President of Moldova

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President of Moldova
Standard of the President of Moldova.svg
Igor Dodon MoscowTass 01-2017.jpg
Incumbent
Igor Dodon

since 23 December 2016
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Presidential Palace (ro),
Condrița
Appointer Popular vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mircea Snegur
Formation September 3, 1990
Website www.presedinte.md
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions

The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Igor Dodon, who was elected in 2016 after a 2nd round run-off vote with 52.2% over his opponent Maia Sandu with 47.8%. His inauguration took place on December 27, 2016.[1] [2]

Constitutional position[edit]

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.

Acting president[edit]

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Suspension from office[edit]

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he may be suspended from office by Parliament if two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office must be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the President without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.

Vacancy[edit]

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate, resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.

Election[edit]

Between 1994 and 2000, the President had been elected by popular vote for a four-year term; if no candidate received a majority in the first round, a runoff took place between the top two finishers. In 2000, the Law regarding the election of the President of Moldova stipulated that the President would be indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must win a supermajority of 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms.

Nevertheless, the Constitutional Court ruled on March 4, 2016, that the law adopted in 2000 was unconstitutional,[3] thus reverting the election method of the President to a two-round system direct election.

List of Presidents of Moldova[edit]

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)[edit]

Party

  Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party
1 Ion C. Inculeţ (1884-1940), President of Moldavian Democratic Republic.jpg Ion Inculeț
(1884–1940)
December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)[edit]

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet[edit]

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party[edit]

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet[edit]

Party

  PCM

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
(1940–)
27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)[edit]

Parties

  PDAM   PCRM   PL   PLDM   PDM   PSRM   Independent

Status
  Acting President
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party Elected
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur
(1940–)
3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Independent 1991
2 Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg Petru Lucinschi
(1940–)
15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova 1996
3 VoroninVladimir2008.jpg Vladimir Voronin
(1941–)
7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists 2001
(indirect)
2005
(indirect)
Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg Mihai Ghimpu
(1951–)
Acting President
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vladimir Filat.jpg Vlad Filat
(1969–)
Acting President
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu Senate of Poland.JPG Marian Lupu
(1966–)
Acting President
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti June 2014 (cropped).jpg Nicolae Timofti
(1948–)
23 March 2012 23 December 2016 Independent 2011–12
(indirect)
5 Igor Dodon MoscowTass 01-2017.jpg Igor Dodon
(1975–)
23 December 2016 President Party of Socialists 2016

Living former Presidents[edit]

There are four living former Moldovan Presidents:

Residence[edit]

Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard.

The President Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR (ro).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]