Democratic Party of Moldova
|Parliamentary group leader||Marian Lupu|
|Founded||8 February 1997|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (associate)|
|International affiliation||Socialist International
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The Democratic Party of Moldova (Romanian: Partidul Democrat din Moldova, PDM; Russian: Демократическая партия Молдовы) is a social-democratic political party in Moldova. Established in 1997 as the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova, it is an associate member of the Party of European Socialists (PES) and a full member of the Socialist International, also participating in the Progressive Alliance. The party is closely associated with its chief financial backer, the oligarch Vladimir Plahotniuc.
The party was established in February 1997 as the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova (MMDP), by former members of the Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova (PDAM), the Unity Movement for Equality in Rights (MUE) and the Socialist Party of Moldova (PSM). It had grown out of the movement that supported independent candidate Petru Lucinschi in the 1996 presidential elections.
It formed the basis of the For a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova (PMDP) alliance during the 1998 parliamentary election. The PMDP won 24 of the 101 seats and became the third-largest faction in Parliament, and together with the Democratic Convention of Moldova (CDM) and Party of Democratic Forces (PFD), formed the Alliance for Democracy and Reforms coalition government led by Ion Ciubuc.
In April 2000 the party was re-established under its current name, the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM). The PDM received 5% of the vote in the 2001 parliamentary election, but failed to win a seat. The party then joined the Democratic Moldova Electoral Bloc for the 2005 election; the Bloc received 28.4% of the vote, winning 34 seats, of which eight were taken by the Democratic Party. However, after the elections the three constituent parties Bloc split into separate parliamentary groups.
The Social Liberal Party (PSL) merged into the PDM on 10 February 2008. The April 2009 parliamentary election saw the party receive 3% of the vote and failed to win a seat. However, the PDM increased its share of the vote to 13% in the early elections in July 2009, winning 13 seats. The PDM subsequently joined the ruling Alliance for European Integration coalition government alongside the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM), the Liberal Party (PL) and Our Moldova Alliance (AMN).
In the 2010 parliamentary election, the PDM received 12.7% of the vote and 15 seats, continuing to govern as a component party of the Alliance for European Integration coalition. However, the coalition lost a vote of no confidence on 13 February 2013, leading to the creation of the Pro-European Coalition in May 2013, which also included the PDM, as well as the PLDM and Liberal Reformist Party (PLR), a splinter from the PL.
In the 2014 parliamentary election on 30 November 2014, the PDM received 15.8% of the vote and 19 seats. On 18 February 2015, the PDM joined the Political Alliance for a European Moldova minority government led by Prime Minister Chiril Gaburici of the PLDM.
|Election year||# of total votes||% of overall vote||# of seats||+/–|
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- Alexandru Stoianoglo
- Anatolie Ghilaş
- Andrei Popov
- Aurel Băieşu
- Boris Focşa
- Dumitru Diacov
- Gheorghe Arpentin
- Igor Corman
- Igor Klipii
- Marcel Răducan
- Marian Lupu
- Oazu Nantoi
- Oleg Serebrian
- Oleg Țulea
- Stella Jantuan
- Valentina Buliga
- Valentina Stratan
- Valeriu Guma
- Valeriu Lazăr
- "Partidul Democrat din Moldova (PDM)". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Moldova Parties and Elections
- Andrei Brezianu; Vlad Spânu (26 May 2010). The A to Z of Moldova. Scarecrow Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-4616-7203-6.
- "Full Member Parties". Socialist International. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Partidul Democrat din Moldova (PDM) eDemocracy
- Democratic Party of Moldova welcomed into PES family PES, 14 October 2010
- Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1330 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
- Tom Lansford (8 April 2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. SAGE Publications. p. 949. ISBN 978-1-4833-3327-4.
- Nohlen & Stöver, p2051