List of extreme points of India

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Extreme points of India marked on the map of India

The extreme points of India include the coordinates that are further north, south, east or west than any other location in India; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northern-most and eastern-most points claimed by India are both in territory disputed between India and China. With the exception of Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin), the southern-most location of mainland India, all other extreme locations are uninhabited.

The latitude and longitude are expressed in decimal degree notation, in which a positive latitude value refers to the northern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the southern hemisphere. Similarly, a positive longitude value refers to the eastern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the western hemisphere. The coordinates used in this article are sourced from Google Earth, which makes use of the WGS84 geodetic reference system. Additionally, a negative altitude value refers to land below sea level.

Extreme points[edit]

The northernmost point that India claims lies in territory now administered by China as part of Xinjiang but once claimed by Hunza and therefore claimed by India as part of the disputed state of Kashmir. The northernmost point administered by India lies in Kashmir. India's claim to the whole of Kashmir is disputed by Pakistan and China, with the territory currently partitioned into Pakistan's states of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, the Chinese region of Aksai Chin and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.[1] This list provides the northernmost point as claimed by India; the northern-most disputed point that is administered by India; and the northern-most undisputed point in India. This case also applies to the highest elevated regions.

India's eastern-most state is Arunachal Pradesh. Part of the state is claimed by China as "South Tibet", though administered by India, The easternmost of Indian-administered territory is located in this disputed region.[2] Consequently, this list mentions both the disputed and undisputed eastern-most points in India.

Heading Location Administrative entity Bordering entity Coordinates[nb 1] Ref
North
(disputed, administered)
Near Indira Col, Siachen Glacier Indian-administered Kashmir Xinjiang, China 35°40′28″N 76°50′43″E / 35.674520°N 76.845245°E / 35.674520; 76.845245 (Near Indira Col (Northernmost - disputed, administered)) [3]
North
(disputed, claimed)
Dafdar in the Taghdumbash Pamir near Beyik Pass Xinjiang, China Wakhan Corridor, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan 37°24′00″N 75°24′00″E / 37.40000°N 75.40000°E / 37.40000; 75.40000 [4]
North
(undisputed)
Near Dharwas, Chamba district Himachal Pradesh Indian-administered Kashmir 33°14′56″N 76°49′37″E / 33.24902°N 76.82704°E / 33.24902; 76.82704 (Near Dharwas (Northernmost - undisputed)) [5]
South Indira Point in the Nicobar Islands Andaman and Nicobar Islands Indian Ocean 6°44′48″N 93°50′33″E / 6.74678°N 93.84260°E / 6.74678; 93.84260 (Indira Point (Southernmost)) [4][6]
South (mainland) Cape Comorin near Kanyakumari Tamil Nadu Indian Ocean 8°04′08″N 77°33′08″E / 8.06890°N 77.55230°E / 8.06890; 77.55230 (Cape Comorin (Southernmost - mainland) [4][7]
East
(disputed, administered)
Kibithu in Anjaw district Arunachal Pradesh Tibet, China 28°01′03″N 97°24′09″E / 28.01744°N 97.40238°E / 28.01744; 97.40238 (Kibithu (Easternmost - disputed, administered)) [4][8]
East (undisputed) Near Kumki, in the Changlang district Arunachal Pradesh Kachin State, Myanmar 27°07′34″N 97°10′02″E / 27.12622°N 97.16712°E / 27.12622; 97.16712 (Near Kumki (Easternmost - undisputed)) [9]
West Guhar Moti in Kutch, near the Sir Creek Gujarat Arabian Sea 23°42′47″N 68°01′56″E / 23.71307°N 68.03215°E / 23.71307; 68.03215 (Ghuar Mota (Westernmost)) [10]


Extremity Name Altitude Location State Coordinates Ref
Highest (undisputed) Kanchenjunga 8,586 m (28,169 ft) North Sikkim on the India-Nepal border Sikkim 27°42′09″N 88°08′54″E / 27.70250°N 88.14833°E / 27.70250; 88.14833 (West Sikkim (Highest - undisputed)) [4]
Highest (disputed) K2 8,611 m (28,251 ft) Border between Kashmir and Xinjiang Northern Areas Pakistan 35°52′57″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88250°N 76.51333°E / 35.88250; 76.51333 (Border between Kashmir and Xinjiang (Highest - disputed)) [4]
Highest
(undisputed and entirely within India)
Nanda Devi 7,816 m (25,643 ft) Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand 30°22′36″N 79°58′15″E / 30.37667°N 79.97083°E / 30.37667; 79.97083 (Uttarakhand (Highest completely within India)) [4]
Lowest Kuttanad −2.2 m (−7.2 ft) Alappuzha district Kerala 9°09′13″N 76°28′23″E / 9.15360°N 76.47300°E / 9.15360; 76.47300 (Kuttanad (Lowest)) [11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Coordinates obtained from Google Earth. Google Earth makes use of the WGS84 geodetic reference system.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Q&A: Kashmir dispute". BBC News. BBC. 2002-11-25. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  2. ^ "Why China claims Arunachal Pradesh". Rediff.com. 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  3. ^ "Google Maps (Jammu and Kashmir)". Google. Retrieved 2014-05-11. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Thomas (2003). Manorama Yearbook 2003. Malayala Manorama Co. Ltd. p. 649. ISBN 81-900461-8-7. 
  5. ^ "Google Maps (Himachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  6. ^ "Google Maps (Kashmir)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  7. ^ "Google Maps (Tamil Nadu)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  8. ^ "Google Maps (Arunachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  9. ^ "Google Maps (Arunachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  10. ^ "Google Maps (Gujarat)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  11. ^ Suchitra, M (2003-08-13). "Thirst below sea level". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-05-11.