Zurich Airport

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Zurich Airport
Flughafen Zürich
Zurich airport logo.png
Zurich airport img 3324.jpg
IATA: ZRHICAO: LSZH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Flughafen Zürich AG
Serves Zürich, Switzerland
Location Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon[1]
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 1,416 ft / 432 m
Coordinates 47°27′53″N 008°32′57″E / 47.46472°N 8.54917°E / 47.46472; 8.54917Coordinates: 47°27′53″N 008°32′57″E / 47.46472°N 8.54917°E / 47.46472; 8.54917
Website zurich-airport.com
Map
ZRH is located in Switzerland
ZRH
ZRH
Location of airport in Switzerland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10/28 8,202 2,500 Concrete
14/32 10,827 3,300 Concrete
16/34 12,139 3,700 Concrete
04/22 3,716 1,132 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 24,865,138
Source: List of the busiest airports in Europe

Zurich Airport (German: Flughafen Zürich, IATA: ZRHICAO: LSZH), also known as Zurich Kloten Airport, is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines. It serves Zürich, Switzerland's largest city, and, with its surface transport links, much of the rest of the country. The airport is located 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of central Zürich, in the municipalities of Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon, all of which are within the canton of Zürich.[1][2]

The airport is owned by Flughafen Zürich AG, a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Major shareholders include the canton of Zürich, with 33.33% plus one of the shares, and the city of Zürich, with 5% of the shares. No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 3%.[3] Skyguide is responsible for all Air Traffic Control for Zürich.

History[edit]

The first flight abroad from Switzerland was on July 21, 1921, but the search for a location for a major airport wasn’t started until 1943 inside the Canton of Zürich. The site in Zürich was chosen in 1945 by the federal government and sold 655 hectares of Kloten Ordnance Depot to the Canton of Zürich. Thus the Canton of Zürich had control of the airport. The construction of the airport began the next year.[4]

The first flights off the west runway were not until 1948. The new terminal opened in 1953 with a large air show that ran for three days. In 1947 the airport handled 133638 passengers on 12766 airline flights; in 1952, 372832 passengers on 24728 airline flights.[5]

The first expansion of the airport was submitted in 1956, but the budget for the expansion was not approved by the Swiss Government until 1958 and the expansion was completed in 1961.[4]

The airport was again submitted and approved for renovation in 1970, and Terminal B was completed in 1971. The first signs of noise mitigation for the airport were in 1972, when a night-time curfew was enacted, as well as in 1974 when new approach routes were introduced. Runway 14/32 was opened in 1976, and 16/34 began renovation.[4]

The noise of aircraft became an issue and a noise charge was instituted in 1980, and in 1984, an agreement was made regarding arrivals and departures to the airport via German airspace. The next largest event for the airport was in 1999, when the Parliament of the Canton of Zürich approved privatization of Zurich Airport. It was not until 2000, that Flughafen Zürich AG, trading under the brand Unique was appointed as the new airport operator. The brand Unique was dropped in favour of Zurich Airport and Flughafen Zürich in 2010.[4][6]

The airport lost a lot of traffic when Swissair shut down its operations. Since Lufthansa took over its successor Swiss International Air Lines, traffic has started growing again.

A treaty was signed in 2001, regarding the limitation of flights over Germany. Negotiations have been under way since 2003 about the procedures and noise pollution over Germany and Switzerland.[4]

In 2003, Zurich Airport completed a major expansion project in which it built a new parking garage, a new midfield terminal, and an automated People mover to link the midfield terminal to the main terminal. In November 2008, a complete renovation and rebuild of the old terminal B structure was announced. The new terminal B opened in November 2011, and provides segregated access to and from aircraft for Schengen and non-Schengen passengers.[7] Zurich Airport handled 24.8 million passengers in 2012.[8]

Infrastructure[edit]

Terminals[edit]

The airport has three airside piers, which are known as terminals A, B and E. A central air-side building, built in 2003, is directly linked to terminals A and B, which take the form of finger piers.[9]

Alongside the central air-side building, the ground-side terminal complex comprises several buildings, and includes airline check-in areas, a shopping mall, a railway station, car parks, and a bus and tram terminal. All departing passengers access the same departure level of the central air-side building, which includes duty-free shopping and various bars and restaurants, via airport security. They are then segregated between passengers for Schengen and non-Schengen destinations on the way to the gate lounges, with the latter first passing through emigration controls. Arriving Schengen and non-Schengen passengers are handled in separate areas of the central airside building and reach the ground-side terminal complex by different routes, with non-Schengen passengers first passing through immigration controls.

Terminal A[edit]

Domestic Terminal A

Terminal A opened in 1972, and it is used exclusively by domestic flights and flights to destinations inside the Schengen Area.

Terminal B/D[edit]

Terminal B opened in 1971, and is designed to handle both Schengen and some non-Schengen flights, but keeping the two sets of passenger flows separately. In November 2008, a complete renovation and rebuild of the old terminal B structure was announced. The new terminal B opened in November 2011 after three years of construction.

Terminal E/C[edit]

International Terminal E

Terminal E/C, also known as the midfield terminal or Dock E, is located on the opposite side of runway 10-28 from the main airside terminal, and is situated between runways 16/34 and 14/32. It is entirely used by non-Schengen international flights and became operational and was opened on September 1, 2003. It connected to the main central air-side building by an automated People mover under the runway known as Skymetro.

Runways[edit]

Zurich Airport has three runways: 16/34 of 3,700 m (12,100 ft) in length, 14/32 of 3,300 m (10,800 ft) in length, and 10/28 of 2,500 m (8,200 ft) in length. For most of the day and in most conditions, runway 14 is used for landings and runways 16 and 28 are used for takeoffs, although different patterns are used early morning and in the evenings.[10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

A Delta Air Lines Boeing 767-300ER on the runway in Zurich
A United Airlines Boeing 767-300ER taxiing in Zurich
A Qatar Airways Boeing 787-8 taxiing at Zurich
An Emirates Airbus A380 landing in Zurich
Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga
Air Berlin Alicante, Berlin-Tegel, Brindisi, Catania, Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Cagliari, Corfu, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Naples, Olbia, Patras/Araxos, Rhodes, Rimini, Samos, Sylt, Zakynthos
Air Berlin
operated by Belair
Hurghada, Pristina, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skopje
Seasonal: Antalya, Djerba, Marsa Alam
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
AIS Airlines Bremen,[11] Münster/Osnabrück[12]
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Rome-Fiumicino
American Airlines New York-JFK
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna
B&H Airlines Banja Luka, Sarajevo
Blue Islands Jersey
British Airways London-Heathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City
British Airways
operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia
Billund
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong (resumes 29 March 2015)[13]
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split, Zadar
Cyprus Airways Larnaca
Delta Air Lines New York-JFK[14]
Seasonal: Atlanta[14][15]
easyJet London-Gatwick, London-Luton
Edelweiss Air Antalya, Catania, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Havana,[16] Hurghada, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Las Vegas,[17] Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Punta Cana, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skopje, Tampa, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Alicante, Bodrum, Cagliari, Cape Town, Dalaman, Edinburgh, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kittilä, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Malé, Mykonos, Olbia, Phuket, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Santorini, Split, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Varna
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Etihad Regional
operated by Darwin Airline
Dresden (begins 1 September 2014),[18] Florence, Geneva, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, Lyon, Sarajevo, Turin, Verona
Eurolot Gdansk, Kraków, Wroclaw
Seasonal: Heringsdorf
Finnair Helsinki
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf (begins 8 January 2015),[19] Hamburg
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf (begins 8 January 2015)[19]
Helvetic Airways[20] Bari, Bordeaux, Bristol
Seasonal: Brindisi, Calvi, Glasgow-International, Lamezia Terme, Pristina, Shannon, Skopje
Seasonal Charter: Heraklion, Kos, Larnaca, Rhodes, Rovaniemi
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík
InterSky Dresden,[21] Graz, Salzburg
Seasonal: Marina di Campo
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Seasonal: Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin[22]
Lufthansa Düsseldorf (ends 7 January 2015),[19] Frankfurt, Munich
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf (ends 7 January 2015)[19]
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Niki Vienna
Oman Air Muscat
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca[23]
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
SunExpress İzmir
Seasonal: Antalya
Swiss International Air Lines Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona-El Prat, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Boston, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dubai-International, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hanover, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Johannesburg, Kiev-Boryspil, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Muscat, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Newark, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, São Paulo-Guarulhos, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore,[24] Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South, Tokyo-Narita, Valencia, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Catania, Olbia, Porto, Thessaloniki, Palermo[25]
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Darwin Airline
Lugano (ends 30 October 2014)[26]
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Edelweiss Air
New York-JFK
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
Birmingham, Brussels, Lyon, Manchester, Prague
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Brussels, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hanover, London-City, Luxembourg, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nice, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Venice-Marco Polo
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Lugano (begins 31 October 2014)[27]
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tunisair Tunis
Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
United Airlines Newark, Washington-Dulles
US Airways Philadelphia
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Ibiza,[28] Santiago de Compostela
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Turkish Airlines Cargo Algiers, Istanbul-Ataturk, Tripoli-Mitiga[29]

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes at Zurich Airport (2012) [30]
Rank Airport Total passengers Airlines
1 London (Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Luton) 1,675,000 Swiss, British Airways, easyJet
2 Vienna 921,000 Swiss, Austrian Airlines, Niki
3 Berlin 904,000 Swiss, Air Berlin
4 Paris 759,000 Swiss, Air France
5 Düsseldorf 700,000 Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa
6 Amsterdam 674,000 Swiss, KLM
7 New York (Newark Airport, JFK Airport) 662,000 Swiss, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines
8 Frankfurt 610,000 Swiss, Lufthansa
9 Hamburg 694,000 Swiss, Air Berlin, Lufthansa
10 Barcelona 558,000 Swiss, Vueling
Zurich Airport Passenger Totals 1950-2012 (millions)
Updated: 5 October 2013

Other facilities[edit]

Swiss International Air Lines has an office on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten, consisting of the Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie buildings.[31][32] Swiss World Cargo has its head office in the Alpha and Bravo buildings.[33][34] Swiss Private Aviation has its head office in the Swiss complex.[35] Swiss European Air Lines and Swiss AviationTraining, subsidiaries of Swiss, are also headquartered on the airport property.[36][37]

Edelweiss Air has its head office in the Edelweiss Air Operations Center (OTC) on the airport grounds.[38] gategroup has its head office on the airport property.[39] Helvetic Airways has its head office on the grounds of the airport in Kloten.[40] The corporate offices for Swissôtel are located in the Prioria Business Center on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten.[41][42]

Rega (Swiss Air-Rescue), the air rescue service, has its head office in the Rega Centre, a hangar located in the northeast section of Zurich Airport. This hangar has direct access to the runways of the airport.[43] It is within the municipality of Kloten.[44]

When Swissair existed, its head office was at Zurich Airport and in Kloten.[45][46] The head office was in proximity to the main airport facilities.[46] In 1985 Crossair was headquartered in Kloten.[47]

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

The airport is served by the A51 motorway and other main roads, which provide access to the airport especially for the central and eastern Switzerland.

Train[edit]

Zurich Airport railway station is located underneath the terminal. The station has frequent Zürich S-Bahn services on lines S2 and S16, plus direct InterRegio, InterCity and Eurocity services to Basel, Bern, Biel/Bienne, Brig, Geneva, Konstanz, Lausanne, Lucerne, Munich, Neuchâtel, Romanshorn, St. Gallen and Winterthur. There are 10 trains per hour to Zürich Hauptbahnhof, Zürich's main city centre station, with a journey time of between 10 and 15 minutes. By changing trains at Hauptbahnhof, most other places in Switzerland can be reached in a few hours.

Bus and tram[edit]

In front of the terminal is the airport stop of the Stadtbahn Glattal, a light rail system that interworks with the Zürich tram system, together with a regional bus station. Both the bus station and light rail stop provide service to destinations throughout the Glattal region that surrounds the airport, with the light rail stop being served by tram routes 10 and 12. Tram route 10 also provides a link to Zurich Hauptbahnhof, albeit with a rather longer journey time than that of the railway.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Confederation. map.geo.admin.ch (Map). http://map.geo.admin.ch/?selectedNode=node_ch.swisstopo.swissboundaries3d-gemeinde-flaeche.fill1&Y=684939.5&X=256869.86661104&zoom=6&bgLayer=ch.swisstopo.pixelkarte-farbe&layers=ch.swisstopo.swissboundaries3d-gemeinde-flaeche.fill&layers_opacity=1&layers_visibility=true&time_current=latest&lang=en. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
  2. ^ "GIS-ZH". Amt für Raumentwicklung Zürich. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Corporate governance". Zurich-airport.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "History of Zurich Airport". Zurich-airport.com. Retrieved 2012-08-27. 
  5. ^ American Aviation 3 August 1953 p35
  6. ^ "New name for Zurich Airport". Lifestyle & Shopping Magazine (Winter 2009/2010) (Flughafen Zürich). p. 11. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  7. ^ "Dock B". Zurich Airport. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  8. ^ "Zurich Airport Statistical Year Book / Financial Year 2012". Flughafen Zürich AG. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  9. ^ "Information for transfer passengers". Zurich Airport. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  10. ^ "Spotting at ZRH". planephotos.ch. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  11. ^ http://www.airliners.de/flughafen-bremen-findet-ersatz-fuer-rostock-airways/31695
  12. ^ http://www.aisairlines.com/?lang=de
  13. ^ http://www.flughafen-zuerich.ch/unternehmen/medien/news-center/2014/may/140519-mm-cathay-pacific?cat=medienmitteilung
  14. ^ a b http://news.delta.com/2014-05-05-Delta-Air-Lines-to-expand-Europe-service-from-U-S-hubs
  15. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/04/24/dl-atlzrh-s14/
  16. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/09/05/wk-s14update1/
  17. ^ Nonstop From Switzerland Headed To McCarran « CBS Las Vegas. Lasvegas.cbslocal.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-07.
  18. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/241781/etihad-regional-adds-new-links-from-dresden-from-sep-2014/
  19. ^ a b c d http://www.lufthansa.com/de/de/Online-Flugplan
  20. ^ http://www.helvetic.com/hdc/destinationoverview
  21. ^ http://www.fliegerweb.com/airliner/news/artikel.php?show=news-12097
  22. ^ http://www.airliners.de/lot-wieder-nach-duesseldorf-und-zuerich/31721
  23. ^ "Royal Air Maroc revient à Zürich" [Royal Air Maroc resumes services to Zürich] (in French). Air Journal. 7 March 2013. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. 
  24. ^ [1][dead link]
  25. ^ http://www.swiss.com/web/DE/about_swiss/media/press_releases/Pages/pr_20131211.aspx>
  26. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-international/news-detail/datum/2014/03/17/hohmeister-darwin-verliert-swiss-auftrag.html
  27. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2014/06/27/swiss-tyrolean-fuehrt-lugano-fluege-durch.html?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter
  28. ^ Vueling neu von Zürich nach Ibiza. Travelinside.ch (2013-12-02). Retrieved on 2012-12-02.
  29. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule
  30. ^ http://www.flughafen-zuerich.ch/~/media/FlughafenZH/Dokumente/Das_Unternehmen/Flughafen_Zuerich_AG/Broschuere_Zahlen_und_Fakten_2012_de.pdf
  31. ^ "Kloten." Ortspläne Schweiz. Retrieved on 2 October 2009.
  32. ^ "Swiss International Air Lines Zürich." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
  33. ^ "The head office of Swiss WorldCargo is located within the corporate headquarters of SWISS International Air Lines, in Zürich-Kloten, in close proximity to Zürich International Airport." and "How to find us by public transport: - From Zurich Airport take the 737 bus to “Obstgartenstrasse” (final stop of the bus line). - The bus stops right in front of the SWISS headquarters main entrance." and "MAILING adDress Swiss WorldCargo Swiss International Air Lines Ltd. PO Box ZRHLX/CSM 8058 Zurich Airport Switzerland" Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
  34. ^ "Map." Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "SWISS INTERNATIONAL AIR LINES AG 3TOPS GEBÄUDE ALPHA + BRAVO OBSTGARTENSTRASSE 25, 8302 KLOTEN ÜBERSICHTSPLAN"
  35. ^ "Contact." Swiss Private Aviation. Retrieved on 12 January 2010. "Swiss PrivateAviation AG Obstgartenstr. 25 8058 Zürich-Airport Switzerland"
  36. ^ "Swiss European Air Lines FACTS AND FIGURES." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 29 September 2009. "Headquarters Swiss European Air Lines AG Postfach CH-8058 Zurich Airport Switzerland"
  37. ^ "Siutation Map." (Archive) Swiss AviationTraining. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
  38. ^ "Ground Map." (See image) Edelweiss Air. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
  39. ^ "Contact Us." gategroup. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "Global and European Headquarters Balsberg, P.O. Box QV CH-8058 Zürich-Airport Switzerland"
  40. ^ "Imprint." Helvetic Airways. Retrieved on 6 November 2009. "Helvetic Airways AG P.O. Box 250 CH-8058 Zurich Airport"
  41. ^ "FULL TERMS AND CONDITIONS." (Archive) Swissôtel. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Swissôtel Hotels & Resorts, Balz-Zimmermannstr. 7, 8058 Zürich-Airport, CH. Registered number CH-020.3.925.568-2 "
  42. ^ "Priora Business Center." (Archive) Priora. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Priora Business Center Balsberg Balz-Zimmermann-Strasse 7 CH-8302 Kloten"
  43. ^ "Rega Centre." (Archive) REGA. Retrieved on March 16, 2014.
  44. ^ "anfahrtsplan_rega_center_en.pdf" (Archive) REGA. Retrieved on March 16, 2014. "Address for route guidance systems: Bimenzältenstrasse 87 / 8302 Kloten" - See in: German, French, Italian
  45. ^ "facts & figures." Swissair. Retrieved on 13 June 2009. "Swissair AG, P.O. Box, CH-8058 Zurich Airport"
  46. ^ a b "Headquarters of Swissair Zuerich-Kloten." KSG,Architects G.Müller + G.Berger. Retrieved on 27 September 2011. The building is located here
  47. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March 1985. 71." Retrieved on 17 June 2009. "Head Office: PO Box 630, CH-8058 Zurich Airport, Switzerland."

External links[edit]