|Princess consort of Monaco|
|Tenure||April 14, 1956 – September 14, 1982|
|Spouse||Rainier III, Prince of Monaco|
|Issue||Caroline, Princess of Hanover
Albert II, Prince of Monaco
Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
|Grace Patricia Kelly|
|Father||John B. Kelly, Sr.|
|Mother||Margaret Katherine Majer|
November 12, 1929|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
|Died||September 14, 1982
After embarking on an acting career in 1950, at the age of 20, Grace Kelly appeared in New York City theatrical productions and more than 40 episodes of live drama productions broadcast during the early 1950s Golden Age of Television. In October 1953, with the release of Mogambo, she became a movie star, a status confirmed in 1954 with a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award nomination, as well as leading roles in five films, including The Country Girl, in which she gave a deglamorized, Academy Award–winning performance.
She retired from acting at the age of 26 to marry Prince Rainier and enter upon her duties in Monaco. She and Prince Rainier had three children: Caroline, Albert, and Stéphanie. She retained her American roots, maintaining dual U.S. and Monégasque citizenship.
She died on September 14, 1982, after suffering a stroke the previous day which caused her to lose control of her automobile and crash. Her daughter, Princess Stéphanie, was in the car with her and survived the accident.
- 1 Family
- 2 Acting career
- 3 Marriage
- 4 Princess of Monaco
- 5 Death
- 6 Legacy
- 7 Titles and styles
- 8 Honors
- 9 Screen credits
- 10 Discography
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
Grace Kelly was born in Philadelphia to John Brendan "Jack" Kelly and his wife, Margaret Katherine Majer. The newborn was named after her father's sister, who had died at an early age. She was raised Catholic. Before her marriage, Majer studied physical education at Temple University and later became the first woman to head the Physical Education Department at the University of Pennsylvania. Jack Kelly was a local hero as a triple Olympic-gold-medal-winning sculler, and became wealthy as his construction company became the largest such enterprise on the East Coast. Registering as a Democrat, he obtained the party's nomination for mayor in the 1935 election and lost by the closest margin for any Democrat in the city's history. In later years, he served on the Fairmount Park Commission and, during World War II, was appointed by President Roosevelt as National Director of Physical Fitness.
When Grace was born, the Kellys already had two children, Margaret Katherine, known as Peggy (June 13, 1925 – November 23, 1991) and John Brendan, Jr., known as Kell (May 24, 1927 – May 2, 1985). Another daughter, Elizabeth Anne, known as Lizanne (June 25, 1933 – November 24, 2009), was born three and a half years after Grace.
At Margaret's baptism in 1925, Jack Kelly's mother, Mary Costello Kelly, expressed her disappointment that the baby was not named Grace in memory of her last daughter, who had died young. Upon his mother's death the following year, Jack Kelly resolved that his next daughter would bear the name and, three years later, with the arrival of Grace Patricia in November 1929, his late mother's wish was honored.
Following in his father's athletic footsteps, John Jr. won in 1947 the James E. Sullivan Award as the country's top amateur athlete. Also, similar to his father's gold medals in rowing at the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics, he competed in the sport at the 1948, 1952 and the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne where, on November 27, seven months after his sister's Monaco wedding, he won a bronze medal, which he gave to her as a gift of the occasion. He also served as a city councilman, and Philadelphia's Kelly Drive is named for him.
Two of Grace Kelly's uncles were prominent in the arts. Her father's eldest brother, Walter C. Kelly (1873–1939), was a vaudeville star whose nationally known act The Virginia Judge was filmed as a 1930 MGM short and a 1935 Paramount feature. Another older brother, George Kelly (1887–1974), estranged from the family due to his homosexuality, became renowned in the 1920s as a dramatist, screenwriter and director, with a hit comedy-drama, The Show Off, in 1924–25, and he was awarded the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for his next play, Craig's Wife.
While going to Ravenhill Academy, a prestigious Catholic girls' school, Kelly modeled fashions at local social events with her mother and sisters. In 1942, at the age of twelve, she played a lead in Don't Feed the Animals, a play produced by the East Falls Old Academy Players. During high school, she acted and danced, graduating in May 1947 from Stevens School, a socially prominent private institution on Walnut Lane in the Northwest Philadelphia neighborhood of Germantown. Her graduation yearbook listed her favorite actress as Ingrid Bergman and her favorite actor as Joseph Cotten. Written in the "Stevens' Prophecy" section was: "Miss Grace P. Kelly – a famous star of stage and screen."
Theater and television
Owing to her low mathematics scores, Kelly was rejected by Bennington College in July 1947. Kelly decided to pursue her dreams of a career in the theater, to the dismay of her parents. Despite his brothers' occupations her father viewed acting as "a slim cut above streetwalker" For an audition to enter the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York, she used a scene from her uncle's 1923 play The Torch-Bearers. Although the school had already selected its semester quota, Kelly obtained an interview with the school's admission officer, Emile Diestel, and was admitted through the influence of her uncle George. Living in Manhattan's Barbizon Hotel for Women, a prestigious establishment which barred men from entering after 10 pm, and working as a model to support her studies, Kelly began her first term the following October. A diligent student, she would use a tape-recorder to practice and perfect her speech. Her early acting pursuits led her to the stage, most notably a Broadway debut in Strindberg's The Father alongside Raymond Massey. At 19, her graduation performance was as Tracy Lord in The Philadelphia Story.
Television producer Delbert Mann cast Kelly as Bethel Merriday, in an adaptation of the Sinclair Lewis novel of the same name; this was her first of nearly sixty live television programs. Success on television eventually brought her a role in a major motion picture. Kelly made her film debut in a small role in the 1951 film Fourteen Hours. She was noticed during a visit to the set by Gary Cooper, who subsequently starred with her in High Noon. Cooper was charmed by Kelly and said that she was "different from all these actresses we've been seeing so much of".
However, her performance in Fourteen Hours was not noticed by critics and did not lead to her receiving other film acting roles. She continued her work in the theater and on television, although she lacked "vocal horsepower" and would likely not have had a lengthy stage career. Kelly was performing in Colorado's Elitch Gardens when she received a telegram from Hollywood producer Stanley Kramer offering her a co-starring role opposite Gary Cooper in High Noon.
Actress for MGM
Director John Ford had first noticed Kelly in a 1950 screen test. The studio flew Kelly to Los Angeles to audition in September of 1952, and Ford said that Kelly showed "breeding, quality and class". She won the role, along with a seven-year contract at the relatively low salary of $850 a week. Kelly signed the deal under two conditions: first, that one out of every two years she should have time off to work in the theater, and second, that she should be able to live in New York City at the now-landmarked Manhattan House, at 200 E. 66th Street. Two months later, in November, Kelly and the cast arrived in Nairobi to begin production of the film Mogambo. Although Gene Tierney was initially cast in the role, she had to drop out at the last minute owing to personal issues. Kelly later told Hollywood columnist Hedda Hopper, "Mogambo had three things that interested me. John Ford, Clark Gable, and a trip to Africa with expenses paid. If Mogambo had been made in Arizona, I wouldn't have done it." A break in the filming schedule afforded Kelly and Mogambo co-star Ava Gardner a visit to Rome. Kelly's role as Linda Nordley in MGM's production of Mogambo garnered her a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and her first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
After the success of Mogambo, Kelly starred in a TV play The Way of an Eagle with Jean-Pierre Aumont, before being cast in the film adaptation of Frederick Knott's Broadway hit Dial M for Murder. Director Alfred Hitchcock also saw the 1950 screen test and became one of Kelly's last mentors. He took full advantage of Kelly's beauty on-camera. In a scene in which her character Margot Wendice is nearly murdered, a struggle breaks out between her and her would-be-killer Tony Dawson, as she kicks her legs and flails her arms attempting to fight off her killer. Dial M for Murder opened in theaters in May 1954 to both positive reviews and box-office success.
Kelly began filming scenes for her next film The Bridges at Toko-Ri in January 1954 with William Holden. The role of Nancy, the wife of naval officer Harry (Holden), proved to be a minor but pivotal part of the story. Released 12 months later, the The New Yorker remarked on the apparent on-screen chemistry between Kelly and Holden, and took note of Kelly's delivery of her performance "with quiet confidence".
Kelly unhesitatingly turned down the opportunity to star alongside Marlon Brando in On the Waterfront, which won her replacement Eva Marie Saint an Academy Award. Kelly committed instead to the role of Lisa Fremont in Rear Window. Said Kelly, "All through the making of Dial M for Murder, he [Hitchcock] sat and talked to me about Rear Window all the time, even before we had discussed my being in it." Much as during the shooting of Dial M for Murder, Kelly and Hitchcock shared a close bond of humor and admiration, although minor strife sometimes emerged on set.
Kelly's new co-star, James Stewart, was highly enthusiastic about working with her. The role of Lisa Fremont, a wealthy Manhattan socialite and model, was unlike any of the previous women she had played. For the very first time, she was an independent career woman. Stewart played a speculative photographer with a broken leg, bound to a wheelchair and so reduced to curiously observing the happenings outside his window. Just as he had done earlier, Hitchcock provided the camera with a slow-sequenced silhouette of Kelly, along with a close-up of the two stars kissing, and finally lingering closely on her profile. With the film's opening in October 1954, Kelly was again praised. Variety's film critic remarked on the casting, commenting on the "earthy quality to the relationship between Stewart and Miss Kelly. Both do a fine job of the picture's acting demands".
Kelly won the role of Bing Crosby's long-suffering wife, Georgie Elgin, in The Country Girl, after a pregnant Jennifer Jones bowed out. Already familiar with the play, Kelly was highly interested in the part. To do so, MGM would have to lend Kelly out to Paramount. Kelly was adamant, and threatened the studio that if they did not allow her to do it she would pack her bags and leave for New York for good. MGM relented, and the part was hers. The film also paired Kelly again with William Holden. The wife of a washed-up alcoholic singer, played by Crosby, Kelly's character is emotionally torn between two lovers.
As a result of her performance in The Country Girl, Kelly was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her main competitor for the prize was Judy Garland, in her much heralded come-back performance in A Star Is Born, playing not only the part of an up-and-coming actress-singer, but also, ironically, the wife of an alcoholic movie star. Although Kelly won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for best actress for her performances in her three big movie roles of 1954, Rear Window, Dial M For Murder and The Country Girl, she and Garland both received Golden Globe Awards for their respective performances.
By the following March, the race between Kelly and Garland for the Oscar was very close. On March 30, 1955, the night of the Academy Awards telecast, Garland was unable to attend because she was in the hospital having just given birth to her son, Joseph Luft. However, she was rumored to be the odds-on favorite, and NBC Television cameras were set up in her hospital room so that if she was announced as the winner, Garland could make her acceptance speech live from her hospital bed. However, when William Holden announced Kelly as the winner, the technicians immediately dismantled the cameras without saying one word to Garland.
In April 1954, Kelly flew to Colombia for a ten-day shoot on her next project, Green Fire, with Stewart Granger. Kelly played Catherine Knowland, a coffee plantation owner. In Granger's autobiography he writes of his distaste for the film's script, while Kelly later confided to Hedda Hopper, "It wasn't pleasant. We worked at a pathetic village – miserable huts and dirty. Part of the crew got shipwrecked … It was awful." Green Fire was a critical and box-office failure but made a small profit of $840,000.
After the consecutive filming of Rear Window, Toko-Ri, Country Girl, and Green Fire, Kelly flew to France, along with department store heir Bernard "Barney" Strauss, to begin work on her third and last film for Alfred Hitchcock, To Catch a Thief. Kelly and her co-star, Cary Grant, developed a mutual admiration. The two cherished their time together for the rest of their lives. Years later, when asked to name his all-time favorite actress, Grant replied without hesitation, "Well, with all due respect to dear Ingrid Bergman, I much preferred Grace. She had serenity."
Kelly headed the U.S. delegation at the Cannes Film Festival in April 1955. While there, she was invited to participate in a photo session at the Palace of Monaco with Prince Rainier III, the sovereign of the principality. After a series of delays and complications, Kelly met the prince in Monaco. At the time of her initial meeting with Rainier, Kelly was romantically linked to the French actor Jean-Pierre Aumont.
Upon returning to America, Kelly began work on The Swan, in which she coincidentally portrayed a princess, and she meanwhile began a private correspondence with Rainier.
In December 1955, Rainier came to America on a trip officially designated as a tour, although it was speculated that Rainier was actively seeking a wife. A treaty with France in 1918 had stated that if Rainier did not produce an heir, Monaco would revert to France; this was as a result of the Monaco Succession Crisis of 1918. At a press conference in the U.S., Rainier was asked if he was pursuing a wife, to which he answered, "No." Then a second question was posed: "If you were pursuing a wife, what kind would you like?" Rainier smiled and answered, "I don't know – the best."
Rainier met Kelly and her family, and after three days, the prince proposed. Kelly accepted and the families began preparing for what the press called "The Wedding of the Century". Kelly and her family had to provide Prince Rainier with a dowry of $2 million in order for the marriage to go ahead.
The religious wedding was set for April 19, 1956. News of the engagement was a sensation, even though it meant a possible end to Kelly's film career. Alfred Hitchcock quipped that he was "very happy that Grace has found herself such a good part".
Preparations for the wedding were elaborate. The Palace of Monaco was painted and redecorated throughout. On April 4, 1956, leaving from Pier 84 in New York Harbor, Kelly, with her family, bridesmaids, poodle and over eighty pieces of luggage, boarded the ocean liner SS Constitution for the French Riviera. Some 400 reporters applied to sail, although most were turned away. Thousands of fans sent the party off for the eight-day voyage, and in Monaco, more than 20,000 people lined the streets to greet the future princess consort.
That same year MGM released Kelly's last film, the musical comedy High Society, which was based on the studio's 1940 comedy The Philadelphia Story. She wore her own engagement ring in the film and one of the film's highlight was Kelly's duet with Bing Crosby, "True Love", a song with words and music by Cole Porter.
To fulfill the requirements of the Napoleonic Code of Monaco and the laws of the Roman Catholic Church, Kelly and Rainier had both civil and religious weddings. The 16-minute civil ceremony took place in the Palace Throne Room of Monaco on April 18, 1956, and a reception later in the day was attended by 3,000 Monaco citizens. To cap the ceremony, the 142 official titles that Kelly acquired in the union (counterparts of Rainier's) were formally recited. The following day the church ceremony took place at Monaco's Saint Nicholas Cathedral, before Monaco's Bishop Gilles Barthe. The wedding was estimated to have been watched by over 30 million viewers on live television, and was described by biographer Robert Lacy as "the first modern event to generate media overkill." Kelly's wedding dress, designed by MGM's Academy Award–winning Helen Rose, was worked on for six weeks by three dozen seamstresses. The bridesmaid's gowns were designed by Joe Allen Hong at Neiman Marcus. The 700 guests included several famous people, including Aristotle Onassis, Cary Grant, David Niven and his wife Hjördis, Gloria Swanson, Ava Gardner, the crowned head Aga Khan III, Gloria Guinness, Enid, Lady Kenmare, Aimée de Heeren, Daisy Fellowes, Etti Plesch, Lady Diana Cooper, Louise de Vilmorin, Loelia Lindsay, and Conrad Hilton. Frank Sinatra initially accepted an invitation, and went to London to equip himself with finery, but later decided against attending, reportedly to avoid upstaging the wedding couple. A different account is that this was a cover excuse, and that he was busy on tour. The prince and princess left that night for their seven-week Mediterranean honeymoon cruise on Rainier's yacht, Deo Juvante II.
Princess of Monaco
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
The couple had three children:
- Caroline Louise Marguerite, Princess of Hanover, Hereditary Princess of Monaco, born January 23, 1957. Princess Caroline was born exactly nine months and four days after the wedding of her parents.
- Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre, Prince of Monaco, born March 14, 1958, current ruler of the Principality of Monaco.
- Princess Stéphanie Marie Elisabeth of Monaco, born February 1, 1965.
As Princess of Monaco, she founded AMADE Mondiale, a Monaco-based non-profit organization eventually recognized by the UN as a Non-Governmental Organization. According to UNESCO's website, AMADE promotes and protects the "moral and physical integrity" and "spiritual well-being of children throughout the world, without distinction of race, nationality or religion and in a spirit of complete political independence." Her daughter Princess Caroline carries the torch for AMADE today in her role as President.
Hitchcock offered Kelly the lead in his film Marnie in 1962. She was eager, but public outcry in Monaco against her involvement in a film that portrayed her as a kleptomaniac made her reconsider and ultimately reject the project. Director Herbert Ross attempted to lure Kelly into accepting a part in his 1977 film The Turning Point, but Prince Rainier quashed the idea. Later that year, Kelly returned to the arts in a series of poetry readings on stage and narration of the documentary The Children of Theater Street. She also narrated ABC's made-for-television film The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1966).
As princess, Kelly was active in improving the arts institutions of Monaco, and eventually the Princess Grace Foundation was formed to support local artisans. She was one of the first celebrities to support and speak on behalf of La Leche League, an organization that advocates breastfeeding. She planned a yearly Christmas party for local orphans and dedicated a Garden Club that reflected her love of flowers.
On September 13, 1982, while driving with her daughter, Stéphanie, to Monaco from their country home, Roc Agel, on the French side of the border, Kelly suffered a stroke, which caused her to drive her Rover P6 off the serpentine road down a mountainside. The accident site is located at . Grace was pulled alive from the wreckage, but had suffered serious injuries and was unconscious. She died the following day at the Monaco Hospital (previously renamed The Princess Grace Hospital Centre in 1958), having never regained consciousness; she was 52 years old. It was initially reported that Princess Stéphanie suffered only minor bruising, although it later emerged that she had suffered a serious cervical fracture.
Grace was buried in the Grimaldi family vault on September 18, 1982, after a Requiem Mass in Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Monaco. The 400 guests at the service included representatives of foreign governments and present and past European royal houses, among them Diana, Princess of Wales and then-First Lady of the U.S. Nancy Reagan. Cary Grant was among the members of the film community in attendance. Prince Rainier, who did not remarry, was buried alongside her following his death in 2005.
In his eulogy, James Stewart said:
|“||You know, I just love Grace Kelly. Not because she was a princess, not because she was an actress, not because she was my friend, but because she was just about the nicest lady I ever met. Grace brought into my life as she brought into yours, a soft, warm light every time I saw her, and every time I saw her was a holiday of its own. No question, I'll miss her, we'll all miss her, God bless you, Princess Grace.||”|
While pregnant with her daughter Caroline in 1956, Kelly was frequently photographed clutching a distinctive leather hand-bag manufactured by Hermès. The purse, or Sac à dépêches, was likely a shield to prevent Kelly's pregnancy from being exposed to the prying eyes of the paparazzi. The photographs, however, popularized the purse and became so closely associated with the fashion icon that the purse would thereafter be known as the Kelly Bag.
In 1955, Kelly was photographed by Howell Conant in Jamaica. He photographed her without makeup in a naturalistic setting, a departure from the traditional portrayal of actresses. The resulting photographs were published in Collier's magazine, with a celebrated photo of Kelly rising from the water with wet hair making the cover. Following her marriage, Conant was the unofficial photographer to the House of Grimaldi and extensively photographed Kelly, her husband, and their three children. In 1992, Conant published Grace, a book of photographs that he took during Kelly's 26-year reign as Princess of Monaco.
The Princess Grace Foundation in Monaco was founded in 1964 with the aim of helping those with special needs for whom no provision was made within the ordinary social services. In 1983 following Kelly's death, Princess Caroline assumed the duties of President of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation. Prince Albert is Vice-President.
The Princess Grace Foundation-USA (PGF-USA) was established following the death of Princess Grace of Monaco to continue the work that she had done, anonymously, during her lifetime, assisting emerging theater, dance and film artists in America. Incorporated in 1982, PGF-USA is headquartered in New York and is a tax-exempt, not-for-profit, publicly supported organization. The Princess Grace Awards, a program of the Princess Grace Foundation-USA, has awarded nearly 500 artists at more than 100 institutions in the U.S. with more than $7 million to date. The foundation also says it "holds the exclusive rights and facilitates the licensing of Princess Grace of Monaco's name and likeness throughout the world."
A rose garden in Monaco's Fontvieille district is dedicated to the memory of Princess Grace. It was opened in 1984 by Prince Rainier. Grace is commemorated in a statue by Kees Verkade in the garden, which features 4,000 roses.
In 1993, Kelly appeared on a U.S. postage stamp, released in conjunction with a Monaco postage stamp featuring Kelly on the same day.
In 2003, the Henley Royal Regatta renamed the Women's Quadruple Sculls the "Princess Grace Challenge Cup". Kelly was invited to present the prizes at the Henley Royal Regatta in 1981, as a peace offering by the Henley Stewards to put a conflict between the Kelly family and Stewards to rest. Prince Albert presented the prizes at the Henley Royal Regatta in 2004.
To commemorate the 25th anniversary of her death, €2 commemorative coins were issued on July 1, 2007 with the "national" side bearing the image of Princess Grace, and in Monaco at the Grimaldi Forum and in the United States at Sotheby's, a large Princess Grace exhibition, "Grace, Princess of Monaco: A Tribute to the Life and Legacy of Grace Kelly", co-ordinated by the Princely Family, celebrated her life and her contribution to the arts through her Foundation.
Numerous exhibitions have been held of Kelly's clothes and life. The Philadelphia Museum of Art presented Kelly's wedding dress in a 2006 exhibition to mark the 50th anniversary of her marriage, and a retrospective of her wardrobe was held at London's Victoria and Albert Museum in 2010. The V&A exhibition continued in Australia at the Bendigo Art Gallery in 2012. An exhibition of Kelly's life as Princess of Monaco was held at the Ekaterina Cultural Foundation in Moscow in 2008 in conjunction with Monaco's Grimaldi Forum. A plaque was placed on the "Rodeo Drive Walk of Style" in recognition of Kelly's contributions to style and fashion in 2009.
Titles and styles
During her marriage, Kelly was styled as "Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco".
- Holy See – Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre.
- Kingdom of Greece – Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Beneficence (13/05/1962).
- Iran – Commemorative Medal of the 2500th Anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire (14/10/1971).
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta : Dame Grand Cross pro Merito Melitensi – civilian special class.
Listed below are Grace Kelly's motion picture credits. Kelly appeared in eleven films before her marriage. Her television acting credits and other appearances are listed at Grace Kelly filmography.
- "True Love", a duet with Bing Crosby from High Society (1956)
- L'Oiseau du Nord et L'Oiseau du Soleil, in French and in English (1978)
- Birds, Beasts & Flowers: A Programme of Poetry, Prose and Music (1980)
- A Prayer for Monaco. Catholic Online. Published: February 3, 2009.
- Spoto, Donald; Forshaw, Barry (May 28, 2009). "Grace Kelly and Hollywood by Donald Spoto". The Times (UK). Retrieved May 20, 2010. "Born in 1929 and raised by stiff-necked Catholic parents in Philadelphia … Philadelphia convent girl (always remaining Roman Catholic …"
- Jacobs, Laura (May 2010). "Grace Kelly's Forever Look". Vanity Fair. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
- Leigh 2007
- Spoto, Donald (2009). High Society: The Life of Grace Kelly. Harmony. p. 22. ISBN 0-307-39561-8.
- Leigh 2007, p. 26
- Barbanel, Josh (October 28, 2007). "The Kelly Connection". The New York Times (New York City). Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- "The Private Life and Times of Gene Tierney". Glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- Tierney, Gene; Herskowitz, Mickey (1978). Self-Portrait. Wyden Books. pp. 150–151. OCLC 5016010.
- Hedda Hopper Collection. Maraget Herrick Library, Los Angeles.
- Kaplan, James (2010). Frank: The Voice. Doubleday. p. 586. ISBN 0-385-51804-8.
- Spoto, Donald (1983). The Dark Side of Genius: The Life of Alfred Hitchcock. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-306-80932-X.
- Eyles, Allen (September 1987). James Stewart. Stein & Day. ISBN 0-8128-8298-9.
- Brogdon, William (July 14, 1954). "Rear Window". Variety. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
- Nelson, Nancy (December 2002). Evenings With Cary Grant. Citadel. ISBN 0-8065-2412-X.
- Haugland, H. Kristina (2006). Grace Kelly: Icon of Style to Royal Bride. Yale University Press. pp. 966–. ISBN 978-0-300-11644-1. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "Grace's Riviera Romance". LIFE (Time Inc): 14–15. May 30, 1955. ISSN 0024-3019. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Taraborrelli 2003, p. 96
- "The Big Week in Monaco: Movies' Pretty Princess Assumes a Real Life Title". Life 40 (18) (Time Inc). 30 April 1956. p. 37. ISSN 0024-3019. "She had to go through two weddings, separately required by the Napoleonic Code of Monaco and the laws of the Roman Catholic Church. 'I'm halfway married,' she exclaimed after the first wedding, a 16-minute civil ceremony in Rainier's crimson-damasked throne …"
- Hintz, Martin (2004). Monaco. Children's Press. ISBN 978-0-516-24251-4.
- Choron, Sandra; Choron, Harry (2010). Planet Wedding: A Nuptial-pedia. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-618-74658-3.
- Bulwa, Demian (2004-03-29). "Memorial scheduled for designer Joe Allen Hong". SFGate (Hearst Communications).
- Vickers, Hugo (2007). Horses & Husbands – The Memoirs of Etti Plesch. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-904349-54-9.
- Quine, Judith Balaban (1990). The Bridesmaids: Grace Kelly and Six Intimate Friends. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-671-70770-5.
- Davies, Jennifer. Fatal Car Accidents of the Rich and Famous. RW Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-909284-04-3.
- Taraborrelli 2003, p. 149
- "The International Best-Dressed List Hall of Fame". Vanity Fair. June 7, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- "1982: Hollywood princess dead". BBC News. September 14, 1982.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "BBC On This Day September 14th 1982". BBC News. September 14, 1985. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- "Death of Princess Grace – history – central". British Council. Retrieved March 13, 2010.[dead link]
- "Monaco Cathedral". Service Informatique du Ministère d'Etat (Monaco Minister of State Information Service. July 28, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
- "History of the Hermes Kelly Bag". pursuitist.com. August 13, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
- Spoto, Donald (June 1, 2010). High Society: Grace Kelly and Hollywood. Random House. pp. 151–. ISBN 978-0-09-951537-1. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Harvey, Evelyn (June 24, 1955). "The Key to Kelly". Collier's Weekly: 36–41. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Thurber, Jon (March 27, 1999). "Howell Conant". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Conant, Howell (1992). Grace: An Intimate Portrait by Her Friend and Favorite Photographer. Random House. ISBN 0-679-41803-2.
- Princess Grace Foundation[dead link]
- "Licensing". Princess Grace Foundation-USA. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Grace Kelly". IMDb. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- "Fontvieille Park and the Princess Grace Rose Garden". Visit Monaco. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- Richard, Sale (June 1, 1999). Provence & Côte D'Azur. Landmark. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-901522-45-7. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- Healey, Barth (March 21, 1993). "U.S. and Monaco Honor Grace Kelly". New York Times.
- "Press Releases : 2006". Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- Nikkhah, Roya (November 22, 2009). "Grace Kelly's wardrobe to go on display at V&A museum in London". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Grace Kelly: Style Icon". bendigoartgallery.com.au. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- "Catalogue of "The Grace Kelly Years, Princess of Monaco" exhibition". The Ekaterina Cultural Foundation. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "Princess Grace, Cartier to get the royal treatment on Rodeo's Walk of Style | All The Rage | Los Angeles Times". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. August 5, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- Jack Jones, "Princess Grace" The Register-Guard, September 15, 1982.
- "Iran: Host to the World". Badraie. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- Leigh, Wendy (2007). True Grace: The Life and Times of an American Princess. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0-312-34236-5.
- Taraborrelli, J. Randy (2003). Once Upon a Time: Behind the Fairy Tale of Princess Grace and Prince Rainier. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-53164-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grace Kelly.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Grace Kelly|
- Grace Kelly at the Internet Movie Database
- Grace Kelly at the TCM Movie Database
- Grace Kelly at the Internet Broadway Database
- Ancestry Chart of Prince Albert
- A list of ancestors of Grace Kelly
- Princess Grace Foundation – USA
- Princely House of Monaco
- Grace Kelly Footage
- Footage of Grace Kelly's Royal Wedding
- Short film about Grace Kelly
- "High Society – The Life of Grace Kelly". The Washington Post. November 15, 2009.
Title last held byGhislaine Dommanget
|Princess consort of Monaco
Title next held byCharlene Wittstock