1994 in spaceflight

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1994 in spaceflight
Titan 23G launches Clementine.jpg
The launch of the Clementine lunar orbiter on a Titan 23G
Orbital launches
First 8 January
Last 30 December
Total 93
Successes 88
Failures 4
Partial failures 1
Catalogued 89
Rockets
Maiden flights H-II
Pegasus-XL
Taurus
Retirements ASLV
Scout G-1
Manned flights
Orbital 9
Total travellers 44


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

8 January
10:05:34
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TM-18 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-15 9 July
10:32:35
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
20 January
09:49:00
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 Russia
RussiaGals-1 Intersputnik Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
20 January United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesFCET-10 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 20 January Successful
20 January United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesFCET-10 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 20 January Successful
20 January United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesFCET-10 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 20 January Successful
20 January United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesFCET-10 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 20 January Successful
24 January
21:37:00
European UnionAriane 4 (44LP) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
FranceEutelsat 2F5 Eutelsat Intended: Geosynchronous Communications ~90 seconds Launch failure
TurkeyTurksat-1A Turksat Intended: Geosynchronous Communications
Third stage malfunction
25 January
00:25:00
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaMeteor-3-06 Roskomsos Low Earth Weather In orbit Operational
GermanyTubsat-B TUB Low Earth Technology development In orbit Spacecraft failure
Tubsat failed after 39 days of operation
25 January
16:34:00
United StatesTitan 23G United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United StatesBMDO/NASA
United StatesClementine NASA/BMDO Selenocentric and High Earth Lunar orbiter In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
United StatesISA NASA/BMDO High Earth 8 June Successful
Computer failure after ejection from lunar orbit prevented flyby of 1620 Geographos
28 January
02:12:00
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-21 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 23 March
05:13:00
Successful
30 January
22:00
CanadaBlack Brant VIIIC United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 30 January Successful

February[edit]

2 February United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-26 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-154GB US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 2 February Successful
3 February
12:10
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-60 NASA Low Earth (Mir) Shuttle-Mir flight 11 February
19:24
Successful
United StatesSpaceHab LSM NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Discovery) Scientific research
United StatesWake Shield Facility NASA Low Earth (Discovery) Deployable scientific platform
United StatesGBA-6 NASA Low Earth (Discovery)
United StatesODERACS A NASA Low Earth Laser calibration 2 October Successful
United StatesODERACS B NASA Low Earth Laser calibration 4 October Successful
United StatesODERACS C NASA Low Earth Laser calibration 31 December Successful
United StatesODERACS D NASA Low Earth Laser calibration 31 December Successful
United StatesODERACS E NASA Low Earth Laser calibration 3 March 1995 Successful
United StatesODERACS F NASA Low Earth Laser calibration 24 February 1995 Successful
United KingdomBremSat 1 DARA/Bre Low Earth Scientific research 12 February 1995 Successful
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts; first mission of the Shuttle-Mir Programme
ODERACS deployed from Discovery on 9 February
3 February
22:00
JapanH-II JapanTanegashima LA-Y JapanNASDA
JapanOREX (Ryusei) NASDA Low Earth Reentry experiment 3 February Successful
JapanVEP (Myojo) NASDA Geosynchronous transfer Monitor rocket performance In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of H-II rocket and first launch from LA-Y
5 February
08:46
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaRaduga 1-3 MOM[disambiguation needed] Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
7 February
21:47
United StatesTitan IVA (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral LC-40 United States
United StatesUSA-99 (Milstar 1) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Titan IV (401A)
8 February
08:34
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCASC
ChinaShi Jian 4 CASC Medium Earth Particle research In orbit Operational
ChinaKF-1 CASC Geosynchronous transfer DFH-3 spacecraft boilerplate In orbit Successful
9 February
23:43
CanadaBlack Brant IX NorwayAndøya United StatesNASA
United StatesPULSAUR-2 NASA Suborbital Plasma 9 February Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
10 February
05:35
CanadaBlack Brant 9CM1 United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United States
CanadaUnited StatesGEMINI CSA/NASA Suborbital Plasma/Aeronomy 10 February Successful
Apogee: 245 kilometres (152 mi)
12 February
08:54
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaKosmos 2268 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2269 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2270 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2271 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2272 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2273 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
12 February
13:08
United StatesNike Tomahawk United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 12 February Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
12 February
13:12
United StatesNike Tomahawk United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 12 February Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
12 February
13:16
CanadaBlack Brant VIIIC United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 12 February Successful
Apogee: 242 kilometres (150 mi)
15 February
16:18
United StatesStorm United StatesWhite Sands SULF United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesERINT GTF-3 US Air Force Suborbital Target 15 February Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
15 February
23:52
JapanS-310 NorwayAndøya JapanISAS
Japan ISAS Suborbital Aeronomy 16 February Successful
Apogee: 192 kilometres (119 mi)
18 February
07:56
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaRaduga 31 MOM Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
19 February
12:13
IndiaAgni-I IndiaBalasore IndiaDRDO
India DRDO Suborbital Missile test 19 February Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
19 February
23:45
United StatesDelta II (7925–8) United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGalaxy 1R Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

March[edit]

1 March CanadaBlack Brant 9CM1 FranceCentre d'Essais des Landes FranceMatra
FranceNOIR Matra Suborbital Aeronomy 1 March Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
2 March
03:25
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaIntercosmos 26 (Koronas-I) Intercosmos/Roskosmos Low Earth Solar astronomy 4 March 2001 Successful
4 March
13:15
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-62 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research 18 March
13:10
Successful
United StatesOAST-2 OAST Low Earth (Columbia) Technology development
United StatesUSMP-2 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Microgravity research
United StatesEDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
6 March
08:21
CanadaBlack Brant XII United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Auroral 6 March Successful
Apogee: 455 kilometres (283 mi)
7 March
09:11
United StatesNike Orion United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 7 March Failure
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
8 March
03:50
United StatesLGM-118 Peacekeeper United StatesVandenberg LF-05 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 8 March Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
10 March
03:40
United StatesDelta II (7925) United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17A United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesUSA-100 (GPS IIA-15) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
United StatesSEDS-2 US Air Force Low Earth Tether experiment 8 May Successful
11 March
06:50
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 11 March Successful
Apogee: 308 kilometres (191 mi)
13 March
22:32
United StatesTaurus United StatesVandenberg LC-576E United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesUSA-101 (STEP-0) SDI Low Earth Technology development In orbit Successful
United StatesUSA-102 (DARPASAT) DARPA Low Earth Technology development In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Taurus rocket
17 March
16:30
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2274 (Yantar) VKS Low Earth Reconnaissance 21 May Successful
22 March
04:54
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-22 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 23 May Successful
28 March United StatesUGM-96 Trident I United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 28 March Successful
FCET-44; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 March United StatesUGM-96 Trident I United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 28 March Successful
FCET-44; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 March United StatesUGM-96 Trident I United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 28 March Successful
FCET-44; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 March United StatesUGM-96 Trident I United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 28 March Successful
FCET-44; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)

April[edit]

5 April
18:22
United StatesTerrier-Orion United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Rocket test 5 April Successful
Apogee: 127 kilometres (79 mi)
9 April
11:05
United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-59 NASA Low Earth Radar mapping 20 April
16:54
Successful
United StatesSpacelab Pallet NASA Low Earth (Endeavour) Spacelab SRL-1
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts
11 April
07:49
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2275 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2276 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2277 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
13 April
06:04
United StatesAtlas I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36B United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesGOES 8 NOAA Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
Weather In orbit Successful
Retired and moved to graveyard orbit on 5 May 2004
16 April
01:22
SpainINTA-300B SpainEl Arenosillo SpainINTA
Spain INTA Suborbital Aeronomy 16 April Successful
Apogee: 156 kilometres (97 mi)
17 April
04:30
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Astronomy 17 April Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
23 April
08:01
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2278 (Tselina) MO RF Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Operational
25 April
20:45
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Solar astronomy 25 April Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
26 April
02:14
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2279 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
28 April
17:14
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2280 (Yantar) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance 10 March 1995 Successful

May[edit]

3 May
07:40
United StatesNike Orion SwedenEsrange GermanyDLR
GermanyMINI-TEXUS 2 DLR Suborbital Microgravity research 3 May Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
3 May
15:55
United StatesTitan IVA (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral LC-41 United States
United StatesUSA-103 (Trumpet) NRO Molniya SIGINT In orbit Operational
4 May
00:00
IndiaASLV IndiaSriharikota IndiaISRO
IndiaSROSS-C2 IRSO Low Earth Ionospheric 12 July 2001 Successful
Final flight of ASLV
5 May
04:15
United KingdomSkylark 7 SwedenEsrange LA-S GermanyDASA
GermanyTEXUS-32 DASA Suborbital Microgravity research 5 May Successful
Apogee: 235 kilometres (146 mi)
9 May
02:47
United StatesScout-G1 United StatesVandenberg SLC-5 United States
United StatesMSTI-2 US Air Force/BMDO Low Earth Technology development 28 November 1998 Successful
Final flight of Scout rocket family
17 May United StatesLGM-118A Peacekeeper United StatesVandenberg LF-02 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 17 May Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
19 May
17:03
United StatesPegasus/HAPS United StatesStargazer, Edwards United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesSTEP-2 (SIDEX) US Air Force/STP Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Partial launch failure
Placed in incorrect orbit due to carrier rocket underperformance
20 May
02:01
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaGorizont 30 MOM Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
22 May
04:30
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-23 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 2 July
14:57
Successful
RussiaVBK Raduga Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Sample return 2 July
15:09
Successful
25 May
10:15
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaTselina MO RF Intended: Low Earth SIGINT 25 May Launch failure
Software error prevented stage 2/3 separation
26 May United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United KingdomHMS Vanguard, Eastern Range United KingdomRoyal Navy
United KingdomDASO-1 Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test 26 May Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)

June[edit]

4 June IndiaPrithvi IndiaBalasore IndiaDRDO
India DRDO Suborbital Missile test 4 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
6 June IndiaPrithvi IndiaBalasore DRDO
India DRDO Suborbital Missile test 6 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 June
07:20
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2281 (Zenit-8/Obilik) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance 29 July Successful
8 June United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-04 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-155GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 8 June Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
14 June
16:05
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaFoton 9 Roskosmos Low Earth Microgravity research 2 July Successful
17 June
07:07
European UnionAriane 4 (44LP) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United NationsIntelsat 702 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United KingdomSTRV-1A DRA Geosynchronous transfer Technology development In orbit Successful
United KingdomSTRV-1B DRA Geosynchronous transfer Technology development In orbit Successful
20 June
03:00
United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United KingdomHMS Vanguard, Eastern Range United KingdomRoyal Navy
United KingdomDASO-2 Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test 20 June Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 June
02:20
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 22 June Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
22 June
08:22
RussiaRT-2PM Topol RussiaPlesetsk RussiaRVSN
Russia RVSN Suborbital Missile test 22 June Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
24 June
13:50
United StatesAtlas I United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36B United States
United StatesUSA-104 (UHF F/O 3) US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
27 June
21:15
United StatesPegasus-XL United StatesStargazer, Vandenberg United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesSTEP-1 US Air Force/STP Intended: Low Earth Technology development 27 June Launch failure
Maiden flight of Pegasus-XL
27 June
07:40
United StatesTaurus-Orion United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Plasma 27 June Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

July[edit]

1 July
12:24
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TM-19 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-16 4 November Successful
Manned orbital flight with two cosmonauts
3 July
08:00
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-2B ChinaCASC
ChinaFSW-2 CASC Low Earth Reconnaissance 18 July Successful
6 July
23:58
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2282 (Prognoz) MOM Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
Missile defence In orbit Unclear
Retired from service on 1 October 1995
6 July United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-09 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-156GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 6 July Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
8 July
16:43
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-65 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research 23 July Successful
United StatesSpacelab Long Module 1 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Spacelab IML-2
United StatesEDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
8 July
23:05
European UnionAriane 4 (44L) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesPanAmSat-2 PanAmSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
JapanYuri-3N NHK Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
8 July United StatesMGM-29 Sergeant United StatesWallops Island United StatesBMDO
United StatesMSTI-2 BMDO Suborbital Target 8 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 July
05:13
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaNadezhda-4 MO RF Low Earth Navigation/SAR In orbit Operational
16 July
00:23
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 16 July Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
20 July
05:53
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 20 July Successful
Apogee: 163 kilometres (101 mi)
20 July
17:35
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2283 (Yantar) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance 29 September Successful
21 July
10:55
ChinaLong March 3 ChinaXichang LC-1 ChinaCASC
ChinaApstar 1 APT[disambiguation needed] Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
22 July United StatesSTARS United StatesBarking Sands United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesODES US Air Force Suborbital Target 22 July Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
28 July
22:39
United StatesNike Orion NorwayAndøya GermanyDLR
GermanyEcho 94 F-102 DUSTY DLR Suborbital Ionospheric 28 July Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
29 July
09:30
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2284 (Yantar) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance 11 September Successful
31 July
00:50
United StatesNike Orion NorwayAndøya GermanyDLR
GermanyEcho 94 F-103 DUSTY DLR Suborbital Ionospheric 31 July Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)

August[edit]

2 August
20:00
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2285 (Taifun) MO RF Low Earth Radar calibration In orbit Successful
3 August
14:38
United StatesPegasus United StatesStargazer, Edwards United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesP90-6 APEX US Air Force/STP Low Earth Technology development In orbit Successful
3 August
23:57
United StatesAtlas IIA United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36A United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesDirecTV-2 DirecTV Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
Communications In orbit Successful
Retired on 16 April 2007 and moved to graveyard orbit in May 2007
5 August
01:12
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2286 (Oko) MOM Molniya Missile defence In orbit Operational
8 August United StatesMGM-29 Sergeant United StatesWallops Island United StatesUS Navy
United StatesCEC US Navy Suborbital Target 8 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
10 August
23:05
European UnionAriane 4 (44LP) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
BrazilBrasilsat B1 (Star One B1) Brasilsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
TurkeyTurksat 1B Turksat Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
Communications In orbit Successful
11 August
15:27
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2287 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2288 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
RussiaKosmos 2289 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
12 August
00:53
United StatesNike Orion NorwayAndøya GermanyDLR
GermanyEcho 94 F-101 CONE DLR Suborbital Ionospheric 12 August Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
16 August
03:25
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 16 August Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
18 August United StatesMGM-29 Sergeant United StatesWallops Island United StatesBMDO
United StatesJTF-95 MSTI BMDO Suborbital Target 18 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 August
15:08
United StatesNike Orion BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United StatesMALTED/CADRE NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 19 August Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
20 August
02:18
United StatesNike Orion BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United StatesMALTED/CADRE NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 20 August Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
23 August
14:30
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya 3–46 MOM Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
24 August
13:45
United StatesNike Orion BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United StatesMALTED/CADRE NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 24 August Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
25 August
01:43
United StatesNike Orion BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United StatesMALTED/CADRE NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 25 August Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
25 August
14:25
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaProgress M-24 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 4 October
22:41:48
Successful
Minor issues with docking, low speed collision with Mir
26 August
12:00
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2290 (Ortlets) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 4 April 1995 Successful
27 August
08:58
United StatesTitan IVA (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral LC-41 United States
United StatesUSA-105 (Mercury) NRO Geosynchronous ELINT In orbit Operational
27 August
23:10
ChinaLong March 2E ChinaXichang LC-2 ChinaCASC
AustraliaOptus B3 Optus Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
28 August
07:50
JapanH-II JapanTanegashima LA-Y JapanMitsubishi Heavy Industries
JapanKiku 6 (ETS-6) NASDA Intended: Geosynchronous
Actual: Geosynchronous transfer
Technology development In orbit Partial launch failure
Apogee motor failed to ignite, some experiments successful
29 August
17:38
United StatesAtlas E United StatesVandenberg SLC-3W United States
United StatesUSA-106 (DMSP-5D1-F12) US Air Force Low Earth Weather In orbit Operational

September[edit]

7 September
14:41
United StatesLGM-118 Peacekeeper United StatesVandenberg LF-05 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 7 September Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
9 September
00:29
European UnionAriane 4 (42L) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesTelstar 402 AT&T Skynet Planned: Geosynchronous
Actual: Geosynchronous transfer
Communications 14 November 2004 Satellite failure
Satellite exploded during propellant system pressurisation[1]
9 September
13:33
CanadaBlack Brant VC BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 9 September Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
9 September
22:22
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-64 NASA Low Earth Microgravity experiments 20 September
21:11
United StatesSPARTAN-201 NASA Low Earth Astronomy
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts;SPARTAN deployed from Discovery on 13 September and retrieved on 15 September
12 September
15:34
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-35 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 12 September Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
15 September
15:00
United StatesNike Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCWAS-36 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy 15 September Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
15 September IsraelJericho II IsraelPalmachim IsraelISA
ISA Suborbital Missile test 15 September Failure
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
16 September
04:00
JapanST-735 JapanKagoshima JapanISAS
JapanFIH ISAS Suborbital Rocket test 16 September Successful
Apogee: 118 kilometres (73 mi)
21 September
13:56
CanadaBlack Brant VC BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 21 September Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
21 September
17:53
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2291 (Potok) MOM Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
23 September
15:15
RussiaRT-2PM Topol RussiaPlesetsk RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 23 September Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
23 September
21:15
United StatesNike Tomahawk BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 23 September Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
23 September
21:17
United StatesNike Tomahawk BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 23 September Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
24 September
21:15
United StatesNike Tomahawk BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 24 September Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
24 September
21:17
United StatesNike Tomahawk BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 24 September Successful
Apogee: 270 kilometres (170 mi)
27 September
14:00
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2292 (Taifun) MO RF Low Earth Radar calibration In orbit Successful
30 September
11:16
United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-68 NASA Low Earth Radar mapping 11 October
17:03
Successful
United StatesSpacelab Pallet NASA Low Earth (Endeavour) Spacelab SRL-2
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts

October[edit]

3 October
22:42
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaSoyuz TM-20 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-17 2 March 1995 Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
4 October
18:58
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
5 October
08:00
United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-04 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesGT-157GM US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 5 October Successful
Apogee: 1,300 kilometres (810 mi)
6 October
06:35
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36B United StatesLockheed Martin
United NationsIntelsat 703 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
6 October
13:22
CanadaBlack Brant VC BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 6 October Failure
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
8 October
01:07
European UnionAriane 4 (44L) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
MexicoSolidaridad 2 Tele Mex Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
ThailandThaicom 2 Shinawat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
11 October
14:30
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Cosmodrome Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaOkean-O1-7 Roskosmos Low Earth Oceanography In orbit Successful
13 October
16:19
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaVKS
RussiaEkspress-1 SCO[disambiguation needed] Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
14 October
22:25
CanadaBlack Brant X BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United StatesH.Alt Spread F NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 14 October Successful
Apogee: 956 kilometres (594 mi)
15 October
15:05
IndiaPSLV IndiaSriharikota FLP IndiaISRO
IndiaIRS-P2 ISRO Sun-synchronous Observation In orbit Successful
15 October
13:41
CanadaBlack Brant VC BrazilAlcântara United StatesNASA
United StatesH.Alt Spread F NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 15 October Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
21 October United StatesUGM-96 Trident I United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesDASO-33 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 21 October Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
31 October
14:30
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaElektro 1 MOM Geosynchronous Weather In orbit Spacecraft failure
No useful imagery returned due to sensor malfunction and was written off in 1998

November[edit]

1 November
00:37
European UnionAriane 4 (42P) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
LuxembourgAstra 1D SES Astra Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
1 November
09:31
United StatesDelta II (7925–10) United StatesCape Canaveral LC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesWind NASA Earth-Sun L1 halo Solar In orbit Successful
2 November
01:04
UkraineTsyklon-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 90 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2293 (EORSAT) MO RF Low Earth SIGINT 13 May 1996 Successful
3 November
00:37
United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-66 NASA Low Earth Solar astronomy 14 November Successful
United StatesSpacelab Pallet NASA Low Earth (Atlantis) Spacelab ATLAS-3
GermanyCRISTA-SPAS DLR Low Earth Atmospheric
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts; CRISTA-SPAS deployed on 4 November and retrieved on 12 November
Final solo (non-space station) flight of Atlantis until STS-125 in May 2009
3 November
18:45
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United StatesNCAR/CU-5 NASA Suborbital Ionospheric 3 November Successful
Apogee: 231 kilometres (144 mi)
3 November
19:15
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United StatesMSSTA NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy 3 November Successful
Apogee: 272 kilometres (169 mi)
4 November
05:47
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaResurs-O1-3 Roskosmos Low Earth Earth resources In orbit Successful
10 November
07:30
RussiaRT-2PM Topol RussiaPlesetsk RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 10 November Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
11 November
19:15
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaVKS
RussiaProgress M-25 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 16 February 1995
16:45:00
Successful
20 November
00:39
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2294 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2295 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2296 (GLONASS) MOM Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
22 November
15:40
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Test flight 22 November Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
24 November
09:15
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2297 (Tselina) MO RF Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Operational
24 November
10:20
JapanS-310 NorwayAndøya JapanISAS
Japan ISAS Suborbital Aeronomy 24 November Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
29 November
02:54
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaGeo-IK Roskosmos Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Successful
29 November
10:21
United StatesAtlas IIA United StatesCape Canaveral LC-36A United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesOrion 1 Orion Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
29 November
17:02
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCASC
ChinaZhongxing-5 Chinasat Geosynchronous Technology demonstration In orbit Satellite failure
First DFH-3 prototype; propulsion system malfunctioned during on-orbit positioning manouvres
30 November
10:30
United KingdomSkylark 7 SwedenEsrange Area S GermanyDLR
GermanyTEXUS 33 DASA Suborbital Microgravity 30 November Successful
Apogee: 267 kilometres (166 mi)

December[edit]

1 December
21:39
JapanS-520 NorwayAndøya JapanISAS
Japan ISAS Suborbital Auroral 1 December Successful
Apogee: 344 kilometres (214 mi)
1 December
22:57
European UnionAriane 4 (42P) FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesPanAmSat 3 PanAmSat Intended: Geosynchronous Communications 1 December Launch failure
Third stage malfunction
1 December United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesDASO-13 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 1 December Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
3 December
07:45
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Astronomy 3 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
7 December United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesFCET-45 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 7 December Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
7 December United StatesUGM-133 Trident II United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesFCET-45 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 7 December Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
8 December CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands CanadaCSA
CanadaCSAR-2 CSA Suborbital Microgravity 8 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
14 December
14:21
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya 1–88 MOM Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
16 December
12:00
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaLuch MOM Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
Retired on 1 August 1998
17 December
02:55
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands LC-36 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Astronomy 17 December Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
20 December
05:11
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2298 (Strela-2M) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
20 December
08:50
RussiaRT-2UTTH Topol M RussiaPlesetsk RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 20 December Successful
Maiden flight of Topol M missile; Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)
22 December
22:19
United StatesTitan IVA (402)/IUS United StatesCape Canaveral LC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesUSA-107 (DSP) US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile defence In orbit Operational
26 December
03:01
RussiaRokot KazakhstanBaikonur Site 175/59 RussiaVKS
RussiaRadio-ROSTRO RS-15 Roskosmos Low Earth Amateur radio In orbit Successful
26 December
22:26
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2299 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2300 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2301 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2302 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2303 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2304 (Strela-3) MO RF Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
28 December
11:31
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaRaduga 32 MOM Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
29 December
11:30
RussiaSoyuz-U2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2305 (Yantar) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance 18 December 1995 Successful
30 December
10:02
United StatesAtlas E/Star 37 United StatesVandenberg SLC-3W United States
United StatesNOAA-14 (NOAA-K) NOAA Low Earth Weather In orbit Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
19 February Clementine Selenocentric orbit injection 400 kilometres (250 mi)
4 May Clementine Leaves Selenocentric orbit
13 October Magellan Deliberately deorbited into the Venerian atmosphere

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
9 September
07:00
5 hours
4 minutes
12:06 Mir EO-16
Kvant-2
RussiaYuri Malenchenko
KazakhstanTalgat Musabayev
Inspected a docking port on Kvant-1 for damage from a recent Progress and repaired a thermal blanket on Soyuz TM-19.
13 September
06:30
6 hours
1 minute
12:32 Mir EO-16
Kvant-2
RussiaYuri Malenchenko
KazakhstanTalgat Musabayev
Continued construction work in preparation of moving solar arrays from the Kristall module to the Kvant-2 module.
16 September
14:42
6 hours
51 minutes
21:33 STS-64
Discovery
United StatesMark C. Lee
United StatesCarl J. Meade
Untethered tests of SAFER EVA rescue device.[2]

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ SAT-ND – Failures – Telstar 402
  2. ^ Dumoulin, Jim. "STS-64 (64)". NASA Space Shuttle Launch Archive. NASA. Archived from the original on 20 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-05.