|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (April 2012)|
|IATA: ZRH – ICAO: LSZH
|Location||Kloten, Rümlang, and Oberglatt|
|Elevation AMSL||1,416 ft / 432 m|
|Source: List of the busiest airports in Europe|
Zurich Airport (IATA: ZRH, ICAO: LSZH), also known as Kloten Airport, is Switzerland's largest international airport, and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines. The airport is owned by Flughafen Zürich AG, a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Major shareholders include the canton of Zurich, with 33.33% of the shares, and the city of Zurich, with 5% of the shares. No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 5%. Skyguide is responsible for all Air Traffic Control for Zurich.
The first flight abroad from Switzerland was on July 21, 1921, but the decision to begin the search for an acceptable location for a major airport wasn’t started until 1943 inside the Canton of Zurich. The site in Zurich was chosen in 1945 by the federal government and sold 655 hectares of Kloten Ordnance Depot to the Canton of Zurich. Thus the Canton of Zurich had control of the airport. The construction of the airport began the next year.
The first flights off the west runway were not until 1948. The celebration of the airport’s opening was held in 1953, with a large air show and ran for three days. The first expansion of the airport was submitted in 1956, however, the budget for the expansion was not approved by the Swiss Government until 1958 and the expansion was completed in 1961. The airport was again submitted and approved for renovation in 1970, and Terminal B was completed in 1971. The first signs of noise mitigation for the airport were in 1972, when a night-time curfew was enacted, as well as in 1974 when new approach routes were introduced. Runway 14/32 was opened in 1976, and 16/34 began renovation.
The noise of aircraft became an issue and a noise charge was instituted in 1980, and in 1984, an agreement was made regarding arrivals and departures to the airport via German airspace. The next largest event for the airport was in 1999, when the Parliament of the Canton of Zurich approved privatization of Zurich Airport. It was not until 2000, that “Unique” was appointed as the new airport operator. A treaty was signed in 2001, regarding the limitation of flights over Germany. Negotiations have been under way since 2003 about the procedures and noise pollution over Germany and Switzerland.
In 2003, Zurich Airport completed a major expansion project in which it built a new parking garage, a new midfield terminal, and an automated underground train to move passengers between the existing terminal complex and the new terminal. In November 2008, Unique Company announced a complete renovation and rebuild of the old fingerdock 'B' structure. The visitor terrace will be temporarily closed during construction, but airport officials announced that a terrace will be included in the new structure. Terminal building "E" is connected to the main terminal building by an underground short ride on the Skymetro. During the ride endearing sounds of the Swiss Alps can be heard, which usually surprise or shock new passengers.
Zurich Airport railway station (German: Bahnhof SBB Flughafen Zürich) is located underneath the terminal. There are trains to many parts of Switzerland; frequent S-Bahn Zürich services on the lines S2 and S16 and of the Glattalbahn (Zurich tram routes 10 and 12), plus direct InterRegio and InterCity services to Winterthur, Bern, Basel, Brig, St. Gallen, Lucerne (German: Luzern) and Konstanz in Germany. It also has EuroCity services to Munich in Germany. By changing trains at Zürich Hauptbahnhof most other places in Switzerland can be reached in a few hours.
Airlines and destinations 
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Algiers, Istanbul-Ataturk, Tripoli-Mitiga |
Other facilities 
Swiss International Air Lines has an office on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten, consisting of the Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie buildings. Swiss World Cargo has its head office in the Alpha and Bravo buildings. Swiss Private Aviation has its head office in the Swiss complex. Swiss European Air Lines and Swiss AviationTraining, subsidiaries of Swiss, are also headquartered on the airport property.
Edelweiss Air has its head office in the Edelweiss Air Operations Center (OTC) on the airport grounds. gategroup has its head office on the airport property. Helvetic Airways has its head office on the grounds of the airport in Kloten. The corporate offices for Swissôtel are located in the Prioria Business Center on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten.
When Swissair existed, its head office was at Zurich Airport and in Kloten. The head office was in proximity to the main airport facilities. In 1985 Crossair was headquartered in Kloten.
The airport lost a lot of traffic when Swissair shut down its operations. Since Lufthansa took over its successor Swiss International Air Lines (SWISS), traffic has started growing again. There are three runways on in operation and runway 14/32 is a unidirectional runway as it sits to the far north outskirts of the field. Zurich Airport handled 24.34 million passengers in 2011.
|1||London (Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Luton)||1,637,500||Swiss, British Airways, easyJet|
|2||Vienna||859,800||Swiss, Austrian Airlines, Niki|
|3||Berlin||853,000||Swiss, Air Berlin|
|4||Paris||716,700||Swiss, Air France|
|5||Düsseldorf||700,000||Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|8||Hamburg||612,100||Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|9||New York, (Newark Airport, JFK Airport)||586,100||Swiss, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines|
- "Corporate governance". Zurich-airport.com. Retrieved 2012-09-22.
- "GIS-ZH". Amt für Raumentwicklung Zürich. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
- "History of Zurich Airport". Zurich-airport.com. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Icelandair Announces Non-Stop Service from Anchorage And New Routes to Zurich and St. Petersburg - Yahoo! Finance". Finance.yahoo.com. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "Royal Air Maroc revient à Zurich" [Royal Air Maroc resumes services to Zurich] (in French). Air Journal. 7 March 2013. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013.
- Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule
- "Kloten." Ortspläne Schweiz. Retrieved on 2 October 2009.
- "Swiss International Air Lines Zurich." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
- "The head office of Swiss WorldCargo is located within the corporate headquarters of SWISS International Air Lines, in Zurich-Kloten, in close proximity to Zurich International Airport." and "How to find us by public transport: - From Zurich Airport take the 737 bus to “Obstgartenstrasse” (final stop of the bus line). - The bus stops right in front of the SWISS headquarters main entrance." and "MAILING adDress Swiss WorldCargo Swiss International Air Lines Ltd. PO Box ZRHLX/CSM 8058 Zurich Airport Switzerland" Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
- "Map." Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "SWISS INTERNATIONAL AIR LINES AG 3TOPS GEBÄUDE ALPHA + BRAVO OBSTGARTENSTRASSE 25, 8302 KLOTEN ÜBERSICHTSPLAN"
- "Contact." Swiss Private Aviation. Retrieved on 12 January 2010. "Swiss PrivateAviation AG Obstgartenstr. 25 8058 Zurich-Airport Switzerland"
- "Swiss European Air Lines FACTS AND FIGURES." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 29 September 2009. "Headquarters Swiss European Air Lines AG Postfach CH-8058 Zurich Airport Switzerland"
- "Siutation Map." (Archive) Swiss AviationTraining. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
- "Ground Map." (See image) Edelweiss Air. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
- "Contact Us." gategroup. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "Global and European Headquarters Balsberg, P.O. Box QV CH-8058 Zurich-Airport Switzerland"
- "Imprint." Helvetic Airways. Retrieved on 6 November 2009. "Helvetic Airways AG P.O. Box 250 CH-8058 Zurich Airport"
- "FULL TERMS AND CONDITIONS." (Archive) Swissôtel. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Swissôtel Hotels & Resorts, Balz-Zimmermannstr. 7, 8058 Zurich-Airport, CH. Registered number CH-020.3.925.568-2 "
- "Priora Business Center." (Archive) Priora. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Priora Business Center Balsberg Balz-Zimmermann-Strasse 7 CH-8302 Kloten"
- "facts & figures." Swissair. Retrieved on 13 June 2009. "Swissair AG, P.O. Box, CH-8058 Zurich Airport"
- "Headquarters of Swissair Zuerich-Kloten." KSG,Architects G.Müller + G.Berger. Retrieved on 27 September 2011. The building is located here
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March 1985. 71." Retrieved on 17 June 2009. "Head Office: PO Box 630, CH-8058 Zurich Airport, Switzerland."
- "Zurich Airport Statistical Year Book / Financial Year 2011". Flughafen Zürich AG. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
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