Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport
|Fiumicino – Leonardo da Vinci International Airport
Fiumicino – Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci
|IATA: FCO – ICAO: LIRF|
|Operator||Aeroporti di Roma SpA|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||13 ft / 4 m|
|Passenger change 11-12||-1.8%|
|Movements change 11-12||-4.5%|
|Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL
Statistics from Assaeroporti 
Fiumicino – Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (Italian: Fiumicino – Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci) (IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF) or Rome Fiumicino Airport, also simply known as Fiumicino Airport, is Italy's largest airport with 37.7 million passengers served in 2011, located in Fiumicino, 18.9 nautical miles (35.0 km; 21.7 mi) west southwest of Rome's historic city centre.
The airport was officially opened on January 15, 1961, with two runways, replacing the small Rome Ciampino Airport which remains in service for some low cost airlines, most notably Ryanair as well as domestic and charter operations . During the decade Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centers; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R). Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since August 20, 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Olympics.
Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.
Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog.
- 1991: Opening of the domestic pier with 12 loading bridges (Pier A);
- 1995: Opening of the international pier with 10 loading bridges (Pier B);
- 1999: Opening of the west satellite with 11 loading bridges (satellite C) and sky-bridge train connecting it with the main terminal;
- 2000: Opening of the new domestic terminal (terminal A). Reorganization of terminal buildings, then consisting of: terminal A (and pier A), terminal AA, terminal B (and pier B), terminal C (and west satellite);
- 2004: Opening of new cargo terminal called Cargo City;
- 2008: Opening of terminal 5 for check-in of American carrier flights and El-Al (passengers are then bussed to the Main terminal building); serves 950,000 passengers per year. Extended work to build new pier C.
- 2009: Renaming of terminals - A has been renamed T1, AA has become T2, B and C became T3 and T5 has remained as T5.
- 2010: Launch of the new single Baggage Handling System (BHS) for more efficient luggage delivery.
The next commitments will be the followings:
- completion of environment-friendly cogeneration system allowing the airport to self-produce energy;
- the new pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to enable handling the expected growth from present-day 38 million passengers per year to 55 million by 2018.
- Masterplan Fiumicino Nord: to 2044, AdR, will build four new terminals and two new runways. In 2044 Fiumicino's passengers will be 100 million/year.
Airlines and destinations
- All international (non-Schengen) flights arrive at Terminal 3, through gates G and H. Terminal 5 is an isolated, departure-only facility for all US and Israel flagged carriers.
Traffic and statistics
|1||Catania, Sicily||848.081||Alitalia, Blu-express, Meridiana Fly|
|3||Palermo, Sicily||687.273||Alitalia, Blu-express, easyJet, Wind Jet|
|4||Turin, Piedmont||441.007||Alitalia, Blu-express, Meridiana Fly|
|5||Venice-Marco Polo, Veneto||370.235||Alitalia, easyJet|
|6||Cagliari, Sardinia||341.017||Alitalia, Meridiana Fly|
|7||Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy||302.254||Alitalia, easyJet|
|8||Lamezia Terme, Calabria||267.613||Alitalia, Blu-express|
|10||Genoa, Liguria||227.632||Alitalia, Blu-express|
|12||Reggio Calabria, Calabria||151.901||Alitalia, Blu-express|
|13||Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia||150.728||Alitalia|
^ Istanbul-Atatürk Airport is considered in Europe, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen Airport is considered in Asia.
Ground handling services have been provided by Aeroporti di Roma up to 1999 when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines apart from Alitalia, which continued being handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001 Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing self-handling and third party handling. Air One created EAS and started providing third-party services too. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones in Fiumicino. There are some private handlers that provide passenger assistance alone: ARE Group, Globeground Italia and ICTS Italia.
On 2 May 2006 Meridiana's passenger handling staff transferred to Alitalia Airport and the ramp transferred to Alitalia Airport in February 2007 (from Aeroporti di Roma Handling).
The ground handling deregulation has brought confusion on who does what and has decreased service levels especially on transferring baggage.
In May 2006 Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci. There are fears that luggage mishandling will go up.
In November 2006 Aeroporti di Roma Handling was sold to Flightcare (itself owned by Spanish company FCC), an Aviance member.
Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato to Aeroporti di Roma in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created Airport Security (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority) and Aeroporti di Roma.
Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane motorway and numerous buses and taxis.
Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided twice an hour. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana. The railway was scheduled to open in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.
Accidents and incidents
From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
- On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800 (1964) an engine caught fire on a Boeing 707 during take off. 50 out of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On 17 December 1973, Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian terrorists. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.
- On 27 December 1985, during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks terrorists shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 others at the airport.
- On 2 April 1986, Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 840, which was travelling from Fiumicino to Ellinikon International Airport in Athens, Greece, was bombed, ejecting 4 people out of the plane to their deaths. The plane landed safely.
- On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines Flight 775, en route from London Gatwick Airport to Rome then Entebbe International Airport, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. Twenty-six of 45 passengers aboard and all 7 crew members died.
- On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, had a landing accident. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously. The right hand main gear had collapsed and the airplane sustained damage to the fuselage and number 2 engine propeller blades as it missed the runaway and crashed a few meters beyond.
- EAD Basic
- Associazione Italiana Gestori Aeroportuali
- Italian Airport Statistics
- Expansion projects at Fiumicino
- Alitalia come back to Crotone
- Ryanair New Routes from Rome-Fiumicino Base
- Vueling open 24 new routes from Rome
- "Wizz Air откроет базу в Донецке и будет летать в 6 городов". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Timatable". Wizz Air. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- "Where to Meet at FCO?". Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Timetable". Ukraine International Airlines. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "ENAC: Italy's Traffic Statistics 2011" (PDF). 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
- "ANA City Offices/Ticketing Offices Europe." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on 13 August 2011. "Rome Sales Office Room Nr 447 Torre Uffici Aeroporto Di Fiumicino, 00050 Fiumicino Roma"
- "Contact ANA." ANA United Kingdom. Retrieved on 30 August 2011. "Room 447 Office Tower Fiumicino Airport 00050 Fiumicino (Rome) ITALY"
- "Italy." Cathay Pacific. Retrieved on August 31, 2011. "Rome Address Torre Uffici 2 Via Generale Felice Santini snc Aeroporto Leonardo da Vinci 00054 Fiumicino (RM)"
- Flight International. 23 May 1987. 5.
- Posted by foxcrawl at 2:31 am. "Carpatair ATR-72 plane overruns runway on landing in Rome". Foxcrawl. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- Squires, Nick (4 February 2013). "Alitalia paints over crashed plane's markings". Telegraph. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Leonardo da Vinci international airport (English/Italian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fiumicino Airport.|
- Current weather for LIRF at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for FCO at Aviation Safety Network
- Boeing Company's listing of Fiumicino Airport, its runways, and noise abatement procedures
- UK team to plan Rome Fiumicino international terminal expansion