new solar panel to increase the station's electrical output.
3 November
03:47
2 hours
55 minutes
06:42 Salyut 7 EO-2 Soviet UnionVladimir Lyakhov
Soviet UnionAleksandr Aleksandrov
Installed a second new solar panel, increasing electrical output by 50%.

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Ottawan (2005). "Mission: STS 6". The Space Race. TheSpaceRace.com. Retrieved February 15, 2009. 
  3. ^ "STS-6". Space Shuttle Mission Archieves. NASA. Retrieved 2009-02-14.