Teen Titans (TV series)
||This article has an unclear citation style. (April 2012)|
|Developed by||David Slack|
|Opening theme||Performed by Puffy AmiYumi|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||5|
|No. of episodes||65 (+1 online)|
|Executive producer(s)||Sander Schwartz|
Bruce Timm (Seasons 1 and 2)
Linda M. Steiner
|Running time||22 minutes|
|Production company(s)||DC Entertainment
Warner Bros. Animation
|Distributor||Warner Bros. Television Distribution|
|Original channel||Cartoon Network
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV) (Seasons 3-5)
|Original run||July 19, 2003– January 16, 2006|
|Followed by||Teen Titans Go!|
|[www.cartoonnetwork.com/tv_shows/titans/index.html Official website]|
Teen Titans is an American animated television series based on the DC Comics characters of the same name, that premiered on Cartoon Network and The WB Television Network in 2003. It is based primarily on the run of stories by Marv Wolfman and George Pérez in the early-1980s New Teen Titans comic book series. The show was created by Glen Murakami, developed by David Slack, and produced by Warner Bros. Animation. It premiered on Cartoon Network on July 19, 2003 with the episode "Divide and Conquer" ("Final Exam" in some parts of Europe,) and the final episode "Things Change" aired on January 16, 2006, with the film Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo serving as the series finale. A comic book series, Teen Titans Go! (2003–2008), was based on the TV series. On June 8, 2012, it was announced that the series would be revived as Teen Titans Go! in April 23, 2013 and air on the DC Nation block. It currently airs reruns on the Boomerang (TV Channel).
Teen Titans centers around the five main members of the superhero team: Cyborg, Beast Boy, Starfire, Raven and their leader Robin. They are situated in Titans Tower, a large T-shaped structure featuring living quarters as well as a command centre and variety of training facilities, on an island just offshore from a fictional West Coast city (identified as "Jump City" in the Teen Titans Go! comic series). The team deals with all manner of criminal activity and threats to the city, while dealing with their own struggles with adolescence, their mutual friendships, and their limitations. Slade, their main enemy, is a newly designed version of the DC villain Deathstroke. The team encounters several allies throughout the series; including Aqualad in the first season, Terra in the second season (who is integral to that season's story arc), as well as Speedy, Hotspot and Wildebeest, Bumblebee and Más y Menos in the third season (who join Aqualad and Speedy to form 'Titans East') and numerous other heroes in the fifth season in to aid in the battle against the Brotherhood of Evil.
- Robin (Scott Menville): The leader of the Teen Titans. He is a natural leader and leads the team well. He also has a secret crush on Starfire (which is obvious to everyone, including the villains) since the day they met and finally after 5 long seasons they finally admit their true romantic feelings for each other at the end of the movie Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo and finally become an official couple.
- Starfire (Hynden Walch): An alien princess from the planet Tamaran; a cute, kind/tender-hearted, curious and funny girl. She is often oblivious to the ways things are done on Earth. She also harbors a secret romantic crush on Robin (which is obvious to everyone) and at the end of the movie Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo they admit their true romantic feelings for each other and finally become a couple.
- Cyborg (Khary Payton): A half human, half robot. A mechanical and technological super-genius. He enjoys playing video games with Beast Boy.
- Raven (Tara Strong): A girl from the parallel world, Azarath, who holds immense dark energy and psionic abilities that is triggered and strengthened by her own feelings and emotions. This is why she is almost always stoic and monotone. Her father, Trigon, is a demon lord.
- Beast Boy (Greg Cipes): Originally a member of the superhero team the Doom Patrol. According to the DC comics, he was bitten by a green monkey as a child, which infected him with his color and the ability to shapeshift into all species of animals; including extraterrestrial ones. He eventually developed the uncontrollable ability to transform into a ferocious and violent werewolf-like form.
- Terra (Ashley Johnson): A young quiet, shy girl who can control and manipulate the earth and all earth-related materials geokinetically. She was an apprentice of Slade and betrayed the Titans by manipulating Beast Boy's romantic affections and pretending to be the Titans' best friend and trusted ally, but later redeemed herself and turned herself into stone. She seemingly returned in the series finale, "Things Change", but had no memory from the past or any geokinetic abilities.
Unlike most other superhero television series, the Teen Titans characters maintain their superhero identities at all times, with any hints at the concept of an alter ego or secret identity rarely explored. Traditionally, in the comics, the characters Raven, Cyborg, Starfire, Beast Boy, and Terra don't have secret identities (Starfire being a translation of her Tamaranean birth name, Cyborg's real name being public knowledge, Beast Boy's natural appearance being a dead giveaway, and Raven & Terra simply not taking another identity).
In particular, some fans debated which Robin leads the Teen Titans, with several hints throughout the series suggesting it is Dick Grayson. These include Robin's alternate dimensional counterpart Larry in the episode "Fractured" being named Nosyarg Kcid ("Dick Grayson" spelled backwards), Robin's future counterpart in the episode "How Long Is Forever?" having taken on the identity of Nightwing (Grayson's identity in the DC continuity), and a glimpse into Robin's consciousness by Raven in the episode "Haunted" showing the memory of two acrobats falling from a trapeze (the death of Grayson's acrobat parents being the catalyst for him becoming Robin). Further connections to the Batman mythos include two references in the episode "The Apprentice, Pt. II", when Robin responds to a suggestion by the villain Slade that he "might be like a father to [him]" with "I already have a father" (which transitions to a shot of flying bats) and a fight scene on the rooftop of a building labeled Wayne Enterprises.
It was really important to me that little kids watching it could identify with characters. And I thought that the minute you start giving them secret identities then kids couldn’t project themselves onto the characters anymore. And that was important to me. I know it’s kind of important to have secret identities and stuff like that but we wanted everything to be really, really, iconic. Like, "Oh, there’s the robot guy. There’s the alien girl. There’s the witch girl. There’s the shape-changing boy." There's the we [sic] just wanted it really clean like that. We wanted it like old Star Trek. We just wanted it simple...
...And the whole "Who’s Robin?" controversy is really kind of interesting to me. My big concern is just trying to make Robin cool. And just really set Robin apart from Batman. So if it seems like I’m avoiding the question, I sort of am. Because I don’t think it’s really important. My concern is how do I make Robin a really strong lead character without all that other stuff. And I feel that way about all the characters. How can I keep all the characters really iconic and really clean.—Glen Murakami, Drawing Inspiration: An Interview with Glen Murakami, April 2004
The policy of not mentioning the characters' secret identities is broken in the fifth season, where the Doom Patrol members refer to Beast Boy by his real name, Garfield (though the Titans still continue to call him Beast Boy). In "Go", the Titans ask Beast Boy about his mask and he states it hides his true identity, though Raven points out that with green skin, pointed ears, and fangs, he "has no secret to hide".
|Episodes||Originally aired||DVD release dates|
|1||Robin||13||2003||February 7, 2006|
|2||Terra||13||2004||September 12, 2006|
|3||Cyborg||13||2004||April 10, 2007|
|4||Raven||13||2005||November 20, 2007|
|5||Beast Boy||13||2005 – 2006||July 22, 2008|
|Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo||2006||February 6, 2007|
|This section requires expansion. (February 2013)|
||This section possibly contains original research. (February 2014)|
Teen Titans frequently used self-referential humor and its animation style is heavily influenced by anime. Along with its heavy anime influence, the animation also has signs of past DC cartoon styles seen by Glen Murakami, and previously Bruce Timm. While certain aspects of all characters are changed to accommodate a lighter hearted anime style, different aspects can be compared to earlier shows such as Batman Beyond or Justice League, and bare resemblance. On different episodes, the series' theme song's lyrics alternate between English and Japanese, sung by the J-pop duo Puffy (called "Puffy AmiYumi" in the United States to distinguish it from Sean Combs). Voice director Andrea Romano revealed in an easter egg on the season 3 DVD that the Japanese theme song means it will be a silly episode, while the English theme song means it will be a serious episode (except "Nevermore" and "Every Dog Has His Day").
In mid-November 2005, TitansTower.com reported that prospects for a sixth season were looking extremely unlikely, and fans were urged to express their support for the show to Cartoon Network. Several days after this initial posting, word came that Cartoon Network had officially terminated the show. According to Wil Wheaton, the actor who provided the voice of Aqualad, the series was terminated by new Warner Bros. Feature Animation executives who made the decision not to renew the series based on its sixth season pitch. Wheaton's story was contradicted by series story editor Rob Hoegee, who stated that the decision came from Cartoon Network, not WB, and that there were never any plans for a sixth season.
After the series finale, Warner Bros. Animation announced a feature called Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo. The film premiered at San Diego Comic-Con International and was shown on Cartoon Network first on September 15, 2006, aired on The WB Television Network on September 16, 2006, and finally released on DVD on February 6, 2007.
Towards the end of 2011, Internet rumors speculated that a sixth season of the show was in the works. Such rumors were based on reports that Greg Cipes, the voice of Beast Boy on the show, had stated that work on a new season was underway and that a live action Teen Titans film was planned for release at the end of 2012. Around 2012, Derrick Wyatt (animation designer of the series) also stated the next arc would feature the Titans setting up International Towers, and battling the monster from the Season 5 Finale. On June 11, 2013; Derrick Wyatt said there will only be a Season 6 if the crew came back, but the crew have gone onto other shows, namely the remake, Teen Titans Go!.
DC Nation shorts and revival
The series was revisited as a series of new shorts in 2012 for the DC Nation programming block on Cartoon Network. Dubbed New Teen Titans, the shorts began airing on March 3, 2012. The shorts featured the Titans in chibi form, with the principal cast members of the original series returning.
Impact on DC continuity
||This section possibly contains original research. (February 2013)|
Teen Titans has never been established to be a part of the larger DC animated universe or The Batman animated series. Series producer Bruce Timm stated the series would not cross over with Justice League Unlimited. The character Speedy, who first appeared in the episode "Winner Take All", later appeared in Justice League Unlimited with the same costume design and voice actor (Mike Erwin) as the Teen Titans incarnation (though he is older in appearance). Kid Flash was voiced by Michael Rosenbaum in his appearances in the show, who was the same actor who voiced the Flash in Justice League Unlimited. The follow-up series, Teen Titans Go!, will feature an appearance by Batman voiced by Kevin Conroy. Both Batman and Alfred Pennyworth appear in DC Nation's New Teen Titans "Red X Unmasked."
Much like X-Men: Evolution and Batman: the Animated Series, the series has had an impact on the comics that initially inspired it, including: Beast Boy adopting the series' purple and black outfit during DC's "52" storyline and later appearing with the pointed ears and fanged teeth originated by the series, future Cyborg having the same armor pattern of his animated counterpart in the Titans Tomorrow storyline, Raven adapting her animated counterpart's costume design in the "One Year Later" storyline, the characters Más Y Menos making appearances in 52 and the Final Crisis limited series, the character Joto was renamed "Hotspot" during 52 to match his cartoon counterpart, and the villain Cinderblock appearing in a fight with the most recent comic incarnation of the Titans.
|This section requires expansion. (February 2013)|
Bandai released a line of action figures based on the Teen Titans animated series. The line included 1.5 inch "Comic Book Hero" mini figures, 3.5 inch action figures (including "Teen Titans Launch Tower Playset", "Teen Titans Command Center", "Battling Machines", "T-Vehicles", "T-Sub Deluxe Vehicles"), 5 inch action figures, 6.5 inch plush Super-D Toys, and 10 inch figures. Amongst the characters included in the line were the main members of the Teen Titans, Titans East, and various allies and villains.
Some fans of the comics criticized the series for having a "childish nature". The Teen Titans were based on their DC Comic iterations. However, the TV series often showed the heroes in cartoon states.
Early into the series' run, Executive Producer and Cartoon Network V.P. Sam Register responded to criticism regarding the style of the show with a statement slightly contradicting Murakami's statement about wanting Robin to "be cool" with his metal-tipped boots:
Justice League is awesome and Samurai Jack is awesome and we buy a lot of anime shows that are great, but those shows really are directed more towards the nine to fourteen age group, and the six and seven and eight-year-olds were not gelling with the Justice League and some of the more of the fanboy shows...The main mission was making a good superhero show for kids. Now if the fanboys happen to like the Teen Titans also, that's great, but that was not our mission.—Sam Register, CBR News interview, May 8, 2004
However, while the series' creators initially stated that younger children were the intended audience for the series, Teen Titans Go! writer J. Torres notes that the progression and deeper themes of the show widened the appeal to a much broader audience:
... [The show] started out skewed a lot younger... but along the way, I think the producers discovered it was reaching a wider audience. ... [the show] got into some darker story lines, and they introduced a lot more characters, so they expanded on it, and they let the show evolve with the audience.—J. Torres, Titans Companion 2 by Glen Cadigan.
Years after its finish, the show maintains a loyal fan base, and has recently experienced a resurgence of popularity thanks to its addition to the cartoon lineup on Boomerang. Teen Titans was named the 83rd best animated series by IGN.
Awards and nominations
- 2005 Annie Awards
- Outstanding Storyboarding in an Animated Television Production (Nominated)
- 2004 Annie Awards
- Outstanding Music in an Animated Television Production (Nominated)
- Outstanding Storyboarding in an Animated Television Production (Nominated)
- 2004 Motion Picture Sound Editors Awards
- Best Sound Editing in Television Animation (Nominated)
- Walko, Bill (April 2004). "Drawing Inspiration: An Interview with Glen Murakami". TitansTower.com. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Teen Titans: The Complete First Season DVD-Video". dvdempire.com. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- "Teen Titans: The Complete Third Season DVD-Video". dvdempire.com. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- "Teen Titans: The Complete Fourth Season DVD-Video". dvdempire.com. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
- "Teen Titans: The Complete Fifth Season DVD-Video". dvdempire.com. Retrieved April 2, 2008.
- Teen Titans' Sixth Season Looks Unlikely, Titans Tower Monitor blog post, November 15, 2005
- Wil Wheaton's Radio Free Burrito Episode 4. Titansgo.net. Archived from the original on August 13, 2006. interview transcript
- "Live Chat with Rob Hoegee [Transcript]". Titansgo.net. Archived from the original on December 9, 2006.
- "What would've been the story arc for the next season of Teen Titans?". Formspring.com. July 19, 2012. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Derrick Wyatt says its unlikely for Season 6 of Teen Titans to come". Formspring.me. June 11, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
- "Return of the TeenTitans - Teen Titans Video". IGN. February 15, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
- Goldman, Eric (June 8, 2012). "Teen Titans Returning With New Full Length Episodes". IGN. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
- OFFICIAL PRESS RELEASE (March 13, 2013). "Teen Titans Reimagined for Cartoon Network this Spring in 'Teen Titans Go!'". DC Comics. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- "Preview image - Teen Titans 76". Newsarama.com. October 2009. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011.
- "Titans East". Comicvine.com. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011.
- Final Crisis #1. DC Comics.
- Teen Titans #38. DC Comics.
- Titans (vol. 2) #17. DC Comics.
- "Teen Titans Merchandise". Titans Tower. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- "Titans Go! Toys & Games". Action Figure Insider. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- Geoff Duncan (October 31, 2003). ""Teen Titans": Robin the Cradle". teevee.org. Archived from the original on December 3, 2003.
- Cadigan, Glen. "J. Torres - Adapting the Animated Antics of the Teen Titans". Titans Companion 2. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 216. ISBN 1-893905-87-X.
- "Boomerang TV Schedule". LocateTV.com. May 22, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "83, Teen Titans". IGN. January 23, 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
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- Official website
- Teen Titans (TV series) at TV.com
- Teen Titans at the Internet Movie Database
- David Slack Interviews: Season 1, Season 2, Season 3, Season 4, Season 5