2022 FIFA World Cup

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2022 FIFA World Cup
كأس العالم لكرة القدم 2022
Qatar 2022
Qatar 2022 bid logo.svg
Bid logo
Tournament details
Host country Qatar
Teams 32 (expected) (from 5 or 6 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 7 municipalities)
2018
2026

The 2022 FIFA World Cup will be the 22nd FIFA World Cup, an international football tournament that is scheduled to take place in Qatar in 2022. It will be the first Arab country to host the World Cup and the first time it is held in the Middle East region. The tournament will involve 32 national teams, including that of the host nation, and will consist of a total of 64 games, assuming the current format of the finals is maintained.

The scheduling of the event remains uncertain. Owing to the climate in Qatar, concerns have been expressed since the bid was made about holding the event during the traditional months for the World Cup finals of June and July. In October 2013, a task force was commissioned to consider alternative dates and report after the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[1]

Accusations of corruption have been made relating to how Qatar won the right to host the event. FIFA completed an investigation into these allegations and a report cleared Qatar of any wrongdoing, but the chief investigator Michael Garcia has since described FIFA's report on his inquiry as "materially incomplete and erroneous."[2]

Host selection

Advertising board for Qatar's bid

The bidding procedure to host the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest.[3] Initially, eleven bids were made for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings,[4] and Indonesia's bid was rejected by FIFA in February 2010 after the Indonesian Football Association failed to submit a letter of Indonesian government guarantee to support the bid.[5] Indonesian officials had not ruled out a bid for the 2026 FIFA World Cup, until Qatar took the 2022 cup. During the bidding process, all non-UEFA nations gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, thus making the UEFA nations ineligible for the 2022 bid.

In the end, there were five bids for the 2022 FIFA World Cup: Australia, Japan, Qatar, South Korea and the United States. The twenty-two member FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments.[6] Two FIFA executive committee members were suspended before the vote in relation to allegations of corruption regarding their votes.[7] The decision to host the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, which was graded as having "high operational risk",[8] generated criticism from media commentators, LGBT rights groups and American, Australian and English officials.[clarification needed][9]

The voting patterns were as follows:[10]

2022 FIFA bidding (majority 12 votes)
Bidders Votes
Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
 Qatar 11 10 11 14
 United States 3 5 6 8
 South Korea 4 5 5
 Japan 3 2
 Australia 1

There have been allegations of bribery and corruption in the selection process involving members of FIFA's executive committee. These allegations are being investigated by FIFA. See below: Bidding corruption allegations.

Qatar is the smallest nation by area ever to have been awarded a FIFA World Cup – the next smallest by area is Switzerland, host of the 1954 FIFA World Cup, which is more than three times as large as Qatar and only needed to host 16 teams instead of the current 32. On current population, Qatar would be the smallest host country by population – Uruguay had a population of 1.9 million when it hosted the 1930 World Cup,[11] more than Qatar's 2013 population of 1.7 million.[12] However, the Qatar Statistical Authority predicts that the total population of Qatar could reach 2.8 million by 2020.

Qualification

The qualification process for the 2022 World Cup has not yet been announced. All FIFA member associations, of which there are currently 209,[13] are eligible to enter qualification. Qatar, as hosts, qualified automatically for the tournament.

Qualified teams

Team Order of
qualification
Method of
qualification
Date of
qualification
Finals
appearance
Last
appearance
Previous best
performance
FIFA Ranking
at start of event
 Qatar 1st Host 2 December 2010 1st or 2ndA
  • ^A Qatar may still qualify for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. If they do, they will appear in the World Cup for the first time in 2018 and for the second time in 2022. Otherwise, they will make their debut appearance in 2022.

Venues

The first five proposed venues for the World Cup were unveiled at the beginning of March 2010. The stadiums aim to employ cooling technology capable of reducing temperatures within the stadium by up to 20 °C (36 °F), and the upper tiers of the stadiums will be disassembled after the World Cup and donated to countries with less developed sports infrastructure.[14] All of the five stadium projects launched have been designed by German architect Albert Speer & Partners.[15] Leading football clubs in Europe wanted the world cup to take place from 28 April to 29 May rather than the typical June and July staging, due to concerns about the heat.[16]

The Al-Khor Stadium is planned for Al Khor, located 50 kilometres north of Doha. The stadium will have a total capacity of 45,330, with 19,830 of the seats forming part of a temporary modular upper tier. The Al-Wakrah Stadium, to be located in Al-Wakrah in southern Qatar, will have a total capacity of 45,120 seats. The stadium will also contain a temporary upper tier of 25,500 seats. The stadium will be surrounded by large solar panels and will be decorated with Islamic art. The Al-Wakrah and Al-Khor stadiums would have been built regardless of whether Qatar was awarded the World Cup, according to the bid committee. However, the temporary upper-tier sections will now also be added as Qatar has won the right to host the tournament.[15]

A report released on 9 December 2010 quoted FIFA President Sepp Blatter as stating that other nations could host some matches during the World Cup. However, no specific countries were named in the report.[17] Blatter added that any such decision must be taken by Qatar first and then endorsed by FIFA's executive committee.[18] Prince Ali bin Al Hussein of Jordan told the Australian Associated Press that holding games in Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and possibly Saudi Arabia would help to incorporate the people of the region during the tournament.[19]

According to a report released in April 2013 by Merrill Lynch; the investment banking division of Bank of America, the organizers in Qatar have requested from FIFA to approve a smaller number of stadiums due to the growing costs.[20] Bloomberg.com said that Qatar wishes to cut the number of venues to 8 or 9 from the 12 originally planned.[21]

Lusail Doha Doha Doha
Lusail Iconic Stadium Khalifa International Stadium Sports City Stadium Education City Stadium
Capacity: 86,250
(planned)
Capacity: 40,000
(plans to expand to 68,030)
Capacity: 47,560
(planned)
Capacity: 45,350
(planned)
Lusail.jpg Brazil vs Argentina at Khalif a Stad in Doha.JPG
Al Khor Madinat ash Shamal
Al-Khor Stadium Al-Shamal Stadium
Capacity: 45,330
(planned)
Capacity: 45,120
(planned)
Al Shamal.jpg
Al Wakrah Umm Salal
Al-Wakrah Stadium Umm Salal Stadium
Capacity: 45,120
(Under construction)
Capacity: 45,120
(planned)
Doha Doha Al Rayyan Doha
Doha Port Stadium Thani bin Jassim Stadium Ahmed bin Ali Stadium Qatar University Stadium
Capacity: 44,950
(planned)
Capacity: 21,282
(plans to expand to 44,740)
Capacity: 21,282
(plans to expand to 44,740)
Capacity: 43,520
(planned)
Doha-port-stadium.jpg Qatar univ stadium Doha.jpg

Controversies

A number of groups and media outlets have expressed concern over the suitability of Qatar to host the event,[22][23] with regard to interpretations of human rights, particularly worker conditions, the rights of fans in the LGBT community,[23][24][25] climatic conditions and accusations of Qatar for supporting terrorism both diplomatically and financially.[26]

The selection of Qatar as the host country has been controversial; FIFA officials were accused of corruption and allowing Qatar to "buy" the World Cup,[27] the treatment of construction workers was called into question by human rights groups,[28] and the high costs needed to make the plans reality were criticised. The climate conditions caused some to call hosting the tournament in Qatar infeasible, with initial plans for air-conditioned stadiums giving way to a potential date switch from summer to winter. FIFA president Sepp Blatter later remarked that awarding the World Cup to Qatar was a "mistake" because of the extreme heat.[29][30]

Workers' conditions

The issue of migrant workers' rights has also attracted attention, with an investigation by The Guardian newspaper claiming that many workers are denied food and water, have their identity papers taken away from them, and that they are not paid on time or at all, making some of them in effect slaves. The Guardian has estimated that up to 4,000 workers may die due to lax safety and other causes by the time the competition is held.[28] These claims are based upon the fact that 400 Nepalese[31] and over 700 migrant Indian[32] workers have already died on various building sites in the country since 2010, when Qatar's bid as World Cup's host was won.

Bidding corruption allegations

See also: Garcia Report

Qatar has faced growing pressure over its hosting of the World Cup in relation to allegations over the role of former top football official Mohammed bin Hammam played in securing the bid.[33]

A former employee of the Qatar bid team alleged that several African officials were paid $1.5m by Qatar[34] She retracted her claims, but later said she was coerced to do so by Qatari bid officials..[35][36] More suspicions emerged in March 2014 when it was discovered that disgraced former CONCACAF president Jack Warner and his family were paid almost $2 million from a firm linked to Qatar's successful campaign. The FBI is investigating Warner and his alleged links to the Qatari bid.[37]

Four of FIFA's six primary sponsors, Sony, Adidas, Visa and Coca-Cola, have called upon FIFA to investigate the claims.[38][39] The Sunday Times published bribery allegations based on a leak of millions of secret documents.[40] FIFA vice-president Jim Boyce has gone on record stating he would support a re-vote to find a new host if the corruption allegations are proven.[41][42]

Despite the claims, the Qataris insist that the corruption allegations are being driven by envy and mistrust by those who do not want the World Cup staged in such a country. Qatar Airways CEO Akbar Al Baker gave an interview to German media in June 2014 stating that the country is not getting the respect it deserves over its efforts to hold the World Cup and that the Qatari Emir strictly punishes and forbids instances of corruption and bribery with a zero-tolerance policy.[43][need quotation to verify]

Broadcasting rights

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "World Cup 2022: Fifa task force to seek new dates for tournament". BBC Sport. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/30037729
  3. ^ Goff, Steve (16 January 2009). "Future World Cups". The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  4. ^ "2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup bids begin in January 2009". Retrieved 29 September 2009.  {{World Cup 2018 Venue |date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}}
  5. ^ "Indonesia's bid to host the 2022 World Cup bid ends". BBC Sport. 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "Combined bidding confirmed". FIFA. 20 December 2008. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2008. 
  7. ^ Wilson, Steve (18 November 2010). "World Cup 2018: meet Amos Adamu and Reynald Temarii, the Fifa pair suspended over corruption". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "World Cup 2022: Blow to Qatar's 2022 bid as FIFA brands it "high risk"". Bloomberg. 18 November 2010. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  9. ^ James, Stuart (2 December 2010). "World Cup 2022: 'Political craziness' favours Qatar's winning bid". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  10. ^ Doyle, Paul; Busfield, Steve (2 December 2010). "World Cup 2018 and 2022 decision day – live!". The Guardian (London). 
  11. ^ URUGUAY: historical demographic data of the whole country. Populstat Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  12. ^ "Population structure". Qatar Statistics Authority. 31 January 2013. 
  13. ^ FIFA's 208 Member Associations FIFA.com. Retrieved 14–12–10
  14. ^ "Bidding Nation Qatar 2022 – Stadiums". Qatar2022bid.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 
  15. ^ a b "2022 FIFA World Cup Bid Evaluation Report: Qatar". FIFA. 5 December 2010. 
  16. ^ Richard Conway (30 October 2014). "World Cup 2022: European clubs want spring finals in Qatar". BBC Sports. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Report: Qatar neighbors could host 2022 WC games". Fox Soccer/AP. 9 December 2010. 
  18. ^ "FIFA 'backs' winter 2022 Qatar cup – FOOTBALL". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  19. ^ "Jordan's Prince Ali calls for winter WCup in Qatar". Yahoo! Sports/AP. 13 December 2010. 
  20. ^ "Qatar 2022: Nine stadiums instead of twelve? –". Stadiumdb.com. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Fattah, Zainab (22 April 2013). "Qatar Is in Talks to Reduce World Cup Stadiums, BofA Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  22. ^ Kaufman, Michelle. "Tiny Qatar beats out America for World Cup – Total Soccer | Fútbol Total". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  23. ^ a b James, Stuart (2 December 2010). "World Cup 2022: 'Political craziness' favours Qatar's winning bid". The Guardian (London). 
  24. ^ Geen, Jessica. "Gay groups' anger at 'homophobic' World Cup hosts Russia and Qatar". Pink News. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  25. ^ "Qatar's World Cup won't be gay-friendly". news.com.au. 3 December 2010. 
  26. ^ Samuel, Martin (18 March 2014). "New Qatar controversy as World Cup hosts are linked to terrorism". dailymail.co.uk. 
  27. ^ "Valcke denies 2022 'bought' claim". BBC News. 30 May 2011. 
  28. ^ a b Booth, Robert. "Qatar World Cup construction 'will leave 4,000 migrant workers dead'". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  29. ^ "Sepp Blatter: awarding 2022 World Cup to Qatar was a mistake | Football". theguardian.com. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  30. ^ "Sepp Blatter admits summer World Cup in Qatar mistake – CBC Sports – Soccer". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  31. ^ Qatar World Cup: 400 Nepalese die on nation's building sites since bid won
  32. ^ Gibson, Owen (24 September 2013). "More than 500 Indian workers have died in Qatar since 2012, figures show | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  33. ^ "Fresh corruption claims over Qatar World Cup bid". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 June 2014. 
  34. ^ Sports Illustrated, "Sorry Soccer", 23 May 2011, p. 16.
  35. ^ FIFA tight-lipped over whistleblower. Al Jazeera. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
  36. ^ Qatar World Cup whistleblower retracts her claims of Fifa bribes. The Guardian. 10 July 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
  37. ^ Watt, Holly (18 March 2014). "World Cup 2022 investigation: demands to strip Qatar of World Cup". The Telegrph (London). Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  38. ^ "Qatar 2022: Fifa sponsor demands 'appropriate investigation'". BBC Sport. 8 June 2014. 
  39. ^ Blitz, Roger (8 June 2014). "Big sponsors pile pressure on Fifa over Qatar World Cup". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  40. ^ "Plot to buy the World Cup". The Sunday Times. 1 June 2014. 
  41. ^ Conway, Richard (5 June 2014). "BBC Sport – World Cup 2022: Qatari officials consider legal action". BBC.com. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  42. ^ "2022 World Cup bribery accusations denied by Qatar organizers – World – CBC News". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  43. ^ "Terms of trade union are killing Lufthansa". Handelsblatt. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  44. ^ Hassett, Sebastian (28 October 2011). "SBS locks in two more World Cups". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 28 October 2011. 
  45. ^ "Globo buys broadcast rights to 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups™". FIFA. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  46. ^ "Bell Media lands deal for FIFA soccer from 2015 through 2022". TSN. 27 October 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2011. 
  47. ^ Myers, Sanjay (28 October 2011). "SportsMax lands long-term FIFA package". Jamaica BServer. Retrieved 28 October 2011. 
  48. ^ "EBU in European media rights deal with FIFA for 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups™" (Press release). European Broadcasting Union. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012. 
  49. ^ Connolly, Eoin (26 January 2011). "Al Jazeera secures first 2018/2022 rights package". SportsPro. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  50. ^ Longman, Jeré (21 October 2011). "Fox and Telemundo Win U.S. Rights to World Cups". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 

External links