Ifenprodil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ifenprodil
Ifenprodil.svg
Identifiers
PubChem 3689
ChemSpider 3561 YesY
KEGG D08064 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL305187 N
ATC code C04AX28
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C21H27NO2
Molar mass 325.445
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Ifenprodil is a selective inhibitor of the NMDA receptor.[1] Its effect is specific to receptors composed of the NR1 (glycine-binding NMDA receptor subunit 1; GluN1) and NR2B (glutamate-binding NMDA receptor subunit 2; GluN2B) subunits.[2]

NMDA receptors are multimeric ionotropic glutamate receptors composed of four subunits. NR1 is obligate for functional expression. Other subunits include NR2A, NR2B, and the more recently discovered NR3 subunits. Ifenprodil selectively blocks NMDA receptors containing the NR2B subunit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reynolds IJ, Miller RJ (1989). "Ifenprodil is a novel type of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist: interaction with polyamines". Mol. Pharmacol. 36 (5): 758–65. PMID 2555674. 
  2. ^ Korinek M, Kapras V, Vyklicky V, Adamusova E, Borovska J, Vales K, Stuchlik A, Horak M, Chodounska H, Vyklicky L Jr (Dec 2011). "Neurosteroid modulation of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors: Molecular mechanism and behavioral effects". Steroids 76 (13): 1409–18. doi:10.1016/j.steroids.2011.09.002. PMID 21925193.